On August 15, 1945, the “armistice edict” read out by Emperor Hirohito of Japan was heard on the radio.
However, the historical fact is that after Japan sent a note of unconditional surrender to its allies, at 8 a.m. on August 15, 1945, China, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union broadcast the speeches of leaders of various countries in their respective countries, that is, to announce that Japan had surrendered.
The imperial edict of the Japanese emperor can only be broadcast after this time.
However, after Yuren’s so-called “imperial edict” was broadcast, there was an uproar all over the world.
The angry people issued a strong condemnation to Japan.
In desperation, the emperor of Japan had to issue his second imperial edict to the people of the world on September 2, the day Japan signed the letter of surrender, and this imperial edict had some real meaning of surrender.
The so-called “imperial edict” we often see and hear most is the imperial edict recorded by the emperor of Japan on August 14, 1945 and broadcast to the outside world at noon on August 15, that is, the imperial edict that has been rejected by the allies and is effective to the outside world.
The content is: in view of the general situation of the world and the current situation of the Empire, I have decided to take extraordinary measures to clean up the current situation.
I hereby tell Er Zhongliang’s subjects that I have ordered the imperial government to inform the United States, Britain, China and the Soviet Union and accept its joint declaration.
Gai seeks the well-being of Imperial Subjects and enjoys the joy of common prosperity of all countries.
Si is the legacy of emperor Zu and Emperor Zong, and I have won it.
In previous years, the Empire declared war on the United States and Britain out of the desire for the survival of the Empire and the stability of East Asia.
It is not my original intention to exclude the sovereignty of other countries and infringe on their territory.
However, it has been four years since the war.
Despite the brave fighting of officers and men on land and sea, hundreds of officials have their own departments and 100 million people, the war situation has not improved, and the general trend of the world is also unfavorable to me.
In addition, the enemy has recently used new and cruel bombs to kill and maim innocent people.
It is difficult to estimate that if the war continues, it will not only lead to the death of our nation, but also destroy human civilization.
In this case, how can I preserve the billion trillion red children and thank the gods of the emperor’s ancestors? Therefore, I urge the imperial government to accept the joint announcement.
I have to express my regret to the allies who have always worked with the Empire to liberate East Asia.
If the Imperial Subjects die in battle, in their duty, and in the lives of the undead and their survivors, they will be burned inside.
I am deeply concerned about the livelihood of those who have suffered war injuries, suffered war disasters and lost their family property.
The suffering of the Empire in the future is unusual.
I know the feelings of your subjects.
However, due to the trend of times, I want to endure what I can’t bear and think that there is peace in the world.
I am here to safeguard the national system, trust the sincerity of your loyal and good subjects, and always be with your subjects.
If you are excited by your feelings, you will make trouble in vain, or your compatriots will crowd out each other and disturb the current situation, so you will miss the road and lose your faith in the world.
This is what I should warn you.
It is appropriate to nationally unite the whole nation, and to pass on to our sons and daughters, to believe that the Chinese empire is immortal, to carry on the long road ahead, to devote all our efforts to building the future, to observe morality and to strengthen our ambition, and to carry forward the cream of the state system without lagging behind the evolution of the world.
You and your subjects are my will.
After carefully reading the imperial edict on August 14, the 20th year of Showa, we will find that it has many unacceptable fallacies.
What is the nature of “imperial edict 8”? This is a problem that should be paid attention to and it is necessary to make it clear carefully.
The name of the imperial edict is different in China.
Some are called “armistice imperial edict”, some are called “final war imperial edict”, and others are directly called “surrender imperial edict”.
However, several terms generalize the content and nature of the imperial edict as “declaring Japan’s unconditional surrender”.
This generalization is very inaccurate and blurs the essence of the content of the “August 14 imperial edict”, that is, protecting the emperor, praising aggression and planning for the revival of the military state.
This generalization also paralyzes the Chinese people’s vigilance to the Japanese fascist philosophy of aggression.
Let’s briefly describe the background of the imperial edict and carefully read its contents.
The “imperial edict” is a collective work with the personal participation of Japan’s senior secretaries and cabinet officials, and even Emperor Hirohito.
At dawn on August 10, 1945, Yuren accepted the Potsdam Proclamation conditionally, that is, just after the first “holy judgment” of conditional acceptance of surrender was completed, the drafting of the imperial edict began.
It took three nights to officially complete the manuscript.
It was secretly submitted to famous Sinologists to revise the text, and then revised it according to the opinions of the Japanese emperor and the cabinet, The draft was finalized.
At noon on the 14th, Yuren made the second “judgment” – after unconditionally accepting the Potsdam Proclamation and sending a note of surrender to China, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union, he immediately did three things.
First, the headquarters sent an order to the army to “obey the judgment”.
At 2200 hours, Hirohito read out the “imperial edict” in parliament, and the government sent a note of unconditional surrender to the allies.
This process tells us that the tone of the imperial edict is the spirit of the first “holy judgment”, because the imperial edict is not a diplomatic document, so it has not been changed after the second “holy judgment”, that is to say, the attitude of unconditional surrender to the allies is handed over to the government’s diplomatic note, and the intention of the imperial edict is more and deeper.
In the study, we will find that the imperial edict is so exquisite, and the words used are very exquisite and refined.
We must not treat it carelessly, but should seriously and carefully analyze its real theme and far-reaching intention.
At the beginning of the imperial edict, he called himself “I”, “you and other loyal ministers and good people”, with clear respect and inferiority, and the practice remains the same.
It is a special form of official documents in Japan, which is one of the formats specially prepared for the emperor to issue orders.
The promulgation and recording and broadcasting of the imperial edict are domestic affairs in Japan and have not been sent to China, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union as diplomatic documents.
Throughout the imperial edict, there is no word similar to “surrender” and “defeat”, which clearly runs through a word principle: avoid the word “surrender”.
The matter of surrender was handled in a way that could only be understood and could not be clearly stated.
He said in a very concise and watery way: “I have ordered the imperial government to inform the United States, Britain, China and the Soviet Union and accept their joint declaration.
” Surrender became an implicit subtext.
The imperial edict does not say “surrender” or even “defeat”, but only that extraordinary measures should be taken to “clean up the current situation”.
The attitude of the imperial edict reflects at least two intentions: one is to protect the face of the emperor, because Japan has the edict of “life is not captured”.
The second is to”There are differences between inside and outside”, the two faces declared unconditional surrender to China, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union by diplomatic notes.
At the same time, he did ideological and political work to the Japanese army and people with the imperial edict.
The second level of intention is particularly important.
In the imperial edict, there is no regret for the war of aggression launched by Japan.
On the contrary, it still praises the atrocities of Japanese fascist aggression and defends the purpose of aggression as “seeking the self survival of the Empire and the stability of East Asia” and “liberating East Asia”.
These edicts are being repeatedly advocated by Japan’s right-wing forces today.
In the face of the defeated situation, how unwilling the Japanese are to accept it.
There is no word in the imperial edict acknowledging the defeat.
The sentence “the war situation is becoming worse and worse” written first in the original draft was revised according to the stubborn proposition of the land minister Anan when it was finalized and changed to “the war situation has not improved”.
From the imperial edict, we can see that the logic of Japan’s refusal to admit defeat is: the reason for Japan’s surrender now is not because Japan has been defeated, but because it foresees that “if the war continues, it will not only lead to the destruction of our nation, but also destroy human civilization”.
It is clearly Japan’s defeat in the war.
It is clearly Japan’s first destruction of human civilization.
After it was jointly attacked and destroyed by people all over the world, it reversed black and white and said that the emperor of Japan accepted the joint announcement in order to save human civilization.
It seems to be a “Proclamation” to accept the announcement without failure, Even some Japanese scholars pointed out with a critical attitude that there was no word of “defeat” throughout the imperial edict.
What’s more, the imperial edict continues to stubbornly hate and despise China.
“The imperial edict” wrote: “it has been four years since the war.”. What do you mean? That is, Japan does not recognize the 14-year war between China and Japan since September 18, nor the eight-year war between China and Japan since the July 7 Incident, but only the short four years since the declaration of war on the United States and Britain.
The meaning of this statement is to inform the Japanese people that the so-called “clean up the current situation” is to clean up the current situation of the four-year war since the declaration of war on the United States and Britain.
Japan has long publicly denied that there is an anti Japanese Chinese government and Chinese army.
Since the occupation of Nanjing, Japan has announced that it will no longer regard the Chinese national government as an equal opponent, saying that the Chinese national government has become a “local government”.
Especially after supporting the puppet regime on the stage, all official documents and headquarters military orders refer to the puppet government of Wang in Nanjing as the “Chinese government” and the puppet army as the “Chinese army”, The separatist division called the Chinese Anti Japanese army “Chongqing army”, “Chiang tie army”, “Yan’an army” and “Communist Party army”.
This is tantamount to saying that the Anti Japanese China has perished.
Only the Wang puppet “Chinese government” friendly to Japan exists, and the Japanese army is only fighting against the Anti Japanese local army.
Obviously, even at the time of defeat and surrender, Japan’s attitude towards China announced in the form of the imperial edict was still arrogant and contemptuous.
Japan’s desire to kill China but can’t, so it closed its eyes and talked nonsense, and its mentality of self deception was exposed in the imperial edict.
The imperial edict also recited the word “forbearance”.
It did not blame itself at all for the disaster caused to the people of other countries due to the launching of the war of aggression.
Instead, it talked about “forbearance” for the situation after being forced to lay down the butcher’s knife.
“Endure” what! Forbearance is the choice of being dissatisfied and helpless in the heart.
To put it bluntly, it is necessary, rather than feeling that it should be.
So far, Japan has failed to learn from Germany and made a public apology.
The word “forbearance” in the imperial edict plays a great role.
After the “imperial edict” goes deep into layers, it reveals the central theme: the imperial edict keeps the emperor “sincere”, “safeguarding the state”, and “developing the essence of the state”.
And this oath should be “passed on to future generations”.
What is the essence of the so-called state system? It clearly refers to the rule of the emperor, Bushido and Rizhao Shinto.
This central theme is the foundation of the emperor’s rule.
In the “reply” sent to Japan by China, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union on August 11, it was proposed that “from the moment of surrender, the power of the emperor and the Japanese government to rule the country belongs to the Allied Command”, “the final form of the Japanese government, according to the Potsdam Declaration, will be established according to the will freely expressed by the Japanese people”.
That is to say, after the Japanese emperor surrendered in Japan, he was about to be deprived of the imperial power and stayed in the throne for the future.
The future was still uncertain, and he needed to be chosen by the people.
Therefore, the emperor quickly made use of the opportunity to promulgate the imperial edict, and used the word of “oath” to tell the subjects to “carry forward the essence of the state”.
For such a “imperial edict”, some scholars pointed out that the essence of it is to avoid defeat, to surmount capitulation, to praise aggression, to scorn China, to read the book of tolerance, and to swear to carry forward the essence of the emperor’s state system, which is a complete “imperial Guardian strain edict”.
Therefore, the content of the “August 14 imperial edict” broadcast was greatly unexpected, which was naturally condemned by public opinion.
However, under the arrangement of the Allied headquarters, Hirohito was forced to publish the “September 2 imperial edict”, a real “surrender imperial edict”, on September 2, 1945, the day of the signing and surrender of Tokyo Bay.
The original text is: Lianye signed on behalf of me the documents on the surrender of the imperial government and the base camp instructed by the supreme commander of the United Nations, which were published in Potsdam by the heads of the governments of the United States, China and Britain on July 26, 2010, and then participated by the Soviet Union.
In accordance with the instructions of the supreme commander of the United Nations, I issued a general order to the army and navy.
I ordered my subjects to immediately stop hostilities, give up weapons, and actually perform all the funds of the surrender documents and the general order issued by the base camp.
On September 2, the 20th year of Showa, the prime ministers and state ministers of the cabinet, and the Emperor Hirohito of Japan finally publicly issued the “imperial edict” of bowing down and surrendering.
And this day is September 2, 1945.
Before and after the two edicts, we can see the mentality of the Japanese and the dirty heart of Japanese Emperor Hirohito.
Compared with Germany’s surrender, its confession from the bottom of its heart, and Germany’s understanding from the people of the world, Japan can’t learn it anyway, because there is an indelible bad root buried in their hearts forever.
For more than 60 years after the war, Japan’s “headquarters army” and other historical books did not mention the “August 15 announcement of the four countries” or the “September 2 imperial edict”, but did their best to improve the status of the “August 14 imperial edict” and “Yuyin broadcasting”, which was called the “imperial edict of the end of the war” and put the end of the Second World WarIt’s ridiculous to put the great merit on Yuren’s head.
They seem to have forgotten or pretended not to understand who was the terminator who really dominated the eastern battlefield of World War II? It was the announcement of China, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union that dominated the end of the war.
Moreover, it also dominated the effective declaration of Japan’s unconditional surrender.
Don’t forget that expressing the surrender of the enemy country, examining the authenticity, checking the objectives, presiding over the effective declaration, issuing the armistice order of both sides and ending the war are the display of the rights, honor and strength of the victorious country.
Japan’s unconditional surrender was jointly announced by China, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union at the same time.
It was announced by the head of state at 7 a.m. on August 15, 1945 in Chongqing, China, the United States, London, Britain and Moscow, the Soviet Union.
As for the broadcasting of Japan’s “imperial edict”, it was announced four hours late.
The war has stopped for four hours.
Isn’t it a joke for the Japanese emperor to broadcast the “final war”? The broadcast of the imperial edict can only be the last demonstration of imperial power after the surrender and when the Allied Occupation is not in place.
Because Japanese Emperor Hirohito has the ability and divine power to issue an edict to launch a war of aggression, but he can’t help how the war progresses and ends.
He is not even qualified to “publish” or “declare” surrender.
The “August 14 imperial edict” is actually the historical evidence of the emperor of Japan beautifying aggression, evading criminal responsibility and vainly trying to “cheat”.
It is ridiculous that some people with ulterior motives want to use it as a weight to enhance the role of the emperor of Japan in those years.
In fact, these deceptive tricks are vulnerable to the facts.
Japan in the second world war has long been nailed to the pillar of shame in history by just people.