“a man is worth an army, so I had the idea of being a spy”. One day in 2000, Putin said this to a biographer. This man is supposed to be an external rather than an internal crackdown. He is used to defend national interests – this is the spy in Putin’s eyes.

in 1990, a statue of the founder of the KGB’s predecessor “Cheka” stood in front of the KGB headquarters building.

this “miracle organ” can kill any member of the Central Committee, Party member and cadre. If you doubt him, there will be evidence to prove it immediately.

— Nikolay Bukharin

the arrest of Chapman and other Russian spies pushed the modern version of the KGB – the Russian foreign intelligence agency to the forefront of the storm. Generally speaking, these spies arrested in New York are regarded as “spy” agents, meaning that their secret activities are not subject to diplomatic protection. Compared with Putin and Medvedev’s low-key handling of the matter, the Russian people are enthusiastic and strongly support these arrested “spies” agents.

in the tradition of the former Soviet spy circle, few people can win more respect than “spy” agents. In people’s eyes, they have the intelligence of chess masters and the tenacity of astronauts… Even today, SVR’s official website still lists the Soviet era “spy” agents one by one according to the first letter of their names, regarded them as national heroes and accepted people’s admiration. The legend of secret agent stierlitz infiltrating the core group of Nazi leaders has been put on the TV screen and deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. Even Putin said that stierlitz’s image helped shape an entire generation of Soviet youth.

when the Soviet Union disintegrated, the KGB that once ran rampant in Russia was torn apart, and its previous arrogance was restrained. The New York Times believes that the arrest of Russian agents by the United States is enough to prove that since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Russia’s “spy” agent network has not only survived, but may even further develop and grow, and their tasks can be completed in a more direct way. Looking back on the 74 year history of the KGB and the current SVR, from the integration of internal and external security in the past to the separation of internal and external functions, the Russian spy agency has gone through an unusual road from power expansion to elimination.

the statue of

was pushed down. After the success of the October Revolution, Felix dzerzhinski was asked to establish an organization that could “fight all counter revolutionaries by extraordinary means”. A month and a half later, the “all Russia anti rebellion committee” was established, referred to as “Cheka”. Dzerzhinski summarized his task as: eliminate and stop counter revolution and sabotage throughout the country, hand over his activists to the court, and conduct preliminary investigation and pre-trial at the same time.

when human rights were violated by order, people began to accuse “Cheka”, but Lenin remained unmoved. Just like his evaluation of “Cheka”: “it is more important than anything to adhere to the dictatorship of the proletariat.” “Cheka” was born in the special historical period when the Bolsheviks were not stable, and was directly born in Lenin’s adherence to order, which may have laid the historical background of the KGB. “Qika” walked firmly along the road defined by Lenin and ushered in Stalin, Yagoda and belia, while its founder dzerzhinski was left aside. In the “purge”, there was no court, no investigation and pre-trial, and the KGB was completely reduced to a tool of personal dictatorship.

Nikolay Buharin, who was praised by Lenin as “the favorite theorist of the whole party”, wrote a letter to the future generation of party leaders before his trial. In the letter, he wrote: “when the revolutionary thought guides the ‘Cheka’, it defends the country from the harm of counter revolutionaries and is cruel to the enemy. Now it is a corrupt bureaucracy and caters to Stalin’s skepticism. It is cruel to the inside and destroys itself while destroying others.”

on August 19, 1991, the intelligence Empire, which was renamed the “National Security Council” (KGB) in 1954, stood against the regime for the first time and launched a coup in an attempt to save the Soviet Union. This is an act of benevolence without success. If it fails, the KGB will be doomed. Kluchikov, the last KGB chairman, knows this very well. Perhaps he regretted until his death that their “alpha” troops could not receive clear instructions from the KGB and finally lost the opportunity to arrest Yeltsin. If alpha’s instructions are rewritten several times, they will be given in alpha’s history.




failed in the coup, and the KGB had to admit defeat. The statue of dzerzhinski was pushed down, the KGB was forced to cancel its internal Soviet Communist Organization, and bakagin began to preside over the reorganization of the KGB. An old KGB broke into the headquarters building and shouted to bakagin, “I’m a communist, even if I die!” Bakagin calmly replied, “I only care about your professional level, but I don’t care about your faith.”




when it comes to choice, many people are forced to make changes, including Putin. After the coup, Putin resigned his post in the KGB. He helplessly watched his country fall into a state of irreparable disaster and the intelligence agency he had fought for for for six years was torn apart.

“the second” golden age “

” one person is worth an army, so I came up with the idea of being a spy “. One day in 2000, Putin said this to a biographer. This man is supposed to be an external rather than an internal crackdown. He is used to defend national interests – this is the spy in Putin’s eyes.

in 1968, it was under the influence of this kind of foreign spy that Putin came up with the idea of becoming a spy, so he changed his name to svidokolov. During World War II, he entered GermanyOtherwise, there would be no letter to the future generation of party leaders. Is history going to repeat itself?




the situation Putin faced after coming to power is so similar to that of Lenin at that time, and the prestige of the regime needs to be established urgently. Through the establishment of the “powerful group” and the formation of the vertical ruling system, Putin firmly grasped the power of Russia. In this process, the Federal Security Agency and the foreign intelligence agency also contributed. However, none of this has escaped from the institutional framework created by Gorbachev’s liberalization reform, and the security agency and the foreign intelligence agency have not escaped from the framework created by dzerzhinski. Despite the emergence of political parties, Russia adheres to the multi-party system and the general election of the president and parliament, and the security service and the foreign intelligence service have not been given the power of arbitrary arrest.

will the successor of the KGB, the foreign intelligence agency and the Federal Security Agency, escape this framework this time? At least so far, the power expansion proposal has not been adopted, and people are still discussing and even criticizing the proposal. The future of Russian intelligence agencies is frequently examined in this discussion and criticism.