Kissinger (1923 ~) [biography] Henry Kissinger was born on May 27, 1923 in Fort, Germany, a Jew.

In 1938, Kissinger’s family moved to Britain, then went to the United States to make a living and joined American citizenship.

Kissinger joined the US Army in 1943 and retired in 1946.

In 1954, Kissinger received a doctorate in philosophy from Harvard University and then taught at Harvard University.

He has been the director of the center for International Studies at Harvard University since 1962.

From 1969 to 1974, he served as President Nixon’s assistant for national security affairs, and from 1969 to 1975, he served as director of the U.S. National Security Council.

From 1973 to 1977, he served as secretary of state of the United States.

After leaving office in 1977, Kissinger served as a visiting professor at Georgetown University and worked part-time in several companies and institutions in the United States.

Kissinger is the first Secretary of state from a non American origin in American history and the first Secretary of state to concurrently serve as the president’s national security assistant.

He is famous for promoting “balance of power diplomacy”.

Kissinger visited China for the first time in July 1971.

In February 1972, he accompanied President Nixon to visit China.

Kissinger made a certain contribution to opening the door of exchanges between China and the United States.

As an expert in international relations, Kissinger has written a lot.

His famous work is nuclear weapons and foreign policy in 1957, in which he put forward the strategic thought of “limited war”.

[influence] Henry Kissinger is the most outstanding and convincing diplomat of the United States during the cold war.

He is as famous as Dean Acheson.

Both of them are masters of “realistic” design in American foreign policy after the end of World War II.

This is because Kissinger contributed to the most significant turning point in US foreign policy since the cold war.

The United States began to slowly develop from uncompromising confrontation to seeking mutual dialogue and relaxation.

If Dean Acheson designed the structure of American foreign policy in the early cold war, which lasted nearly 20 years, Kissinger created the framework of American Diplomacy after the Vietnam War.

Both diplomats are based on reality and made the design of U.S. foreign policy on the basis of changes in the environment faced by foreign policy personnel.

The difference is that Acheson’s position is tough and tit for tat with the Communist camp of his cold war opponent, while Kissinger is flexible and tends to safeguard interests in seeking dialogue and easing.

Kissinger came out to take charge of US foreign policy at the most critical juncture since the cold war.

The balance of power between the United States and the Soviet Union has changed dramatically.

There has been a balance of nuclear terrorism in the whole world.

The power of the Soviet Union has made great progress and began to compete with the United States in the world.

It was in this changed situation that Kissinger and the two presidents of the United States, Nixon and Ford, worked together to find a way to ease the tension.

Under the responsibility of Kissinger, the United States basically ended its direct military intervention in the world.

The most important thing in Kissinger’s era was that he witnessed the emergence of the Soviet Union as a global opponent on an equal footing with the United States and began to seek relaxation with the Soviets.

In Asia, the United States established a contraction strategy and began a new relationship with China.

Kissinger engaged in “shuttle diplomacy” in the Middle East with excitement, but he wanted to end the war painfully in Vietnam.

Kissinger took a series of measures in the face of great changes, which made him look full of achievements and won him a reputation that no American diplomat before him had ever had.

Kissinger became the most respected figure in the United States in 1972 and 1973.

In 1973, he won the peace prize and was called “magician” by Egypt.

All this made kisinger reach the peak of his personal honor.

His proficiency in playing with diplomacy is still unmatched in the United States, and even in the world.

Kissinger was basically a scholar before he took over the power of American foreign policy.

His status as an expert on international issues had a significant impact on his future diplomatic activities.

From 1947 to 1969, Kissinger basically stayed at Harvard University to study international politics.

He himself admired mettner, an old hand in “balance of power” diplomacy.

His doctoral thesis was about mettner’s “balance of power” diplomacy.

“Balance of power” diplomacy is a flexible and complex set of diplomatic techniques based on the analysis of real forces.

The purpose is to establish a sophisticated “balance of power” in the international order.

This theory had a great impact on Kissinger.

In his later diplomatic activities, he also carried out “balance of power” diplomacy with flexible means.

During his academic research at Harvard, Kissinger published a series of works, expounding his understanding of post-war international relations.

He believes that with the advent of the nuclear age, the “large-scale retaliation” strategy formulated by the United States in the early cold war has become obsolete, and the strategy of limited war should become the best choice for the United States.

He advocates that the initiative in competing with the Soviet Union should be achieved through negotiations, rather than holding an aggressive offensive posture against the Soviet Union in the world.

The United States has no power to do this, And the United States has not used its power well.

Kissinger also advocated the use of intellectuals in the US diplomatic department to establish a new diplomatic style.

In 1969, Kissinger had the opportunity to show his ambition.

After Nixon was elected president, he appointed Kissinger as his national security assistant and handed over diplomatic power to Kissinger.

Kissinger began to participate widely in the formulation and implementation of American foreign policy, and he began to dominate the international arena.

After Nixon came to power, he put forward the so-called “Nixon Doctrine”.

On the one hand, he emphasized the way of strength and negotiation to deal with the Soviet Union.

On the other hand, he also stressed that the United States should implement strategic contraction in Asia to ensure the security of Europe, the strategic focus of the United States.

So, under this guideline, Kissinger began his dazzling diplomacy.

Kissinger and Nixon reached a consensus on the issue of the Soviet Union, that is, vigorously pursuing the easing policy, which constituted the central link of American diplomatic strategy during Kissinger’s period.

In February 1969, Kissinger launched a secret “Vietnam summit diplomacy” and made private contact with the Soviet Union.

In May 1972, Nixon visited the Soviet Union, and the purpose of easing tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union was realized to a certain extent.

Kissinger paid a secret visit to China in July 1971 to prepare for Nixon’s visit to China in February 1972, which played an important role in the normalization of China US relations.

After easing relations with the Soviet Union and China, Kissinger began toStart solving the Vietnam War.

In January 1973, the United States and Vietnam signed the Paris Agreement on ceasefire.

The U.S. troops withdrew from Vietnam that year, and the United States finally got rid of the nightmare of war.

Kissinger also won the Nobel Peace Prize for this year, which is the recognition and appreciation of Kissinger’s diplomatic achievements by the international community.

After President Nixon was re elected, Kissinger was appointed secretary of state of the United States, the first Secretary of state born of non-U.S. nationality.

At the same time, he also served as national security assistant until President Ford came to power.

Shortly after Kissinger became Secretary of state, the fourth Middle East War broke out in October 1973, which provided a great opportunity for Kissinger to show his diplomatic talents.

After the beginning of the war, Kissinger launched the famous “shuttle diplomacy”.

He traveled back and forth for 18 months, and finally reached the agreement on the disengagement of the Syrian Israeli army in May 1974, and made Egypt and Israel reach the same agreement in September 1975.

More importantly, through Kissinger’s tireless efforts, the United States improved its relations with Egypt, Syria and other countries, and pushed the Soviet Union out of Egypt, the leader of the Arab world.

This is a major victory in US diplomacy.

From then on, the United States began to occupy a dominant position in this important strategic and energy place.

In a short period of eight years, Kissinger has performed one big stroke after another on the international stage with his maneuvering diplomatic skills.

For example, Kissinger’s visit to China has opened the door to Sino US relations and exchanges, which is one of the important diplomatic turns in modern history, and history has taken on different faces.

Kissinger said that the end of the cold war had a profound impact on the structure of American diplomacy and the practice of international relations.

[Conclusion] Kissinger is the pinnacle of contemporary scholars in politics, and his achievements in his eight-year diplomatic career are remarkable.

His understanding of contemporary international issues is profound.

His diplomatic practice has changed the pattern of international relations to a considerable extent and had a significant impact on the contemporary world.

He created a new diplomatic pattern and promoted the emergence of the political pattern of the triangle of China, the United States and the Soviet Union, which contributed to the development of multi polarization to a certain extent.

His diplomatic practice fully reflects the proficient skills of a realistic diplomatic master, and his influence on the contemporary world can be seen only in a longer historical period.