“Liberation of Kuwait”

— 1991 Gulf War

on January 16, 1991 (Middle East time), when the last ray of sunshine brushed the desert in the Middle East and dusk was just coming, at this time, the combat aircraft of the multinational force on the airports in the Gulf took off one after another, and they flew along the standard route of operation “Desert Shield”, It feels like you’re on a daily patrol again. In fact, they are just waiting for the time to launch the attack.

on January 17, 1991, the US military launched rockets from Saudi bases to attack Iraqi targets. On the same day, the multinational force led by the United States began to carry out air strikes against Iraq, which refused to withdraw its troops, and the Gulf War broke out.

seven B-52 strategic bombers have already lifted off from the air force base in Baxter, Louisiana. They are carrying out the expedition with the longest voyage and the longest stay in the air in the history of human aviation. In 11 and a half hours, they will launch acm-86b conventional cruise missiles, turning eight strategic targets around Baghdad into ruins.

just after midnight, at hamis mushat airport in the south of Shatt, 10 black and gray F-117A stealth fighter bombers slowly slid into the take-off line. After a brief call and the final inspection before take-off, at 0:22 on January 17, the aircraft started to accelerate, skidded and pulled up, and rose into the night sky of the vast desert.

at 1 o’clock, four AH-64 “Apache” attack helicopters and two mh-53j special combat helicopters soared into the northern night sky at almif airport in northern Saudi Arabia. Six minutes later, another unit composed of four Apache took off and followed the previous crew.

at 1:30, on board the cruiser “San Jacinto” in the Red Sea, with a roar and cheers from the crew, a “Tomahawk” cruise missile rose into the night sky with a flame and flew rapidly to the northeast.

on January 17, 1991, the US military launched rockets from Saudi bases to attack Iraqi targets. On the same day, the multinational force led by the United States began to carry out air strikes against Iraq, which refused to withdraw its troops, and the Gulf War broke out.

at this moment, hundreds of combat aircraft and support aircraft successively took off from airports in the Gulf and aircraft carriers in the Red Sea and Persian Gulf, gathered into an unstoppable steel storm and swept away to Kuwait and Iraq!

and Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, was silent under the cover of night. At this time, except for a small number of units on duty, most of the officers and soldiers had fallen asleep. They were unaware of the impending disaster, and no one would have thought that the multinational force would take action in advance.

at 3:06, while the first “Tomahawk” exploded, far away (19:06), White House press spokesman Marin FEIC í water announced to the American public and the world:

“the action of liberating Kuwait has begun!”

two hours later, Bush delivered a televised speech in his capacity as president, recounting Saddam Hussein’s crimes and vowed to drive the Iraqi army out of Kuwait.

in this way, the crisis that lasted for nearly half a year finally turned into war, and world peace trembled with fear amid the rumble of bomb explosions. After the Second World War, a local war with the largest scale, the most participating countries and the highest degree of modernization began.

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Gulf War is a war against Iraq by the Allies led by the United States. The war code is “Desert Storm”. The whole “Desert Storm” operation is divided into air assault operation, maritime operation and land operation. It lasted 43 days from the launch of the “Desert Storm” air assault by the multinational force on January 17, 1991 to the end of the war on February 28.

Iraqi tanks abandoned in the desert after Iraq withdrew from Kuwaiti territory. On the left is the oil well in Kuwait that was ignited by the Iraqi army.

according to the statistics of the US national defense report, in the Gulf War, the Iraqi army suffered 100000 casualties (including 20000 deaths), 86000 people were captured, 3800 tanks, 2900 artillery, 1450 armored transport vehicles were lost, and 324 aircraft were destroyed, captured or flew abroad. In terms of multinational forces, 148 US troops were killed, 458 were injured in battle, 138 were killed in non battle and 2978 were injured in non battle. 192 people were killed and 318 injured in other countries.

whether from the outcome of the war or from the statistical data, the multinational force led by the United States won a complete victory.

the war is over, but what kind of thinking does the war bring us? Does the United States really represent justice? Is it really helping Kuwait restore sovereignty? Let’s see through the fog of spekds!

one of the most direct causes of the outbreak of the Gulf War was that on August 2, 1990, Iraq sent troops to occupy the whole territory of Kuwait and declared Kuwait its 19th Province on August 8. Iraq’s aggression shocked the world and the United States. Saddam’s mistake just created a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for the United States to enter the Middle East. Of course, the United States will not miss the good opportunity.

on the morning of August 4, senior officials from all sides of the United States came to the Aspen cottage at Camp David to discuss what military action to take against the Iraqi invasion. After some conspiracy and discussion, an action plan codenamed “Desert Shield” was born. Subsequently, the US Secretary of defense went out in person and ran around the Middle East countries. With some coercion and inducement, he finally received the special pass of the king of Saudi Arabia. When President Bush heard that the king of Saudi Arabia had agreed, he immediately signed the order of “Desert Shield plan”.

on August 8, U.S. President Bush delivered a televised speech to the whole country, announcing the decision to send troops to the Gulf, which was announced by major U.S. television stationsThe speech was broadcast on the Internet. He said sternly,

“in the life of a country, we have the responsibility to clarify our mission and our beliefs. Although sometimes it is not easy to make this choice. Today, as president, I ask you to support my decision. All this is for peace, justice and world peace.”

“I solemnly declare here today that the United States will do its utmost to effectively implement these sanctions and urge Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait immediately.”

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the Americans are making a big fight, mobilizing troops and sending troops to the bay. On the surface, it is to maintain fairness and justice and uphold justice, but in fact, it is not as pure as it advertises. In fact, it has an unspeakable purpose behind it.

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Gulf region is rich in oil. It is known as the “world oil treasure house”. Its reserves account for more than half of the world’s total oil reserves, its output accounts for 14 of the world’s total output, and its oil export accounts for 12 of the world. Moreover, the crude oil produced is of high quality and low cost. It is the main energy supply base for the survival of the western economy. 20% of the oil imported by the United States, 35% of Western Europe and 70% of Japan come from this region. Since most of the oil here is transported by sea, the transportation line from the Persian Gulf to all over the world is called the “lifeline” of the West. Therefore, the United States sent troops to protect its lifeline, which is the first reason. Since ancient times, spekds has been the strategic hub of the East and west of the world and the strategic hub of the East and west of the world. There are the Strait of Hormuz, which is known as the “throat” of the offshore oil channel and the “valve” of the oil depot, the Mande Strait, which is called the world strategic battle by the west, and the Suez Canal, which is called the key of the whole maritime chain. The late president of the United States said: “just from a geographical point of view, nothing is more important in the whole world than the Middle East.” Therefore, the United States strongly wants to participate in this strategic place. The seemingly legitimate and just excuse of “liberating Kuwait” has contributed to the dream of the United States occupying the Middle East.

in addition, Bush wants to make use of the important influence and wide support of the United States in dealing with the Gulf crisis to improve his domestic prestige and create favorable conditions for his victory in the mid-term election and re-election as president in the general election. At the same time, the Gulf crisis can also be used to alleviate the pressure for substantial cuts in military spending, continue to maintain a huge military force and enhance the ability to deal with regional conflicts.

it can be said that this is an inevitable war and a fierce collision between two interest mindsets.

Saddam Hussein wants to compete for supremacy in the Middle East and the United States wants to dominate the world; Saddam wants to be an oil leader and the United States wants to be an oil housekeeper; Saddam Hussein acted boldly and the United States dared to act. The interests of the two sides are diametrically opposed, and their positions are incompatible. In the end, they can only decide by force.

after the Gulf War, Kuwait was completely liberated from Iraq, but the United States continues to find various excuses to maintain its military presence in the Gulf region. The image of the just division in the “liberation of Kuwait” has disappeared.