literature and art in the Soviet Union can be said to have three major differences compared with our past era: one is always praising love, and the other is never divorced from daily life For example, North Korea’s “when picking apples” and “the village with flowers in full bloom” neither reject love nor life.

share the same boat. A few years ago, on the cover of November 2010,

, At the Beijing International Music Festival, I heard Shostakovich’s operas “Mrs. Macbeth of moschenk county” and “nose”. The author has only written these two operas in his life. I was very excited to have the opportunity to see the whole picture. Among them, “Mrs. Macbeth of moschink county” is based on the novel of the same name by Russian writer Leskov. Shostakovich spent almost three years writing music. In January 1934, his debut attracted a wave of praise and a sensation. Stalin also heard about the opera. In early 1936, he went to the theater to enjoy it, but he didn’t say anything and didn’t even give a round of applause. Stalin is a political leader and an expert in art. His statement is related to life and death. A few days later, Pravda, the central organ of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, published an article “chaotic music”, calling the play “the poison of petty bourgeois formalism”. This was a very serious literary crime in the Soviet Union in the 1930s.

more than 30 years ago, we caught up with the era of severe political environment in China. Like the Soviet Union in the 1930s, we always focus on class. On the surface, the two countries have many similarities in their views on literary and artistic works. For example, good is the proletariat and bad is the bourgeoisie. However, after careful analysis, the difference is still obvious.

the Soviet Union’s article on “Mrs. Macbeth” first emphasized Music: from the beginning, the audience was stunned by the messy sound deliberately made in the opera, the interval of melody and the elements of music were submerged and slipped away, and then disappeared into the roar and creaking scream. It is difficult to follow this kind of “music”, and it is even more impossible to remember – similar languages are not uncommon in music reviews in various countries. But if we put it thirty or forty years ago, the title of our critical article is definitely “for” ××× Words such as overturning the case “,” traitorous “and” reactionary “. At that time, there was no comment on art in the whole critical articles. They all started with politics, such as approving the recall of officials, the secret history of the Qing palace and Xie yaohuan. To say “petty bourgeois formalism” is probably the lightest crime. At most, it is only written and checked within the unit. Although the opera “Mrs. Macbeth of moschenk county” was banned and Shostakovich was scared to death, he can continue to write and remain free. It is said that he wrote a film episode “greet us in the morning with cool” which spread all over the world and saved his life. However, Wu Han’s writing so many words that follow the trend is not enough to save him. Tian Han is still the lyricist of the national anthem. He is still dead in prison.

compared with our past era, the literature and art in the Stalin period of the Soviet Union can be said to have three major differences: one is always praising love, the other is never divorced from people’s daily life, and the third is that art can be used as the basis for evaluation more or less, at least one of the bases.

needless to say novels, dramas and films, it can be seen from the pop songs of the Soviet Union that the eternity of love has not been weakened even in the cruelest period. “The Hawthorn Tree in Ural”, “Katyusha”, “Cranberry flowers bloom”, and “the night outside Moscow” after Stalin, and so on. The feeling of nostalgia is bold, bright, hot and deep. Open your heart to praise love without any scruples. In particular, the Hawthorn Tree in Ural is a bit of a love triangle, “the song of wild geese in autumn has disappeared in the distance, and the earth has been stained with white frost, but the three of us still linger by the tree on this rugged mountain path. Who is more suitable for my heart? I can’t tell the hesitation of the end of the day”. In the Soviet Union, ideology was not harsh on love songs, but also gave the green light. Cranberry flowers won the Stalin literary award. Perhaps they felt that revolution and love were not contradictory and would promote each other. Unfortunately, such songs were basically banned in our era. It was not easy to have “99 sunny day” and “Why are flowers so red”, which were severely criticized later. In the Soviet Union, revolution needs love, and love is also indispensable in the battlefield. The song “Katyusha” was sung all over the battlefield during World War II. In our war years, most of the songs are straightforward expressions, either broadsword or enemy. In fact, daring to sing love songs to fight just shows the singer’s confidence. In that affectionate tone, he reposes his longing for life – isn’t war just for life and love? It was not until “the moon of the fifteenth” and other songs appeared and became popular that we seemed to understand the relationship between family, life and war.

the literature and art of the Soviet Union, even in the Stalin era, was also full of the breath of life. Not to mention those literary and artistic masterpieces, even films such as “in October” and “Lenin in 1918” can be seen in detail. The reason why the Chinese people did not get tired of watching these two films thirty or forty years ago is that, in addition to the performance is far better than our films at that time, it is because of the breath of life – with life, there will be mood, and with mood, you can be moving. At that time, we demanded revolution first everywhere. Even the Spring Festival emphasized “having a revolutionary Spring Festival”. Literature and art naturally had nothing to do with life. Even after the reform and opening up, the song “night of the military port” was only shaken by the sailors there, which made some people intolerable and denounced, not to mention what the literature and art of the “Cultural Revolution” looked like. At that time, although “hot life” was also mentioned, it was not very human life, but class struggle and manual labor. For a whole era, the life scenes and language that impressed us deeply in literary and artistic works were either from the villains Hu Hansan (the film “shining red star”), Tang commander (the film “tunnel war”), Hu Chuankui (the Beijing Opera “Shajiabang”), or from the revolutionary history film of the Soviet Union. Russian revolutionary sailors watch ballet swan lake while eating chicken legs