While the US military is expanding and preparing for war, Japan, a military power in the Pacific, has developed rapidly, almost the same as militarism.
First of all, Japan’s attempt to force the United States to withdraw from the Chinese market that it has been trying to explore for a century is emotionally and practically unacceptable to us.
As early as Japan’s withdrawal from the United Nations and the rapid increase in the budget for the expansion of the Imperial Japanese Navy Fleet, it heralded the end of naval arms limitation, and the Naval Treaty System previously formulated by the United States to maintain the status quo in the Pacific region will also collapse.
The Japanese military regards the United States as the main enemy “because the United States hinders their national expansion”.
By April 1934, the Japanese Foreign Ministry issued a tough protest against the “technical and economic assistance” provided by the United States to China.
The commander of the U.S. Asian fleet and the commander in chief of the Philippine garrison subsequently issued a top secret report, warning that the amazing growth of Japan’s maritime and air forces has made the existing forces of the United States unable to hold Manila Bay and Corregidor.
By the autumn of 1935, the danger had become obvious.
Representatives of maritime powers will meet in the UK to discuss what to do when the naval limitation treaty between Washington and London expires the following year.
The meeting held that if the power of the Imperial Navy of Japan could not continue to be limited within the original limit, the Far East would form a de facto “peace under Japanese rule”.
Therefore, the British and American delegation rejected Japan’s request for equal power, which caused the meeting to break up unhappily after several months.
Subsequently, Japan abolished the Washington Naval Treaty and accelerated the construction of battleships.
Tokyo wanted to successfully implement its “Monroe Doctrine” in the Far East and proposed to Washington to jointly carve up the Pacific Ocean so that each country could “establish an area dominated by law and order in their adjacent areas”.
Cordell hull immediately publicly condemned Japan’s proposal because it would give Japan what it called the “right of free action” and treat China as it pleases.
However, because the United States refused to give up the “open door” policy and was not determined to use force to defend it, even the hardliners in the State Department believed that this would make Japan continue to encroach on China by 1935.
Despite their dissatisfaction, Americans are limited to protesting, so they put the burden of maintaining their position on the Chinese people who have suffered for a long time.
In this way, Japan, a Pacific power, grew rapidly and became a totalitarian fascist country.
The Kwantung Army has become a tool for Japan to achieve the goal of national expansion in China.
This situation developed to the summer of 1937, when the conflict between Japan and China was imminent.
After the collapse of the Japanese cabinet in June, the emperor ordered the aging aristocrat Jin Weiwen o to come out and organize the government for the second time.
The Japanese War of aggression against China broke out only one month after Kan Wei Wen o served as prime minister.
The non resistance policy made the Japanese army quickly occupy the three northeastern provinces of China.
The Japanese army pushed out the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty and concocted a “Manchukuo”, making Puyi the emperor of the “Manchukuo”.
In this regard, the US political and public opinion circles reacted strongly and expressed their position one after another that they did not recognize the “Manchukuo”.
Stimson, an important American military official, wrote in his diary: “It seems that Japan believes that it can open up the market in China by force, which means that it must permanently exploit China and impose Japanese rule on another race.
But this will not work, because China is an excellent nation, and in the long run, China will eventually defeat Japan.
In terms of Japan us relations, I think armed conflict between Japan and the United States is almost inevitable Yes.
” While denouncing Japan, the US government is facing major political and diplomatic issues.
The United States cannot abandon China, but it is also unable to intervene, because both the United States and Britain can only send a symbolic military or naval force at best.
President Roosevelt wanted to carefully provide assistance to the Chinese government, but the isolationist newspaper began to publish the news when it learned that the ship was loading bombs for China, which led to the Senate’s strong demand for strict compliance with China’s legislation – the neutrality Act prohibits the provision of military fire to belligerents.
However, it was not long before such a thing happened.
One day, when sailing to the Yangtze River, the Japanese warship fired.
A few seconds later, the steering room was lifted by a bomb.
On the deck, journalist Norman Wen grabbed the camera to shoot.
He could see the pilot’s face clearly, but to his surprise, they saw the American flag and kept bombing.
20 minutes later, the Perner sank in the turbidity current of the Yangtze River.
The news that the pernay was sunk angered the Americans and worried Tokyo that it might lead to war.
The Japanese Foreign Minister hurried to the US embassy to “apologize”.
On the second day after the pernay was sunk, general ishigen Matsui led his troops into Nanjing and declared that “the imperial way shines”.
He promised that “the dawn of Asian revival is coming!” But in the following four weeks, the Japanese army carried out a brutal massacre in Nanjing, killing 300000 Chinese people.
Even cold-blooded foreign military observers said that in this organized massacre, the Japanese army was no different from “a group of wild animals”.
When the perne was sunk, Secretary of state hull condemned it as “a group of savage and semi crazy army and Navy officers”.
At this time, he was full of righteous anger, advocated intervention and suggested a joint “naval battle to hang Japan” with the Royal Navy.
After receiving the plan, the president resumed the blockade plan and tested whether Britain supported the resumption of stick diplomacy to contain Japan.
But Chamberlain said he could not imagine that at a time when the situation in Europe was so serious, there was nothing more suicidal than provoking Japan at this time.
In this way, after the emergence of Germany in Europe, Japan appeared in the Pacific and was uncontrolled.
Under the Japanese offensive, the conflict between China and Japan has evolved into an all-out war.
Japan put forward the plan of “new Asian Order”.
People can see that the blueprint of Japan’s “new Asian Order” is the same as Hitler’s plan of “new European order”.
Neither Chiang Kai Shek nor Washington accepted the new order, and the United States refused to consider any violation of the principles of the nine Nation Convention.
Roosevelt immediately announced a $21 million loan to the Chongqing government to carry out the war.
This measure is just a drop in the bucket.
It’s hard to quench your thirst with far water.
Things developed to 1939In spring, the Japanese army has landed on the main roads of the Pacific Ocean and Hainan Island and Sprat group.
The Japanese have springboard to attack the Philippines islands, Hongkong and Indochina.
In the face of this terrible situation, after six months of in-depth study, the strategists of the Joint Chiefs of staff concluded that there was no strong fleet in Guam and Manila military bases and Singapore, the Philippines must be abandoned, and even the strategic retreat to defend the west coast, Panama and Alaska was threatened, Because Japanese aircraft carriers have an overwhelming advantage.
And concluded that this would make Pearl Harbor vulnerable to air strikes, which “may blow up the main force of the fleet without warning.
” so the United States decided to make defense in the Pacific a strategic goal and revise the previous “orange operation plan”.
Strengthen military forces in the Pacific, increase the strength of Guam, Wake Island and Philippine naval bases, and strengthen defense deployment.
Send more troops to Pearl Harbor, strengthen military confidentiality, and change the provisions of strategic levels a, B and C to C, B and a.
In order to deal with Japan, a military power in the Pacific, the United States had foresight and made timely deployment.
But at this time, the war on the European battlefield was getting hotter and hotter.
In May 1940, Hitler captured Norway, then attacked the Netherlands, and then invaded Belgium.
The king of Belgium appealed to Britain and France for help.
Britain and France sent troops to support it, but the Belgian army announced its surrender after more than 10 days of resistance.
As a result, the British and French troops were defeated like a mountain, and the 200000 British Expeditionary Force fled to the beach without firing a shot, regardless of its French allies.
The German army swept the fallen leaves like the autumn wind and went straight to Paris.
At that time, French Prime Minister Renault took an ambiguous attitude.
He said: “if the United States can help France, France will continue to fight.
” However, Roosevelt had placed most of his bets in the Pacific and had no intention of putting his troops into Europe too early, so Roosevelt clearly told Renault that according to the U.S. Constitution, the right to declare war lay in Congress, so he himself could not make any commitment to participate in the war.
Roosevelt’s move aroused the concern of Britain.
The card of France fell, and Britain was the next object to be conquered.
In order to stabilize France, a British French Declaration was hastily drafted.
It reads as follows: “at the most critical juncture in today’s world history, the government of the United Kingdom and the government of the French Republic hereby issue a declaration declaring that the two countries will form a permanent alliance, have unrelenting determination in the cause of jointly safeguarding justice and freedom, and oppose the system that plunges mankind into mechanical life and slavery.
” When Renault submitted this declaration to the French cabinet for discussion, it was fully opposed by beidang’s peace advocates.
They took the opportunity to seize power and forced Renault to resign and beidang became the head of government.
After beidang took office, he immediately sought peace from Hitler k(u head.
So a Gombe farce was performed.
Gombe is a place name of France.
On November 11, 1918, Germany, as a defeated country in the first World War, submitted a letter of surrender to the representatives of Britain and France on a train in Gombe forest.
Hitler chose this place as a place to accept bedang’s surrender in order to avenge his revenge.
When France surrendered, the U.S. Army and Navy chiefs of staff had to decide whether to implement the Atlantic defense plan or the Pacific defense plan.
Their suggestion is that neither direction can be abandoned, but the president is suggested to adjust the order again, with the Atlantic first and the Pacific second.
The reason is that the Pacific region has a certain number of troops, which can deal with Japan for at least a period of time.
After the French surrender, the direct threat did not come from Japan, but from the axis powers.
Britain is facing a war with Germany.
Franco successfully established a fascist regime in Spain with the assistance of the German air force.
The danger of the axis powers going south along the Atlantic in order to protect Germany’s growing interests in South America is imminent.
Accordingly, the report of the Joint Chiefs of staff unanimously requested the president to concentrate naval forces in the Atlantic and the Caribbean.
This makes it necessary to make some defensive posture in the Pacific to hold Hawaii – at the expense of abandoning the Philippines to some extent, if the Japanese attack the islands.
The memorandum specifically reminded the president not to be tempted by politics to commit to protecting the islands, because doing so “violates the wise valuation of the interests of the United States”.
This far-reaching conclusion has completely changed the grand strategy of the United States for half a century.
The president agreed with the conclusion that Nazi Germany posed a much greater threat to the interests of the United States in Europe than Japan, but did not give up preparations for war against Japan.
This dramatic shift in strategic objectives is reflected in the newly formulated “Rainbow operation plan”, which is so named because, unlike the unrealistic and traditional monochrome instructions in the past, they are designed to deal with United enemies and potential allies.
The plan also includes coping methods for five accidents.
In order to contain the crisis before the uniform, according to the rainbow plan, Roosevelt came up with a wonderful idea – to bring the water dragon to the British, use Britain to fight Germany and save the United States.
Before Roosevelt’s plan to help people fight the fire with a hose was put into practice, the United States ushered in the 1940 presidential election.
Wilkie, who was rude, simple and popular, the first attractive Republican candidate since 1904, was nominated, forcing President Roosevelt to make a decision on the Democratic presidential nomination.
Roosevelt probably always wanted to run for a third time because he refused to support other candidates and didn’t prevent others from contributing to him, making his nomination expected.
It is the most urgent issue for the British government to transfer 40 submarines to resist the invasion of the British island in the middle of the summer campaign.
The main obstacle is bywater’s estimate of the amendments to the Navy Appropriations Act passed by Congress on June 28.
The case is not intended to fund the president to strengthen the Navy and prohibit the president from transferring defense equipment to foreign countries unless the chief of staff of the army and the Secretary of naval operations confirm in advance that such equipment is not necessary for national defense.
In the quarrel over the war, Wendell Wilkie also launched a series of election campaigns.
In the first few weeks, facing the inaction of the Democratic Party and Roosevelt’s third election, his campaign was enthusiastic and confident.
But he basically agreed with most of Roosevelt’s domestic and foreign policies.