Looking for the “missing” soldier

— Japan’s all-out war of aggression against China in 1937

outside Wanping City, 15 kilometers southwest of Beijing, there is a large stone bridge across the Yongding River. Lions of different shapes are engraved on the stone railing beside the bridge, which is the famous Lugou bridge. This is the location of “Lugou Xiaoyue”, one of the “eight scenic spots in Yanjing”, and also the place where the “Lugou Bridge Incident” that caused a sensation in the world took place. The 485 lions on the bridge are still angry and resentful, because they witnessed the “Lugouqiao Incident” deliberately created by the Japanese aggressors in order to find an excuse for war.

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after the

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and “September 18th Incident”, Japan stepped up its war preparations at home, and took Northeast China as the base and couldn’t wait to expand to North China. From February to may 1933, the Japanese Kwantung Army first launched a war in Rehe, quickly occupied the whole territory of Rehe, and then captured luandong area of Hebei Province, approaching Pingjin. Under the critical situation in North China, the Kuomintang government, disregarding the opposition of the whole Chinese people, signed the Tanggu agreement with Japan on selling territorial sovereignty on May 31, 1933. This agreement not only recognized the legitimacy of Japan’s occupation of the three northeastern provinces and Rehe, but also designated the counties in Eastern Hebei as “unarmed zones” in which the Japanese army can “move freely” and the Chinese army cannot enter. In this way, Japanese imperialism opened the door to expansion into North China. On June 27, the Kuomintang government signed the Qin Tu agreement with the Japanese representatives, stipulating the withdrawal of the Kuomintang army and Party headquarters stationed in Chahar Province, the dissolution of Anti Japanese organs and groups, the removal of song Zheyuan from the post of chairman of Chahar Province, and the establishment of Chadong African armed zone. In this way, the Japanese aggressors gained most of the sovereignty of Hebei and Chahar provinces, opening up a base for the full-scale invasion of China.

on February 26, 1936, Fascists in the Japanese army launched a military coup in Tokyo. Hiroda Hongyi cabinet, who came to power, completely obeyed the Military Ministry. On August 7, at the “five phase meeting” attended by the prime minister, foreign minister, land minister, marine minister and Tibetan minister, Japan formulated the “outline of national policy”, which further determined the long-term strategic goal of the army preparing to “advance North” against the Soviet Union and the Navy preparing to “advance south” to compete with Britain and the United States for hegemony in the Pacific. Therefore, Japan began to use force as the backing to instigate “autonomy” in North China, but failed. In December 1936, the occurrence of the “Xi’an Incident” dealt a major blow to Japan’s policy of aggression against China, so its policy towards China turned to military aggression. On January 25, 1937, the General Staff Headquarters of Japan pointed out in the “suggestions on China policy to the army province” that it was prepared to give China a “fatal blow” as a last resort.

in 1936, the Japanese invaders increased their troops in Fengtai and surrounded Peiping from the East, West and North. The Japanese believed that “Fengtai is a prominent point, which is close to and easy to contact with the Chinese army”, that is, it is easy to create an excuse to start a war. At this time, the only way for the Chinese army to get in and out of the southwest was the north railway, so the north railway was still under the control of the Chinese army. The Japanese army, which has been eyeing Wanping City, has long coveted Lugou Bridge and always wanted to seize this strategic place, surround Beiping on all sides and seize Pingjin area. Therefore, in order to provoke an all-out war, Lugou bridge became the primary target of the Japanese army.

from mid May 1937, the Japanese army stationed in Fengtai often held exercises targeting the county in the northern suburb of Wanping, looking for opportunities to create trouble. On July 6, the day before the “July 7th incident”, the Japanese army stationed in Fengtai asked to go to Changxindian area through Wanping county. It was rejected by the Chinese garrison in Wanping. The Japanese army entangled for more than 10 hours and didn’t retreat until the evening. All these signs fully indicate that the bloody storm of the Japanese War of aggression against China is coming.

at 19:30 on July 7, the Japanese Shimizu Jielang squadron stationed in Fengtai went to the Longwang temple near Lugou bridge for night military exercises. At about 22:00, at the end of the first stage of the exercise, Japanese soldier kijiro Zhicun left the team and drowned. The troops returned after 20 minutes. Keiro Qingshui first claimed that there was a rifle shooting. One Japanese soldier was missing and reported to the captain of Fengtai, yiki Qingzhi. After the soldier returned, he ordered the messenger to report to the captain that the missing soldier had been found. At 12:00 that night, the Japanese army still falsely claimed that a soldier was missing during the exercise and asked to enter Wanping City for search, which was severely rejected by our side. Taking this as an excuse, the leader of the Japanese Union in Fengtai, Mutaguchi liandazuo, immediately ordered the third brigade to assemble urgently, live in the front and arrange the battle in the field, and ordered the first brigade of the Japanese army in Tongxian to move quickly to Fengtai. Yimu Qingzhi, with the consent of the regiment commander Mou tiankoulian, issued a battle order at 0:20 on July 8: “advance to Lugou Bridge with the main force.” At 4:20, Mou Tian ordered an attack on Wanping City. At 0900 hours, the Japanese Chinese garrison ordered to disarm the Chinese army near Lugou Bridge and occupy the area. When we couldn’t bear it, our garrison rose to fight back. This is the famous “July 7th” Lugouqiao Incident in history.

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because the Japanese troops had not been deployed at that time, the Japanese side proposed that Japan and China send personnel to the city for investigation. At 3 a.m. on the 9th, the two sides reached an armistice agreement under the condition that China made the greatest concession. However, it is Japan’s established national policy to invade China. Holding negotiations and signing agreements are just a deceptive delaying tactic. During the negotiation, Japan not only never stopped its armed attack, but also mobilized a large number of Japanese troops to North China. On July 8, after receiving the telegram of the outbreak of the Lugouqiao Incident, the Central Department of the Japanese army immediately decided to mobilize a large number of its land and air forces in Northeast China, North Korea and China to North China. By July 26, the Japanese army had increased its troops by about 100000, and further completed the military deployment of expanding aggression. Under the massive attack of Japanese imperialism, Tianjin fell on July 30 and Peiping on August 4. In less than three months, several provinces in North China fell one after another.

the “July 7th” Lugouqiao Incident launched by Japanese imperialism is the result of its conspiracy, the beginning of its full-scale war of aggression against China, and the beginning of the great national anti Japanese War of the Chinese nation.