battle background

the Luliang naval battle was a large-scale naval battle in November of the 26th year of the Ming Dynasty (1598), in which the Chinese and Korean coalition forces encircled and annihilated the Japanese invading Korea in the Luliang sea area.

during the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty, great changes took place in Japan’s domestic political situation. Toyotomi Hideyoshi united the country by force. However, there are still some feudal lords who support soldiers and respect themselves, which are difficult to control. In order to ease domestic contradictions and consolidate his rule, Hideyoshi Toyotomi directed his domestic attention abroad and formulated a military aggression plan to occupy North Korea, conquer China, and then expand into the Southern Ocean. As the first step, the arrogant request of “falsely entering the Ming Dynasty” was put forward to the DPRK, which was naturally rejected by the DPRK government. On April 13, the 20th year of Wanli (1592), Toyotomi Xiuji launched the war of aggression against Korea. Japan is called the “battle of wenluqing” and China is called the “Renchen war”. The Japanese aggressor army crossed the sea from the Falklands with more than 700 large and small ships, landed in Busan the next morning, and launched an attack in three ways: North, South and middle. Pyongyang occupied Seoul for more than two months. North Korea is in danger of subjugation. So the king of Korea sent envoys to the Ming Dynasty for help. North Korea is a friendly neighbor of China, with lips and teeth, and “Guan Bai (referring to Japanese Prime Minister Toyotomi Xiuji) plans North Korea, which means China.” In view of this situation, the Ming court decided to send troops to help Korea resist Japan. On December 23, the 20th year of Wanli (1592), the Ming army entered the Korean War. At the beginning of the next year, Lianke Pyongyang and Kaesong. On April 20, Seoul was recovered. The Japanese army retreated to the southern roads and proposed peace. Soon after, the armistice was finally realized. In August of that year, Hideki Toyotomi died of illness and was ordered to withdraw from North Korea.

Li shunchen

after the southeast meeting, the Japanese invaders were compressed in Shuntian, Sichuan and Nanhai along the southeast coast. In October, the news of the death of Japanese Guan baifengchen Xiuji spread to North Korea, and the Japanese army retreated across the board. At that time, in addition to the early withdrawal of the main force of the first army stationed in Ulsan, the Japanese army stationed in the southeast corner of Korea still had more than 46000 troops. Its withdrawal deployment was as follows: the eastern departments stationed in xishengpu, Liangshan and Takeshima retreated first in November, gathered in Busan and waited for the ship to return home; The Japanese army, who lived in Chang in the middle of China, boarded the ship on the spot and returned home; The Japanese troops stationed in Shuntian, Sichuan, Nanhai and Gucheng in the West will gather separately on Juji island after the Japanese troops in the East withdraw, and then return home by boat.

campaign after the

stationed in the west of Korea, the Japanese army received the withdrawal order and planned to withdraw from November 11, the 26th year of Wanli (1598). The second army stationed in Shuntian withdrew first, and then the Japanese army stationed in Sichuan, Nanhai and Gucheng gathered on Juji island in turn and waited for the ship to return home. On the morning of the 11th, the second army troops boarded the ship for departure. When its advance force reached the sea near Cat Island at the mouth of Guangyang Bay, it was intercepted by the navy of the Sino Korean coalition army and its retreat was cut off. In order to break through the siege, the second army organized an assault fleet and launched attacks on the coalition Navy for days, which failed to work, so they had to ask the Japanese army stationed in Sichuan and the South China Sea for help.

at this time, the main force of the Fifth Army of the Japanese army stationed in Sichuan and Xincheng, led by Shimadzu Yihong, has boarded the ship and just waited for the high tide to sail to Juji island. After receiving the letter of help from President Xiaoxi, Shimadzu Yihong immediately led this huge fleet to rush to the Luliang Strait by moonlight on the 18th night, trying to break into Guangyang Bay and solve the siege of President Xiaoxi. Meet the fleet of Zong Zhiyi department from the South China Sea on the way. After the two fleets met, there were more than 10000 troops and more than 500 ships, which began to pass through the Luliang Strait at midnight.

Chen L í N and Li shunchen immediately began to adjust their deployment after learning the intelligence of the Japanese reinforcements’ westward advance, and were determined to surround and annihilate the rescue enemy in the sea area west of Luliang. Its operational deployment is as follows:

1. With deputy general Deng Zilong leading 1000 troops and driving three giant ships as the vanguard, they ambush in the north of Luliang sea. After the Japanese fleet passes through the Strait, they detour to the side and launch an attack to cut off their way of return;

2. Take Chen phosphorus as the main force of the navy of the Ming Dynasty as the left army, block the front in the Bamboo Island of Kunyang and the harbor of shuimen cave, and stand by for attack;

3. Take the Korean Navy led by Li shunchen as the right army, enter guanyinpu in the South China Sea, and stand by to attack the Japanese army with the Ming army.

at ugly time on the 19th (1:00 to 3:00), Shi Manzi led more than 10000 troops and 500 warships to the West and entered the ambush of the Ming army in Luliang sea, but was blocked by Chen phosphorus department and turned south. After dawn, the Japanese army found that there was an ambush before and returned to the north, which was intercepted by Deng Zilong on the north bank. The Allied forces surrounded on three sides and launched a fierce battle with the Japanese army in lulianghai. At this time, “the moon hangs on the western mountain, the shadow of the mountain falls into the sea, and half of it is slightly bright. I have countless ships. From the shadow, I am close to the thief ship. The forward releases artillery and shouts straight towards the thief. All ships respond to it. When the thief knows that I am coming, the birds and guns burst out at once, and the sound shook the sea, and the flying pills fell into the water like rain.” The Allied forces approached the Japanese ship, jumped on the enemy ship and fought hand to hand. Deng Zilong led 300 soldiers on the north bank to board the North Korean ship and fought bravely. Due to the disparity between the number of people, Deng Zilong’s Department was immediately surrounded by the Japanese ship. “Zilong was generous, over 70 years old, and he was fierce. To get the first merit, he took two hundred strong men and jumped into the Korean ship. The thieves died and injured countless people. He accidentally threw a firearm into the Zilong boat. The fire in the boat, the thief took it, and Zilong died.” (Biography of Deng Zilong in the history of the Ming Dynasty) at noon, Chen phosphorus sent his Navy Deputy General Chen Chan and guerrilla Ji Jin to lead his department to help. At the same time, the Chinese and North Korean allied Navy launched fierce attacks on the main force of the Japanese fleet in the sea east of the big island from the north and south directions. The battle was vividly described in the book of the public deeds of Li Zhongwu of Korea: “the two armies suddenly covered the left and right, the guns and drums roared together, the arrows and stones were handed over, the firewood was thrown indiscriminately, and the sound of killing and shouting shook the mountains and seas. Most of the Japanese ships continued to burn, and the thief soldiers fought a bloody battle to the death. It was impossible to support them, but they entered guanyinpu. It was already dawn.” Chen L í n led the main force and Li shunchen to attack the Japanese ships, set off fire blowers and burned most of the Japanese warships. The Japanese army dived ashore and was intercepted and killed by the Ming army on land, with most of the casualties. Shi Manzi did not support him, but led more than 50 warships to flee. Li shunchen led the North Korean navy to follow and pursue, entered guanyinpu and fought with the Japanese again. Chen phosphorus also leads ChinaThe Navy came to support, bombarded with tiger squatting guns, and the Japanese ships caught fire one after another. In the chaos, the Japanese army was still dying and fought back desperately. Li shunchen took the lead in supervising the war and was shot and killed. His son’s Secret did not lose heart, sounded drums and flags, commanded on behalf of his father, and continued to fight side by side with the Chinese navy. Chen L í n took advantage of the victory to march westward, burned more than 100 Japanese ships ready to retreat, and attacked the Shuntian Japanese army with the land Liu army. The little westbound leader led the rest to escape.

evaluation

in the whole Luliang naval battle, the Japanese army killed tens of thousands, almost all the main forces of the Fifth Army were wiped out, and almost all the ships were destroyed, of which 200 were stranded and burned at low tide. This is a huge war of annihilation at sea.

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Luliang naval battle was conducted by the Chinese and Korean Navy alone nearly 400 years ago, with the purpose of cutting off the enemy’s retreat at sea. This campaign dealt a major annihilation blow to the Japanese army invading Korea and played an important role in the formation of the 200 year peace situation in Korea after the war. In this naval battle, the naval division of the Sino Korean coalition army cooperated closely, was good at accurately judging the situation, adjusted the deployment in time according to the changes of the enemy’s situation, quickly transferred troops, relied on the island coast, concealed and standby, and attacked in time. First, they imposed a tight blockade on an enemy retreating from the sea and forced it to ask for help; When another enemy came to help, it quickly cut off its retreat and carried out a double attack from the north and south, achieving the goal of annihilating the enemy army and achieving a decisive victory. Under the unified command, the naval divisions of China and North Korea cooperated closely and fought bravely, which was the decisive factor for the victory of Luliang naval battle. Li shunchen, commander-in-chief of the Korean navy, took the lead, and Deng Zilong, a veteran Chinese general, died bravely in the fierce battle; After Li shunchen’s death, his son still “led the flag to supervise the war and moved forward”, which shows the heroic spirit of the Chinese and Korean armies to fight bravely, fight one after another and fight the enemy to the end.