on November 26, 1945, Yokai personally visited bath, the chief of the religious section of the League general, and put forward the plan to change the Yasukuni Shrine from a national shrine to a religious temple. As for the name, it doesn’t matter. It can be changed to temple, palace or dry crisp to Yasukuni temple. In order to entice the League president to accept the plan, Yokai even proposed that consideration could be given to turning the area around the Yasukuni Shrine into an entertainment street with students as the main service object, and setting up theatres, concert halls, art galleries, etc.
on December 7, 1941, the Japanese joint fleet sneaked into Pearl Harbor and brazenly provoked the Pacific War. In one battle after another, the Americans personally “appreciated” the “fighting spirit” of the Japanese army. They don’t quite understand why the Japanese army is not afraid of death on the battlefield? Therefore, the United States began to study the root causes of Japanese militarism. In 1945, the US Army department ordered the shooting of a film called “know your enemy Japan”. “The emperor is the most sacred God for the Japanese. He alone holds political and religious power. The Japanese believe that the soul can be enshrined in the Yasukuni Shrine after the death of the war. For the Japanese, the highest honor is to be enshrined in the Yasukuni Shrine after the death of the war. Because even the emperor will bow down to pay homage, the Japanese might as well choose to die in the war as surrender.” It can be said that the Yasukuni Shrine before the war was actually a royal tool used by Japanese militarism to fool and win over the people, incite them to be loyal to the emperor and be willing to serve as cannon fodder.
the U.S. National Archives keeps a confidential file of the 1944 U.S. State Department’s “post war planning committee”. “Yasukuni Shrine and other shrines are not what we think of as religions. They worship militarists and cultivate an aggressive spirit of nationalism. Such shrines violate the freedom of religious belief and should be closed…” some US generals of
advocate burning down the Yasukuni shrine, Completely disarm Japan spiritually
on August 15, 1945, Japan announced unconditional surrender. At 2 p.m. on the 30th, the US general’s “Batan” plane arrived at houki airport on the outskirts of Tokyo. MacArthur walked down the gangway with his corn cob pipe in his mouth. He would rule Japan as the supreme commander of the Allied forces and the absolute master of 75 million Japanese. At this time, MacArthur hated Japanese militarism. As soon as he took office, he ordered the disarmament of Japan and the arrest of war criminals. Subsequently, the United States announced its “policy towards Japan in the early post-war period”, indicating that the U.S. military will implement freedom of religious belief in Japan, and prohibit the Japanese from engaging in extremist nationalist and militarist organizations and movements under the banner of religion, aiming at the Yasukuni Shrine.
then, the US State Department also publicly announced the policy of abolishing Japan’s national Shinto and comprehensively suppressing militarism and extreme nationalism. The US government and religious circles have put forward various plans for the disposal of the Yasukuni Shrine. Some believe that it should be turned into a “state-owned monument”, while others advocate changing it to a “non religious Memorial facility”, and so on. However, in the eyes of US military officers stationed in Japan, this is too cheap for the Japanese. Some U.S. generals, especially the officers of the Allied General Command (hereinafter referred to as the Allied general command) against the enemy’s intelligence department, strongly suggested that MacArthur set a fire to burn down the Yasukuni Shrine and completely disarm Japan mentally. MacArthur was moved by this proposal. Soon, 100 American soldiers marched into the Yasukuni Shrine.
in order to muddle through, the Japanese want to disguise the Yasukuni shrine as an entertainment Street
. The action of the US military has plunged the Japanese militarists into extreme panic. At this time, they received a secret order from former Prime Minister Hideki Tojo, saying that “if the Yasukuni shrine is to survive forever, the emperor should also pay homage”. Subsequently, Japanese militarists launched active activities in an attempt to safeguard the Yasukuni Shrine. Yasukuni Shrine power palace Department (person in charge) Yokai often considers it, because people think that Yasukuni shrine is the center of war and it is impossible to keep it intact. So Yokai came up with a trick. He decided to use the League president’s policy of respecting religious freedom to maintain the Yasukuni Shrine in a purely religious attitude. On November 26, 1945, Yokai personally visited bass, the chief of the religious section of the League general, and put forward the plan of changing the Yasukuni Shrine from a national shrine to a religious temple. As for the name, it doesn’t matter. It can be changed to temple, palace or simply Yasukuni temple. In order to entice the League president to accept the plan, Yokai even proposed that consideration could be given to turning the area around the Yasukuni Shrine into an entertainment street with students as the main service object, and setting up theatres, concert halls, art galleries, etc. In addition, the Japanese militarists also incited the association of war orphans to submit a petition to the League president, hoping that the League president would retain the Yasukuni Shrine. Yokai’s deception finally deceived bath. Bath praised Yokai’s plan and submitted it to MacArthur.
while Yokai and others actively lobbied for the general of the alliance, the Japanese army and Navy ministry was also planning a temporary grand sacrifice at the Yasukuni shrine to summon the soul of the dead Japanese invading army. Although the matter was strongly opposed by some US military officers, there were differences of opinion within the League general because of the handling of the Yasukuni shrine at that time. Finally, everyone unified their views and decided to allow the Japanese to hold a grand sacrifice and decide how to deal with the Yasukuni Shrine according to the situation of the grand sacrifice.
on November 20, 1945, under the supervision of the League general, the Yasukuni Shrine held a grand sacrifice, which was the first and last grand sacrifice hosted by the state after Japan’s defeat. Officials at all levels of the government headed by Emperor Hirohito and former Prime Minister Ji and representatives of the Japanese army attended the ceremony, and the number of worshippers reached 30000. In order to leave a good impression on the League president, the soldiers wore suits to pay homage.
the disguise of the Japanese finally gained. On December 15, 1945, the League president issued MacArthur’s order No. 448, the so-called “Shinto order”, announcing the abolition of national Shinto and the separation of politics and religion. However, this order agreed that the Yasukuni Shrine should be separated from the State Administration and become a religious legal person, and enjoy the same treatment as other religious groups. The Yasukuni Shrine finally escaped the disaster.
the representative of the Holy See dissuaded MacArthur that the United States would consider retaining the Yasukuni shrine for the cold war
“In April 1946, the Yasukuni Shrine received a new notice from the League president prohibiting the emperor from paying homage to the Yasukuni Shrine. Then, at the strong request of China, the Soviet Union and other countries, the U.S. military wiped out the 13 meter high stone lanterns commemorating the Japanese War of aggression in the Yasukuni Shrine with cement. In November, the League president issued a new instruction on the Yasukuni Shrine, pointing out that the Yasukuni shrine is a militarist shrine and does not recognize the general Land has been transferred to the shrine, and the legitimacy of the existence of the Yasukuni Shrine has been questioned again. In September 1951, the general secretary of the League approved the land transfer, and the Yasukuni shrine was finally able to survive. At this time, although the Yasukuni Shrine has been reduced to a general religious group, the memorial tablets of the war dead enshrined in the shrine have not been removed.
with the end of the era of American occupation in 1952, various activities to worship the Yasukuni Shrine have “revived”. The Yasukuni Shrine has become a political stage for a small number of right-wing forces to summon the soul of militarism and overturn the case of the war of aggression.
as to why the US military did not burn down the Yasukuni Shrine in those years, it is said that MacArthur suspended the plan to burn down the Yasukuni Shrine after consulting father bit, the representative of the Roman Catholic Holy See in Japan. But can father bit keep the Yasukuni Shrine by himself? The real answer is clearly not so.
decades later, a decrypted document of the League general manager has solved the mystery. The document, entitled “views on the future of the Yasukuni Shrine”, impressively wrote: “the Yasukuni Shrine should be retained. I’m afraid abolishing it will increase incidents.” The document points out that there is no reason to abolish the Yasukuni Shrine – Americans worry that it is not conducive to the U.S. occupation of Japan. As buss later recalled in an interview with Japan’s NHK television: “it was not our wish to continue sanctions against Japan. At that time, Japan was acting according to our expectations.” At that time, with the intensification of the cold war, the United States significantly changed its occupation policy, not only stopped liquidating Japan’s war crimes, but also planned to build Japan into a “Communist breakwater”.