Marathon battle

battle background

there is a famous battle in the Greek Polish War called marathon battle.

the Persian Empire was not satisfied with conquering vast areas from the Indus Valley to Egypt. It launched another attack on Greece. The Persian Empire conquered some city states at the western end of Asia Minor in 500 BC. People in the occupied areas united to launch an anti Persian uprising to resist the oppression of the invaders. The uprising was supported by reinforcements from Athens, Greece, and other city states. Thus, at the beginning of the 5th century BC, the Greek Persian War officially broke out.

after the battle of

, the Persian Empire set out from the Persian Gulf to Greece in the spring of 492 BC, but the navy was hit by a storm when it reached Cape Athos. The sea swallowed up 300 warships and 20000 soldiers. The army also got nothing because it was harassed by Thracians. The next spring, the king of Persia sent messengers to the Greek city states to ask for “soil” and “water”. Why do you do this? Ancient Greek philosophers regarded “Earth” and “water” as two very important elements of the world. Because “soil” and “water” are the basis for people’s survival, many countries and nations in the world regard “soil” and “water” as symbols of their national territory and sovereignty. If you give “soil” and “water” to foreigners, it means surrender and surrender to that country. The Greek Empire asked the small states of Greek city states to offer “soil” and “water”, that is, to let them take the initiative to surrender to the Persian Empire. Some city states did not dare to confront the powerful Persian Empire, so they had to offer “soil” and “water” to Persian envoys to show their obedience to Persia, so that the people did not have to bear the suffering of war.

marathon battle

however, Athens and Sparta, the two largest city states of Greece, resolutely rejected the unreasonable demands of the Persian Empire for “soil” and “water”. Athenian officials told the Persian emissary to bring back the fertile soil at the top of the mountain, so they took him to the top of a high mountain. The messenger was pleased to think that the Athenians had succumbed to their country, so they wanted to give up the best land. However, the arrogant messenger did not expect that the Athenians threw him into the abyss on the top of the mountain. As for the envoy to Sparta, you were taken to a well. The Spartans pointed to the bottom of the well and said to him, “the envoy can go down to the well at will and take the well water as sweet as spring water and the fertile land under the well water.” The messenger trembled at the bottomless well, but was finally thrown into it by the angry Spartans. When the king of Persia saw that Athens and Sparta, the two Greek city states, refused to give in, he launched a second war against Greece.

the huge fleet of the Persian kingdom crossed the Aegean Sea in 490 bc. The Persian invading army led 10000 fine cavalry and a large number of infantry, known as 100000 troops, landed on the marathon plain 60 kilometers northeast of Athens.

hearing these news, the army and people of Athens took action one after another, and the famous commander mithiad led everyone to fight bravely. However, the war was very arduous. Only 110000 Athenian troops were in a very critical situation and in urgent need of external assistance. Fidipi C í, a soldier in the army, volunteered and went to Sparta, the most powerful country, to ask for assistance. Fidipi C í miraculously ran 150 kilometers in two days in order to invite help in the shortest time. Unexpectedly, the Spartan king refused the request to support Athens. After hearing the news, the Athenian army and people were determined to die with the enemy and fight to the death with the Persian army. Mitayad, the outstanding commander who knew the truth that the battle of sorrow must win, was encouraged by the high morale of the army and the people. Under his command, the Athenian army seized the favorable terrain and the hillside of marathon was high. The Persian army was beaten back by the condescending Athenian army several times. In this case, Persian general DATIS made the decision to concentrate his forces and seize the highlands. Mithiad acted according to circumstances, made full use of the weakness of the enemy’s few troops on both wings, mobilized the main force of Athens, made a joint attack on the Persian army from both wings, disrupted the position of the Persian army and made them flee. In this battle, the Athenian army sacrificed 192 people in exchange for a major victory in annihilating more than 6400 enemies. The victory of the




war made the Athenians ecstatic. In order to spread the exciting news to Athens as soon as possible and let the people of the whole city enjoy the joy of victory, the excited mithiad handed over the heavy responsibility of informing the Athenian people of the good news as soon as possible to fidipi C í again.

great joy hit fidipi C í. After receiving the military order, he ran to Athens, but the long distance from Sparta to ask for assistance had almost exhausted all his physical strength. This time, he was extremely excited. He ran fast without taking a break. He ran to the central square of Athens in one breath. He only said: “Athens victory, let’s celebrate!” Then he exhausted himself and died.

in order to commemorate the victory of the anti aggression war and the loyalty and love of rumor soldier fidipi C í to the country, a starting point was specially built in marathon town when the first Olympic Games was held in Athens in 1896. Starting from the starting point, run across the marathon plain and finally reach the stadium in central Athens. The whole route, starting point and ending point are designed completely according to the distance that fidipi C í ran when he reported the victory that year, with a total length of 42195 meters. Later, this length was used in the international marathon distance. At the same time, in order to show our respect for fidipi C í, this super long distance race in the track and field games has become the only event that does not set a world record and only publishes the highest results.

evaluation of

the marathon war was undoubtedly a war to change the fate of the Greeks. The victory of Marathon gave the Greeks great confidence in resisting Persian aggression. A nation’s self-confidence has always been fought out