Long before the Vietnam War, the United States provoked many incidents in the Middle East.

In the late 1940s, the United Nations General Assembly was manipulated to provoke the Palestinian War (the first Middle East War).

In the 1950s, Britain and France were encouraged to start the Suez Canal War again (the second Middle East War).

In the mid-1960s, he supported Israel to launch the “sixth five year plan” war (the third Middle East War).

In the mid-1970s, he directly participated in the war in Lebanon and supported Israel’s invasion of Lebanon, and so on.

Until the 1980s, the Middle East war never stopped, and finally evolved into the Gulf War that shocked the world in the 1990s, all related to the involvement of the United States in the Middle East.

Middle East is a specific regional appellation of Europeans, which is a geographical concept put forward by Europeans centered on Europe.

It includes Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Palestine and Israel.

Because it connects the three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe and has rich oil resources, it obviously has an important strategic position.

Among them, Palestine is located in the middle of the Middle East, which is the hub of three continents in Asia, Africa and Europe.

It is the link connecting Arab countries on both sides of the East and the West.

Therefore, it is the main goal of strong neighbors and great powers.

It turned out that the land of the Middle East was inhabited by the ancestors of the Arab and Jewish peoples.

Later, with the invasion of foreigners and the changes of history, the vast majority of Jews scattered all over the world.

At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, Jews scattered all over the world set off a Zionist movement, trying to return to the Middle East.

The movement was first supported by the old imperialist Britain, followed by the United States and France.

The reason why these military powers want to support the Zionist movement of Jews is obviously an attempt to expand their sphere of influence in this region.

After the Second World War, the power of Britain and France was obviously inferior to that of the United States, which made a fortune in the war.

Therefore, the United States became the agent of imperialist forces in the region.

On November 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution on the partition and rule of Palestine.

The resolution stipulates the establishment of an Arab state and a Jewish state in Palestine, with an area of more than 11000 square kilometers for the Arab state and more than 14000 square kilometers for the Jewish state.

The resolution is clearly biased in favour of Jews.

At that time, the Jews owned only 6% of the land of Palestine, and the population was less than 13% of the total local population, while the area allocated to the Jewish state by the “General Assembly” accounted for 58.

7% of the total area of Palestine.

This was, of course, strongly opposed by the Arabs.

The day after the promulgation of the resolution, a fierce armed conflict broke out between Jews and Arabs, which soon led to the serious consequences of Arab countries sending troops to Palestine.

To use force, the United States, Britain and other big countries are obviously not afraid.

What they are afraid of is the premature death of the Jewish state in its infancy.

Therefore, the Zionists announced the establishment of the state of Israel on May 14, 1948.

The next day, the armies of the Arab League countries Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon successively entered Palestine and launched a fierce attack on Jewish settlements, thus opening the curtain of the Palestinian war, known as the first Middle East war in history.

At the beginning of the war, Arab forces had a slight advantage over Israeli forces in number.

As soon as the two sides fought, the army of Arab countries launched a fierce attack on the Israeli army with the advantage of military strength.

The first is the Egyptian army, which drove into Palestine by two routes from Arish.

The first brigade is the main force of the North Road, with a total of 5000 people, and the north road starts to Tel Aviv through Gaza along the coastal highway.

The South Road passed through Beersheba and Hebron and headed for Jerusalem.

Just when the Arab countries were in a favorable position and the Israeli army was losing ground, the Israeli military leader appealed to the government: the Israeli army could not resist the attack of the Arab army, and the whole army was on the verge of collapse.

The Israeli prime minister sent an urgent telegram to the Israeli representative to the United Nations, Eban, asking him to call on the United Nations to urge both sides to cease fire.

“Israel urgently needs a few weeks to reorganize and equip its army”.

The United Nations controlled by the Americans received Israel’s “request” and immediately submitted a bill to the United Nations Security Council through its representative, suggesting that the Security Council urge both sides of the war to cease fire within 36 hours.

At first, the representative of the Soviet Union did not know the secret and agreed with the US proposal.

Although the British representative was opposed at the beginning, he also voted in favour under the pressure of the United States.

After the coordination of the UN special envoy, the Arab and Israeli sides agreed to cease fire for four weeks.

The ceasefire gave Israel breathing space.

Israel made full use of the favorable opportunity of the ceasefire and actively prepared for war.

First, the troops were rapidly expanded, then a large number of weapons were purchased from the United States, Britain and other countries, and then the troops were reorganized and deployed again.

By early July, the Israeli army had expanded from 30000 at the time of the war to more than 60000.

After full preparation, the Israeli army launched a counter offensive against the Arab army in three ways on July 9, 1948.

Arab countries were too optimistic about the victory of the previous stage of the war.

They thought that the United Nations respected the wishes of the Arabs and failed to make sufficient war preparations.

In addition, there were differences among them.

Therefore, they immediately fell into passivity under the sudden attack of the Israeli army.

Just 10 days after the war, Israel seized about 1000 square kilometers of Arab land.

Since then, with the intervention of the United Nations, the two sides once again cease fire.

During the second ceasefire, Israel vigorously pursued the immigration plan and continued to expand its army and weapons and equipment.

By early October, the total strength of the Israeli army had increased to more than 90000, equipped with more than 100 aircraft and 16 ships.

On the contrary, during the second ceasefire, the contradictions among Arab countries intensified further, and the war situation deteriorated to an irreversible point.

Soon, Israel launched another attack on the Arab army.

At this time, the armies of Arab countries were already vulnerable.

On January 7, 1949, Egypt was forced to propose a truce.

Since then, Israel has signed ceasefire agreements with Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria.

So far, the 15 month Palestinian war ended with the defeat of Arab countries and the victory of Israel.

In the war, although the Israeli army killed 6000 people, the number of deaths of Arab troops was twice and a half that of Israel.

With the exception of Gaza and parts of the West Bank, Israel has occupied 45 of Palestinian land.

The war intensified the contradictions between Arab countries and Israel, and made Arab countries more hostile to major countries such as the United States and Britain.

They believed that such a situation in the war was entirely the result of the intervention of the United States.

Since then, the Middle East WarChaos is constant.

Just seven years later, the Middle East is at war again.

This is the Suez Canal War.

The direct inducement of the war was the rights and interests of the Suez Canal, but in fact it was the result of the intensification of contradictions between Arab countries and great powers such as Britain and France, and it was caused by the United States’ involvement in Middle East affairs.

Suez Canal is an international navigation canal in Egypt.

Since its opening, it has been occupied by Britain and France, and the Suez Canal Company is also controlled by the monopoly capital of Britain and France.

The Egyptian people have waged a long and unremitting struggle to recover the sovereignty of the canal.

On July 26, 1956, Egypt announced categorically that it would nationalize the canal company.

This decision shocked the western world and angered Britain and France.

In order to regain control of the canal, Britain and France adopted economic blockade, sanctions, military threats and other means, but they failed to achieve their goal.

So they colluded with Israel to launch an attack on Egypt and prepared to reoccupy the canal.

After learning the report of the Israeli attack, the Egyptian army command ordered the local garrison to resolutely resist the Israeli attack and urgently increased troops to the Sinai Peninsula.

Just when a large number of Egyptian troops entered Sinai from the canal area to resist Israeli troops, Britain and France issued a “ultimatum” to Egypt on the pretext of protecting canal shipping, demanding that Egypt and Israel cease fire and allow British and French troops to enter the canal area, otherwise they would send troops to intervene.

Egypt did not listen to the British command and immediately rejected the ceasefire request.

Therefore, the British and French air forces carried out crazy bombing on 15 airports and barracks in Egypt and cities such as Cairo,, port said and Ismailia.

At the same time, they bombed the Egyptian army in Sinai in an attempt to intercept the Egyptian army on the Sinai Peninsula.

The aggressive acts of Britain and France have been strongly condemned by the international community.

At the initiative of China, the Soviet Union and some other countries, the United Nations adopted a resolution to cease fire between the belligerents.

Seeing that the war was difficult to win in a short time and was attacked by international public opinion, Britain and France had to declare a ceasefire five days after the war and withdraw all troops immediately.

In March of the following year, the Israeli army also withdrew from Egypt.

Seeing the failure of Britain and France in the Suez Canal War and the scores of China and the Soviet Union in international public opinion, the Americans were furious, so they hurried to discuss countermeasures.

The president of the United States soon summoned Secretary of State Dulles and other think tanks to discuss secretly to re-examine the domestic and foreign policies of the United States.

They believe that the Korean War has dealt a heavy blow to the United States, its status in the world is declining, while the strength of the Soviet Union, China and other countries is increasing, posing a serious challenge to the United States.

At the same time, they also saw that after the Second World War, the national liberation movement in the Middle East was surging, old colonialism such as Britain and France were unable to maintain colonial rule in the Middle East, and the Soviet Union and China were expanding their influence in the Middle East.

In order to achieve the goal of the United States dominating the Middle East and the world, we must seize the Middle East immediately.

To this end, Eisenhower first discussed the Middle East policy with leaders of both parties in the United States on New Year’s day, 1957.

Five days later, after repeatedly plotting with the “high commissioner”, he submitted a special state of the Union address on the Middle East policy to the Congress.

The main contents of the state of the Union address are as follows: the US Congress authorized the US president to implement the “military assistance and cooperation plan” in the Middle East and to use the US armed forces in the Middle East to “deal with the threat of communism”.

Within two years, hundreds of billions of dollars will be allocated to provide economic assistance to Middle East countries.

This policy was first applied in the Middle East and later extended to the whole world by Dulles.

Since then, because the United States has successively intervened in Middle East affairs, the war in the Middle East has continued and become a “powder keg”.

According to Eisenhower’s Middle East policy, the United States not only tightened its control over the Middle East politically and diplomatically, but also made a lot of investment in military and economy.

So far, the United States has completely replaced the British and French colonialists in the Middle East, and the way of control is the same as that of Britain and France: wherever there is, resort to force.

One year after the end of the Suez war, the United States grossly interfered in Lebanon’s internal affairs by sending troops directly.

Lebanon, an Asian country known as “Switzerland in the Middle East”, not only has few wars in history, but also often plays the role of “mediator” in the affairs of Arab countries.

Since the United States intervened in the Middle East affairs, the chamon government opposed to the people has been bought by the United States.

Economically, it has concluded the so-called “assistance” agreement with the United States and “rented” some airports and ports for the use of the United States Army, thus arousing the strong dissatisfaction of the Lebanese people.

After chamon became president, the struggle of the Lebanese people against the United States was in full swing.

Xia Meng’s term of office is about to expire.

In order to win re-election, he played various conspiracy means, even tried to amend the constitution, and brutally suppressed the people’s resistance.

In May 1958, the Lebanese people launched a large-scale armed uprising.

People took up all kinds of self-made weapons, constantly attacked the barracks of government forces, and armed themselves with seized weapons.

By late June, the rebel forces had controlled the territory of Lebanon 34, making the shamun government in turmoil.

The United States, which has always classified the Middle East as its sphere of influence, is extremely concerned about the domestic situation in Lebanon.

Because the Lebanese authorities not only have a “special relationship” with the United States in history, but also have many American military bases in Lebanon.

In order to maintain its position in the Middle East and safeguard its vested interests in Lebanon, the United States decided to intervene in Lebanon’s internal affairs, deliver weapons to support the chamon government in suppressing the uprising people, and send a navy to threaten the Lebanese coast.

Later, the Americans saw that it was difficult for the chamon government to support the situation, so they took the pretext of “protecting Lebanon’s sovereignty” and “protecting American nationals” and brazenly adopted the way of sudden attack and sent troops to invade Lebanon.

At 3 p.m. on July 16, 1500 Marines, escorted by the 6th fleet of the US Navy, landed in haldi Bay near the International Airport South of Beirut.

While the Marines entered Lebanon, the United States continued to increase troops through the “air corridor” of West Germany.

By early August, the number of US troops invading Lebanon had reached 48000.

In a few days, the US military occupied Beirut and its nearby mountains, International Airport, railway station and seaport, and controlled several roads.

About 3000 US Air Force personnel carrying out support missions are organized into a mixed air attack force and stationed at the US Air Force Base in Adana, Turkey.

In addition, the US Navy’s 6th fleet and its more than 200 aircraft were all transferred to the eastern Mediterranean Sea,The West Bank of the Dan River, the old city of Jerusalem and the Golan Heights in Syria cover a total of 65000 square kilometers, forcing 1 million Arabs and Palestinians to leave their homes and become refugees.

The outbreak of this war, like the previous two wars, was entirely caused by the struggle for hegemony between the United States and the Soviet Union.

It was launched by the United States manipulating Israel.

After the Suez Canal War, the Soviet Union officially joined the battle for the Middle East and openly opposed the United States.

The United States was anxious and angry about the Soviet Union’s pressing in the Middle East, so it studied countermeasures to resist it.

In the face of various restrictions imposed by Egypt and other Arab countries, the United States vigorously supported and armed Israel.

From March to May 1967 alone, the United States provided Israel with 400 new tanks and 250 aircraft, and transferred 1000 so-called “volunteers” from the active air force to enrich the Israeli air force.

The United States used Israel as a tool to compete with the Soviet Union for the Middle East, intensified various contradictions, and prepared for the next war.

Although the third Middle East War was calmed down under the intervention of the United Nations, the contradiction between Arab and Israeli sides has not been eliminated, especially the competition between the United States and the Soviet Union in the Middle East has exacerbated this contradiction.

The Arab countries that lost the war are bent on recovering their lost land.

To this end, they began to prepare for the war.

Egypt and Syria, which have the strongest will to revenge, realized that the first thing to defeat the Jews is to improve their weapons and equipment.

To this end, Egyptian President Nasser met with Soviet leaders many times to seek military assistance.

After Nasser became president of Egypt, Sadat repeatedly stressed that Egypt must strengthen its war preparedness and was determined to recover its lost territory by force.

In March 1971, he secretly visited the Soviet Union and asked for arms assistance.

At first, the Soviet Union promised, but later, out of consideration of its own interests, it imposed various restrictions on the provision of weapons and delayed it again and again.

The Soviet Union’s move aroused great dissatisfaction in Egypt.

On July 8, 1972, Sadat, who was extremely angry, announced the end of the mission of Soviet military advisers and experts in Egypt and asked more than 20000 Soviet military personnel to leave Egypt within 10 days.

All Soviet military installations in Egypt were either sold to Egypt or completely withdrawn.

Sadat, who lost the support of the Soviet Union, thought of a joint strategy.

Therefore, he proposed to convene the Arab summit as soon as possible.

At the end of January 1973, all Arab heads of state gathered in Cairo to discuss future combat strategies.

In April, the chiefs of staff of Arab countries held a meeting in Cairo to unify the idea of fighting Israel.

At this time, the international and domestic situation is quite favorable to Arab countries.

The fourth summit conference of non aligned countries adopted a resolution condemning Israel.

Many countries have also severed diplomatic relations with Israel, further isolating Israel.

The energy crisis in western countries has deepened their dependence on Arab oil producing countries.

Driven by this international situation, the people in Egypt are increasingly demanding “humiliation in the war of resistance”, and public “asking for war” events continue to occur in the army.

The Syrian army and people, like Egypt, strongly demand that the government recover the land occupied by Israel by force.

In view of this, Egyptian President Sadat visited Damascus in late June to discuss the operational objectives of the Egyptian Syrian army.

Soon, Egypt and Syria agreed to launch an attack on Israel on October 6.

Because October is the Arab “Ramadan” and October 6 is the Jewish holy day “Yom Kippur”.

On this day, the whole of Israel is busy with religious prayers, and soldiers have to participate in religious activities.

There will be loopholes and laxity in the defense of the barev line on the East Bank of the Suez Canal.

If you start at this time, you will achieve great success.

The decision was made and the order was given.

At 2:00 p.m. on October 6, 2000 artillery that had been dormant for a long time in Egypt fired at the same time, and more than 200 fighter bombers soared into the air and reached the Israeli military position.

In only 50 minutes, Israel’s barev defense line became a sea of fire.

When it comes to the barev line, there is another story.

At the beginning, Israel spent three years from design to construction to build the “barev line”, at a cost of US $300 million.

After the completion of the defense line, Israeli Defense Minister Dayan visited the site in person accompanied by chief of staff balev.

Everywhere he went, balev boasted about the “magical” function of the defense line.

When he inspected the last bunker, barev introduced to Dayan in a very secret and low voice the method of creating a 30 minute fire barrier on the water surface of the canal and its infinite power.

These words made Dayan smile and praised balev: Dear general, you did a good job! This line of defense is named after you.

It’s called “barev line of defense”! However, it never occurred to them that the barev line, which they boasted as “an iron wall” and “as solid as gold soup”, was so vulnerable under the powerful firepower of the Egyptian army.

Before forgetting the “fire barrier” function of the defense line, the Israeli military officers who were dazed by the sudden shelling hurriedly ordered the soldiers to open the oil pipe valve beside the Suez Canal in an attempt to burn back the Egyptian army with the flame of 200 tons of fuel oil.

Unexpectedly, the “diving frog man” of the Egyptian army had already sealed the nozzle.

After the preparation of artillery fire, 100000 Egyptian troops sailed across the Suez Canal.

The Syrian army also launched a fierce attack on the Golan Heights.

At the beginning of the war, the Egyptian and Syrian armies won victory after victory, and the Israeli army retreated for dozens of kilometers. Mrs. Meier, the Israeli Prime Minister, made emergency calls to U.S. Secretary of state Kissinger continuously, reported in panic the situation of the attack on the Israeli army, and asked the United States to provide support quickly, otherwise the consequences would be unimaginable.

Seeing the frequent reports of success from the Arab army, the Soviets felt that empty words were no longer enough.

They had to show some real guys for support.

As a result, the Soviet Union rushed to deliver tens of thousands of tons of arms to Egypt.

The Americans have publicly supported Israel since the beginning of the war, but they underestimated the combat capability of the Arab army.

The harsh reality at the beginning of the war and the cry for help of the Israeli Prime Minister made them see that things were not so simple.

Kissinger, the national security adviser, still took a wait-and-see attitude towards the war situation.

He said calmly: “the sharp outbreak of crisis is often the best way to solve difficult problems.

Let them fight for a while first!” The wishful thinking of the United States at that time was to let Israel suffer some limited setbacks first, to the satisfaction of Arab countries, and to pour a basin of cold water on Israel, so as to force the Israeli leaders when necessaryNegotiations with the Arab countries should not fall too far behind the demands of the United States.

On the fourth day of the war, Israel suffered heavy losses, and Kissinger found that his estimate was wrong.

So, he hurriedly discussed with the The Pentagon summit to decide on the establishment of an air bridge through Azores to Israel.

A large number of arms were transferred to Israel from the equipment of the US active forces, and the Soviet Union launched a arms race in the Middle East.

Meanwhile, US President Nixon ordered the transfer of the aircraft carrier independence, the ace of the US 6th fleet, from the Greek seaport Piraeus to the Middle East.

Nixon claimed that the aircraft carrier had 80 carrier based combat aircraft and a large number of daunting modern weapons.

The other three aircraft carriers “John”, “Guadalcanal” were also ordered to sail to the Middle East.

Then, the Soviet Union accelerated more than 30 warships to Egypt, and the atmosphere in the Middle East immediately became more tense.

With the strong support of the United States, Israeli front-line commander Sharon took the opportunity of Egypt’s suspension of attacks to try to “create new achievements”.

First of all, he defeated the Syrian forces with superior forces and pursued the victory to the suburbs of Damascus.

Then he returned to the Sinai Peninsula and launched the largest tank battle in the history of World War, which destroyed the spirit of the Egyptian army, destroyed the Egyptian missile base and surrounded more than 40000 people of the third Egyptian regiment.

In this way, the Israeli army once again came under the city of Suez.

After taking the initiative in the northern line, the Israeli army immediately shifted the focus of operations to the Sinai Peninsula, increasing the Sinai theater from four brigades to three divisions and 12 brigades, and transferred a large number of aircraft and tanks to Sinai.

When the Israeli army fought back on the northern line, the Egyptian army decided to launch an attack on the Israeli army in order to reinforce Syria.

The battle to determine the fate of the two armies began at 6:00 on October 14.

The Egyptian army dispatched 80 aircraft and 200 guns to attack the Israeli second line position for more than 90 minutes, and then launched an attack on the Israeli army with 1000 tanks of the armored division and mechanized division.

The Israeli army invested about 800 tanks.

The two sides launched a large-scale tank battle on the East Bank of the canal.

After several hours of fierce fighting, the Israeli army lost 50 tanks and Egypt lost 200 tanks.

Both sides were forced to return to the position from which they started the attack.

Two days later, three Israeli brigades launched an attack on the Egyptian army, and the two sides launched a fierce tank battle and artillery battle again.

At the same time, according to the information provided by the US reconnaissance satellite, the Israeli army seized the opportunity of the emptiness of the troops on the West Bank of the Egyptian canal, broke into the West Bank of the canal from the junction, established a bridgehead position, destroyed several anti-aircraft missile positions of the Egyptian army, and quickly organized the troops of five brigades to cross the canal continuously with the support of the air force.

Unfortunately, the Egyptian army did not find such a large-scale action against the Israeli army in time, and even thought that the harassment activities of a small group of Israeli army contributed to the sudden attack of the Israeli army on the Egyptian army’s position.

After taking the initiative, the Israeli army that broke into the West Bank of the canal continued to attack roads, railways and areas along the canal, cutting off the back roads of the 2nd and 3rd corps of the Egyptian army.

At this time, the Israeli army on the east bank also cooperated to launch an offensive, which made the third Corps suffer from the enemy.

At this time, both the United States and the Soviet Union have realized that they have changed from the behind the scenes planner in the early stage of the Middle East War to the supplier of weapons.

However, they are all afraid that the war will continue, because if it continues, they may upgrade themselves to direct combatants.

So they began to stop.

After public debate and private conspiracy, the United States and the Soviet Union jointly put forward a three-point proposal for a cease-fire to the Security Council on the 22nd, that is, resolution 338 adopted by the Security Council.

Its contents are as follows: all parties fighting now, within two hours from the adoption of this resolution, immediately stop all kinds of shooting and terminate all military activities in the positions they currently occupy.

Immediately after the ceasefire, the parties concerned began to implement all the provisions of Security Council Resolution 242.

The parties concerned, under the auspices of the appropriate parties, immediately began negotiations with a view to establishing a just and lasting peace in the Middle East.

Egypt and Syria are willing to accept the UN Security Council resolution, but Israel is very dissatisfied.

Therefore, Israel took advantage of the time delayed by the United States to continue to take advantage of the victory and develop the offensive.

In the early morning of the 23rd, the Israeli Sharon brigade launched a fierce attack on the Ataka area by relying on the supply of personnel and materials smuggled across the river at night.

That night, the Israeli army occupied the oil refinery on the outskirts of Suez City, cut off the contact between the troops of the 3rd Corps in the West and south of Suez City, and completed the siege of most of the troops of the 3rd corps of the Egyptian army.

Egypt and Syria were facing extinction.

Sadat was helpless and wanted to ask the United States and the Soviet Union to jointly send troops to the Middle East to supervise the ceasefire.

So he informed the Soviet leaders of his ideas.

In fact, this is exactly what the Soviet leaders wanted.

Brezhnev, general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party, immediately sent a “hotline” telegram to US President Nixon after learning that Sadat agreed to send “peacekeeping” troops.

He said in the telegram: “Let’s urgently send Soviet and American troops to Egypt to ensure the implementation of the Security Council’s decisions on ceasefire and cessation of all military activities on October 22 and 23, and to ensure our understanding with you on ensuring the implementation of the Council’s decisions.

If you think it is impossible to act with us in this matter, we have to urgently consider taking action Appropriate steps.

In any case, we cannot allow the arbitrary behavior of the Israeli side.

” The Americans were very angry after receiving the telegram.

Kissinger believed that this was the most serious challenge posed by the Soviet leaders to the US president.

It was not only impolite at the beginning, but also impolite at the end, asking for “an immediate and clear answer”.

At this time, Kissinger received a report from the central intelligence agency that the Soviet Union was concentrating its airborne troops.

The Soviet Union had 85 ships in the Mediterranean and 12 warships were only heading for Alexandria.

Kissinger thought the situation was urgent, so he picked up the telephone and said to Soviet ambassador Dobrynin in a warning tone: “we are going to have a meeting to consider your letter, but I just want to tell you that any unilateral action taken before our reply will have very serious consequences!” Seeing that the situation was serious, Kissinger asked Secretary of defense Haig to report to US President Nixon.

Nixon, who was embarrassed by the Watergate incident at that time, was very upset.

He immediately made an extremely strong decisionHard instructions: “you (Haig) and Kissinger will come to the white house immediately to make a plan and make a firm response to the threat of naked unilateral intervention by the Soviet Union.

It’s no use talking empty words.

What we need is action, and we can even declare a state of military alert!” On the night of October 23, Kissinger wrote to Sadat in the name of Nixon, asking him to withdraw his invitation to the Soviet Union to send troops, which made Brezhnev lose his excuse to send troops to the Middle East.

At the same time, he put pressure on the Egyptian President and said, “please consider what will happen to your country if there is a confrontation between the two major powers on your land? I also ask you to consider that if the army of one of the two nuclear powers is involved on Egyptian land, the United States cannot have the diplomatic initiative in the Middle East.

” The next day, Kissinger presided over a special meeting of the U.S. National Security Council in response to the Soviet Union’s action to airlift 5000 Soviet troops to Egypt on October 25.

He decided that the U.S. military around the world would enter level 3 alert and mobilize the U.S. Navy to the Middle East to prepare for a confrontation with the Soviet army.

Brezhnev did not say anything about the actions of the US military.

It is obvious that he is taking action.

At this time, the air in the White House was so tense that it was about to explode.

Nixon hurriedly wrote another letter to the leaders of the Soviet Union and resolutely opposed the Soviet Union’s separate dispatch of troops to the Middle East.

At this time, the Arab and Israeli sides have not really achieved a ceasefire, but the United States and the Soviet Union have long been at loggerheads.

On October 24, Egypt and Syria signed armistice agreements with Israel respectively.

So far, the war that had been burning for 18 days was finally extinguished.

Both sides suffered huge losses in this war, and the losses of Arab countries are three to five times that of Israel.

After the end of the war, under the mediation of the United States and the Soviet Union, Egypt and Syria signed separate military contact agreements with Israel in January and May 1979 respectively.

In April 1982, according to the Egyptian Israeli peace treaty of March 1979, all Israeli troops withdrew from the Sinai Peninsula, and the Israeli troops on the north line also withdrew to the west of the 1967 ceasefire line.

There has been a temporary peace in the Middle East.

After the Second World War, large-scale wars have been fought in the Middle East for four times.

These four wars were directly related to the US intervention, and the United States took the Middle East as its “testing ground” for advanced weapons and equipment, and made a large fortune through weapons experiments.

After the fourth Middle East War, the position of the United States in the Middle East has been consolidated and strengthened.

Will the picture of peace in the Middle East last longer? In fact, this is just people’s wish.

In fact, as long as the United States intervenes and garrisons, we can’t expect long-term peace.