Megiddo counterattack in ancient Egypt time: 1479 BC location: Palestine Megiddo participated in the war on both sides: Canaan coalition vs ancient Egyptian army war background: Megiddo led to Lebanon in the north and to the Euphrates in the East.
It is a necessary place for armies and businesses in the Middle East.
Since the 15th century BC, whoever can occupy this important military town almost means mastering the military power in the Middle East.
In 1479 BC, the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmosis III just ascended the throne.
The military rival Mitanni Empire supported the king of kadeshi and surrounding countries to form a Canaanite coalition against the rule of the Egyptian empire.
The Mitanni empire is located in the north of the Mesopotamian plain.
Megiddo is the passage between Egypt and the Mitanni empire.
At this time, the Canaanite coalition forces occupied Megiddo first and clamped down Egypt’s “military throat”.
The Mitanni Empire tried to take this opportunity to defeat Egypt and become the overlord of the Middle East.
Tutmos II, the last ruler of the Egyptian empire, was a less outstanding king, and the Queen Hatshepsut was in charge of the country.
Thutmosis III was born to a concubine, and he has been compromising under the powerful Queen Hatshepsut.
It was not until the death of the king and queen that the 32 year old Thutmosis III finally ascended the throne.
At this time, the king of kadeshi in the South organized multinational military forces, formed a powerful anti Egyptian alliance and occupied Megiddo, which was a great challenge to the status and ability of Thutmosis III.
Capable of changing fate, Thutmosis III, who was in a weak position, fought a beautiful counterattack with his excellent wisdom and courage.
Cautious and bold pre war preparations in May 1479 BC, Thutmosis III personally led the army to attack the city of Megiddo.
Thutmosis III not only relied on this battle to win the respect and affirmation of the people, but also to recapture Megiddo, so as to prevent the Mitanni empire from invading Egypt, so as to avoid the disaster of national destruction in the whole of Egypt.
This is the first time that Thutmosis III went to war.
He can’t be slack and careless at all.
He will first lead the army to Gaza, Egypt’s stronghold in the land of Canaan.
This is a safe journey.
The army set out from the Egyptian border and successfully arrived in Gaza in nine days through the road near the sea on the Sinai Peninsula.
After that, they entered the enemy’s territory, so they had to slow down and arrive outside yehemu after 11 days, ready to attack Megiddo.
At this time, the cautious Thutmosis III asked general Jeff to lead a team to Yafa city in the north of Megiddo.
Because the main force of the Canaanite coalition is located in the south, while Yafa in the North stationed some military forces in Egypt.
When general Jeff led the army to occupy Jaffa, the main force of Thutmosis III would attack the Canaanite coalition from the south.
At this time, the reinforcements in Jaffa could give strong cooperation to the main force.
This strategy and layout can improve the probability of Thutmosis III winning the war.
The facts have proved that Thutmosis III’s decision is very correct.
Another key place to occupy Megiddo is the Carmel mountains, which is a natural barrier.
Megiddo is one kilometer behind the mountain.
There are three routes to pass through the Carmel mountains, among which Aruna channel is the nearest one, but it is located in the middle of the mountains and is extremely narrow.
It can only pass through one person and one horse, forming a situation of “one man is in charge of the pass and ten thousand people can’t open”, which is not conducive to attack or protect our own security.
The other two routes are on the north and south sides of the mountain – yehemu city route and tanaaka city route, which are far away but open.
Egyptian generals believed that although these two routes took more time, they could ensure the safety of the March, so they suggested that the main force should travel from these two routes.
Time is the key to victory in war.
The Egyptian army has experienced a long journey of 20 days, which has put the army at a disadvantage.
How much effective combat power can the army have left after climbing over the mountains? Tutmos III did not directly listen to the opinions of his subordinates.
He first sent spies to check the deployment of the enemy.
It turned out that the Canaanite general thought the same as the Egyptian general.
They also thought that the Egyptian army would not risk taking the Aruna passage, so they hoarded a large number of troops at the exit of the passage on the north and south sides of the Carmel mountains, ready to annihilate them in one fell swoop.
After receiving this news, Thutmosis III immediately decided to let the main force cross the Aruna passage and reach the city of Megiddo.
This bold decision not only saves time, but also avoids excessive physical exertion of soldiers, but also runs a huge risk.
If the Canaanite coalition forces return to guard outside the Aruna passage, the Egyptian army will be destroyed.
This decision of Thutmosis III is not only the key to the success or failure of the war, but also needs the courage to break the boat.
From then on, we can see why he is called “the of the ancient world” by later generations.
The winner’s counterattack took the Egyptian army a whole day to climb over the hilly areas of the Carmel mountains.
The next night, they crossed the Aruna passage in the dark.
As estimated by tutmos III, the Canaanite coalition did not notice them.
After the Egyptian vanguard wiped out several defenseless guards, the army successfully passed through the Aruna passage.
It was not until the Egyptian army successfully camped that the hanging heart of Thutmosis III finally fell.
When the Canaanite allied forces hurried to withdraw their troops from both sides of the Carmel mountains, the Egyptian army had rested for a day, and all the soldiers were in high spirits and waiting for a decisive battle with the enemy.
In the early morning of the next day, Thutmosis III organized the Egyptian army to hold a solemn military parade in front of Megiddo.
The soldiers lined up and passed in front of the Pharaoh with neat steps.
The armor glittered in the sun, the flags stretched, the horses neighed, and the loud roars of the soldiers resounded everywhere.
This was another wise move of Thutmosis III.
The military parade boosted the morale of the Egyptian army and terrified the enemy who hurried to the battlefield.
Subsequently, Thutmosis III divided the army into three groups, which were deployed in the northwest of Megiddo, the South and central areas of the Chena river.
The enemy’s strength is very powerful.
According to historical records, the Canaanite coalition army is composed of 330 kings and their troops.
However, when the neat Egyptian Legion covered the Megiddo plain, the huge Canaanite coalition army was really frightened by their formation.
The war finally started, the Egyptian army swept the Canaanite union like a flood, and the former garrison in Yafa in the north also played an important role.
An Egyptian scribe recorded the scene: “the king personally led the army with a sharp sword,.