Michelle Foucault (1926 ~ 1984) [brief introduction] Michelle Foucault is a French postmodern thinker.

He was born in Poitiers, western France, on October 15, 1926.

Graduated from primary school in 1936.

In 1940, he transferred from Henry IV middle school to St.

Stella church middle school.

In school, he was interested in history and read a large number of history and philosophy books, including the works of philosophers such as Plato,, Bergson.

His interest in history and philosophy determined him to move towards the research field of historical philosophy in the future.

In 1946, Foucault was admitted to Paris higher normal school with the fourth place.

At school, he was unrestrained, galloping among the works of ancient and modern philosophers at home and abroad, and made a lot of notes.

Due to his own insanity and homosexuality, this “abnormal” personal experience made him involved in psychology, psychoanalysis and psychiatry, and received a degree in psychology and psychopathology.

In his reading, he chose to be his spiritual mentor, and also met the phenomenologist Merleau Ponty and the structuralist Marxist Althusser.

Influenced by Althusser, Foucault joined the French Communist Party in 1950 and withdrew from the party for some reason.

In 1952, he served as a psychology assistant at Lille University.

In 1955, he taught at Uppsala University in Sweden.

In 1958, he was the director of the French cultural center of the University of Warsaw in Poland.

He also served as the Cultural Counselor of the French Embassy in Warsaw for one year.

In 1959, he served as director of the French cultural center in Hamburg, Germany.

In 1960, he returned to China and became a lecturer at Clement Ferrand University.

In 1961, he received a doctorate in madness and irrationality DD, the history of madness in the classical era, and was appointed as a professor of the University.

In 1963, he published the birth of the clinic, DD medical Archaeology and Raymond Russell.

In 1966, he published “Ci and Wu”, which was highly praised.

After the “may storm” in France in 1968, Foucault established the center of Fanshang experimental university and concurrently served as the head of the Department of philosophy.

In 1969, he published Archaeology of knowledge and was elected professor of the French Academy.

In 1970, he was appointed professor of ideological history and ideological system at the French College.

In 1971, Foucault founded the surveillance intelligence group to pay attention to the living conditions of prisoners.

The unique contents of surveillance, punishment, prison and power became the theme of Foucault’s research, and published surveillance and punishment in 1975.

In 1976, Foucault published the first volume of the history of sex, and in 1984, he published two or three volumes, which is an important work of Foucault.

In June 25, 1984, Foucault died of AIDS in Paris.

[influence] Foucault is a wonderful flower in French ideological circles and a world-class ideological geek.

His research range is wide, his thoughts are novel and unique, and his research topics are changeable, involving the fields of history, philosophy, psychiatry, psychopathology, politics, linguistics, Criminology and so on.

He pays special attention to the five themes of madness, knowledge, knowledge, power and sexuality.

He thinks philosophically about these fields with his unique personal experience and different horizons of ordinary people.

His works are famous in the world for their strong anti society and anti mainstream culture.

He created an unprecedented research field and established unique research methods, including archaeological methods and genealogical methods.

His thought is regarded as a standard by the radical intellectual circles and has become a research hotspot all over the world.

He himself became the natural leader of French ideological circles after Sartre.

Because Foucault’s thought is broad and profound and his research field is strange, from the perspective of his life course and the formation of his works, Foucault’s thought has generally experienced two development stages, namely, the period of Archaeology and the period of genealogy.

In the archaeological period, Foucault reflected on the cultural phenomena such as madness, psychosis, irrationality and knowledge in the history of human civilization at the archaeological level.

Archaeology has a new meaning in Foucault’s works.

It is a research and analysis method of human cultural phenomena.

Foucault’s “Archaeology of knowledge” wants to analyze the traces of human ideological and cultural development abandoned by traditional history.

It wants to investigate people and their experience.

He used a descriptive analytical language to faithfully reproduce the human monuments found in archaeology, so as to form a new history of human thought.

In his famous work, madness and irrationality DD, the history of madness in the classical era, Foucault explored the phenomenon of “madness” in France from 1650 to 1789.

Foucault pointed out that in the current era dominated by rationalism, crazy and crazy people have evolved from a normal social existence in the Middle Ages to the opposite of rationality and become a false morbid state.

He tried to reshape the status of madness through philosophical meditation on abnormal phenomena such as madness, irrationality and madness.

He tried to correct the name of madness through the archaeological excavation of madness, and pointed out that madness was regarded as a “mental abnormality”, which was the product of modern rationalism.

He wants to re-establish the legal status of madness and irrationality in Western civilization, and believes that irrationality is a mirror of rationality, and the real function of madness is to tell the truth.

The reputation of Foucault’s thought was broken, which brought an excellent situation to Foucault’s thought.

In the book “words and things”, Foucault once again explored the role of irrational factors in people’s thinking activities.

He investigated the academic thinking mode since the Renaissance and came to the conclusion of “human death”.

In his view, human beings are not as absolutely free as Sartre imagined, but are tied with their hands and trapped in a net of language and habits beyond their control.

“Knowledge type” is an important concept in Foucault’s research.

According to different historical periods, Foucault divides the knowledge type into Renaissance (14th ~ 16th century), classical era and modern (including postmodern) knowledge types.

In the Renaissance, the knowledge type showed the similarity between words and things.

In classical times, knowledge type shows the representativeness between words and things.

Modern knowledge-based introduces the concepts of historicity and significance.

The sciences in this period are biology, political economics and linguistics, and the corresponding concepts are “life labor”, “development” and “human”.

Foucault believes that the development of knowledge is determined by the type of knowledge, and the development of society is determined by the form of society.

Therefore, people do not play a role in the development of knowledge and society.

In this sense, people “die out”.

In the later period of genealogy, Foucault’s focus shifted to the problem of power and sexual desire.

Genealogy is a theory that studies the lineage relationship of Western cultural phenomena in postmodern thought.