In his memoirs,
Bush condemned the decadent life of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il: he had long relied on high-quality brandy, luxury Mercedes Benz and foreign films to satisfy his greed. He tried his best to establish the personal worship of the Korean people and asked the Korean people to worship him as a god like leader.
Kim Jong Il
this article is excerpted from
in the 23rd issue of literature and history reference 2010. On November 10, 2010, former US President George W. Bush held a signing meeting for his memoir “the moment of choice” in his hometown Dallas, Texas. Hundreds of “fans” lined up at the scene, 220000 copies were sold on the same day. “The moment of choice” disclosed some little-known details of the 2000 presidential election, the “9 / 11” terrorist attacks, the U.S. military dispatch to Iraq and other events, as well as issues related to the nuclear crisis on the Korean Peninsula. In his memoir, Bush revealed that he had considered a military attack on North Korea.
on November 23, the situation on the Korean Peninsula suddenly changed. At 14:34 p.m., South Korea and North Korea exchanged fire near the disputed “northern boundary” in the Western sea area. North Korea fired more than 200 shells at Yeonpyeong Island, and South Korea returned more than 80 shells to North Korea. The exchange of fire has caused casualties. South Korea and North Korea accused each other of firing first. The official time of the incident was different, and the tension on the peninsula escalated sharply.
Bush: Kim Jong Il is a child who litters food.
after the establishment of the Bush administration in November 2000, major changes have taken place in US foreign policy. In terms of relations with North Korea, the Clinton administration began to re-examine and evaluate its Huairou policy. In June 2001, Bush issued a policy statement on the DPRK, saying that the United States would continue its contacts and dialogue with the DPRK, but called for strengthening the inspection measures for the DPRK’s implementation of the US DPRK nuclear framework agreement, supervising the development, production and export of DPRK missiles, and requiring the DPRK to reduce its conventional armed forces. These demands were unacceptable to the DPRK, and the US DPRK dialogue was shelved.
Bush’s change of Clinton’s policy towards North Korea stems to some extent from his understanding of North Korea. “One of the books that has had the greatest impact on me during my presidency is the Pyongyang Aquarium: a record of ten years of labor reform in North Korea written by North Korean Jiang Zhehuan,” Bush said , this book tells the story of Jiang Zhehuan’s life of 10 years’ imprisonment and abuse in the Korean labor camp. Later, I invited Jiang Zhehuan to the president’s office and asked him in detail about the abuse and suffering he suffered at home, as well as the violations of human rights such as political persecution, forced labor and public sentencing in North Korea. The story of Jiang Zhehuan makes me more disgusted and disgusted with Kim Jong Il’s autocratic rule. ”
at the beginning of Bush’s term of office, Defense Secretary Rumsfeld once showed him satellite photos of the Korean Peninsula at night: the lights were bright in the South and dark in the north. “US intelligence surveys also show that North Koreans are on average three inches shorter than South Koreans due to malnutrition, and it is estimated that one million North Koreans died of hunger in Rio in the six years before I took office,” Bush said
on the other hand, in his memoir, Bush condemned the decadent life of North Korean leader Kim Jong Il, “He has long relied on high-quality brandy, luxury Mercedes Benz and foreign films to satisfy his greed. He tried his best to establish the personal worship of the Korean people and asked the Korean people to worship him as a god like leader. Kim Jong Il’s propaganda machine also claimed that he could control the atmosphere, wrote six famous operas, entered the hole five times in the first round of golf and so on.”
on Kim Jong Il, Bush said “I think of my two daughters”. “When Barbara and Jenna were very young, they would throw their food on the ground in order to attract attention. Laura (Bush’s wife) and I would run to pick it up. When they wanted to attract attention again, they would continue to throw away the food? Kim Jong Il is a child who keeps throwing away food, while the United States is constantly picking up the food he threw away.”
win over China to suppress North Korea
in 2002, US Intelligence reported that North Korea may secretly implement a high-purity uranium enrichment program that seriously violates the nuclear framework agreement between the two countries. The Bush administration, which adheres to a tough policy towards North Korea, decided to terminate bilateral negotiations with North Korea and stop direct dialogue between the two countries. Bush understood that relying on bilateral negotiations could not properly solve the North Korean nuclear issue, so he “hoped to unite China, South Korea, Russia and Japan to form a united front against ‘totalitarianism’, and the key to this alliance is China”.
in October 2002, Chinese President Jiang Zemin was invited to visit Bush’s Crawford farm in Texas.
Crawford ranch, which is called “Western White House” by American media, belongs to Bush’s private house. Before that, only Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, former British Prime Minister Tony Blair and Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Abdullah were invited to the ranch. The meeting between the heads of state of China and the United States here represents the “highest reception standard” given by the president of the United States to Chinese guests.
in Crawford, Bush personally drove a truck to accompany Jiang Zemin and his wife to visit the farm and held a barbecue lunch with Western flavor for them. During his stay on the farm, Jiang Zemin and Bush also spent an hour boating on the lake. During this hour of secret conversation, neither of them brought any entourage, and only the interpreter was present. “This is the most important hour of the China US summit,” the media said.
they naturally talked about the North Korean issue. Bush told Jiang Zemin: “the North Korean nuclear issue is not only a threat to the United States, but also to China.” He very much hopes that China can work with the United States to exert diplomatic pressure on Kim Jong Il. “The United States and China have different influence on North Korea. Our influence in North Korea is negative, while China’s influence is positive。 If the United States and China unite, we can form a strong alliance. ”
Bush recalled that “President Jiang Zemin is respected, but he told me that the North Korean issue is your problem, not mine”, and “it is very complicated to exert influence on North Korea”. Bush has miscalculated.
in January 2003, Bush held another meeting with Jiang Zemin. Bush said, “if North Korea does not stop its nuclear program, the United States will not be able to prevent Japan from developing nuclear weapons. You and I are now in a position to work together to ensure that this nuclear arms race will not occur.”. Bush even declared that “if the DPRK issue cannot be properly resolved diplomatically, I must consider a military attack on the DPRK”.
fundamentally speaking, the stability of the Korean Peninsula is where the common interests of all parties lie. With the efforts of China and relevant countries, the first round of six-party talks was held in Beijing on August 27, 2003. This is the first time that North Korean officials sat at the table and directly faced the representatives of China, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the United States.
Bush wrote in his memoir, “in order to smooth the negotiations, I talked with my partners for hours on the phone to remind them of the interests of the negotiations and the need to maintain the United Front”.
after several rounds of arduous negotiations, in September 2005, the participating parties unanimously adopted the joint statement of the fourth round of six party talks. The DPRK promised to abandon all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programs, return to the Treaty on the non proliferation of nuclear weapons at an early date and accept the supervision of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Other countries respected the DPRK’s right to the peaceful use of nuclear energy. But Bush still has doubts about North Korea, because Kim Jong Il has repeatedly violated his commitments.
on July 4, 2006, North Korea successively test fired seven “Scud” ballistic missiles into the sea of Japan. Although the test failed in the end, provocation is a reality for the United States.
Bush said, “this is Kim Jong Il. Seeing that the eyes of the world were focused on Iran and hunger, he wanted to test it to determine how much punishment he could escape.” Bush immediately called Chinese President Hu Jintao and clearly told President Hu that North Korea’s practice was also insulting China and asked China to publicly condemn it. President Hu Jintao issued a statement on the matter, reiterating China’s commitment to maintaining “peace and stability” on the Korean Peninsula and opposing any action that may exacerbate the chaos on the peninsula. Although the wording of the statement is relatively mild, in Bush’s words, “this is China’s progress in the right direction”.
Bush’s personal letter to Kim Jong Il
on the morning of October 9, 2006, North Korea announced that it had successfully conducted its first comprehensive nuclear test. The UN Security Council immediately unanimously adopted resolution 1718 condemning North Korea’s nuclear test and decided to impose the most severe sanctions on North Korea since the end of the Korean War. Facing the pressure of international public opinion, in February 2007, the DPRK finally agreed to shut down its main nuclear reactor and allow UN inspectors to return to the DPRK to verify its actions. In exchange, other members of the six-party talks want to provide energy assistance to North Korea, and the United States also agreed to remove North Korea from the list of countries that finance terrorism. In July, the DPRK officially closed its Yongbyon nuclear facility and began to de functionalize its nuclear facility in early November. It seems that the DPRK nuclear issue is moving towards a solution.
on December 3, 2007, hill, assistant secretary of state of the United States and head of the U.S. delegation to the six-party talks on the North Korean nuclear issue, visited North Korea for the second time (the first time was June 21, 2007). The most important thing during this visit was that hill handed over the handwritten letter from Bush to Kim Jong Il.
Bush’s handwritten letter is a letter with the words “White House” on the letterhead and “Dear Mr. chairman”. This title is very important because in an interview with the post in 2002, Bush said, “I hate Kim Jong Il”. In his state of the Union speech this year, Bush also listed North Korea as an “axis of evil”. Later, he even called Kim Jong Il a “tyrant”. Now the Title has become “Dear Chairman”, which also means a significant change in Bush’s position on North Korea.
Bush proposed in his letter that the DPRK needs to explain three major doubts: first, how many weapons grade nuclear materials the DPRK has; 2、 How many warheads does North Korea have; 3、 Has the DPRK transferred nuclear weapons technology or nuclear materials to other countries, and if so, by what means or channels.
Bush said that if North Korea fully discloses and dismantles its nuclear facilities and the Korean Peninsula is denuclearized, the United States will consider establishing normal relations between the two countries and lifting sanctions against North Korea. This was Bush’s first private communication with the supreme leader of the DPRK. The DPRK then conveyed a short message to the United States through channels in New York, “thank you for President Bush’s personal letter. We will fully fulfill our obligations and look forward to the United States fulfilling its obligations”. Although the DPRK nuclear issue reappeared the dawn, it was not properly solved until Bush officially stepped down on January 20, 2009.
link: Bush’s evaluation of leaders of various countries in the “choice time
/ Hu Jintao has a” analytical mind “. Bush commented on Chinese President Hu Jintao: “He has a calm demeanor and a keen and analytical mind. He is a practical leader who focuses on domestic affairs rather than a visionary who gets into trouble on the international stage.”
/ Blair is the closest partner. Bush cannot hide his praise for former British Prime Minister Blair: “(Blair is) my closest partner and best friend on the world stage. Some of our allies have wavered, butTony Blair has never been like this. ”
/ French president is different. Bush evaluated President Sarkozy as “energetic” and “willing to cooperate with the United States”. For former President Chirac, the evaluation is not high: “he is a person who likes to give moral and policy lessons to leaders of other countries. No matter whether it is national policy or personal values, he always seems to be willing to speak everywhere and promote his views.”
/ Berlusconi once cried. Bush said in his memoir that the day after the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001, Italian Prime Minister Berlusconi “cried like a little boy and couldn’t stop”.
/ at the opening of the Beijing Olympic Games, Putin said that Putin was “cold-blooded”. Bush thought that Putin was “sometimes arrogant, sometimes charming, but always tough.” When attending the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympic Games, Bush complained directly to Putin about Russia’s sending troops to Georgia: “Vladimir, you are a cold-blooded animal.” As for Putin’s opposition to the US invasion of Iraq, Bush said, “in my opinion, part of the reason is the fear of putting Russia’s profitable oil contracts in danger.”