the people’s Republic of China was founded and implemented the foreign policy of “falling to one side” to the Soviet Union. Mongolia’s international situation is unprecedented. In the north is the “big brother” and in the south is the “second brother”. It can rest easy and engage in construction freely and independently. From 1948 to 1957, during the first and second five-year plans, it received strong support from the Soviet Union and China. The national economy developed rapidly and people’s lives improved greatly. The 1950s can be regarded as the golden age of Mongolia. By 1960, agriculture and animal husbandry had basically realized cooperation, and the total industrial output value increased by 4.4 times compared with 1940. However, the Soviet Union still “controls you without discussion”, and Mongolia cannot get rid of the shackles of “limited sovereignty”.




and “theory of limited sovereignty” were openly put forward by Brezhnev when the Soviet Union sent troops to the Czech Republic to stifle the “Prague Spring” in 1968. In fact, this guiding ideology of Soviet leaders has existed for a long time, and can even be traced back to before the dissolution in 1943. In the 1920s and 1930s, the Communist parties of all countries were a branch of the third international. Of course, the contribution of the third international, based on the Soviet Union, in helping the establishment of the Communist parties of various countries and guiding them to carry out revolutionary struggle is beyond doubt. However, in this era, “I am the international” not only dictates to the Communist parties of all countries, but also directly appoints the leaders of the Communist parties of all countries. What’s more, during the expansion of the elimination of counter revolutionaries in the Soviet Union from 1937 to 1938, many loyal Communists were killed by mistake inside and outside the Soviet Union, and the leading group of the Polish Communist Party was almost killed at that time. After World War II, the Communist Party of China and Eastern European countries successively gained political power and became the ruling party. Although the leaders of the Soviet Union have changed several times, their guiding ideology of great power chauvinism and limited sovereignty of socialist countries is deeply rooted.

Mongolian People’s revolutionary party is the second ruling proletarian party in the world after the Soviet Union. The support and help given by the Soviet Union to it is recognized by the whole world, and its control has not been let go at all. The historical experience of the Soviet Union: to control a party and a country, the most important thing is to place their own reliable agents in that party and country.

Stalin “knows heroes with insight”, just as he chose Wang Ming and Bogu to control the Communist Party of China in the early 1930s, he chose Mongolian youth zedenbar in the early 1940s and sent him back to Mongolia.

youmujia zedenbar was born on September 17, 1916 in dabushi County, wubusu province in Northwest Mongolia, adjacent to the border of the Soviet Union. He is a member of the Mongolian minority durbert. From 1929 to 1938, he studied in Irkutsk middle school and College of Finance and economics of the Soviet Union. After returning home from graduation, he taught in Ulaanbaatar School of Finance and economics for a short time. In 1939, he joined the Mongolian People’s revolutionary party. After studying in the Soviet Union, he was recommended and appreciated by Stalin. After returning home, he was valued by qioba mountain and rose to the top. Only one year after joining the party, he was elected as the central committee member, Vice Minister of finance, and then Minister and President of the national bank. At that time, he was only 24 years old. From 1941 to 1945, he also served as deputy commander in chief of the people’s army and director of the political department. He entered the Political Bureau in 1943, served as chairman of the State Planning Commission from 1945 to 1946, vice chairman of the Council of ministers from 1946 to 1952, chairman of the Council of ministers from 1952, and was elected as the first Secretary of the Party Central Committee at the second plenary session of the 13th CPC Central Committee in November 1958.

after zedenbar became a politician, with gratitude to the Soviet Union, no matter what changes at home and abroad, his political compass has never wavered and always followed the Soviet Union.

choba mountain deliberately trained zedenbar as his successor in the 1940s, and even arranged zedenbar, who was not familiar with the military, as his deputy commander-in-chief and gave him the rank of lieutenant general. However, after the death of choba mountain in January 1952, when Khrushchev fought against Stalin in 1956, zedenbar, adhering to the will of the Soviet Union, launched a campaign against the “personal superstition” of choba mountain in Mongolia, wantonly attacked various systems and policies during the period of choba mountain, and followed Khrushchev’s example to clean up the central and local departments at all levels in Mongolia, Take the opportunity to place their cronies and occupy important positions.

Dasi Danba (also translated as damba), one of the elders of the Mongolian party and the Second Secretary of the CPC Central Committee before his death, stressed the development of national industry after taking office as the first Secretary of the CPC Central Committee in 1954, pointed out that “the experience of the Soviet Union is not the only experience”, “it can not be mechanically copied and dogmatic applied”, and publicized that China’s experience “can be learned”, He believed that dogmatism was “more harmful” to Mongolia and took a series of measures to overcome dogmatism. On the issue of the international communist movement, Danba pointed out that “Publicizing the peaceful way is the only way to transition from capitalism to socialism, which is one of the main manifestations of revisionism”, and the revisionist thought plays a “role in weakening the democratic dictatorship” in Mongolia. In the eyes of the Soviet Union, Danba’s remarks and propositions were obviously not only against its own appetite, but also inclined to China. Under Khrushchev’s planning, zedenbal took the lead in criticizing Danba in the Mongolian party. After several struggles, Danba was demoted to the Second Secretary (he was expelled from the Political Bureau six months later), and zedenbar replaced the first Secretary of the Mongolian party. The Second Secretary of damba, who supported damba and opposed dogmatism and revisionism, middolgi sulenzab, was soon dismissed and expelled from the Political Bureau and the Secretariat.

dalam Tumur ochir, member of the Central Committee of the 12th National Congress of the Mongolian party, was elected as alternate member of the Politburo and Secretary of the Central Committee at the 13th National Congress, in charge of ideological work. He was promoted to member of the Politburo in 1959 because he supported zedenbar and opposed Danba. However, in the second year, he was expelled from the Political Bureau because he was too active in opposing the “personal superstition” of Qiaoba mountain, endangering the status of zedenbar, who obeyed Qiaoba mountain during the Qiaoba mountain period. Later, in order to win over the people and consolidate his rule, zedenbar pretended to be a gesture and pulled Tumur ochir into the Political Bureau and the Secretariat in early 1962. Zedenbar used the means of “turning over clouds and rain” to make this “wind school” figure submit and better serve himself. However, Tumur ochir “incites nationalist sentiment”, presided overAt the 800th anniversary of his birth, he held commemorative activities and decided to set up a large monument in Genghis Khan’s hometown Kent Province, which angered the Soviet Union; In addition, the then second secretary of the CPC Central Committee, rubsang Zelen Zender, wanted to take advantage of zedenbar’s recuperation in the Soviet Union and join Tumur ochir to destroy zedenbar. Zedenbar immediately returned home with the support of the Soviet Union and held a plenary session of the Central Committee in September 1962. He dismissed Tumur ochir from all positions inside and outside the party by means of a sudden attack on charges of “doubting the Marxist Leninist nature of the party” and “doubting the friendship between Mongolia and the Soviet Union”. With regard to Zeng De, because of his remarks that angered the Soviet Union, such as “doubting whether the Mongolian Soviet friendship and the mutual economic cooperation are good for Mongolia”, zedenbar, with the direct support of Khrushchev, dismissed him from the post of the Second Secretary of the CPC Central Committee and member of the political Bureau at the plenary session of the CPC Central Committee at the end of 1963.