, mediocrity, mediocrity and inaction… Mediocrity has become a derogatory word today. Mediocrity is a synonym for a group of people without talent, ideals and wisdom. However, what we don’t know is that in ancient times, it was a group of “mediocre” who established a country in the name of “mediocrity”. Yong state, an ancient country, is not mediocre in history.

for a long time, people believe that the Chinese civilization was born in the Yellow River Basin. Therefore, it is difficult to have detailed data for several countries in the spring and Autumn Period in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River. Yong state is such an ancient country that is almost forgotten in the Three Gorges region.

the ancient Yong state has a long history. There are different opinions on the origin of Yong from ancient to modern times. At present, there are several popular sayings:

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. One is the theory of “Rong Chengshi”. Rong Chengshi has two explanations. One is called “the Minister of the Yellow Emperor”. The book of the later Han Dynasty says: “Rong Cheng is the Minister of the Yellow Emperor.” Others say Rong Cheng was one of the emperors in ancient times. It is said in the trunk of% 26amp; #8226; l that “in the past, Rongcheng, dating, bohuang, Zhongyang, Lilu, Lizu, Xuanyuan, huxu, zunlu, zhurong and Shennong were used by the people when they tied ropes.” Similar records have been found in Chu bamboo slips unearthed in recent years. It has been verified that Rongcheng is the first monarch of Yong state, and Rongcheng is Yongcheng, because “Rong” and “Yong” were common in ancient times.

the second is “Zhu Rong”. Zhu Rong is said to be one of the three emperors of ancient times. Zhuangzi said that there was Zhu Rong before Shennong. “Ceremony” also said: “Fuxi, Shennong, zhurong, the three emperors also.” He also said, “those who wish belong to you; those who integrate continue. Words can continue the way of the three emperors, so Zhu Rong also.” Zhu Rong, also known as the Suiren surname, one of the three ancient emperors, was honored as Zhu Rong because of his invention of drilling wood to make fire and warming the world. It is also said that Zhu Rong is a minister of the Yellow Emperor. According to the Tongdian, Zhu Rong is one of the six phases of the Yellow Emperor. The Yellow Emperor “recognizes the south through Zhu Rong, the Yuan Road through Chiyou, the geography through Taichang, the East through Canglong, the west through wind, and the north through backland.” It is also said that Zhu Rong was the two ministers who managed huozheng for emperor Ku, namely Chong Li and Wu Hui, the two sons of Zhuan Xu and Gao Yang. According to the records of the historical records of the Chu aristocratic family, “Chongli was Emperor Huo. Gao Xin lived in huozheng and was very meritorious. He was able to integrate the world. Emperor Huo ordered Zhu Rong. The Gonggong family made a riot, and Emperor Huo sent Chongli to kill him forever. Emperor Gengyin killed Chongli, while his brother Wu Hui was Chongli. After returning to huozheng, he became Zhu Rong.” “The book of mountains and seas” also says: “wife, son of Chishui listen @ (y) ā o) Living in speech, living in inflammation, living in festivals, and playing instruments at festivals. The playing instruments are born in Zhu Rong, and Zhu Rong falls in the river. The workers are born… The flood washes the sky, G (G ǔ n) Steal the land of the Emperor (y) ī n) The flood does not wait for the emperor’s life. The emperor ordered Zhu Rong to kill Yu Jiao. ” He also said, “South zhurong, animal body and human face, ride two dragons.” Some scholars believe that Rong and Yong are homonymous, and Yong is the evolution of Rong. The mediocre is the descendant of Zhu Rong and the descendant of emperor Zhuanxu Gaoyang.

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was the Yong state created by Rong Cheng, or by descendants of Zhu Rong? Zhurong is one of the three emperors in ancient times. Is it the zhurong surname, or the Minister of the emperor

? Chongli or Wu Hui? From many documents, mediocre people should be a branch of Zhuanxu’s Miao descent, but I’m afraid we will never know who the ancestor of his monarch was. But no matter who the founding fathers of Yongguo were, there is no doubt that the origin of Yongguo should be in summer time or earlier. Shang Yong, the capital of Yong state, also shows the ancient of Yong state. Why is it called Shangyong? Yong means “city”. Shangyong can be understood as the ancient city and the city of the son of heaven. There is a folk love poem in the collection of Yuefu Poems% 26amp; #8226; advocating songs and CI 1: “evil! If I want to know you, I will live forever.” God, I want to know and stay with you, and make this acquaintance never decline. Here, “Shang” means heaven, and the word “Shang” in “Shang Yong” probably means “heaven” and “son of heaven”. As early as ancient times, there have been human activities in the central and western regions of Jianghan, and the ancestors of mediocre people may have originated in this region. The fossil ape man in Yun County, the historical records of Nu Wa and Shun’s activities in Yongdi, is a proof. It is precisely because the mediocre has multiplied in the central and western regions of Jianghan for thousands of years that the ancient mediocre culture can be created.

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have to face the origin of Chinese civilization when tracing the history of Yong state. In a sense, this problem can also be said to be the origin of civilization in the Yellow River Basin and the Yangtze River Basin. As long as we have a basic understanding of the process of civilization in the Yellow River and Yangtze river basins, the problem of the origin of Chinese civilization will be basically solved. The middle reaches of the Yangtze River is not only an important link in the Yangtze River Basin, but also a relatively independent primitive cultural area, with a relatively independent process of civilization. With the deepening of archaeological excavation and research, great progress has been made in the study of the civilization process in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, and the history of ancient mediocrity has gradually surfaced.

in the area of Guyong state in the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River, the local Tujia and Miao people have spread the myths and legends of Fuxi Nuwa’s brothers and sisters breeding their children and Nuwa making people to make up the sky for generations. The Tujia and Miao Nationalities there should also be a branch of Fuxi and Nuwa. Huainanzi tells such a story:

in the flood and famine era, the God of water Gonggong fought with the God of fire Zhu Rong. Finally, Zhu Rong defeated Gonggong. Gonggongsheng was violent and became angry because of his failure. He bumped into Buzhou mountain in the west, resulting in the collapse of Buzhou mountain. Buzhou mountain is a pillar supporting the sky. When it breaks, the sky falls half way, and a big hole appears. The ground also sinks into big cracks. The mountains and forests burn a fire, floods gush out from the ground, and all kinds of beasts come out to devour the people. Human survival is facing a serious crisis.

 Nu Wa, who saw human suffering and created human beings, felt extremely painful and bent on making up for the sky to end the disaster. She chose all kinds of colored stones and set up a fire to melt them into slurry. With this slurry, she filled the incomplete hole in the sky. Then she cut off the four feet of a big turtle and used it as four pillars to support half of the collapsed sky. Nu Wa also captured and killed the black dragon who harmed the people and stopped the arrogance of the dragon and snake. Finally, in order to stop the flood from overflowing, Nuwa also collected a large number of reeds, burned them into ash and buried them in the flood spreading everywhere.

after Nu Wa’s painstaking rectification, the sky was finally filled up, the ground was filled, the water stopped, dragons, snakes and beasts gathered, and the people lived a stable life again. However, this catastrophic disaster has left traces after all. Since then, the sky still tilts to the northwest, so the sun, moon and stars naturally return to the west, and because the earth tilts to the southeast, all rivers converge there. When a rainbow appears in the sky, it is the colored light emitted by Nuwa’s sky mending stone. In the “Yun Dou Shu Yuan Ming Bao” of the Western Han Dynasty, Nu Wa, Fu Xi and Shen Nong were listed as the three emperors of the founders of the Chinese nation. Myths are illusory, but ancient myths may also contain some important historical facts. To discover the real history hidden behind the myth, we must turn to the knowledge of ancient geography. At the end of the Triassic period 200 million years ago, the topography of ancient China was originally high in the East and low in the west, which is just the opposite. All water systems on the ground follow the law of water flowing from east to west, running to the western region, a very vast area of water, the ancient Mediterranean. Today’s Three Gorges, Tibet, Qinghai, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan and other vast areas were a vast ocean at that time, and Zigui, Hubei Province, was a coastal lake area at that time. In the strong orogeny, the rocks on the seabed arched out of the sea, and the ancient Mediterranean retreated westward. During the Yanshan movement about 70 million years ago, the Three Gorges region uplifted and the twelve peaks of Wushan mountain were formed. There are still fossils of submarine paleontology on the top of the mountain. The ancient Zigui lake disappeared, and the landform of ancient China changed immediately. Bashu lake, Xichang lake and Dianchi Lake in the west of the Three Gorges were connected by a water system, forming the wrinkle of the ancient Yangtze River in the West from east to west; Dangyang lake, Hubei phase lake, Poyang Lake and many other lakes in the east of the Three Gorges are connected, forming the prototype of the ancient Yangtze River from west to East.

about thirty or forty million years ago, the Himalayan orogeny began, the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, Yunnan Guizhou Plateau and the Three Gorges canyon were formed, and the ancient Chinese land showed a terrain of high in the West and low in the East. Just like the myth and legend that Gonggong’s anger did not touch the Zhoushan mountain, resulting in “the pillars of the sky were broken, the earth was cut off, and the sky tilted to the northwest, so the sun, moon and stars moved; the earth was dissatisfied with the southeast, so the water and dust returned”. The ancient Yangtze River in the West turned around and moved eastward. After years of flood erosion, it finally broke through the obstruction of the Three Gorges and connected the East and the west, forming a brand-new Wanli Yangtze River. In the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Basin, there was a vast two Lake Plain in ancient times, with an area of about 50000 square kilometers and an altitude of about 50 meters. It was originally an ancient yunmengze, which was alluvial formed by the Yangtze River and its tributaries, also known as “Yunmeng plain”. The ancient Mengze area is located in Zhangjiajie now. The age of geological and geomorphic changes in the Yangtze River Basin is a good time for paleontology to evolve from water to land, and it is also the infancy of ancient humans.

in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Basin, there have long been the footprints of ancient humans. Among the fossils found so far, there are “Hanyang people” about 50000 years ago, “Changyang people” 500000 years ago, and “Wushan people” 2 million years ago, 400000 years earlier than the “Yuanmou people” 1.7 million years ago. The world recognized Lama ancient ape dates back to about 14 million years. It can walk upright and hunt food with natural sticks and stones. This kind of ancient ape has not only been found in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River Basin in

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, but also in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River Basin in which ancient ape fossils dating back to about 45 million years have been found. Ancient hominid skulls were also found at the entrance of the Duhe River in the territory of the former ancient Yong state. After identification, they were more than 1.5 million years earlier than Beijing ape man. In ancient times, Fuxi Nuwa created people, mended the sky, painted eight diagrams, made marriage and made Sheng spring. These stories are not all absurd myths, but contain rich knowledge of historical geography and the history of the origin of human civilization. The spread of these creation myths in the ancient Yong country tells us that when tracing the origin of the Yong country, we can trace back to Fuxi Nuwa, which is more ancient than the two emperors of Yan and Huang.

from the perspective of literature, there were three tribes that first appeared and had great influence in ancient times, one was Fuxi clan of Taihao emperor, one was Shennong clan of Yan Emperor, and the other was Xuanyuan clan of Yellow Emperor. The surnames of the three tribes are different and have distinctive characteristics. Fuxi is said to be surnamed Feng. Nuwa is said to be Fuxi’s sister, also known as Feng. The Yan Emperor’s surname is Jiang and the Yellow Emperor’s surname is Ji. Feng, Jiang and Ji are the three oldest surnames in China. Fuxi was a great man who created a new starting point of Chinese civilization and created many cultures. He was able to hunt, fish and weave cloth. He had very high wisdom and invention. “The book of changes” said: “in ancient times, the king of the Pao surname was also in the world. When he looked up, he looked at the image in the sky, and when he looked down, he looked at the Dharma in the earth. The writing of birds and animals was appropriate to the earth. He took all the bodies near and all the objects far away. Therefore, he began to make eight trigrams to connect the virtues of gods and gods, tie ropes and form a net for fishing, and cover all the distances with fishing.” Nuwa is also a God who created culture. “Emperor Century” said: “the emperor’s daughter wa surname, also the wind surname, as Sheng spring, also the head of the snake body, one said Nu Xi, is the queen.” Nuwa is also a goddess of music. Different from Fuxi’s creative culture, Nuwa’s main achievements are: refining stones to mend the sky and creating human beings.

in the portraits of the Han Dynasty, Fu Xi and Nu Wa often appear in pairs, indicating that they are either husband and wife or brothers and sisters. The significance of their emergence is extraordinary, marking the birth of a new era of civilization and the dividing point between civilization and primitive.

“kdXiao Bang is called uncle, and Xiao Bang with a different surname is called uncle. ” “It is in the north of Dongyi, dixirong and Nanman, although it is called ‘Zi’.” The monarch of Yong state has been a marquis for generations, and other Marquis states “although they are large, barons are not sons, so Wu, Chu and Ba all call them sons.” The enfeoffment system in the Zhou Dynasty was strict, and those who were not uncles could not call them princes. Therefore, the son of Chu forced the Zhou royal family to give him the title, “if you want to see the politics of China, please respect my name”. Yong is Bo, which shows its high status and fully proves the strength of Yong state.

since its own written records in China, Yong country is one of the oldest countries and mediocre people are also one of the oldest clans. Due to the lack of records in historical books, the Yong state and its clan status have been misunderstood for a long time. Some call it “the vassal of Chu”, saying that the mediocre is Chu, and some call it “one of the Ba”, saying that the mediocre is ba. In fact, Yong culture has a completely independent system, and its subsidiary theory is a misreading of history. The Yong state of

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experienced a long historical period before the spring and Autumn period, and its founding history has continuity and stability. Yong state has become a relatively unified, relatively stable and uninterrupted state in the summer or at the latest in the Shang Dynasty. If you count from summer time, it has a history of more than 1700 years. If you count from business, it has a history of more than 1100 years.

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the ancient Yong Kingdom’s possessions, although most of them are now divided into three, which are under the jurisdiction of different provinces and cities, namely Hubei, Shaanxi, Chongqing and Hunan. But for a long time, it still retains many common cultural characteristics, such as food culture, clothing culture, funeral culture, marriage culture, language culture, entertainment culture, witch culture, Taoist culture and so on. Some cultural phenomena have always been a mystery in the field of history. Such as hanging coffins, the formation of dark biography, singing filial piety songs, etc. For example,

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the areas around the capital of the ancient Yong state, today’s Zhuxi and Zhushan, and their adjacent areas Pingli, the north of Zhenping, Xunyang and Yunxi, have basically the same dialect and accent, and should belong to a dialect area. This dialect is temporarily replaced by Zhuxi dialect,

. How was this dialect formed? How many dynasties? It has always been a mystery. The formation of a certain dialect in a region requires a long historical process. The dialect of a clan or tribe can stabilize and continue to assimilate the language of foreign population. Its own dialect has been formed for hundreds or even thousands of years. The formation of Zhuxi local dialect can last for a long time, and the dialects in the surrounding areas are basically the same as Zhuxi dialect, but some accents are different. The main reason is likely to be the influence of the language and culture of the ancient Yong state. There are hundreds of unique language words in Zhuxi and Zhushan dialects, many of which have sound but no words, and the meaning is also quite rich, which is difficult for outsiders to understand. Strangely, these language words also exist in the dialects of the western regions of Jianghan, the northeast of Chongqing and the south of Shaanxi, and express exactly the same meaning. For example, Zhuxi people call the base of the wall “the foot of the wall”, as do Yunxi and Baihe. Zhuxi people originally called their father “Bo”, and their father was also called “Bo” in the Three Gorges region, Fengjie and Wuxi. In the past, priests called “drinking and eating meat in Fengxi” as well as “making meat in Fengxi” for local residents. Many dialects and common sayings are commonly used in the territory of the ancient Yong state. One of the unique features of Yong state’s funeral culture is rock burial, namely “hanging coffin culture”. Hanging coffins have always been an important topic for historians to study, and some mysteries have not been uncovered for a long time. Ancient yong people have the tradition of rock burial culture. Where there is a rock house, the coffin is directly put into the rock house, and where there is no rock house, the cliff is dug into a cave. In the Zhuxi River Basin, there are still some caves on the cliffs on both sides, which are called “old man’s cave” by locals. Recently, a complete human bone was also found in a cave in Luojiahe, Shuiping town. These caves were used for the funeral of the ancients. There is also a legend that the ancients died when they saw people getting old, and the snake became young when it shed a layer of skin in the cave, which is unfair. Ask God to change “human dead snake molting” into “snake dead molting”. God granted the request. So when people are old, they sleep in the cave, shed a layer of skin and return to youth. Unexpectedly, this continued to be overcrowded, and the ancients had to ask God to restore it. The above folklore is closely related to the rock burial custom in Zhuxi. The old man’s cave is actually the place where the old man is buried after his death. Ancient yong people were popular in rock burial at first, then turned into man-made caves, and then gradually evolved into earth burial. Most of the coffins and corpses buried in rock are old and weathered for a long time. Rock burial culture has continued to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and even to modern times, its customs have not been completely destroyed. Mediocre people have the custom of rock burial, it is not difficult to understand why the royal tombs of ancient mediocre people have not been found for thousands of years.

another unique feature of Yong state funeral culture is “playing night gongs and drums”, also known as “singing filial piety songs”. There are usually two or three people playing night gongs and drums. One is tied with a drum and the other is carrying a gong. They dance slowly around the coffin, singing as they walk, or singing with one person. The dark biography, discovered in Shennongjia forest area, is now known as the first narrative epic of the Han nationality. In fact, it is a folk song book of playing night gongs and drums in the central and western regions of Jianghan. “Dark biography” does not come from someone at a certain time and place, but the crystallization of the cultural continuation of ancient yong people for generations.

ancient Yong country is one of the birthplaces of witch culture in China. Wushan in the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River was called Lingshan in ancient times. According to the book of mountains and seas, the great wilderness West Sutra, there are ten witches in Lingshan. Now it has been proved that they are all early mediocres. Later, the most powerful “Wuxian clan” among the ten witches established a “Wuxian kingdom” (in today’s Wuxi County). Among the ten witches, both Wu Xian and Wu Peng were ministers of King Tai Wu of Shang Dynasty. Wu Peng is proficient in medicine. In addition to being proficient in medicine, Wu Xian is also proficient in astronomy and musical instruments. The medicine, astronomy and musical instruments studied by Wu Xian and Wu Peng are of great significance to ChinaCivilization has had a far-reaching impact. Yong state belongs to all parts of the west of Jianghan, and it was recorded that “people believed in witches” before the Ming and Qing Dynasties. So far, many witch cultures are still preserved in these areas, and the witchcraft they use are basically the same. These witchcraft have a long history and are deeply rooted. Another aspect of witch culture is Chinese herbal medicine culture. Folk Chinese herbal medicine in the border areas of Hubei, Chongqing and Shaanxi has local characteristics and has accumulated valuable experience. This is probably the same as the above witchcraft, which is inseparable from the continuation and development of the witch culture of the ancient Yong country. Mediocre people also have advanced casting culture. After the destruction of the Yong state, one of the mediocre people went far away to the mountains of Ouyue (Fujian) in the southeast and became one of the later Yue people in Baiyue. This foreign nation was famous for being good at smelting bronze. It was initially called “Yue people”. Yue and Yong have the same meaning, which refers to the idea of being good at smelting bronze. Yue is a kind of bronze weapon, which also shows that building the country with force One of the characteristics of bayong people who are proficient in smelting is that in ancient times, the word Yue was connected with Yue, and Yue (Yong) people were later called Yue people. The Yue people are the descendants of mediocre people. There are a large number of hanging coffins and cliff burials since the Qin and Han Dynasties in Wuyishan District, which are exactly the same as the customs of mediocre people.

mediocre people can also sing and dance, and invent drum and other musical instruments. Therefore, the ancients sometimes called the big drum “mediocre drum”. Mediocre people are good at singing and dancing, which can be seen in the book of songs. Some works in Jianghan and Yongfeng in the book of songs are probably from Yongfeng. There is a saying in the world that “Ji Fu wrote poetry”. Yin Jifu was a minister of King Wu of Zhou Dynasty. His birthplace was the state of Jun, which was the vassal of the Yong state. Yongguo’s song and dance later developed into folk songs and dramas. Two bamboo high tune, weeding gongs and drums and downtown flower drum tune are mainly originated from the songs and dances of the ancient Yong state.

tea has been used as a beverage in China for thousands of years. As early as the Shang and Zhou dynasties, yong people invented tea and raw lacquer, and took tea and raw lacquer as tribute. As the seat of Shang Yong, the capital of Yong state, there were few historical records of tea before the Tang and Song Dynasties, but it does not mean that tea is not produced here, nor does it mean that Yong state is not one of the birthplaces of Chinese tea culture. It is recorded in the annals of Huayang that “the land of Ba is planted with five grains, six livestock, mulberry, silkworm, hemp, fish, salt, copper, iron, Dan, lacquer, tea and honey.” The origin of lacquer and tea “Ba” actually includes the Three Gorges region of Yong state, that is, xiazhou, Yizhou and other places later. In the Three Gorges area, the tea culture of mediocrity was inherited by the Chu people. Lu Yu said in the book of tea: “if there are two people holding each other in Bashan gorge and river, they will cut it and push it.” The six states in Shannan recorded in the book of tea, of which Jinzhou and xiazhou are all or part of the possessions of the ancient Yong state. “Guangya” said: “tea is picked from Jingba to make cakes, which are made of rice paste. If you drink it first, make it red, mash it, put it in porcelain, pour it over with soup, and use

onion and ginger D. It makes people sleepless when you drink it.” Yongguo is also one of the birthplaces of salt culture in China. The prosperity of the ancient Yong country has a lot to do with its local salt. As early as the Xia and Shang Dynasties, mediocre people developed salt springs to boil salt and opened salt roads to the states of Chu and Qin. The land of Qin was short of salt. After Chu destroyed Yong, he occupied the salt spring of mediocre people to control Qin. The state of Qin sent people to occupy the land of Yuyi and seize the salt spring. According to historical records, the Qin Chu war began with the competition for mediocre salt resources.

in 611 BC, the state of Chu encountered a serious famine and starved many people to death. King Zhuang of Chu “kept quiet and did not fly for three years”. The neighbors of Chu took advantage of their danger to attack Chu. The monarch of the Yong state then set up troops to move eastward and led the troops of Nanman vassal countries to gather in the election (today’s Zhijiang) to attack Chu on a large scale.

King Zhuang of Chu quickly sent envoys to attack Yong state from the belly and back of Pakistan and Qin. In 611 BC, the joint forces of Chu, Qin and Pakistan broke Yong on a large scale, and the Yongdu square city was besieged on all sides, so it was destroyed by the Three Kingdoms, and the king of Chu realized the ambition of “Yong”.

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Yong countries occupy the best position to compete for the Central Plains, but the attack on Chu did not succeed, but became an appendage of Chu, so that Chu can see the emptiness of the Central Plains and enter it. It is really “idle people disturbing themselves”. This is the real origin of the idiom “idle people harass themselves”. The wise mediocre obviously learned this lesson.

after the demise of Yong state, Qin and Chu were connected. In the nearly 400 years of war between the two powerful countries, Yong used to face Qin and dusk Chu. The ancient capital square city in the past constantly changed the war flags of the two countries and fell into trouble. Obviously, such a living situation is unbearable for an ethnic group that once had a glorious history. As early as when the country was destroyed, mediocre people began to migrate tragically to find new homes. Under the eyes of powerful enemies on all sides and wolves everywhere, they had no more choice in their migration route. They had to cross the Xiajiang River along the Wuling mountains and enter the Qingjiang River, Youshui River and Lishui river basins, which are the main distribution areas of Tujia nationality.

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the historical records of the Yong state disappeared with the war of Chu, Qin and Pakistan to destroy Yong, and the mediocre disappeared from history in the migration of fleeing. It can be seen from the place names of Zhangjiajie and Western Hunan that a large ethnic group migrated from the distant Yong country. After the initial conflict with the local ethnic groups, they integrated into the ancestors of Tujia nationality and left us a series of place names: Yongzhou, Dayong River, Shirong River, Dayong beach, Dayong Ping, Dayong mouth, Yongshui, Wuling River… In Western Hubei The mountains in the West and central Hunan are more extensive. Mediocre people lived in harmony with local ethnic groups, and developed Dayong into a Wuling fairyland to avoid the legacy of the Qin Dynasty. Recluse culture became the characteristic of Dayong culture in this period. Throughout the dynasties, this reclusive culture has attracted more people to retire here.

as early as before the mediocre Ju family moved south, the red pine nut who was the same family as the mediocre had already retired to Dayong. In the early origin of Yong culture, Fu Xi’s Bagua painting has developed into Confucianism and Taoism, and Chi Songzi is the founder of Taoism. It is recorded in the biography of Zhenjun that “those who have red pine nuts are also rain masters in Shennong。 Serve water jade to teach Shennong that he can burn himself in the fire. Count to the Kunlun Mountains, often stop in the

mother stone chamber of the Western King, and go up and down with the wind and rain. When the young girls of Yan Emperor chase them, they must all go. When the supreme spirit is high, it becomes the rain master again. ” “Zhili Lizhou annals% 26amp; #8226; fangwai” said: “red pine nut, it is said that it is hidden in Red Pine Mountain (today’s Gate Mountain). So far, there is Danzao.” Red pine nut is indifferent to the world, lives in seclusion in the mountains, cultivates the way of longevity, pioneers the Valley health preservation method, collects hundreds of flowers for food, and enjoys the joy of mountains and forests. It is the founder of a line of Chinese Taoism. Emperor Yan’s daughter loved him very much and followed him around to practice Taoism. Later, Chi Songzi returned to the hermit Dayong, which pioneered China’s hermit culture and pointed out a way for later mediocre people to move south. After Chi Songzi, GUI GuZi also retreated in Dayong. Later, Liu Hou of Han Dynasty also retreated in Dayong. These three people are famous figures in Chinese history, and their retreat is naturally the focus of attention. Compared with these cultural celebrities in Chinese history, more hermits have been lost in the breeze of history and achieved real and perfect seclusion in anonymity. It is the anonymous hermits from generation to generation who hold up the reclusive character of the mediocre culture. Dayong culture is a national recluse legend.