“today, when a lion falls asleep, even a fly dares to fall on its face and cry… Once China is awakened, the world will be shocked.” This sentence quickly spread all over Europe and all over the world, producing a strong sensation until today.

portrait

Napoleon, a powerful generation, was exiled to St. Helena, a small island in the British South Atlantic, and slept there after the defeat of the battle of Waterloo in 1815. This incident still has aftershocks today. As far back as 1502, the Portuguese first arrived at St. Helena, an island once occupied by the Dutch and occupied by the British East India Company. In the 19th century, it became a British colony directly under the jurisdiction of the British governor. Until July 2006, the population of the island was 7502, with Chinese and Indians accounting for 25%.

novels are aimed at Napoleon and the Chinese

in the spring of 1998, the French writer Rene Han’s “a Chinese on St. Helena” (the Chinese translation is renamed “legacy and Napoleon”) was published. Rene Han, Chinese name Han Hui, was born in France in 1930. His biological father Han Han and his biological mother Zhang Menghui were both Chinese students. They returned to China in 1934, but entrusted their son han to a French farmer gaoduo for foster care. Han graduated from the famous French national political academy and later served as the director of the third national television station. He published the autobiographical novel a Chinese in Burgundy and won the “French Academy literature award” and “Rotary International Literature Award”.

Jun Yu, the protagonist of the holy novel, has lived through the Qianlong,, and three dynasties. In 1810, the 40 year old Jun Yu was sent by Emperor Jiaqing to take the merchant ship of the East India Company to Britain to explore the reality. However, he was stolen all his money by British sailors and driven off the ship. He became a slave on St. Helena Island and met Napoleon. Napoleon died of illness in 1821. Jun Yu volunteered to keep Napoleon’s tomb for 20 years. He didn’t leave the island until the emperor’s remains were transported back to France and returned to Rehe, China, his hometown of 30 years.

another novel is “Napoleon’s Chinese spy”, written by French doctor Brent in 2010. The story time is from October 1815, when Napoleon was escorted to St. Helena Island to his death on the island in May 1821. More than 600 Cantonese on the island are managed by three elderly leaders, and all the rules are like in the land of the Qing Dynasty. Chen Jin is the son of jiaqingdi’s teacher, who accompanied him in his childhood. He accepted the emperor’s will and came to the island to secretly collect British intelligence. When Napoleon talked about China with ameste, the British envoy who returned from China, Chen Jin happened to be present. After listening to Napoleon, he thought that Napoleon could become an ally of the Qing Dynasty. From then on, he became Napoleon’s eyes and ears. Under the cover of pretending not to know a foreign language, he collected intelligence for Napoleon. Napoleon also trusted Chen Jin and taught him the opportunity to defeat the British. Napoleon also fell in love with Yi Lian, the niece of a Chinese leader. This beautiful girl became Napoleon’s last lover.

in history, there were 23 Guangfu people working in the prison of Napoleon.

why did the French novels all focus on Napoleon and the Chinese at the same time, because there were similar real events in history –

in 1810, The East India Company transported hundreds of coolies from Huangpu, Guangzhou to St. Helena as construction workers. When Napoleon was imprisoned on St. Helena, he invited captain Basel hall, a British naval officer passing by. Napoleon pointed to the Chinese gardener in the garden outside the window and said to hor, “you see, these people are very kind. They have talent, wisdom and self-esteem. They will never be enslaved by the British or any other Westerners for a long time.” (Chen Hansheng: “piggy going abroad — how seven million Chinese workers were abducted abroad”)

at that time, the governor of the island, Peterson, “Most of these Cantonese are employed in agriculture, such as fencing land, leveling land, burning wasteland, driving cars, planting and harvesting potatoes, and other jobs. Some people have become very skilled farmers,” he said “The company pays them a shilling a day to ration their food. In this way, they can perform military service, such as towing artillery cars and transporting ammunition; in short, their employment is similar to that of Indian artillery.”

when Napoleon arrived on the island, he saw many Guangzhou people working and living here, up to 646, of which 23 worked in the house where Napoleon was imprisoned. On the island, they were asked not to keep Chinese names, but to match them with numbers. So far, there are descendants of these Guangzhou people on the island. In 2002, on the 500th anniversary of the discovery of the island, a local Chinese descendant also published a research book on this aspect.

when Napoleon was emperor, the first French Chinese dictionary published

. When Napoleon was emperor, he read a lot of missionary records, envoys’ reports and travel notes about China. At his request, the first French Chinese dictionary was published, and he also ordered the establishment of Chinese subjects in the French public college, which is the first time that Chinese studies has entered a university subject in western history.

in 1793, Britain sent Macartney mission to visit China, eager to open China’s trade portal, but was rejected by Emperor Qianlong. On February 8, 1816, Britain sent ameste to lead a delegation to China again. When ameste and his delegation arrived outside Tianjin, they were driven out of the country by the Chinese government because they were unwilling to kneel down to Emperor Jiaqing and claimed that “the principal and Deputy envoys were in poor health”. On the way home, I passed St. Helena and met Napoleon.

Napoleon criticized ameste for not kneeling down to the Chinese emperor, saying: “a diplomat who refuses to kowtow is disrespectful to the emperor. Macartney and ameste proposed that the Chinese monarch promised to kowtow to him if he sent an envoy to Britain! The Chinese people are right to refuse. A Chinese envoy came to LondonDun, the king should be given the same gift as a British minister or a winner of the gard Knight Medal. Your envoy’s request is completely absurd. The idea of equating envoys with their monarchs is completely wrong: agreements signed by them are not valid without the approval of the authorities sending them. No monarch will ever regard an envoy as a person of equal status with him. Can the LORD sent to Turkey not wear the required Piri robe when summoned by the Sudan All sensible Englishmen should regard refusal to kowtow as unforgivable. It makes no sense to follow British customs when meeting the Chinese emperor. ” Napoleon mocked: “if the British custom is not to kiss the king’s hand, but to kiss his ass, do you want the Chinese emperor to take off his pants?”

ameste believed that only war could open the door of China. Napoleon commented with contempt: “it is the greatest folly in the world to fight this vast and rich empire.” “At first you may succeed. You will seize their ships and destroy their military and commercial facilities, but you will also let them understand their own strength. They will think; they will build ships and equip themselves with artillery. They will invite Gunners from France, the United States and even London to build a fleet to defeat you.” Ameste retorted: “behind the seemingly strong, China is a giant with clay feet and is very weak.” Napoleon is not a weak lion in his sleep. “Today, when a lion falls asleep, even a fly dares to fall on its face and cry… Once China is awakened, the world will be shocked.” This sentence quickly spread all over Europe and all over the world, producing a strong sensation until today.

Napoleon sighed on his deathbed and said, “my unfortunate Chinese!”

on September 27, 1935, the Shanghai “zilinxi newspaper” published an article “Napoleon and the Chinese”, referring to the fact that Guangzhou workers worked for Napoleon on the island in the letter of LV Yanshi, a British officer guarding Napoleon. In 1820, the Marquis and all the servants of Napoleon worked hard on the fence. Since 1824, the Marquis and the Marquis have worked hard in person Another letter said: “General Napoleon supervised the work in the house until 2 p.m. yesterday and repaired the wall. The four Chinese employed in the garden resented general Napoleon because the general gave a bottle of wine to the Chinese working in the house, that is, the repairer of the fallen wall, instead of giving it to the gardener, so they angrily refused to obey what the general ordered them to do. The general was furious and was about to die They were driven away. ”