Chapter 1 natural and man-made disasters section 1 Introduction to

of Kanto earthquake in Japan

Japan is an archipelago country located in the Pacific Ocean in eastern Asia. Due to the long-term erosion and cutting of crustal folds and fault forces, Japan’s terrain is very strange, with tortuous coast and many harbors. Japan is located on the volcanic seismic belt on the West Bank of the Pacific Ocean. There are two volcanic belts in the East and west respectively. There are more than 200 volcanoes in China, of which 13 are active volcanoes. It is a famous volcanic country in the world. In addition, volcanic earthquakes are also quite frequent. On average, there are about four earthquakes a day in the country. Near Tokyo, Japan, there will be one sensed earthquake every three days, and there are countless non sensed earthquakes. Therefore, Japan is also known as the “earthquake country”. The terrible scenes caused by the

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earthquakes have left unforgettable memories for people, such as the San Francisco earthquake in 1906, the Mexico earthquake in 1985, the Tangshan earthquake in 1976 and the Wenchuan earthquake in 2008. However, for the Japanese with a history of more than 2000 earthquakes, The most unforgettable thing for them is the Kanto earthquake on September 1, 1923… The history of

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September 1, 1923 is a Saturday, which is a lively and busy scene in Yokohama and Tokyo, Japan. Most people are enjoying their weekends except for some hard-working workers who are still busy in the office building. The streets are bustling, every shop is crowded with shoppers, and the station is a sea of people. People are happily ready to go on vacation.

bridge collapsed in the earthquake

at 11:58 a.m., there was a sudden “quack” sound in the Kanto Plain, and then the earth shook up, followed by a burst of left and right shaking, up and down shaking and ups and downs. People screamed and struggled to escape from the crumbling house, but their feet didn’t listen and shook with the earth. Soon, houses could not stand the violent shaking of the earth and collapsed. Many people were stunned by the sudden earthquake. They watched the collapsed buildings rush towards them. Some people were lucky enough to move out of their houses, but they couldn’t escape the continuous misfortune behind them. Lots of houses have been falling down, and many people have been killed, injured or buried in the ruins. The rumble of the earthquake, the groans of the injured and the cries for help rang out.

earthquakes continue. With the collapse of houses, huge cracks suddenly appear on the earth. Many people who just avoided the collapsed houses fell into the cracks and were drowned alive by the gushing groundwater. Those who were not drowned just wanted to climb out of the cracks, but the cracks suddenly closed, and many people were squeezed alive. The car that fell into the crack and the people on it were squeezed into iron meat patties by the merciless earth, and there was a howling sound from the crack. Some cracks also spewed out water columns, and the people who had just been squeezed to death in the cracks were sprayed to the ground by strong water. The water flowing on the ground was soon dyed red… There were scenes of hell on earth everywhere.

the violent crustal movement caused by the powerful earthquake caused the collapse of the mountains and large landslides in many places. A huge forest slid down the valley from the mountain at the speed of more than 90 kilometers per hour, swept through a village, ran over a railway, rolled into Xiangmo bay with a large number of human bodies, and the sea water thousands of meters around was instantly stained with blood. Cracks in the

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earthquake happened at noon. Citizens were busy cooking lunch, and many families were on fire. When the earthquake hit, the stove turned upside down and flames splashed everywhere. Tokyo and Yokohama, which are located in the Kanto region, are not only densely populated, but also houses with wooden structures. The collapsed houses caught fire instantly. At this time, the gas pipeline damaged by the earthquake is still emitting gas. In the twinkling of an eye, Tokyo and other places have become a sea of fire, and bursts of explosions continue to come. The shockwave caused by the

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earthquake aroused a huge gale here. The fire that could not be extinguished became more vigorous at this time. The gale spread the fire in all directions. Factories, houses, schools, hospitals… Are burning everywhere. It seems that the whole Tokyo and Yokohama City have been swallowed by the fire, and there are explosions everywhere.

the vast sea of fire in Tokyo covers an area of dozens of square kilometers. As soon as the updraft formed by the flame meets the cold air at high altitude, it forms a large cloud, but this cloud does not contain water vapor, but brewing a terrible tornado. That afternoon, about 50 huge tornadoes formed over Tokyo. In Tokyo, there are few people who have survived the collapse of houses, happened to escape the cracks in the earth and miraculously avoided the sea of fire after experiencing the ravage of tornadoes.

the violent tornado brought the fireball to the Japanese army quilt factory, and the fire quickly swallowed up the inventory of clothing. The quilt factory has an open space the size of a stadium, which is crowded with tens of thousands of asylum seekers who fled here. Before those who fled here in confusion could be glad that they escaped from the tiger’s mouth, the fire rushed here from all directions and surrounded the quilt factory as quickly as possible. All the exits were sealed by fire, people were desperate, and the fire began to devour everyone’s life. The victims trapped in the encirclement were in a mess and bumped around like headless flies. They were trampled to death even if they were not burned by the fire. Finally, nearly 40000 people who took refuge here were spared, and the scene was terrible.

at that time, some people ran to beaches, docks and ports to escape the fire. People running to the beach jumped into the sea and grabbed some floating debris and the edge of the boat. But before long, the oil depot near the beach was also closedIt was attacked and exploded by the fire. 100000 tons of oil was injected into Yokohama Bay, and then the fire ignited the oil on the water surface. At this time, Yokohama Bay completely turned into a sea of fire. The water near the beach was steaming hot, and those who were lucky not to be burned were also burned to death by the boiling sea water. Those who finally ran to the dock and port thought they were finally safe, but the great disaster was not completely over. Because the epicenter of the earthquake was located at the bottom of Xiangmo Bay, the strong submarine crustal movement caused huge waves in the sea, and a large-scale tsunami occurred again. The victims who suddenly turned back suddenly found that the big waves more than ten meters high were running towards them. They immediately ran in panic, and many people were trampled to death. The falling waves made countless people instantly swallowed up, or rolled into the sea, or thrown into the sky. The surging sea water also poured into the urban area. Almost all those buried under the ruins waiting for rescue were drowned.

hell on earth

after a series of disaster attacks, Tokyo and Yokohama have become a complete hell on earth. The streets are crisscrossed with gullies. Roofs, bed boards, doors and windows, ship fragments and human bodies are everywhere, and some are even glowing with stars. However, just after the natural disaster, the man-made disaster came again.

at that time, Japan was ruled by the ailing and incompetent emperor, but under the Regency of his 23-year-old son Hirohito. After the disaster, crown prince Hirohito stepped up the mobilization of troops. On the one hand, he sent people to patrol the affected cities to prevent the occurrence of acts of making ill gotten gains by taking advantage of the post disaster chaos. Anyone who robbed or looted property from the dead shall be executed on the spot; On the other hand, he announced the implementation of military law control through general mastaro Fukuda at that time, and sent people to spread rumors: “there is a huge catfish lying under the Japanese islands. Whenever the God is dissatisfied with the Japanese people, the catfish will turn over and make a commotion. Therefore, the people who offend the God must be found out to thank the God and prevent future trouble.” Then he pointed the finger at the North Koreans, accusing them of offending the gods.

interior minister Shuiye issued instructions to the whole country: “North Koreans, Chinese, socialists, gamblers and hooligans should do their best to set fire and plunder, and all localities should take strict precautions.” Faced with the bewitchment of fanatical militarists, people in Tokyo, Yokohama and other places were terrified. The gendarmerie, police, army and right-wing elements took the opportunity to kill. Many irrational Japanese people also spontaneously organized “self police groups”. They wandered around and caught them when they saw the North Koreans, or threw them into the fire, or cut off their limbs and threw them into the sea, or cut them open.

at the same time, Chinese workers in Japan have also become victims. In Japan, a large number of Chinese workers once lived in badingmu, Oshima, in the east of Dujiang District, Tokyo. On September 3, more than 300 Japanese armed with guns rushed here. After robbing the property of the Chinese workers, they forced them to lie on the ground by means of deception and intimidation, and then accidentally smashed them with various tools, resulting in the death of more than 200 Chinese workers. In other parts of Japan, a large number of Chinese workers were killed with random sticks and knives. Many Chinese workers who survived the earthquake disaster were brutally killed by these radical Japanese. It was later estimated that nearly 10000 North Koreans and more than 700 Chinese were killed in the massacre triggered by rumors.

earthquake statistics

Kanto region of Japan is in the Middle East of Honshu Island, with a total area of 30000 square kilometers. Jingbin Industrial Zone, an important industrial zone in Japan, is in Kanto region. With dense population, developed industry and prosperous economy, it is the political, economic and cultural center of Japan. According to afterwards statistics, the earthquake in Kanto, Japan reached 8.1 on the Richter scale, and the epicenter was located in Xiangmo Bay, about 70 ~ 80 kilometers southwest of Tokyo. After the

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earthquake, 85% of the houses in Tokyo collapsed and 96% of the houses in Yokohama were razed to the ground. A total of 143000 people were killed and more than 200000 injured in the affected areas of Kanto; Among them, the densely populated Tokyo area suffered the most, with the largest number of deaths, reaching 71000, including 56000 people burned by the fire, more than 10000 people swallowed by the tsunami, and more than 3000 people crushed by the collapse of houses; Property losses amounted to $30 billion, while leaving more than 2 million people homeless.

in the face of the occasional outbreak of natural forces, people always realize their insignificance in an instant. In the intense natural disasters, countless people died or disappeared, and a large number of houses collapsed, which brought us immeasurable losses every time. However, we should think more seriously about how to coexist peacefully with nature. At the same time, we also need to realize that disasters such as earthquakes are beyond our control. The only thing we can do is to strengthen our own protective measures, such as building stronger houses that can resist higher-level earthquakes. Only in this way can we effectively reduce the harm of natural disasters.

after the great earthquake in Kanto area

Encyclopedia

after the earthquake, we should quickly save ourselves or people, but when taking action, we must pay special attention to the following points:

1. After the earthquake, The sewage system often fails. The subsequent water pollution and rotten bodies in the ruins can cause the spread of diseases, so we must bury all animal and human bodies as soon as possible.

2. Do not hide in damaged buildings or ruins.

3. In the wild, never enter the cave to prevent collapse; Don’t stay on the top of the mountain or on the hillside with gravel, so as to avoid being hurt by falling stones.

4. When rescuing the ruins, be sure to wear safety helmets and other necessary protective articles.

5. Do not enter inclined or cracked buildings to rescue items immediately to prevent aftershocks.

6. Pay special attention to environmental and personal hygiene, filter and boil drinking water.