battle background

battle against Malaysia is a naval battle in the strait between the Korean Peninsula and Honshu, Japan in the Japanese Russian war in 1905.

since the outbreak of the Russo Japanese War, with a series of losses on land and at sea, the Russian Pacific Fleet was severely damaged by the Japanese joint fleet under the command of general Hirako toxiang and blocked in Lushun Port. The Tsarist government finally realized the seriousness of the situation and decided to send a fleet from the sea to rescue the crisis of Lushun Port. The number of ships in the whole Russian naval fleet was originally three times that of the Japanese Navy, but it was scattered into the Baltic Fleet, the Black Sea fleet and the Pacific Fleet. Although on the surface the strength of the Russian fleet is considerable, it is difficult for the old and new warships in the fleet to coordinate their actions; The officers and men of the newly commissioned warships are not yet proficient; The quality of officers and soldiers is low and their morale is generally low. Therefore, according to the supply situation of the Russian fleet, the commander of Japan’s joint fleet, Hirako Tohoku, concluded that the Russian fleet would go directly to Vladivostok through the Strait of Juma. On May 20, 1905, Tohoku ordered the whole fleet to enter the battle position and wait for the arrival of the Russian fleet. On May 25, the Russian fleet set out from nearby, arrived near Shanghai on the 26th, entered the Strait of Damon in the early morning of the 27th, and got into the encirclement of the Japanese fleet.

at 4:45 a.m. on the 27th, the Japanese Auxiliary cruiser “shinunomaru” found the Russian fleet. At 5:05, Dongxiang ordered all the fleets to attack. An hour later, the Japanese fleet began to follow the Russian fleet, and the two sides had a tentative exchange of fire at 11:15 p.m. At 11:30 p.m., Russian fleet commander rozjestevinsky ordered to change the formation to facilitate the battle. He ordered the first and second units to accelerate to 11 knots and drive in front of another column. However, the formation of the whole Russian fleet fell into chaos because he did not order the other column to slow down at the same time. At 1:30 p.m., Japan and Russia were close to 10 nautical miles (18.52 kilometers), and the Russian fleet had not recovered the chaotic formation. At 1:55 p.m., Hirako Dongxiang imitated Nelson in the battle of Trafalgar and sent out the signal of “the rise and fall of the imperial country in this war, and all members worked hard”. At 2:5 p.m., in order to obtain a favorable attack position, Dongxiang resolutely ordered the enemy to make a big turn in front of the enemy, that is, the famous “U” turn. At 2:08, the flagship of the Russian fleet, the Duke of Suvorov, opened fire on the Japanese fleet. At 2:11, the flagship of the Japanese fleet that completed the turn, the “mithrika” fired back. The main ships of the two sides began the artillery battle within 6000 meters, and the naval battle against Malaysia officially began.

campaign after the

Japanese fleet completed the “U” turn in 16 minutes, gradually adopted the tactics of seizing the T-shaped cross head to cross the Russian fleet and attack the Russian leading warship. During the turning process of the Japanese fleet, the Russian fleet wounded two Japanese armored cruisers “sunrise” and “shallow”. However, after the turning was completed, the Japanese fleet gradually seized the initiative in the battlefield by taking advantage of its high speed and firing speed, as well as the power of artillery and ammunition. The flagship of the Russian fleet “Duke Suvorov” was intensively and violently fired by Japanese artillery, At 2:20 p.m., the rudder of the ship was broken, the warship lost control, and the fleet commander rozjestevinsky was also seriously injured. The “Duke of Suvorov” whose superstructure was broken was forced to withdraw from the battle line and float on the sea, and the Russian fleet fell into a chaotic situation without command.

the flagship of the second Russian detachment “oslyabia” was heavily hit by the concentrated bombardment of six Japanese warships. Soon after, a crack was torn near the waterline of the bow, and the sea continued to pour in. The bow began to sink. It sank at about 3:30 p.m., leaving only more than 300 of the 900 officers and soldiers of the ship alive. Since then, the battleships “III”, “Borodino”, “Eagle” and “sisoyi viliki” that lost their unified command have also suffered heavy losses.

the battle of the Malaysian sea

while the battleships were engaged, the cruisers of both sides were also engaged in fierce confrontation. The cruiser exchange of fire began at about 2:45 p.m., mainly between the Japanese third and fourth corps and the Russian cruiser unit. During the battle, three Japanese cruisers were seriously damaged and several Russian auxiliary ships were caught in fire.

by about 4 p.m., the Russian fleet had been defeated, and the channel to Vladivostok had been blocked. Due to the frequent loss of contact between the two fleets in the smoke, the route was chaotic, and the two sides entered a scuffle. At 0445, the Japanese fifth and sixth Corps went into battle. Soon, the Russian cruiser “Svetlana” was sunk. Another old cruiser “Donskoy” tenaciously resisted the siege of six Japanese cruisers and injured two of them (“wave speed” and “sound feather”), and then the crew scuttled and sank by themselves to avoid capture. “Oleg”, “Avril”, “Pearl” and several other destroyers and auxiliary ships failed to break through to the north, so they fled south to the Philippines. The main ships of

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met twice at 4:45 and 5:30, but the Russian warships were seriously damaged and unable to launch a powerful attack. As a result, three battleships were sunk one after another. At 7 p.m., the battleship Alexander III, which was riddled with holes, sank and all the crew were killed. 10 minutes later, the ammunition depot of the “Borodino” was hit by the Japanese “Fuji”. The ammunition depot was destroyed and caused a boiler explosion. It sank immediately, and only one officer and soldier of the ship was rescued. The flagship “Duke Suvorov” floating on the sea was still shelled by the Japanese side. The Russian Destroyer “fury” ventured close to the flagship to pick up the wounded on board, including admiral rozjestevinsky. At 7:20, the Japanese destroyer launched a torpedo to sink the “Duke of Suvorov”, and only 20 people survived. At 7:30 p.m., all heavy Japanese ships withdrew from the battlefield and prepared to launch night attacks with torpedo boats and destroyers. The daytime battle came to an end.

from 7:30 p.m. to 5 a.m. the next day, 21 Japanese destroyers and 37 torpedo boats launched torpedo attacks on the remaining Russian ships. Most of the Russian third team survived because they had received anti torpedo attack training. Most of the ships of the second unit were sunk, “sisoi Willy