Naxalites, also known as Maoism, Maoism and the Communist Party of India (MAO), originated from the peasant uprising in 1967 and are a branch separated from the Communist Party of India.

data map: training photos of Naxalites armed elements

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“outstanding achievements”

Naxalites, also known as Maoism, Maoism, the Communist Party of India (MAO), originated from the peasant uprising in 1967, It is a branch separated from the Communist Party of India. Originally, it mainly took West Bengal as the activity center. After a long period of low tide, the armed forces launched attacks against government agencies and police departments again in 2004. The activity site has expanded from West Bengal to 17 states, with a control area of 92000 square kilometers. A “red corridor” has been established from northeast to southwest of India.

hinders the rise of India

India is determined to become an influential power in the world. Its goal is to maintain a high economic growth of 9% ~ 10% in the next 10 years, become a developed country by 2020, and its GDP in 2050 will be second only to China and surpass the United States. However, with the increase of riots in India, more and more people began to doubt whether India could achieve its goals. Even some Indian officials said: “some parts of India are deeply trapped in the quagmire of terrorist riots, like a giant tied up.” Indeed, the growing Naxalites are having an increasingly adverse impact on India’s rise.

“can the revolution succeed

although the Naxalites have made the Indian government in a mess and brought some trouble to the rise of India, it is by no means easy for them to establish a red regime in order to achieve the success of the” revolution “.

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internationally, no one dares to belittle India. It not only possesses nuclear weapons and intercontinental missiles, but also has sustained and rapid economic growth and rapid rise momentum. At home, however, India has been plagued by Kashmiri religious extremism, northeast separatism and Naxalites. Among these three forces, the Naxalites are the most troublesome to India. Prime Minister Singh has repeatedly called it the biggest single threat in India. Although there are no advanced weapons and equipment, the Naxalites always succeed in sneak attacks, which makes the government tired of coping. On May 28, the Naxalites succeeded again by overturning a moving train.

“remarkable achievements”

in the early morning of that day, a passenger train derailed 150 kilometers away from Calcutta, the capital of West Bengal, and 13 carriages derailed. Three of them overturned on an adjacent rail and collided with an oncoming freight train, causing heavy casualties. As of May 31, 148 people had been killed and 145 injured, of which 35 were seriously injured. After the tragedy of

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, Indian departments unanimously recognized that it was the Naxalites’ rebels. Indian police said that before the incident, 150 Naxalites had gathered in a village near the site of the incident, and there were two large posters they discarded at the scene. Senior police officer manuz said more directly: “we have confirmed who did this incident. They are Nasar rebels. We are arresting these rebels and will bring them to justice.” The Indian Minister of railways, Mamata Banerjee, who rushed to the scene after the incident, also confirmed: “the on-site investigation found that the railway splint was artificially damaged before the incident, and a section of track (about 4.5 meters) was probably removed by Naxalites before the incident, which led to the derailment of the train.”

Naxalites, also known as Maoism, Maoism and the Communist Party of India (MAO), originated from the peasant uprising in 1967. They are a branch separated from the Communist Party of India. Originally, they mainly took West Bengal as the activity center. After a long period of low tide, the armed forces made a comeback in 2004 and launched frequent attacks on government institutions and police departments. The activity site has expanded from West Bengal to 17 states, with a control area of 92000 square kilometers. A “red corridor” has been established from northeast to southwest of India.

although the Naxalites have only about 25000 armed personnel (50000 peripheral members at the village level) and use relatively simple weapons (mostly rifles, submachine guns and rockets), the Naxalites have achieved “remarkable achievements”. 91% of violent incidents and 89% of deaths caused by violence in India are related to it. From 2004 to 2009, the Naxalites launched 10064 violent incidents, resulting in 4246 deaths. In these events, there is no lack of shocking actions. In November 2005, more than 1000 Naxalites raided jhanabad prison in Bihar, released about 350 Naxalites prisoners, including a Kanu, one of the party leaders, and took hundreds of guns and a large amount of ammunition. In December 2007, the Naxalites repeated their old tricks, attacked a prison in Chattisgarh and rescued 299 Naxalites. In March 2009, the Naxalites hijacked a train carrying more than 300 passengers and released the detainees nearly five hours later. In April 2010, the Naxalites attacked the central police force and the local police of Chattisgarh, resulting in the death of 76 police officers, including a deputy commander of the central police force and a local police chief. Many others were injured, while the Communist Party of India (Maoist) was only one dead and one injured. This is the biggest casualty suffered by the Indian police force in recent years.

hinders the rise of India

India is determined to become an influential power in the world. Its goal is to maintain a high economic growth of 9% ~ 10% in the next 10 years, become a developed country by 2020, and its GDP in 2050 will be second only to China and surpass the United States. However, withWith the increase of riots in India, more and more people begin to doubt whether India can achieve its goals. Even some Indian officials say: “some parts of India are deeply trapped in the quagmire of terrorist riots, just like a giant tied up.” Indeed, the growing Naxalites are having an increasingly adverse impact on India’s rise. One of the

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is that India’s national security is threatened. Different from the other two forces, the Naxalites do not want to split the country, but to overthrow the existing regime, establish the so-called red socialist regime and finally realize communism. In terms of ideological identity, the Naxalites have greater appeal among the lower class poor people than the armed factions that simply demand separation, which is the fundamental reason why the Naxalites can continue to grow. Naxalites are India’s largest rebels in terms of territory, population and threat to national security. India is not even right about its domestic security. How can we talk about its rise? So far, no major country has been found to rise under such arrogant rebels.

the second is that it has consumed too much energy and financial resources in India. India has gone to great lengths to deal with the Naxalites. I talked about it and played it, but it didn’t work. Reluctantly, in June 2009, the Indian government declared the Naxalites a terrorist organization and planned to invest $30 billion in upgrading weapons and equipment from November 2009 to 2014, which took five years to eliminate them. This $30 billion is only the budget for upgrading equipment, and the actual expenditure is much higher than this figure. From recruiting, training and dispatching police, to repairing facilities damaged by Naxalites, to resettling hundreds of thousands of refugees who fled their homes due to the war, a lot of funds are needed. Despite its good development momentum in recent years, India is not well-off, its infrastructure is still relatively backward, and 13% of the population still lives below the poverty line. Using a lot of energy and financial resources to deal with the Naxalites has not only distracted the government from developing the economy, but also reduced investment in the economic field.

the third is to hinder investment. Central and eastern India has the richest mineral and timber resources in the country. For example, chatisgarh has the richest iron ore, coal, bauxite and other mineral resources in India. Bihar also ranks among the best in India in terms of land and mineral resources, and its tourism resources are more unique. However, these areas are under the control of the Naxalites. The five states with the most active Naxalites account for 85% of India’s total coal reserves. As Naxalites often launch attacks to “impose heavy taxes” on developers or extort money (at least US $300 million a year), their safety is not guaranteed, and many investors dare not bet in these areas. In June 2007, the Naxalites announced an “economic blockade” on six states in the middle and East. As a result, a series of violent activities broke out immediately in these States, and the economic activities of some states were really paralyzed. After that, some investors withdrew their investment. In West Bengal, for security reasons, the plant built by a large Indian steel company with an investment of US $7 billion has been delayed from running, while India’s famous Tata Group has simply abandoned its plan to invest in the production of mini cars in the state. With regard to the damage to the investment environment by the Naxalites, an old Indian professor once pointed out: “chatysgarh is rich in mineral resources, but no one is willing to invest and set up factories there.” Due to the lack of foreign investment, these areas are relatively poor. For example, the poor and illiterate population in Bihar ranks first in India. In order to survive, the impoverished people will in turn support the Naxalites. This is a vicious circle.

“can the revolution succeed

although the Naxalites have made the Indian government in a mess and brought some trouble to the rise of India, it is by no means easy for them to establish a red regime in order to achieve the success of the” revolution “.

first of all, in the era of globalization in which modern communication and information technology is highly developed, military means are advanced and diverse, and political economy is increasingly interdependent, it is very difficult for the Naxalites to seize power by relying on the armed model of “Xiaomi plus rifle” and “rural Encircling Cities”. In the past, this way of struggle was called revolution, but now it is regarded as terrorism, global fighting, and the climate is not conducive to the Naxalites at all. If the Naxalites want to survive for a long time, they can only find another way. In this regard, the practice of the Maoists in Nepal may be worth learning from. After nearly 10 years of guerrilla warfare, the Nepalese Maoists, who share the same faith with the Indian Maoists, finally chose the path of peacefully seizing power through Parliament.

secondly, India is a rising and highly ungrateful country, which hopes to make achievements both internationally and domestically. This determines that India will not tolerate the Naxalites indefinitely and let them act wantonly. In other words, when the Naxalites really threaten the state power and become a stumbling block to national prosperity and prosperity, India will encircle and suppress them at all costs. All along, India has used the police force to fight against Naxalites without using the national regular army (the central reserve police force is not the regular army). Because according to Indian law, the regular army is mainly responsible for foreign operations and will intervene only when domestic security deteriorates extremely. India’s military strength is not bad. If it really starts, Naxalites may not be its opponent. The current situation is that as the Naxalites become more and more arrogant, the possibility of regular Indian army intervention is gradually increasing. Just the day after the train was attacked, Indian defense minister Anthony held talks with army commander Singh. Anthony said the government would seriously consider sending an army. A government official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said that the army was ready to enter areas where Naxalites were heavily armed at any time, pending a decision by the government.

finally, the supporters of Naxalites are mainly in poor rural areas. They influence the attitude of local politicians towards Naxalites through votes; But in cities and richer rural areas, Naxalites do not have many hard core “fans”, people there are more opposed to it. Even the Communist Party of India and the Communist Party of India (MA), both left-wing political parties, do not agree with the Naxalites’ struggle line, saying that it is too bloody and cruel. Moreover, as more and more innocent lives are lost, the voice of denouncing Naxalites in India is also rising, calling on the government to intensify its crackdown. Given that there is not much public support in the country, it is unrealistic for the Naxalites to rely on the masses to seize power.