in order to implement the Yalta agreement, the Soviet Union decided to recover the Kuril islands occupied by the Japanese army by force and launched the famous “gatekeeping war”.

on the night of August 15, 1945, the 101st infantry division of the Soviet army and the Pacific Fleet were ordered to carry out landing operations. The key to the battle is to win the Zhanshou Island nearest to the Kamchatka Peninsula. It has two intact naval bases, Piangang and Baiyuan port. Winning here is equivalent to controlling the whole Kuril Islands.

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the so-called “four northern islands” are the words of Japan. Russia calls them the South Kuril Islands, which refer to the four islands in the south of the Kuril Islands, i.e. selective capture, Satan, toothdance and guohou. In the late second world war, in return for the Soviet Union’s sending troops to attack Japan, the Soviet Union, the United States and Britain stipulated in the Yalta agreement that “the Kuril Islands must be handed over to the Soviet Union.” Since then, the Soviet Union (including now Russia) has actually controlled the above-mentioned territory. However, Japan believes that it has never given up its request to recover the “four northern islands”.

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the Soviet Army decided to recover the

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Kuril Islands by force (Russia called the “Kuril Islands” and Japan called the “four northern islands”). According to Japan, it refers to the four islands of selective capture, Satan, toothdance and the back of the country, which have been inhabited and lived by Japanese since ancient times. In the 18th century, the north and south parts of the Kuril Islands belonged to Japan and Russia. In the 19th century, tsarist Russia occupied the Kuril Islands, including the four northern islands, and Sakhalin Island (Sakhalin Island). In 1905, due to the failure of the Russo Japanese War, tsarist Russia was forced to transfer control of the Kuril Islands and South Sakhalin Island to Japan through the Treaty of Portsmouth.

after Japan established its foothold there, it not only closed the export of Russia to the Pacific Ocean, but also closed the sea passage to the ports of Kamchatka and Chukchi Peninsula, becoming a base for attacking the coastal area and the Far East.

during the Second World War, the Japanese army strengthened the defense of the Kuril Islands, gathered 80000 troops, built 9 airports and could accommodate nearly 600 aircraft, including 23000 Japanese troops occupying the island and supported by the 11th combat vehicle wing.

in February 1945, before Japan’s defeat, the Yalta agreement between the Soviet Union, the United States and Britain on the issue of postwar Japan stipulated that the whole Kuril Islands, including the optional capture, the empress of the country, the Setan and the toothdance Islands, were all assigned to the Soviet Union.

in order to implement the Yalta agreement, the Soviet Union decided to recover the Kuril islands occupied by the Japanese army by force and launched the famous “gatekeeping war”.

on the night of August 15, 1945, the 101st infantry division of the Soviet army and the Pacific Fleet were ordered to carry out landing operations. The key to the battle is to win the Zhanshou Island nearest to the Kamchatka Peninsula. It has two intact naval bases, Piangang and Baiyuan port. Winning here is equivalent to controlling the whole Kuril Islands.

made a midnight landing and launched a surprise attack

in order to achieve the effect of the surprise attack, the Soviet army made a highly difficult midnight landing. Due to the heavy fog that night, the Soviet army was unable to send out aircraft support, and could only rely on the artillery fire of shore guns and escort destroyers to cover the landing forces.

at 2:35 on August 18, the Soviet shore Artillery Force shelled the Zhanshou island from the lopat fort on the Kamchatka Peninsula 12 kilometers away, and the Soviet fleet led by the cruiser “Kirov” also smashed the 180 mm Katyusha rocket at the Japanese.

at the beginning of the battle, the Japanese army did not know what had happened, because they were shooting at them from the sea to the back. The Japanese command could not judge what troops landed and how many people there were. It was not until it heard the cry of “ula” in Russian on the battlefield that it understood that the Soviet army was coming.

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at 4:30, the Soviet landing fleet approached Piangang, the naval base of Zhanshou island. The troops wanted to seize the beach in a narrow 3-kilometer section and occupy the commanding heights of guoduanqi and the 171st highland. The slowing Japanese army tried hard to stop the follow-up troops of the Soviet army from landing. The Japanese used the sea fog to try to recover their decline with fierce artillery fire.

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the Soviet landing ship No. 1 was directly hit by Japanese shells and the cabin was damaged. Despite the harsh environment in which he was injured and half of the sailors died, Lieutenant astlub pretended that the warship exploded and lost combat effectiveness under the cover of thick fog, so as to confuse the Japanese army. Then, taking advantage of the weakening of the shelling, he organized the remaining personnel to repair and plug the loopholes, so that the warship could continue to perform its mission again.

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are at the landing site, and the Communists are charging ahead. When a warship was shot and caught fire and was about to explode, Captain yermashev, a member of the 373rd infantry regiment, picked up the regiment flag and shouted, “the regiment flag is in my hand, come with me! Move forward, boys!” He was the first to jump into the cold water and swim to the shore, and other officers and soldiers rushed forward with him. In the chaos of

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, the Soviet army paid a high price, but a lucky shell from the Soviet frigate hit the lighthouse in guoduanqi and caused a fire. The fire provided a good orientation for the landing fleet to sail to the shore in the thick fog. At about 5 a.m., the Soviet landing troops finally built two solid bridgeheads in Piangang Bay.

Soviet soldiers blocked the shooting hole with their bodies.

as the sky brightened, both the Soviet Union and Japan began to understand their respective battlefield situation. In the area less than 3 kilometers around the port, who can move forward means killing his opponent.

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from 6 a.m., the Japanese army took heavy artillery fire as a cover and used a coalition (Regiment) scale charge to try to drive the Soviet army into the sea. The Japanese understood that once the Soviet army had a foothold here, their resistance would be meaningless.

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were used in the trench excavated by Soviet engineers, both sides used bayonets, spades and butt shovel, because the Soviet Union was mostly soldiers of high stature, and they had the upper hand in either fighting or fighting.

at 14:00 p.m., the Japanese army put their last reserve team, the 11th regiment of combat vehicles, into use from the 171 highland, and 18 tanks cooperated with the infantry of two brigades for the final struggle. After the tanks were formed, with the increasing roar approaching the position, the Soviet soldiers could clearly distinguish the green dragon pattern on the tanks.

When the tank approached only 200 yards, the Soviet army fired all kinds of weapons together, the anti tank gunmen aimed at the tank, and the infantry sniped at the Japanese infantry with submachine guns and machine guns, trying to separate the enemy infantry from the tank. Because the shooting was accurate and effective, six Japanese tanks caught fire in less than two minutes, but the other tanks soon came to the eyes of the Soviet army. In the leading tank, half of them Japanese commander Toshio Ikeda, who was exposed outside the turret, held the unfolded sun flag. Major shutov fired two bursts with a submachine gun, and Ikeda was killed on the spot. In an instant, Sergeant kostirev used a cluster grenade to make the tank burn like a candle.

at 18 o’clock, the Soviet landing troops began to attack the 171 highland under the cover of naval guns. The Japanese used bunkers to block fire, while the Soviet landing troops were in the open ground and could not get close to the Japanese fire point dozens of meters away. Navy sergeant and Communist vilkov relied on stones to move towards the enemy’s fire point. He threw a grenade into the shooting hole with great strength. The fire point became silent for a while, and then revived. Vilkov jumped up and rushed towards the fire point, blocking the shooting hole with his body, regardless of his multiple injuries. After two hours of fierce fighting, the red flag finally flew over the highlands.

the Japanese army was unwilling to lose.

on August 19, the Japanese army who learned the imperial edict of Emperor Hirohito’s surrender offered to stop the war on the one hand, but on the other hand, it was still actively preparing for the war. The Japanese army even reopened the two brigades and regiments ready to withdraw in an attempt to oppress the Soviet army. However, the Soviet army was not restricted by the armistice and continued to develop in depth to occupy and defend the island. It was not until 18:00 that lieutenant general tibujiagui, commander of the Japanese garrison in the Kuril Islands, accepted the unconditional surrender on the spot. At this time, 1018 Japanese troops had been killed and injured.

on August 23, lieutenant general tibujiagui came to Zhanshou island and signed an armistice agreement with the Soviet army. He is not only the highest officer of the local Japanese army, but also the major shareholder of the local monopoly. In the past, he could make a big profit with his men during the fishing season, but now he will lose this profit forever. He tentatively asked the Soviet commander major general glicko how many Soviet troops participated in the landing operation. Glicko deliberately exaggerated the number several times. However, di bujiagui’s face was filled with unspeakable disappointment. He said, “if I had known there were only such a few sailors, I would drown them first and then surrender.” Later, di bujiagui painfully claimed that August 23, 1945 was “gangster day” in his life.

the situation at that time was very favorable to the Soviet Army: the Japanese army in the north of South Sakhalin Island and Kuril Islands had surrendered. In the early morning of August 28, the Soviet army landed on sentrau Island, and 13500 Japanese defenders fell without fighting. Then on September 1, they occupied guohou and Setan islands, and the Japanese army did not resist. The final operation to capture the island of toothdance ended on September 5. As the Japanese army did not resist, there were no casualties on both sides.