Thanksgiving, the most important traditional holiday of the American people, began in 1621.
In the autumn of that year, in order to thank God for the harvest, the British immigrants who came to America across the ocean held a carnival for three days and three nights.
Since then, Thanksgiving has been continued as a custom and soon became popular all over the world.
The origin of Thanksgiving is actually related to the religious disputes of British Christianity.
There is an interesting story.
From the end of the 16th century, British Puritans fiercely launched a religious reform movement, which was mainly to establish another church after secession from the state church and completely eliminate the residual forces and influence within the Anglican Church.
By the middle of the 17th century, the royalist parliament promulgated and passed the law on believing in the state religion.
The government and church forces began to cruelly persecute the Puritans.
After arresting the Puritans, they tortured them first, and finally carried out the so-called religious trial.
The lives of Puritans were threatened all the time.
Forced into desperation, the pilgrims had to flee to Holland for refuge.
It’s not easy to live under the fence.
Because in the Netherlands, Puritans were not only persecuted by religion, but also suffered the pain and suffering brought by the war.
This is nothing.
What makes them unbearable is that their children who are forced to leave a foreign country simply can’t get a “British education” in the Netherlands.
If it goes on like this, it will only weaken their feelings for the motherland day by day.
In order to let the children retain the language and traditions of their motherland and completely escape the clutches of religious persecution, these Puritans thought of the great migration again.
But the world is so big, where is the destination of these people? After thinking about it, they finally turned their eyes to America.
Because when Columbus discovered this “new world” more than 100 years ago, it was already vast and rich in products, and the most important thing is that up to now, there are many places where there are no blind rulers.
If you want to go to the day when “fish jump on the vast sea and birds fly on the high sky”, you must go to a place where there is no parliament, executioners, princes and nobles and has not been developed.
America is such a place, where the Puritans can start from scratch, without any oppression and exploitation, religious restrictions and national laws.
There, they can live easily and enjoy freely, and they can also believe and spread their favorite religion.
It is a paradise on earth only belonging to Puritans.
The proposal was unanimously approved, so the Puritan leader Bradford summoned 102 companions and boarded a 180 ton wooden sailboat with a length of 90 feet.
They officially began their “Columbus Expedition Adventure” in September 1620.
They also named the wooden sailboat “Mayflower”.
The Mayflower was extraordinarily small for navigation, and because of the situation, the pilgrims “chose” the worst season of the year.
But these are nothing compared with the good life in the future and the lost rights and freedoms.
The long-term exploitation and oppression have made these suffering people desperate.
In this way, the Mayflower drifted forward with difficulty in the wind and waves on the sea, like a leaf in the storm.
The brave Puritans were blessed by the Lord.
After thousands of hardships, with the joint efforts of everyone, the ship sailed at sea without any damage for 66 days.
66 days later, on November 21, 1620, the Mayflower arrived safely at Cape Cod on the North American continent.
But this was not their intended goal, so after a short rest, the Mayflower continued to move along the coastline.
Soon, the waves sent them to the land of New England.
In this arduous “journey”, only one of the 102 explorers died, and a baby was born during the journey.
Therefore, after arriving in America, the number is still 102.
The pious pilgrims crossed their hands and knelt on the boat, sincerely thanking God for their care.
But in the face of this completely strange land in front of them, they dare not rush to the shore and still live on the ship.
Because the winding coastline makes the land look very quiet and desolate.
It’s a good day for them to send reconnaissance ships to the corner of Cod Bay.
The Puritans on the ship anxiously waited for the report brought back by the reconnaissance ship.
One day, the reconnaissance ship came back, and the scout on the ship shouted, “we have found a ‘paradise’!” The Puritans on board were overjoyed when they heard this.
They immediately set sail and followed the reconnaissance ship to what they called “heaven”.
“Wow, how beautiful! How can there be such a beautiful place in the world!” “This is really a paradise on earth!” .
after the ship landed, people seemed to enter a fairyland on earth.
Not far away, the rolling hills form a natural barrier around the island.
A clear stream with ice on the island reflects the glittering and translucent luster under the sunlight.
Seeing it seems to see the extension of life.
Further inside, there are pieces of fertile farmland that have been reclaimed neatly.
There is also an excellent fishing ground beside the port, and life has been relied on since then.
Strangely, there is also a broken house on the island, which is enough to shelter them from the wind and rain and help them survive the severe winter.
All this seems to be specially prepared for them.
What’s going on? Why do all the signs on the island indicate that people have lived here, but now they can’t see half a figure or a wisp of cooking smoke? Later, they learned that it was once a prosperous Indian village.
Because there was a smallpox plague a few years ago, the whole village was spared, so this allowed this group of foreign drifters to find their best shelter.
After landing on the island, the Protestants celebrated the beginning of their new life by firing artillery on a large reef towering above the sea in accordance with the ancient maritime tradition.
Because it was later called Plymouth port, this reef representing the historical testimony of the first permanent colony of New England in America was called Plymouth stone.
Soon, the pilgrims beganA new life on the island.
It was a cold winter.
The cold wind on the sea roared in the air, and the snowflakes fell on their humble houses.
The Pilgrims who had no experience of living in ice and snow kept falling ill.
They had no harvest, so they had to rely on limited food to satisfy their hunger.
Then came the outbreak of infectious diseases.
After the winter passed, there were only 50 of the 102 pilgrims who came here through all kinds of hardships and dangers.
People die every day, the air is filled with sadness, the previous hope, excitement and happiness have all disappeared, and people feel desperate again.
One morning the next spring, a young man who claimed to be an Indian walked into Plymouth village.
It turned out that he was sent by the Indian chief to check the situation.
The Puritans reluctantly suppressed their pain and received their first guest with a smile.
During the conversation, the Indians knew their origin and all kinds of untold suffering.
A few days later, the Indian Indian chief came to the island.
He not only extended a warm welcome to the pilgrims, but also sent them many necessities of life, and sent the most experienced and capable Indians to teach the Pilgrims how to adapt to life on the island.
Soon, the pilgrims learned the skills of fishing, hunting, farming and raising turkeys.
This year, the Puritans had a bumper harvest, the difficulties of life were overcome, and the days of stability and prosperity finally came.
Autumn is the harvest season.
After the harvest, the Puritans unanimously elected Bradford as the governor of Plymouth and held a harvest ceremony to thank God for his care.
This is the first Thanksgiving in history.
In mid November, the pilgrims specially invited the warm and hospitable Indian chief masasod and his tribe’s Indians to participate in the celebration and share the joy of their harvest.
Massasaud readily accepted the invitation and sent five deer as a gift in advance.
At the end of November, the pilgrims had a big feast.
The table was full of rare game, as well as delicacies made of self-produced corn, bamboo shoots, melons, turkeys and other materials.
For three days and three nights, the host and guest enjoyed each other.
They drink and eat freely during the day and enjoy their friendship.
In the evening, by the bonfire, Indian boys danced, sang and wrestled with young Puritans.
Since then, the Puritans will celebrate on a large scale every November, thanking God and Indians.
Thanksgiving was initiated in the United States and later spread to Canada.
It originally meant: thank the Indians, but later changed to: thank the people you want to thank.
In the United States, although Thanksgiving is the first, it has been officially designated as a holiday to celebrate since 1941.
Since then, the fourth Thursday in November has been designated as “thanksgiving” and has become a national legal holiday.
It is basically between November 22 and 28 every year.
From this day on, Americans will take two days off.
No matter how busy they are and how far away they are from home, they should try their best to go home and reunite with their families.
Thanksgiving in Canada originated in 1879.
It is different from Thanksgiving in the United States, but it is the same day as Columbus Day in the United States: the second Monday of October every year.
Thanksgiving Day can be regarded as the most authentic and American holiday in the United States.
Its importance is the same as the Chinese Spring Festival.
At that time of the year, the whole country celebrates together, family reunion and jubilation everywhere.
[cool review] when the Puritans on the May Flower boat were persecuted and encountered extremely harsh natural environment, they did not give up in despair and were not at the mercy of fate.
They finally got the favor of God and lived an ideal life.
This is the so-called “God helps those who help themselves”.
In life, no matter how careful we are, there will always be all kinds of problems and troubles.
Sometimes we are lucky enough to get rid of trouble easily, but sometimes trouble can be fatal.
It may greatly affect your life and even put you in danger.
Although we can’t stop the coming of danger, we must remember that when danger comes, we should know how to save ourselves.
If you hold the belief of self-help and actively seek a way out, sometimes the seemingly desperate situation is likely to turn for the better.