Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), a modern art magician with original and colorful style, created masterpieces with far-reaching influence with his gorgeous colored pen.
I am afraid that apart from Fauvism, there is no Western art in the past century that did not originate from him or was absorbed and made good use of by him.
Picasso’s creation is diversified, melting ancient and modern into one furnace.
As the greatest artist of the 20th century, Picasso is probably the name of the most frequently used painter who appeared at the same time as “art”.
Until today, the life of this great artist and his artistic pursuit have always been the topic of people’s interest.
“How great Picasso is in art, how embarrassed he is in his personal life!” This is a line in the “living Picasso” shot by Anthony Hopkins in Hollywood in 1997.
Relatively speaking, the public, entertainment and media seem to pay more attention to the promotion of Picasso’s life art.
On October 25, 1881, Picasso was born in Malaga, a port on the Mediterranean coast in southern Spain.
His father was a little-known painter and taught in an art school.
In 1895, my father accepted the teaching position of Barcelona art school, and soon the family moved to Barcelona.
Picasso learned painting from his father and showed his extraordinary talent very early.
After moving to Barcelona, he was admitted to the local art school with excellent results.
At the age of 15, he painted a painting “science and benevolence”, was admitted to the national art exhibition held in Madrid, and won a gold medal in the Malaga art competition.
That autumn, he was admitted to the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in San Fernando, Madrid.
However, he only spent one year and returned to Barcelona to recover from scarlet fever.
Barcelona in the 1890s was the most enlightened city in Spain.
Some cultural people often gathered in the “four cats” cafe in Barcelona.
Picasso immediately became a regular guest of the “four cats” cafe after he came back.
Here, he came into contact with various cultural schools and thoughts, and held his first painting exhibition in his life, which brought him a great reputation.
The local newspaper praised the young painter for “showing amazing talent in using brushes and pencils”.
In this way, Picasso began his painting career.
Picasso’s artistic career almost runs through his life, and his works are rich and diverse in style.
Later, people used the saying “Picasso is always young” to describe Picasso’s changeable art forms.
Historiography has to divide his numerous works into different periods.
Picasso, 19, came to Paris and lived at the bottom of the society due to poverty.
At this time, he painted some oil paintings with the theme of poor friends.
The picture is full of a cold blue tone.
This is his “blue period”.
In April 1904, Picasso settled in the slum of Paris and lived a free and romantic life.
At this time, he painted many paintings on the life theme of wandering artists, with warm pink color.
This is his “pink period”.
Later, due to the influence of Cezanne’s art, he discussed and studied the painting structure on the basis of Cezanne.
His works showed a tendency of geometries.
He began to decompose the image into various planes and combine them again.
In 1907, he created an epoch-making work “Avignon girl”.
From then on, he entered the period of analytical Cubism research and creation.
Soon he used collage techniques to create, marking the end of his analytical cubism and gradually moving towards “comprehensive Cubism”.
The main trend of Picasso’s painting after the age of 32 is the rich modeling means, that is, the use of space, color and line, which remind people of Cezanne.
Since then, Picasso has entered one restless exploration period after another.
His works, like his life, have no unity, continuity and stability.
He has no fixed ideas, and he is diverse, passionate or manic, amiable and hateful, sincere or fake, likable and annoying, changeable and unpredictable, but he is always loyal to freedom.
No painter in the world has ever recreated the world with complete freedom and exercised his power at will with amazing honesty and innocent creativity.
He doesn’t want regulations, prejudice, nothing, and wants to create everything.
He has no rules to follow in the process of art.
He goes from naturalism to expressionism, from classicism to Romanticism, and then back to realism.
From concrete to abstract, come and go, he opposes all constraints and all sacred views in the universe.
Only absolute freedom is suitable for him.
Picasso is a seeker of constantly changing artistic techniques.
The artistic techniques of Impressionism, Post Impressionism and beast are all absorbed and re selected by him as his own style.
His talent is that he maintains his rough and vigorous personality in various variant styles, and can achieve internal unity and harmony in the use of various techniques.
He has reached the pinnacle of perfection.
His works, whether ceramics, printmaking or sculpture, are like childish games.
In his life, he never had a specific teacher or specific children.
He said: “when we work in a spirit of selflessness, sometimes what we do will automatically tend to us.
Don’t worry too much about all kinds of things, because it will inevitably or accidentally come to you, and I think death will be the same!” When Picasso talked about his art during his lifetime, he said, “I draw like others write autobiographies.
These pictures, whether completed or unfinished, are all a page in my diary.
” Picasso’s life was bumpy.
He has been to Paris for three times since 1900.
All of them returned to Spain because his paintings couldn’t be sold and he didn’t have a living.
Until April 1904, he went to Paris for the fourth time and rented a dilapidated house in a dilapidated apartment called “laundry” to settle down.
During this period, his life was full of bitterness, and his paintings depicted the life tragedy of the bottom of society.
“The poor by the sea”, “life” and “washerwoman” are all works of this period.
Soon, Picasso lived in a circus near the “laundromat”.
Picasso sympathized with the life of circus actors.
The works of this period, such as the house of the clown in flower clothes, showed the tragic life of actors.
In 1905, Picasso met American art collectors and Russian industrialists successively.
They bought paintings from him one after another.
Picasso finally got rid of poverty.
After that, he successively visited Russia, France, Italy and many other countries to constantly explore the art and improve the quality of his paintings.