Smallpox has always been a sickening disease.
In the 1850s, an unprecedented smallpox epidemic ravaged Russia.
In a very short time, the virus of smallpox spread rapidly.
Because of the limited medical conditions at that time, those infected patients died in large numbers.
The whole of Russia is shrouded in an atmosphere of sadness and despair, and everyone in the country talks about smallpox.
People who have not been infected close their doors all day and are almost isolated from the world.
Those who have been infected are sentenced to death and can only wait to die obediently.
At that time, Russia was ruled by an enlightened and courageous queen who advocated civilization and science, called Ekaterina II.
At the same time, she was also one of the most famous “enlightened autocratic” monarchs in Europe in the late 18th century.
Yekaterina II strongly advocated the implementation of “enlightened autocracy”.
She attached great importance to the smallpox epidemic in Russia.
But there was no medicine to cure and prevent smallpox at that time.
Yekaterina II was deeply distressed and had trouble sleeping and eating when she saw her people trapped in the of smallpox.
One day soon after, the good news came that Western European countries had just invented a vaccine that could effectively prevent smallpox, but no one had tried it yet.
Yekaterina II made a quick decision and decided to introduce the vaccine as soon as possible at all costs.
First, if it works, the Russian people will be saved.
Second, since no one has tried it so far, that is to say, no country has introduced it.
If Russia can lead to introduce it first and promote it, it will certainly impress those Western European countries that despise Russia.
However, it is not easy to introduce vaccines.
As soon as Ekaterina II’s order was issued, it aroused doubts and opposition from all parties.
Even in the second half of the 18th century, in some European countries, the feudal autocratic monarchy pursued a policy called “enlightened autocracy”.
At that time, in the countries of the European continent, the feudal system had declined day by day, and the capitalist relations of production developed within the feudal society.
In order to consolidate their rule, the feudal monarchs of various countries used the views put forward by French Enlightenment scholars to declare that they would carry out top-down reform.
In particular, using Voltaire’s remarks of “hoping for an enlightened monarch”, he shouted the slogan of “enlightened”, dressed himself as an “enlightened” monarch, and reformed social life with the help of philosophers.
At that time, all the remaining feudal countries in Europe except Britain, Poland and France were characterized by “enlightened autocracy”.
In Eastern Europe, “enlightened autocracy” has developed significantly, because the power of the bourgeoisie there is still relatively weak.
Among them, Frederick II, king of Prussia, calls himself “the first public servant of the country” and is willing to benefit the people.
Cherkasov, director of the Russian Institute of health, who firmly believes in the role of new scientific inventions, expressed concern about the introduction of this invention in Russia.
Most people believe that Russia is a backward country, and it is impossible for people to accept that there is an ineffective so-called vaccine to inhibit smallpox in their blood.
Facing the pressure from many sides, Ekaterina II told Frederick II, the king of Prussia who also pursued “enlightened autocracy” at that time.
Originally thought that the king of Prussia would support her, but the result was just the opposite.
The king of Prussia advised Ekaterina II to give up the idea from the perspective of stabilizing the throne and rule.
Because if the vaccination fails, it is bound to cause national chaos.
At that time, not only the whole court, but even the whole Russia will oppose her.
Then the throne of Ekaterina II will be in jeopardy.
However, Ekaterina II did not listen to the advice of the king of Prussia, nor did she ignore the pressure of North Korea and China, resolutely introduced the vaccine, and made an amazing decision.
She wanted to be the first to test the vaccine.
In this way, people will not refuse to be vaccinated.
Besides, she fully believes that this trial will be successful.
In the face of such a “stubborn” queen, the ministers in the court can only obey orders.
Therefore, the trial of introducing smallpox vaccine by Ekaterina II was launched.
First, Catherine II hired Thomas simdale, a famous medical expert from Britain.
Soon, Thomas simdale arrived in St.
Petersburg, the Russian capital, from London, and immediately began preparations for the vaccination test.
“The queen is going to be vaccinated!” As soon as the news came out, the whole country became nervous, and several bodyguards around the queen cried because they were worried about the queen.
Everything was ready, but Cherkasov, who was in charge of the organization of the vaccination test, hesitated again.
He persuaded the queen to think twice.
However, at this time, Ekaterina II was calm and calm.
She not only talked and laughed with Thomas simdale, but also comforted Cherkasov not to worry.
She said that she had known the severity of smallpox since she was a child.
At that time, she thought how good it would be if there was a medicine to prevent smallpox.
Now, this kind of medicine really appeared.
As the first person to be vaccinated, she just realized her childhood dream.
Moreover, as the queen of Russia, she should set an example for the Russian people.
She doesn’t care even if she has to take a big risk.
After careful preparation, the experiment began.
Thomas simdale gently scratched Ekaterina II’s arm with a scalpel and soon completed the vaccination operation.
For nine days, the whole country was in panic, and the Russian people were worried about Ekaterina II.
Finally, the scheduled vaccination observation period has arrived.
Yekaterina II has no adverse reactions, which indicates that the vaccination has been successful and the Russian people have been saved! People rushed to tell each other and praised the queen for her bravery.
Ekaterina II won the respect and support of the Russian people with her “stubbornness” and courage.
[cool review] in China, when ancient people knew nothing about the plant world, Shennong tasted all kinds of grass and personally tested which grass could be eaten, which could be used as medicine and which grass was poisonous.
Coincidentally, yekaterina II of Russia, when the Russian people were facing the smallpox disaster and were afraid of the vaccine, stood up and tested the medicine.
It was quite rareThe Russian people have set up a glorious image in their hearts.
He said: “the person who eats crab for the first time is admirable.
If he is not a warrior, who dares to eat it?” In a regular life and work, there are always some people who will stand out.
It may not be that they have done something to change history, but that they have dared to innovate and become the first person to eat crabs.