Section V Roman expedition Germanic

Germanic War refers to the outward expansion of the Roman Empire in the early stage, and the Germanic people were devastated. Under the oppression of the Roman Empire, the Germanic people united and launched a struggle against Roman rule.

background

after the founding of the Roman Empire, the Roman Empire actively pursued the war of aggression. In the west of the Roman Empire, Rome carried out a series of wars. From 16 BC, Rome marched into the eastern Alps and the upper reaches of the Danube River. After 12 BC, Rome conquered the middle and lower reaches of the Danube River. At the same time, it took eight years from 12 BC to 5 ad to annex the area between the Rhine and Elbe, and set up a Germanic province here in 5 ad.

the foreign conquest of the Roman Empire was constantly strongly resisted by the conquered, especially by the Germanic people. In AD 9, the Roman Empire sent varus to the Germanic provinces as a garrison. After taking office, varus exercised brutal rule over the Germanic people, greedily squeezed the money of the Germanic people for luxury enjoyment, enforced the cumbersome Roman proceedings among the Germanic people, and took harsh and cruel ruling measures against the grumpy Germanic people, arousing the extreme dissatisfaction of the Germanic civilians and nobles. Under the leadership of Arminius, the Germans launched a massive anti Roman struggle.

after

the leader of the uprising alminus, once served in the Roman army, was promoted to a cavalry officer and obtained Roman citizenship. Later, he was transferred to the headquarters of the varus army. He knew the Roman military and military situation very well and was familiar with the actions of varus. Varus’s army in Germania has five legions, which are usually distributed in many places and engaged in military logistics such as logging, bridge construction and road construction. Due to the long-term silent oppression of germania, varus relaxed his vigilance in thought. In September, varus was ready to lead three legions and allies from the summer camp on the Weser River in the west of the Elbe River to the winter camp in the ariso region. Alminus decided to take advantage of varus’ return to Aliso, ambush the uprising team in the forest area of tiaoto Fort between the Weser River and Aliso, and annihilate varus at one stroke.

sigisti, the uncle of alminus, is a loyal supporter of varus. He snitched to varus, confessed the plan and leader of the uprising, and betrayed alminus. However, varus did not believe that this was true, but believed that sigisti framed a good man and wanted to secretly harm his nephew. Because alminus has never left varus, even now he is still following him. In this way, at the end of September and the beginning of October, varus led three legions of about 20000 people and set out according to the original plan with a large amount of luggage, baggage and dependents.

on the way of the German soldiers

, sigisti reminded varus again that he should not be careless, and varus still didn’t listen. The team quickly entered the swamp and forest and circled forward. Suddenly, alminus disappeared and received a report that the avant-garde troops were stopped. This is the signal of the Germanic uprising. Until then, varus woke up like a dream and immediately ordered the troops to change their way and go straight to Aliso along the pass of Doren. However, due to a large number of baggage and luggage, as well as family members, the movement is very slow. In addition, people are panic when they hear the news of the uprising, and the family members are noisy, which makes it more difficult for the slow team to accelerate. The Roman army was cutting trees in the forest to find the way. Unexpectedly, the rainstorm fell from the sky, and the ground was slippery and difficult to walk. The dead trees and rotten branches broken by the rainstorm kept hitting the Romans on their heads. The army was in chaos and the vehicles were difficult to move forward. Suddenly, alminus led the rebel army to appear in front of him, launched an attack on the Roman army, and fired dense javelins and arrows at the Romans. Varus ordered the team to fight back, organized some soldiers to resist, and some soldiers quickly used a small highland to build a fortified camp, which finally withstood the attack of the insurgents. In order to quickly get rid of the siege of the rebels, varus ordered the soldiers to burn the vehicles as soon as possible the next morning. Then he organized the team, prepared to retreat with light clothes, and sent some soldiers as cover. However, the team walked in the forest for a day, but they still didn’t get out of the forest. They lost their way. Just then, the rebels appeared again, and they attacked again, causing further losses to varus’s army.

on the morning of the third day, the Roman army continued to organize its advance. On the way, it encountered another torrential rain. Everyone walked hard in the mud, and the knee deep rain made it difficult for him to stand. The heavy rain damaged their weapons, soaked the shields in the soldiers’ hands, and the bows, crossbows and javelins could not be used. At this time, alminus led the uprising team to the Romans again. The Roman army was unable to resist and fled one after another. The team was in chaos. The rebels chased and killed, and varus and some other senior generals committed suicide. Three legions of Rome were destroyed. After

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, the insurgents then attacked Aliso and soon surrounded Aliso. The Roman Legion stationed in Aliso fought hard, broke through the siege of the rebel army one night, and quickly joined the Roman Legion in etira to strengthen its strength. The rebel army retreated without pursuing.

the ending

the news of varus’s defeat and suicide spread to Rome, and the Roman monarch Augustus was distressed. The loss of three Roman elite groups was a heavy blow to Augustus. After the battle of tiaoduobao forest, the Germanic people got rid of the rule of Rome and gained independence.

influence ` evaluation

although the Roman expedition to Germania ended in failure, it had an important impact on the process of history. In particular, the battle of tiaoduobao forest was a decisive war in world history. It made the Germanic people get rid of Roman rule and gain independence. Since then, the whole area east of the Rhine River has returned to the Germanic people, and the northern border of Rome is determined along the Rhine River and the south of the Danube River. The Germanic struggle against Rome can win