After the outbreak of the Pacific War, the United States, Britain and other countries declared war on Japan, ending China’s long-term situation of fighting alone in the east of the world.
The war of resistance against Japan has entered a new stage.
In order to adapt to this change, China and Japan adjusted their respective strategic policies, and the United States and Britain also formulated a new strategy for China: on the afternoon of the Pearl Harbor incident, they summoned U.S. ambassador to China Gao Si, British ambassador to China Carl, Soviet ambassador to China pan Youxin and military attach é s of foreign embassies, stating that the Chinese army was ready to take action against Hong Kong, Vietnam and Myanmar, Cooperate with friendly forces of various countries in combat.
At 9:00 on the 19th, President Lin Sen officially declared war on the national government.
On December 9, Chiang Kai Shek called and proposed to hold a joint military conference in Chongqing to coordinate the operations of various countries.
On December 16, Roosevelt telegraphed Chiang Kai Shek and asked him to convene a joint military conference in Chongqing no later than December 17, hoping to produce a joint organization to command the allies to fight together.
On December 23, the joint military conference was held in Chongqing, attended by representatives of China, Britain and the United States.
After a long discussion, the meeting finally reached an agreement to revise the draft proposed by US representative Brandt into the preliminary plan of joint military action in the Far East and report to President Roosevelt.
On New Year’s day in 1942, the United Nations national declaration jointly formulated by 26 countries, including China, was issued in.
The declaration stipulates: “the participating countries should make every effort to fight against the common enemy with their military strength and resources, and should not make peace with any enemy alone.
” This is consistent with the contents of China’s proposal to the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union on the day of the outbreak of the Pacific War.
The declaration was first signed by China, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union, and the other 22 countries were listed in alphabetical order.
After a long and independent war of resistance against Japan, China has won the international status of one of the top four.
At the same time, the Communist Party of China also responded quickly to the outbreak of the Pacific War.
On December 9, 1941, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued the declaration of the Communist Party of China for the Pacific War, which pointed out: “the Pacific War is a war of unjust plunder launched by Japanese Fascists in order to invade the United States, Britain and other countries, while the war of resistance in the United States, Britain and other countries is a war of just liberation to defend independence, freedom and democracy.
” The Chinese government and the Chinese people should continue the glorious war of the past five years, resolutely stand on the side of the anti fascist country, mobilize all their forces and fight for the final overthrow of Japanese fascism.
From December 22, 1941 to January 14, 1942, the heads of government and senior military staff of the United States and Britain held an “Acadia” meeting in Washington to discuss the global strategy after the outbreak of the Pacific War.
The meeting determined that Germany was still the main enemy and Europe should be the main battlefield, and decided to adhere to the strategic policy of “Europe before Asia”, However, “Europe before Asia” is not “protecting Europe and abandoning Asia”.
China plays a very important role in the global strategy of the United States and Britain.
Moreover, it can contain and consume Japan’s military power, because after the outbreak of the Pacific War, the main force of the Japanese army is still contained in the Chinese battlefield.
At that time, the distribution of Japanese Army forces was as follows: 4 divisions in Japan, 15 divisions in North Korea and Northeast China, 10 divisions in the Pacific battlefield, 21 divisions, 20 brigades and 1 cavalry group in China.
Therefore, the Chinese battlefield is an important prerequisite for the United States and Britain to concentrate on attacking Germany and implement the strategy of “Europe before Asia”.
The general strategy of the United States and Britain envisages establishing a defense line in the Far East to prevent Japan from further expansion.
One end of this line of defense is in Australia, and the other end is in India and Myanmar.
It plans to continuously strengthen air strikes against the Japanese invaders from the central part of the defense line, and then the Chinese Army supplied from the Yunnan Myanmar highway will expel the Japanese army from China with the assistance of the US air force.
At the same time, the joint naval forces dominated by Britain and the Netherlands defended the ports of Australia, Myanmar, India and Ceylon to keep them unblocked.
The joint forces of Britain, the Netherlands, Australia, New Zealand, India and China are responsible for ground defense with the support of American aviation.
The entire operation is under the command of the allied command of the southwest Pacific theater of the United States, Britain, the Netherlands and Australia.
In order to combine China’s war of resistance against Japan with allied military operations, on December 29, 1941, General Marshall, the chief of staff of the U.S. Army, drafted a memorandum suggesting the establishment of an allied operational command in China.
Roosevelt accepted this proposal.
After obtaining Churchill’s consent, Roosevelt called Chiang Kai Shek on the 31st, proposing to establish a Chinese Theater including Thailand and Vietnam, with Chiang Kai Shek as commander-in-chief and the establishment of the Allied joint staff.
Two days later, Chiang Kai Shek replied that he agreed and asked the United States to send officers to China to participate in the joint staff.
The United States decided to appoint lieutenant general Stilwell as the chief of staff of the Chinese theater to assist Chiang Kai Shek in commanding the Allied forces in the Chinese theater.
On January 19, 1942, U.S. Secretary of the army Stimson sent a letter to Song Ziwen, the Chinese representative to the United States, specifying Stilwell’s authority.
These include: supervising all US military assistance to China.
Under the command of Chiang Kai Shek, command all American troops in China and the Chinese troops assigned by Chiang Kai Shek.
Represent the United States in all international military conferences in China.
Served as the chief of staff of Chiang Kai Shek.
Improve, maintain and control the Yunnan Myanmar highway in China.
On February 2, the instruction drafted by Marshall on behalf of the Army Department stipulates that Stilwell’s mission is to “improve the effectiveness of U.S. assistance to the Chinese government in order to carry out war and help improve the combat capability of the Chinese army.
” Stimson once pointed out that although the China India Myanmar war zone is in the third place, this region is extremely important in terms of its strategic and political significance.
It continues to provide the possibility of amazing military and political victory at an extremely low price, and it can force the Japanese invaders to pay a high price.
While the United States, Britain and China are handling these major events, Japan has launched an offensive in the direction of Myanmar in the Chinese theater.
On January 4, 1942, the 55th division of the Japanese army broke through the Thai Myanmar border, occupied shangwa, a strategic area in southern Myanmar, seized three main airports in Dana sarin area, blocked the British Army’s support to Malaysia from Myanmar, and obtained the air raid base in Yangon.
On January 20, the main force of the 55th division of the Japanese army broke through the defense of the Thai Burmese border garrison, occupied gaojiali on January 23, and launched an attack in the direction of maoqingmian.
At this time, the Japanese base camp decided to carry out the operation in Myanmar in view of the smooth progress of the operation in Malaysia.
On January 22, the Japanese base camp ordered “the General Commander of the southern army should cooperate with the NavyJointly occupy the important areas of Myanmar “.
On January 31, the main force of the thanlwin’an army occupied the 55th East Bank of the thanlwin’an army.
The 17th British Indian division retreated to the West Bank of the thanlwin River and the adjacent area.
On February 8, the 55th division of the Japanese army forcibly crossed the Salween River and broke through the first natural barrier east of Yangon.
On February 17, xiangerlang Iida, commander of the 15th group army of the Japanese army, decided to advance to the Bank of the Sitang river for the purpose of capturing Yangon in maoqingmian.
The 33rd and 55th divisions were ordered to pass through the front line of the Biri River on the 20th, destroy the frontal enemy, advance towards the Sitang River and prepare for future attacks.
Accordingly, the 33rd and 55th divisions of the Japanese army went hand in hand, crossed the Biri River on the 20th, besieged Milin with all their strength, and forced the 17th British Indian division to retreat to the Xitang river on the 22nd.
When they arrived at the river bank, they found that the bridge had been blown up by the Japanese Bridge guarding forces, so that the 17th British Indian division was in a desperate situation and was severely damaged by the Japanese pursuit forces.
Only the division commander and more than 3300 people fled back to Dongyu.
On February 16, Churchill pointed out in his telegram to the governor of Myanmar: “I think Myanmar and its ties with China are the most important link in the whole (Eastern) war zone.
” Britain still places its hope of rescuing Myanmar on Australia, a member of the Commonwealth.
Churchill and even Roosevelt had called on Australia to redeploy the Australian Army on its way back to Australia from the Middle East to reinforce Yangon, but they were all rejected.
On March 4, the 55th division of the Japanese army defeated the resistance of the 7th armored brigade of the British army, broke through the Bogu River, the last defense line east of Yangon, and occupied bodu Bogu, 100 kilometers northeast of Yangon on on March 7.
Only two months after the war, the British army was on the verge of collapse without major resistance, and the war situation in Myanmar was critical.
The British authorities did not panic until the Japanese army took maoqingmian and other places lightly and entered Yangon.
They hurried to Lashio on February 3.
On the morning of August 8, the 33rd division of the Japanese army entered Yangon almost bloodlessly.
The fall of Yangon marked the end of the first phase of Myanmar’s defensive war.
After the Japanese army occupied Yangon, they began to divide their way north without waiting for the arrival of their subsequent reinforcements.
The 33rd division of the West Road attacked ren’an Qiang along the Irrawaddy River from Yangon.
The 55th division of the middle road set out from Bogu area, attacked to the East, and then developed to Mandalay.
Then he ordered the 56th and 18th divisions, who were about to land in Yangon, to assemble near Dongyu and attack the East Road with the 56th division.
They went straight to Lashio through Mochi, Leigu, Dongzhi and leilem.
The 18th division joined the main attack direction of the middle road and attacked Mandalay.
Just as the Japanese army was moving northward, Roosevelt handed over the plan to attack Myanmar to Song Ziwen, Chiang Kai Shek’s foreign minister and Chinese representative to the United States.
According to this plan, Stilwell left for Myanmar and inspected the route, direction and operational targets of the Chinese expeditionary army.
Subsequently, the Chinese Expeditionary Army immediately rushed to the front line of Myanmar and fought in the direction of Mandalay, the main attack direction of the Japanese army, with the 5th army, and in the direction of East Mochi and leilem, with the 6th army.
The 66th army assembled in the area near Mandalay for standby.
The battle along the Irrawaddy River on the west road was conducted by the British Burmese army.
The 5th army of the Chinese expeditionary army, which served as the front operation of Mandalay, was determined to use the advance 200th division to block the enemy’s advance in Dongyu and its south area.
The main force of the cover army gathered near binwenna and was ready to cooperate with the right-wing British Burmese army to carry out a battle, break through the enemy in front of him and recover South Myanmar.
The battle began on March 8.
After 12 days of bloody battle with the Japanese army several times its own and with strong air support, it took the initiative to move safely and orderly, which not only smashed the Japanese army’s plan to gather and annihilate the main force of the Chinese expeditionary force in Dongyu, but also seriously damaged the 55th division of the Japanese army, annihilated more than 5000 Japanese troops, and effectively supported the British and Burmese army.
Colonel Yokota, who was killed in the battle, exclaimed in his diary: “the battle of Dongyu is the only fierce battle our imperial army has encountered since entering Myanmar.
” The Chinese Army’s successful achievements in fighting in Myanmar, such as the Dongyu defense war, as well as the SVA blocking war, the Renan Qiang liberation war and the Dongzhi recovery war, have been admired by people at home and abroad.
Due to the lack of cooperation of the British army, the Chinese Expeditionary Force encountered serious difficulties in combat, and the whole army began to retreat home in early May.
By the beginning of August, the Sino British coalition forces had withdrawn from Myanmar, which lasted nearly half a year, fought more than 1500 kilometers, fought bloody battles, repeatedly defeated the enemy’s front and annihilated more than 20000 people.
After the fall of Myanmar and the withdrawal of the Chinese expeditionary army after completing the mission of attacking Myanmar, Roosevelt adopted the strategy of limiting the Japanese army to expand the achievements in Myanmar and instructed the supreme commander of the Chinese Theater Chiang Kai Shek to continue to rely on China to contain the Japanese army and resist the Japanese Army on the China Myanmar border.
At the same time, it strengthened the human and material support for the US Air Force Volunteer aviation team led by air force general Chennault sent as early as the summer of 1941, so as to cooperate with Chiang Kai Shek’s troops in the Chinese theater to contain the Japanese army.
The volunteer air force and later the U.S. Air Force Task Force in China, the 14th Air Force and China Civil Aviation Corporation were collectively referred to as Chennault’s Flying Tigers.
General Chennault is a legendary figure.
There are many legendary stories in his early and long years.
At the beginning of the Sino Japanese war in 1937, he was invited to participate in the air force battle against Japan in China.
In only five days, he convinced the Japanese of his theory that fighter planes could shoot down bombers without escort.
During the battle, a small group of trained fighter pilots selected shot down 54 Japanese heavy bombers in the first three air strikes on Nanjing.
The air force talent did not have greater command at that time, and his title was still an adviser to Song Meiling, Secretary General of the Aviation Commission.
Chennault never had a legal status as a fighter, although strictly speaking, he was the first colonel of the Chinese air force.
However, he commanded the Chinese air force through “suggestions”, which were soon found to be very effective.
The defeat of the first battle over Nanjing made the Japanese army very angry.
Some Americans were ordered to leave China, but others, including Chennault, remained in China.
He said he didn’t want to leave China.
Later, the United States decided to send judicial officers to forcibly repatriate Chennault.
For a time he disappeared from formal occasions.
But on a quiet night, a team of night planes trained by Chennault dropped three 500 pound bombs on the deck of the Japanese cruiser “chuyun”.
So that the “cloud” sank in the vast sea far from the Huangpu River.
On the front line of the Anti Japanese War, Chennault was optimistic about the role of air raid warning, so he built itThe establishment of an air raid warning network has strengthened the air defense capacity of the Shanghai Nanjing Han triangle.
After the Lugouqiao Incident, Chiang Kai Shek approved the proposal of Chennault, who “must do it”, so that all telephone and telegraph facilities in this area were used as air raid warning tools.
In early 1937, the Japanese began to launch continuous fatigue bombing on Chinese cities, large and small, in order to destroy the Chinese people’s will to resist the war.
Chiang Kai Shek and Song Meiling toured the country and tried to inspire the people with their courage, but the situation was getting worse and worse.
In the late summer of 1940, the first Japanese planes attacked China.
Many Chinese fighter planes have been wiped out, and Japanese bombers can fly anywhere in China at will.
Japan sends 100 to 150 planes to bomb Chongqing every day.
Aviation schools in Kunming are also attacked every day.
Chennault and Chinese leaders know that this situation cannot be sustained, although the heroic Chinese people have shown that they can withstand all kinds of hardships.
One day, Chiang Kai Shek, Song Meiling and Chennault held a military conference.
Chennault proposed to return to the United States to form a flight team to support the war of resistance against Japan.
Chiang Kai Shek agreed.
Chennault immediately went to the United States to try to obtain American aircraft and pilots.
Chennault’s plane had not yet arrived in Washington.
Unexpectedly, on April 15, 1941, he persuaded Roosevelt to issue an unpublished executive order allowing reserve officers and retired personnel from the Army Air Force and the Navy and Marine Corps Air Force to join the American Volunteer air force to China.
Chennault finally officially formed his flying team, known as the “Flying Tigers”.
On his first day in office, he held up an electric newspaper with important news, Begin to speak to the American Volunteer Air Force pilot in the simple Cabin: “I called you to tell you that the Japanese have attacked Pearl Harbor.
This means that our work is much harder than expected.
This means that we no longer have to hide behind the scenes.
The work of the American Volunteer air force is no longer just fighting for China, but now we are fighting for the United States.
We have conducted combat training! We have obtained equipment! Now It’s time for us to aim at and attack the enemy.
We don’t have to wait until the scheduled flight time this morning.
I ask you to cruise in the air and cruise immediately after the meeting.
From now on, we are on war readiness 24 hours a day.
We don’t want any Japanese aircraft to attack our fighters parked on the ground.
” Chennault lacked enough fighters to build the four squadrons he originally planned, so he divided the small unit into three squadrons.
The first squadron is called “Adam and Eve” and is commanded by Sandel.
The second squadron is called “Panda” and is commanded by newcock.
The third squadron is called “angel of hell” and is commanded by Olson.
The volunteer air force has just been established, just in time for the attack on Pearl Harbor.
The British asked the whole team of the American Volunteer air force to move to Yangon.
Chennault argued and finally maintained the direct command of Olson’s “angel of hell” squadron.
On December 18, the Japanese bombed Kunming.
Chennault commanded his small army to guard the northern end of the Yunnan Myanmar highway.
At dawn on December 19, 1941, one combat squadron of the American Volunteer air force was cruising over Kunming, and the other squadron was ready to fly on the ground.
All 34 P-40 aircraft and their pilots were in full readiness for the first attack by the Japanese army.
Chennault has been looking forward to and preparing for this day for more than four years – American pilots under his command fly American planes, roar into the blue sky and fight with the Japanese air force.
At 9:45 a.m. on December 25, Chennault’s special telephone rang harshly.
The telephone is connected to the air raid warning network in Yunnan Province.
Colonel Wang Shuming, commander of the fifth Route Army of the Chinese air force and Chinese chief of staff of the U.S. volunteer air force, heard a loud and clear voice on the phone: “10 Japanese twin engine bombers crossed the Yunnan border near the old street and headed northwest.
They may attack Kunming.
” “This is the goal!” Chennault had a quick mind.
He sent 24 of the 34 flying fighters to the blue sky.
Chennault worked out a simple battle plan in the short time between the first alarm and the plane’s take-off.
Jack newcock led four planes of the panda squadron to intercept 60 miles away.
Jamie Howard, the son of a missionary who preached in China and from St.
Louis, led four other planes to conduct high-altitude cover and defensive patrols at 220000 feet above Kunming.
The 16 planes of the first squadron of “Adam and Eve” led by Robert sander were ordered to fly to an auxiliary airport just west of Kunming, where they will be on standby for combat at the critical moment.
Chennault fired a red flare and ordered the second and first squadrons to take off.
Through the clouds, roar and his three companions flew to the southeast.
As soon as they left, the sky was overcast.
Newark’s small forces found bombers 60 miles from Kunming.
These bombers were not escorted by fighter planes and appeared and disappeared in thick clouds.
The telephone on the fighter sounded the excited voices of four pilots, which reached the shelter of the headquarters.
“Prepare to attack!” In the air, newcock signaled his wingmen, then raised the formation and pushed the joystick forward at full speed.
The Japanese plane hurriedly dropped the bomb, lowered its nose and fled to Hanoi in spite of everything.
The P-40 had to pick up and regroup before it could dive again, and newcock’s machine gun jammed, so he reluctantly flew back to the base.
And his partner ed lake will continue to chase the bombers.
At this time, Chennault’s order was transmitted through the telephone to the waiting Bob sander squadron and ordered him to participate in the battle.
Following the formation of these 10 planes, a reserve of four planes led by Robert L.
little took off.
Jamie Howard’s formation continued to conduct defensive patrols at an altitude of 22000 feet over Kunming.
At this time, ed Lecter finally caught up with the Japanese bombers who fled quickly.
Rext aimed at nine bombers in three v-formation and made a rapid dive.
During the dive, he kept shooting until his machine gun finally stopped firing.
Chennault’s tense instruction about the machine gun can be forgiven for a short time.
Despite the violation of Chennault’s “life-saving” requirements, Ed still hitHit the bomber.
At this time, Bob Sandel’s formation arrived at full speed, and then little’s four planes arrived.
Little and his three partners covered at high altitude.
These fighters rushed at full speed to the clumsy Japanese bombers, which were riddled with 50 mm machine guns at a distance.
The twin engine bombers flew at full speed, but they could not escape the pursuit of agile fighters.
One by one, they exploded in a loud noise and ignited a raging fire in the air.
Louis Hoffman, the oldest 43 year old pilot in the volunteer air force, lost control of another Mitsubishi aircraft and caught fire and exploded.
Of the 10 bombers originally sent by the Japanese army, only four were in the sky by this time.
Although the 4 planes tried their best to fly across the border with Indochina, only one student who returned to training, but seriously trained but lacking in operational experience, won the first battle of Chenault.
The news of the victory caused a sensation not only in Kunming, but also in all China and the League countries.
That night, Kunming citizens who suffered from the bombing held a celebration meeting full of laughter for the pilots of the American Volunteer air force.
Newspapers all over China reported on the front page of the battle, saying that the fighter planes of the American Volunteer air force were “Flying Tigers” – the name has been associated with them since then.
The 10 weeks before the fall of Yangon was the most glorious period for the American Volunteer airlines.
The contrast between us and the enemy is unbelievable.
During this period, the United States volunteer air force has never flown more than 20 aircraft, sometimes only five.
They fought with the Japanese air force 31 times and achieved an amazing record: shooting down 270 enemy aircraft.
The price paid is: four Flying Tigers died in the air, one died in diving shooting, one was captured, and 16 P-40 fighters were lost in the battle.
The Royal Air Force, which fought with the US volunteer air force, shot down 74 Japanese aircraft and their loss was 22 Brest aircraft.
Chennault tried to convince the British that the spirit, skill and bravery of the pilots of the American Volunteer air force were outstanding on December 23.
On that day, 54 deafening Mitsubishi bombers, 12 “Nakajima” type “97” fighters and 8 “zero” fighters roared to Yangon.
Chennault ordered: “take off urgently.
The Japanese plane is approaching 15000 feet above the target.
We rise to 18000 feet and fire at them with the sun behind our back!” Within five minutes, 15 P-40 aircraft and 18 British air force Brest aircraft had flown into the blue sky.
American fighters are divided into two teams, led by George McMillan and Parker DuPont.
They waited for the enemy plane at 18000 feet.
At this time, the first batch of Japanese bombers rumbled in.
The aircraft led by McMillan lowered its nose and dived straight down.
When it landed at the same height as the bombers, they launched a fierce attack from one side.
The 50 mm heavy machine gun of the P-40 aircraft sent the bomber fragments flying.
Charlie alder from Los Angeles hit the cabin of the leading Japanese bomber, which exploded immediately.
George McMillan catapulted a series of bullets into two bombers, both of which exploded.
After the air battle, the Royal Air Force Intelligence team found 32 crashed Japanese planes in rice fields near Yangon.
The American Volunteer air force shot down 25 and killed about 90 Japanese airmen, while its own loss was only two pilots and three planes.
The RAF shot down seven enemy planes, but five pilots were killed and 11 fighters were lost.
It was a great victory, but the Japanese soon mobilized more bombers and fighters to take revenge.
On Christmas day, they sent a huge fleet of aircraft, but at this time, only 12 hastily sorted volunteer P-40 aircraft and 16 Brest aircraft could meet the enemy.
The Japanese used 81 Mitsubishi bombers and sent 42 Nakajima fighters to escort them, determined to raze Yangon to the ground.
Over the years, Chennault has painstakingly warned the US Army Air force that the Japanese have mastered the trick: if the enemy’s fighter gets a timely alarm and takes off to intercept, even the heavily armored and well armed bombers without fighter escort will not help.
In the air raid on Christmas day, the Japanese also played a well planned trick.
When two planes of the Flying Tigers swooped down on a group of Japanese fighters, a clear command came from their telephone: “level down immediately” – this is the signal of landing.
The two pilots began to slow down and descend, while the mechanics on the ground waved desperately to them to leave the runway.
So they drove at full power and took off again to get rid of the six Nakajima Japanese fighters that were diving towards them.
This is the first time that the American Volunteer air force has met a Japanese pilot to issue false orders in English.
The battle over Yangon at Christmas lasted about an hour and a half.
Chennault’s another assertion that the P-40 aircraft is solid and powerful while the Japanese “zero” aircraft is relatively fragile has also benefited the pilots a lot.
At an altitude of 18000 feet, Parker DuPont’s fleet crashed into 27 Japanese bombers and escorted “zero” aircraft.
Parker and Fred Hodge from Tennessee rushed at full power to the “zero” plane.
They each destroyed one plane.
Bill Reed from Ohio shot three Gunners in the rear seat of the bomber, and then a British fighter came and killed the Japanese plane.
It was in this battle that DuPont, who remembered Chennault’s teachings, deliberately hit the enemy plane with his wing when a Japanese “zero” plane tried to escape.
The wing of the zero plane broke away from the fuselage and fell.
Parker DuPont looked around and found that the four foot long wing of his P-40 was broken and the aileron was damaged.
So he struggled to fly the misoperated plane for more than half an hour, and finally landed at high speed without braking.
The official statistics of the Christmas battle confirmed that 17 of the 28 Japanese bombers and fighters shot down were shot down by the US volunteer airlines.
Another eight bombers crashed into mataban Bay, which was not included in the official statistics.
The RAF shot down seven enemy planes.
American Volunteer airlines lost 2 P-40 aircraft, pilotThere was a flickering, pungent black smoke.
For three days in a row, Chennault sent fighter planes to attack the helpless Japanese army in the Nujiang Canyon.
When the enemy retreated along the road to Myanmar, the Chinese Army crossed the Nu River again and attacked the Japanese flank.
Among the large number of Japanese troops trapped in Nujiang Canyon, only one of the once arrogant “Chilong” armored division was able to open a blood path and return to Longling.
In June, the Japanese army was still struggling and forced to cross the Nu River again.
The Chinese Army gave a firm counterattack, and the Japanese army’s attempt failed.
With the advent of the rainstorm season, the Japanese army’s massive invasion of Southwest China finally came to naught.
The US volunteer air force was later expanded into the US Air Force Task Force in China, and Chennault served as Brigadier General Commander.
Later, it was reorganized into the 14th Air Force, and Chennault served as major general commander.
At midnight on July 4, 1942, the American Volunteer air force finally completed its mission.
For this army, the militarist predicted that it could not support for 3 weeks in battle, but it fought bravely for 7 months in Burma, China, Thailand and French Indochina.
Shoot down 299 Japanese aircraft, and another 153 may be shot down.
He lost only 12 P-40 aircraft in air combat and 61 on the ground, including 22 deliberately burned.
Three people were killed on the ground, three were captured by the enemy, and more than 10 died in flight accidents.
The American Volunteer air force defeated the Japanese air force in more than 50 air battles without losing a single one.
With its brilliant achievements, most of the volunteers have won the Chinese government’s medals, and 10 pilots have won the British and American Flying Cross.