the Soviet Union allocated 300000 US dollars first, and then added 200000 US dollars later. The payee of the remittance was initially designated as an important figure of the Democratic National Committee and an assistant to the president. In addition, the Soviets also wanted to hand over the money to the officials in charge of the examination and approval of military technical products in various US ministries and commissions. In fact, the huge amount of money eventually went to the president’s son in order to send the money to Roosevelt through him.
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in the 1930s, in order to use American technology to build new warships, Soviet leaders specially allocated 500000 US dollars of “administrative funds” (a large amount at that time) from the State Treasury for the use of a Soviet foreign trade company, In order to get through the high-level joints of the United States. However, the money was eventually wasted and many people were involved in the crime. An article published by Russian magazine power recently disclosed this paragraph.
in 1924, the Soviet Union registered and established Amu Darya foreign trade group company in the United States, specializing in Soviet American trade. At that time, the United States and the Soviet Union had not officially established diplomatic relations, and AMM foreign trade group could be said to have monopolized the trade activities of the two countries. In 1933, at the request of the Soviet Union and to cater to American businessmen who were eager to explore the Soviet market, the new US President Roosevelt officially recognized the legitimacy of the Soviet Union.
at that time, the American economy was still depressed. American businessmen all know that the order of amu foreign trade group is the order of the Soviet government, which means the financial support of the Soviet government. But from another perspective, Americans believe that signing a contract with this company means trading with the most hostile country, so they are particularly vigilant to provide the company with advanced and sensitive military technology. In view of this, Moscow decided to establish a pure American company and find a reliable agent.
the selected person is Karp, an American of Russian descent. Karp was born in a poor tailor family in tsarist Russia. After moving to the United States in 1911, he did all kinds of odd jobs and then started the oil business. After the economic crisis broke out in the late 1920s, Karp was in trouble. In 1933, he had to deal with several of his gas stations at a low price. Later, he decided to go to Moscow to see if he could find an opportunity to “earn dollars in Russia”. It was in Moscow that he met officials of the Soviet Ministry of foreign trade and was entrusted to help the Soviet Union purchase advanced equipment.
but many people doubt Karp’s ability. In his report to voloshilov, then the people’s commissar of national defense of the Soviet Union, on August 2, 1936, Burtyu, the Soviet military counsellor in the United States, said: “this man (referring to Karp) It’s worrisome to behave improperly. For example, when he goes anywhere, he carries with him. Although it is not an official document, it involves the list of equipment purchased in China, and even makes it public to some enterprises and resellers with business contacts to see these documents. This is a serious breach of confidentiality. In a word, he chattered about the needs of our country as soon as he had the opportunity. ” The counsellor also mentioned Karp’s special background – the brother of the wife of Soviet people’s committee chairman Molotov, remchurenna.
although someone called “black report”, Karp still got the trust of the above. After reaching an agreement on the division of procurement authority with amu foreign trade group, he successfully completed some procurement tasks. As soon as Karp had the opportunity to tell people about his relationship with Molotov, and spread some important procurement information from the high-level of the Soviet Union. Merchants looking for him soon came in an endless stream. Karp suddenly became a “magical” businessman.
on May 14, 1937, rozov, chairman of the board of directors of AMM foreign trade group, sent an emergency password document to Moscow. “Karp reported to me today that the U.S. government has prepared a document for the sale of 16 inch artillery system battleships and artillery central controllers to me. In order to obtain this document, he needs $500000 to compensate relevant people,” the document said After repeated study, Moscow decided to make the deal.
the Soviet Union allocated 300000 US dollars first, and then added 200000 US dollars later. The payee of the remittance was initially designated as an important figure of the Democratic National Committee and an assistant to the president. In addition, the Soviets also wanted to hand over the money to the officials in charge of the examination and approval of military technical products in various US ministries and commissions. In fact, the huge amount of money eventually went to President Roosevelt’s son in order to send the money to Roosevelt through him.
unexpectedly, Karp’s work was exposed by the press. For several days in a row, major U.S. news agencies and newspapers reported that the Soviet Union would purchase huge amounts of military equipment in the United States. Many newspapers did not hesitate to describe the incident as an order that had begun to be executed. In addition, after the US State Department completed the approval of shipping military equipment to the Soviet Union, there were more and more troubles involving the procurement of battleship related technical equipment. On November 3, 1937, Moscow received reports that: “The approval obtained by Karp has no effect on the purchase of special turbines for battleships. As the main supplier of engines by the Navy Department, Ge doesn’t want to accept our goods orders at all, and must also get the official approval from the Navy Department… After a whirlwind of media reports, the shipyard also wants to get the design cost of battleships from the Soviet Trade Representative…”
according to the archives, Moscow decided to let Karp be a lobbyist, and trojanovsky, the representative of the Soviet Union’s commerce and trade, made an appointment with the president of the United States. On November 27, 1937, trojanovsky met Roosevelt. According to his later report to Molotov, he complained to Roosevelt that the US Navy Department was indifferent to Soviet orders. Roosevelt said that he would give instructions to the officer in charge of naval affairs. The president also suggested building a dock directly in the United States and said that he would design and build special armor plates for warships for the Soviet Union in accordance with the standards of active warships of the US Navy.
In fact, there was no turning point in this matter. After a long period of friction, the Soviets did not get the destroyer or any technical design drawings of the destroyer. After painstaking work, the Americans finally agreed with the Soviet side to take away the technical drawings related to the construction of battleships. However, after identification, Soviet experts said that these drawings did not meet the technical requirements of the Soviet side at all.
in 1938, the US Congress established a special organization to investigate anti American thoughts, and Karp attracted great attention from the organization. He later gave details of the use of $500000, from which he withheld $100000 without authorization. Karp’s sister, remchurenna, was also not spared. She was accused of cooperating with the “public enemy of the people” in 1939. In 1940, rozov, chairman of the board of directors of amu foreign trade group company, was arrested and accused of espionage and continuously allocated funds to Karp for overseas administrative expenses decided by the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. At the end of 1945, the alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union existed in name only, and this procurement incident that annoyed the Soviet people is also considered to be one of the sources.