battle soon became what the Germans called the “rat war”, a grinding battle in wine cellars, basements and broken shops.
(on February 2, Russian World War II veterans participated in the military parade marking the 70th anniversary of the victory of the defensive war in Volgograd.) “The great battle of Stalin” and “the new leader of Stalin” in the Daily Telegraph “KD2” the great battle of Stalin “. The article said that the 2-day salute on the square of the dead soldiers in Volgograd roared, and even the snow on the roof was shaken down and fell into the crowd below. However, Safron rezakov, a 90 year old Russian World War II veteran, was not surprised. “The most terrible thing is the German artillery. We were badly hit by them. I lost a lot of friends,” he said
, a southern Russian city once called Stalingrad, held a ceremony on the 2nd to commemorate the end of the battle to reverse the situation of World War II 70 years ago. It is reported that more than one million soldiers died in the five month long bombing and tragic street fighting. After a bloody battle, the Soviet Union won, thus reversing the situation in the European war, forcing the German army to retreat and finally return to Berlin. Rezakov’s 321st Soviet division helped protect the pincer attack that forced the German Sixth Army to the west of Stalingrad and eventually forced general Friedrich Paulus’s forces to surrender on February 2, 1943.
the melting pot that determines the direction of the war
the article holds that the battle of Stalingrad is decisive for the Nazi German army and the Soviet Red Army: it is a melting pot that will determine the future direction of the war.
in the summer of 1942, Paulus’s Sixth Army had gone deep into the hinterland of the Soviet Union and won one battle after another. But German soldiers are also beginning to feel the pressure. The retreating Red Army poisoned the well water and poured gasoline on the food: the German army faced severe thirst, and dysentery and typhoid fever began to increase. However, the Nazi army still crossed the Don river. On August 23, Stalingrad became a hell on earth, and Heinkel bombers threw thousands of tons of bombs into the city. About 40000 people died in the first week of bombing.
85 year old Russian World War II veteran Peter Kovalenko said: “the first three days were a massacre. At the beginning of the bombing, I was waiting in line to get bread. There was a roar in the air and I saw groups of planes as soon as I looked up. A shrapnel hit me in the back.” Soon the German army invaded the city. Hitler wanted to win quickly. Goebbels had to lower the tone of propaganda and emphasize the hardship of the battle.
the Soviet army carried out tenacious resistance, refused to give up the three beachhead positions they held, and retreated to the East Bank of the Volga River, because they knew that if the German army crossed the river, the southern Soviet Union and the Caucasus would fall into Hitler’s hands. Stalin ordered “no step back”. The commander of the Soviet army in Stalingrad asked the soldiers to dig trenches as close to the German army as possible, sometimes as close as 30 yards, so as to put constant pressure on the German army and resist air strikes.
Zhukov’s other clever approach is “breakwater”, in which a small group of troops occupy the buildings in the ruins, which disrupts the German attack like fortified castles. The battle soon became what the Germans called the “rat war”, a grinding battle in wine cellars, basements and broken shops. Red Army snipers killed many Germans. At the same time, the Soviet Army on the other side of the river also launched intensive artillery attacks to counter the fire from the West. The exhausted German army was surrounded by the counter offensive Soviet army in the north and south. Paulus finally chose to surrender rather than die or commit suicide, which made Hitler very angry. There are nine. 10000 axis soldiers surrendered.
courage and symbol of resistance to strong enemies
the article said that 70 years later, the victory of Stalingrad defense war is still a symbol of courage and resistance to strong enemies in the hearts of Russians.
many people are discussing whether the name “Stalingrad” changed in 1961 should be returned to the city. In recent days, 50000 citizens have signed to restore the name. Vladimir kazachkov, 75, supported the return of Stalin’s name to the city. He held a portrait of Stalin in his hand, which read: “today is the day of victory, and Stalin is the supreme commander of the victor.”
Valentina savelieva, also 75, recalled the situation. She was also five years old when the bombing began in 1942. His father had been on the front line, first near Moscow and then to Stalingrad. “My father went home once and said to us, ‘we’re going to stay here and die in our city,'” savolieva recalled She never saw her father again.
in September 1942, the fighting became increasingly fierce. Savelieva’s two-year-old brother Gennady died of diphtheria. Hunger and disease threatened thousands of civilians left in the city. A month later, she left home with her mother and grandmother, and their home was soon flattened by a bombing. The three of them took a bag of potatoes and a few belongings and hid in a valley by the river. “A nearby oil tank was hit and the Volga River became a sea of fire,” savolieva recalled
soldiers once excavated this valley, dug out some shelter space, and each hole was also equipped with door panels taken from the destroyed houses. “We curled up in the hole and peered outside. The potatoes lasted only a week. Whenever a firebomb fell, we rushed out and baked potatoes on the fire,” savilyeva said After eating all the potatoes, they lived on the clay on the river bank for another three months.
it was not until three years ago that savelieva confirmed her father’s whereabouts and the final resting place. Just recently