Maintain the honor of “protecting the people” and
— Caesar entered Rome in 49 BC.
Caesar was born in the most noble family in Rome and received a good education from childhood. He is erudite and eloquent. Not only that, the elegant aristocrat was also a shrewd politician, and he got one post after another. He interacts with everyone, whether upper class or lower class civilians. He often held grand banquets and lavished money, resulting in a high debt.
but soon he got a fat vacancy and became governor of rich Spain. Just as he was about to leave, the creditors caught him and saw that he couldn’t get away. Crassus, the richest man in Rome and the one who suppressed the Spartak uprising, helped him to take office.
in Spain, Caesar established an army. He did not avoid the heat and cold, braved the wind and snow, led the Legion to conquer the independent tribes of Spain one by one, forcing them to pay tribute to Rome. After returning to Rome, Caesar became Roman consul. In 60 BC, he formed an alliance with Pompeii and Crassus, the most powerful in Rome, known as the “first three” alliance in history. In order to consolidate this alliance, Caesar (100-44 BC) married his 14-year-old daughter to Pompeii, 50. Soon Caesar became governor of Gaul.
however, Caesar clearly realized that he was far inferior to Pompey in terms of military merit and wealth. He could not compare with Crassus at all. He still had a long way to go to become the boss of Rome. A few years ago, he suddenly saw the statue of the great emperor in a temple in Spain. He stared at the great man who died at the age of 33 for a long time and couldn’t help sighing: “Alexander has conquered the world at this age, but I’m still unknown.” He wanted to go on an expedition like Alexander the great, establish military merit and become the ruler of the world. At this time, Pompeii was conquered by the East. So Caesar turned his eyes to the West and conquered Gaul as a springboard to higher power.
when Caesar was governor of Gaul, most of Gaul (now France, Belgium and other places) had not been conquered by Rome. Gaul has fertile land and rich products. Its residents are divided into many tribes. The Gauls are brave and brave in battle. They have a frightening custom: the fences of many people’s houses are hung with the dried heads of cut off enemies. Gauls are proud of it.
facing the brave Gauls, Caesar gave full play to his outstanding military talents. On the one hand, Caesar used the contradictions between Gaul tribes to provoke them to kill each other. On the other hand, he always inspired the courage of Roman soldiers and cared about the supplies and allowances of the army. In case of danger, he always took the lead, charged in front, raised his sword shining cold, and his blood red cloak floating in the fire of war. In just three or four years, he conquered all the Gaul land.
in the following years, Caesar repulsed the German invasion and pushed the northwest border of Rome all the way to the Rhine River Bank (in today’s Germany). He occupied the British island on the other side of the English Channel at one stroke, making the British people come into contact with Roman civilization.
after the end of the Gaul war, Caesar wrote a book called “the war of Gaul”, which was widely distributed in Rome to publicize his great achievements to the citizens. More importantly, he has mastered unprecedented strength: there are 10 long-standing legions under his command, and the huge wealth plundered in the Gaul war for him to buy rogue proletarians and impoverished civilians in Rome.
because klassus lost in the war against rest in 53 BC, there were only “two heads” left in the “first three” alliance. Caesar and Pompeii were difficult to accommodate two tigers in one mountain. Pompeii and the Senate supporting him were vigilant and jealous of his huge military strength. Caesar and Pompeii, who had the wealth and prestige gained from the war in Gaul and a seasoned army as capital; The other is backed by the Senate, the Treasury of the whole Rome and all provinces except Gaul, which can issue orders in the name of the legitimate government – “coerce the son of heaven to order the princes”. Both sides agreed and finally made the outbreak of civil war inevitable.
in 50 BC, the Senate and Pompeii decided that Caesar should hand over his military power and dismiss him when the second governor of Gaul expired. Antony, Caesar’s confidant and protector of the people, and Kevin DUS Cassius, exercised the veto on this decision. The consul ignored this and ordered Anthony and his friends to leave the Senate, or they would be punished even though they were protectors. Anthony was forced to disguise as a slave, hide in a hired car and escape to Caesar’s military camp in Shannan Gaul. At the same time, the Senate ordered Caesar to hand over the province and military power of Gaul, otherwise he would be declared “the public enemy of the motherland”, and ordered Pompeii to convene an army to defend Rome.
the embarrassment of Anthony and his party just brought an excuse for Caesar to advance into Rome. He went to the high platform, Angrily pointed Anthony and his party to the soldiers:
“Soldiers! You have made great contributions to your country, but the Senate will accuse you of public enemy. These famous and upright figures bravely stand up and speak for you, but they were rudely expelled by the Senate and cursed with malice. We must march to Rome to defend the honor of the protector.”
the civil war in Rome broke out immediately.
on January 10, 49 BC, Caesar led his army across the Rubicon River, which is the border of Italy, and marched towards Rome. It is said that he stood by the Rubicon River and hesitated for a long time, because according to Roman law, Roman generals were not allowed to lead troops into Rome. When he reached the Rubicon River on the border, Caesar looked at the flowing water in the moonlight and said,
“friends, if I don’t cross the river, I will encounter many disasters; if I cross the river, we will bring disasters to all people!”
so he rushed across the river like a demon:” the dice have been rolled, that’s it! ”
“Caesar ordered the army to cross the river to force the army into Rome. From then on,” crossing the Rubicon River “has become an idiom, which means to make a quick decision.” “Pompey and the senators were unprepared for Caesar’s resolute action. They panicked and fled Rome and Italy.
Caesar captured Rome without blood and was soon elected consul. Then Caesar pursued Pompeii. After a great war, Pompeii’s army was defeated, and Pompeii himself fled to Egypt, where he was killed by the Egyptians.
however, Caesar did not stop the attack. He traced it to Egypt. In Egypt, he met Cleopatra VII, the” Cleopatra “and fell for it.
in 45 BC, Caesar returned to Italy with Cleopatra, and Rome held an unprecedented grand triumphal ceremony for him. The ceremony lasted for four days and displayed a staggering number of treasures, including more than 2800 gold crowns, more than 1.3 million kilograms of gold and silver, and countless captives.
after the triumph ceremony, Caesar generously rewarded all the soldiers and civilians with these wealth. From ordinary civilians, soldiers to generals, each received a different amount of share. Caesar also held a grand banquet and performance to entertain the Roman people.
the citizens’ assembly and the Senate put all the honors on Caesar. He was elected as a lifelong dictator, a consul for ten years, a lifelong protector of the people, and a” father of the motherland ” A glorious title. There was only one honor not given to him, that is, the king, or the emperor. Rome is still a republic in name. In fact, Caesar is a totalitarian monarch.
in Caesar’s short days in power, he made major reforms. He reformed the Senate and increased the number of members to 900; Granting civil rights to freed slaves and Gauls; Improve the status of provinces and cities; Giving legal status to persecuted Judaism; Resettle 80000 veterans and residents to various colonies.
however, no matter how great Caesar’s achievements are, the danger is imminent for him. In the twinkling of an eye, on March 15, 44 BC, the senators were dissatisfied with Caesar’s change of the ancient republican tradition. They were afraid that Caesar would abolish the republican system and decided to assassinate Caesar.
on March 15, 44 BC, the Senate held a meeting. Caesar came to the conference hall alone. Although he had been warned in advance that someone would assassinate him that day, he still refused to take the guard. He said, “it’s a coward’s job to ask the guard to protect it.” Caesar strode into the hall, sat on the golden throne, smiled and said, “isn’t it March 15 now?” At this time, the conspirators hid short swords and surrounded him like friends. One of them ran to him and grabbed his purple robe as if he had something to ask him. It turned out that this was the secret signal to do it. The crowd rushed up and stabbed Caesar with a dagger. Caesar didn’t bring any weapons. He struggled to take down the purple robe and resisted. He took a sword in the waist. Then a sword went into his thigh. Seeing that the sword was stabbed by brutu, who he trusted most, he couldn’t help exclaiming: “ah, and you, brutu!” He gave up resistance, fell down, covered his face with purple robes, and let his enemies stab and chop. He was stabbed in 23 places, three of which were fatal and happened to die at the foot of the Pompeii statue.