the long-term military assistance to northern Yemen has had an important impact on the outcome of the armed conflict between northern and Southern Yemen. The picture shows the Katyusha rocket of the northern Yemeni army pounding at the port of Aden during the civil war in Yemen in 1994.

Taiwan’s long-term military assistance to northern Yemen has had an important impact on the outcome of the armed conflict between northern and Southern Yemen. The picture shows the scene of Yemen’s civil war in 1994.

Jordan and Saudi Arabia jointly borrowed troops and politely declined

. On November 4, 1962, Taiwan’s “foreign ministry” suddenly received a telegram marked “extremely urgent” from Taiwan’s “embassy” in Jordan. The contents of the telegram surprised the Taiwan authorities. It turned out that the kings of Jordan and Saudi Arabia jointly asked Taiwan for help, hoping that Taiwan would send air force personnel to assist the royal family of northern Yemen in fighting. Why did Jordan and Saudi Arabia, thousands of miles away, suddenly borrow troops from Taiwan? Everything starts with the incident in northern Yemen.

Yemen is located in the southwest of the Arabian Peninsula. It is an ancient country with a history of more than 3000 years. In the early 16th century, Yemen became a dependency of Ottoman Turkey. With the decline of Ottoman Turkey, Yemen became the coveted target of British colonists. In 1914, Britain forced Turkey to sign the Anglo Turkish treaty, dividing Yemen into North and south parts, and forcibly seized South Yemen in 1934, sowing the seeds of future conflict in this land. In 1918, northern Yemen declared its independence and established the kingdom of mutawakilia. On September 26, 1962, the “free officers organization” led by Abdullah salal launched a revolution, overthrew the Badr dynasty that ruled northern Yemen for 44 years and established the Arab Republic of Yemen. The princes and nobles of the Badr Dynasty fled to Saudi Arabia and Jordan for asylum. Facing these fugitives, the Saudi and Jordanian royal families were uneasy. At that time, the wave of revolution in the Arabian Peninsula was surging, and they were afraid of becoming the object of the next revolution. Therefore, while sheltering the royal family of northern Yemen, they are also actively planning the restoration of the royal family of northern Yemen. However, the strength of Saudi Arabia and Jordan is more than willing but less than capable for such a task. Although the two countries have a large number of advanced us made fighters, they lack highly skilled domestic pilots. If the two countries hire American pilots, they think they are unreliable. What should we do? They thought of the Taiwan authorities. At that time, Taiwan was both a “friend” of the two countries and a large number of experienced pilots. It was indeed an ideal target for help.

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therefore, the two countries proposed to the Taiwan authorities that Taiwan send fighter pilots and ground crew, who are specially responsible for driving and maintaining the American F-86 “Saber” fighters of the Saudi Air Force, to escort the offensive actions of the Royal Army of northern Yemen. The oil tycoons with big pockets also proposed that they could accept no matter how much the Taiwan authorities offered, and promised to keep it strictly confidential to the outside world. The Taiwan authorities immediately convened an emergency meeting to discuss the request of the Jordanian and Saudi royal families. Taiwan’s “Ministry of foreign affairs” believes that Jordan and Saudi Arabia have always been “friends”, and the royal family of northern Yemen is also “positive and friendly” to Taiwan on the issue of representation in the United Nations. Therefore, it is difficult to refuse their requests. Taiwan’s “Ministry of national defense” also agreed that sending troops can not only promote Taiwan’s foreign military cooperation, but also increase the combat experience of Taiwan military pilots. However, some people also pointed out that the situation in the Middle East is very complex. Once the identity of Taiwan personnel is exposed, Taiwan will fall into a very passive situation. The report reached Chiang Kai Shek. Chiang Kai Shek thought about it and finally declined the proposal of the two countries for Taiwan to send troops immediately. However, he said that he could send someone to investigate the air forces of Jordan and Saudi Arabia to prepare for sending troops in the future. For this reason, Taiwan also specially formulated a “Tianxiang plan”. Under the pretext of

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training Jordanian pilots, the Taiwan Air Force flew into Jordan

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. After declining the requirements of Jordan and Saudi Arabia, the Taiwan “Ministry of national defense” secretly dispatched Major General Yang Shaolian (pseudonym Yang Meng), technical assessment leader of the air force headquarters, Colonel Leng peishu (pseudonym calm) Li Wenzhong (alias Li Guoqiang), deputy captain of the second repair brigade and Colonel of the air force, went to Jordan for an inspection. These three people are the elite of Taiwan’s air force. Leng peishu has rich experience in air combat. He injured a J-5 fighter in an air battle with the mainland air force in 1958. Their task is to understand the situation of the Jordanian and Saudi Air Forces and the situation in the Middle East, so as to pave the way for possible military assistance in the future. The situation in the Middle East changed again soon after the three people

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arrived in Jordan. Seeing the outbreak of revolution in northern Yemen, the United States could not sit still. In order to protect its interests in the Middle East, the United States quickly dispatched three squadrons of F-100 “super Saber” fighters to Saudi Arabia. With the support of the United States, Jordan and Saudi Arabia will no longer need the help of Taiwan. As a result, Taiwan’s “Intertek plan” came to an end.

although the “Intertek plan” was not implemented, it foreshadowed the future military cooperation between the two sides. On the one hand, the royal families of Jordan and Saudi Arabia apologize for “fooling” Taiwan this time, and on the other hand, they do ask for Taiwan in training pilots. The two countries have gradually strengthened military exchanges with Taiwan. In 1966, the Jordanian Air Force delegation visited Taiwan. After watching the exercises of the Taiwan air force, Jordanians put forward a request for the Taiwan air force to train Jordanian pilots. The “spekds” and “spkds” of the Taiwan military or the “spkds” of the “spekds” of the “spekds” of the “spekds” of the “spekds” of the “spekds” of the “spekds” of the “spekds” of the “spekds” of the “spekds” of the “diplomatic base of the” spekds “of the” International. Of course, this training method can be kept secret, but Taiwan is a small island, which is very different from the terrain of a large area of desert Gobi in the Middle East. The trained Jordanian pilots have to adapt to the domestic environment after returning home, and the training effect is inevitably greatly reduced. Therefore, at the repeated request of the Jordanian government, in 1974, the Taiwan air force sent two Air Force Colonel to Jordan as military adviser and senior tactical instructor. The next year, the Taiwan army sent another military training team to Jordan to train and teach the basic tactics of fighter planes. At the same time, the ground crew also followed up one after another.

” Saudi Arabia again requested to borrow troops, and the Taiwan Army secretly intervened in the armed conflict between North and South Yemen

“Just as Taiwan instructors were training Jordanian Air Force, Saudi Arabia came to the door again and made a more amazing request for Taiwan to provide military assistance to North Yemen. More than a decade ago, Saudi Arabia actively planned to overthrow the government of North Yemen. Now why should it help its former opponents? It turned out that South Yemen got rid of British colonial rule in 1967 , after the declaration of independence, it gradually moved closer to the socialist camp. In 1970, South Yemen was renamed the people’s Democratic Republic of Yemen, officially announced to take the socialist road and won the support of the Soviet Union. Since then, North and South Yemen has become an important arena for the global hegemony of the United States and the Soviet Union.

there are no eternal friends between countries, only eternal national interests. For Saudi Arabia, the threat of the socialist revolution is far greater than that of the government of northern Yemen. In addition, the government of northern Yemen has made a commitment to Saudi Arabia not to support the subversion of the Saudi royal family. So Saudi Arabia formed an alliance with northern Yemen. At this time, the border conflict between North and South Yemen continued to break out, and the clouds of war were thick over North and South Yemen for a time. While Saudi Arabia provides a lot of money to Yemen, it also plans to provide military assistance, but Saudi Arabia’s own military strength is limited, so it reminds of Taiwan.

for the request of Saudi Arabia, this time the Taiwan side has been very positive. It turned out that at this time, Taiwan was facing an unprecedented “diplomatic” dilemma. It not only lost its seat in the United Nations, but also “diplomatic countries” abandoned it one after another. In order to maintain “diplomatic relations” with Saudi Arabia, the Taiwan authorities naturally do not want to offend each other. Therefore, Taiwan urgently formulated a military aid plan, code named “desert plan”. Since 1979, Taiwan has sent more than 100 Air Force pilots and ground crew to Saudi Arabia under pseudonyms every year. After arriving in Saudi Arabia, these people have to change into Saudi military uniforms, and then go to northern Yemen as Saudi soldiers or engage in training in Saudi Arabia. It was not until the eve of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Saudi Arabia in 1990 that the “desert plan” came to an end.

objectively speaking, in the military conflict between North and South Yemen, these Taiwan military pilots greatly enhanced the strength of the North Yemen air force, thus gaining air superiority. The North Yemeni air force trained by the Taiwan Army played an important role in the civil war between North and South Yemen in 1994 and helped the Northern Government win the victory of the civil war. Some researchers suspect that the United States may have known about Taiwan’s large-scale and long-term assistance to northern Yemen. At that time, the United States and the Soviet Union were wary of international influence and could not directly intervene in the conflict between North and South Yemen. The United States simply adopted the attitude of “turning a blind eye” to Taiwan’s involvement in the conflict between North and South Yemen. Other scholars even boldly speculate that it is likely that the United States directly planned Taiwan’s action to send troops to the Middle East.