Serbian armed shelling of Sarajevo

— NATO air raid on Bosnia and Herzegovina

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in 1995 at 2 a.m. on August 30, 1995, a bomb roared into the air. In an instant, the explosion was deafening, the flames rose, and the fire red the night sky. The NATO air raid codenamed “selected forces” began, Dozens of warplanes flew from NATO air bases to the positions of the Serbian Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina near the three “safety zones” of Sarajevo, gorazdai and Tuzla.

NATO fighters charged with air raid mission were ready to go on the aircraft carrier. Two hours later, the smoke of gunpowder was still diffuse, and the second round of air raid began again. On that day, NATO aircraft and rapid reaction forces carried out 74 rounds of attacks on Serbian positions. 600 bombs and more than 20000 shells exploded in downtown Sarajevo alone. It was really indiscriminate bombing. Since then, NATO aircraft bombed from central and eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina to Western and Northern Bosnia and Herzegovina day and night, from military targets to civilian facilities of military significance such as roads and bridges, which is likely to never stop until Serbs are destroyed. The whole bombing lasted until September 14, which seriously destroyed the air defense facilities and command and communication system of Bosnian Serbs, and completely lost the ability of large-scale attack.

why did NATO’s air strikes only target the Bosnian Serb army? Why did NATO suppress Serb forces and favor the Muslim government army and Croatian Army in Bosnia and Herzegovina? The reasons for

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are complex. We still have to start with the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is fully known as the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is one of the six republics in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia with the most complex national structure and religious beliefs. Of the 4.5 million people, 44% are Muslims, 32% are Serbs and 17% are Croats. The three major ethnic groups have different political opinions. The Mu nationality advocates that Bosnia and Herzegovina should follow the example of Slovenia and Croatia – independence from Yugoslavia and establish a centralized state with the Mu nationality as the main body; Croats support independence and advocate federalism internally; Serbs advocate that Bosnia and Herzegovina become a loose confederacy state, but firmly oppose independence from Yugoslavia. They said in advance: “if Bosnia and Herzegovina secedes from Yugoslavia, Serbs will secede from Bosnia and Herzegovina.”

in October 1991, the parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina forcibly adopted the memorandum on sovereignty over Bosnia and Herzegovina despite the boycott of Serbian parliamentarians. Serbian representatives withdrew from the Parliament and government, and established the “Republika Srpska of Bosnia and Herzegovina” in January 1992. In March of the same year, the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence under the collective boycott of Serbs, and the civil war in Bosnia and Herzegovina was imminent. On April 6, the European Community announced its recognition of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s independence. The next day, the United States did the same. This forced the Serbs who opposed the independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina into a corner. Seeing that the situation was not good, they immediately announced that the “Republika Srpska of Bosnia and Herzegovina” would secede from the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and become independent. The move was immediately firmly opposed by the two ethnic groups of Mu and Ke. One wanted independence and the other did not allow independence, so they fought with each other. A large-scale bloody conflict began immediately, and the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina broke out.

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the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina can be described as complex. The three ethnic groups, mu, K and Serbia, compete with each other, with both tripartite scuffle and two armies opposing each other. At the beginning of the war, with the support of the Republic of Croatia, the two ethnic groups joined hands with the Serbs supported by the Yugoslav people’s army, and the war spread throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since the beginning of 1993, the armed forces of the Muslim and Croat ethnic groups, which jointly opposed the Serbs, have turned into enemies. The two sides compete for territory and have a fierce battle, thus forming a tripartite scuffle between Serbia, Croatia and mu. From May 1993 to early 1994, the interests of the Serbian and Croatian communities were somewhat similar, and the armed struggle between the two sides tended to ease relatively, forming a situation in which the Serbian and Croatian communities jointly dealt with the Mu nationality. Since 1994, the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina has changed again, and the interests of the Muk and Croat communities are close again. On March 18, the two sides signed an agreement on the establishment of the Muk Croat Federation, which finally turned into the joint opposition of the Muk and Croat communities to the Serbs. After the outbreak of the

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war, the international community immediately launched intense mediation activities. At the same time, the United Nations is also actively mediating the parties involved in the war, actively seeking the combination of the interests of the three parties and trying to find a solution to the problem. However, no matter how the international community mediates, the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina is always difficult to extinguish.

how can we stop the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina? The West believes that the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina has lasted for a long time because the Yugoslav Federation supports the Serbian war. If it does not support Serbs, the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina will not start. Therefore, the fry should “bear the primary responsibility” for the war. As long as the international community sanctions it, isolates it and makes it no longer support Serbs, the Bosnia and Herzegovina issue can be solved.

therefore, under the active instigation of western countries, the Security Council adopted resolution 757, requiring all countries to stop trade with South Africa, cut off air traffic with South Africa, reduce South’s personnel stationed abroad, and suspend South’s participation in scientific and technological cooperation, sports competitions and cultural exchanges. Subsequently, driven by Western and Islamic countries, the 47th UN General Assembly terminated Yugoslavia’s seat in the United Nations.

however, economic sanctions and political isolation did not stop the Yugoslav Federation from supporting Serbs, and the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina continued. Since economic and political means cannot make the fry yield, military means should be adopted. Therefore, western countries actively look for excuses to favor the Mu and Ke ethnic groups.

at about 11 a.m. on August 28, 1995, several shells landed in the center of Sarajevo and exploded. In an instant, 37 people were killed and more than 80 injured, which aroused strong indignation and condemnation of the international community. The Bosnian Muslims condemned the atrocities as being committed by Serbs and threatened to withdraw from the negotiations on the Bosnian peace agreement proposed by the United States. Serbs believe that this incident is a bitter meat trick made up, directed and played by the Mu nationality. It is a plot by Muslims to prevent a political solution to the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and asked the United Nations to investigate the truth of the incident. However, the western countries led by the United States believed that this was a rare opportunity and insisted that it was the Serbs, so they used this as an excuse to indiscriminately bombard the Serbian Army positions