In the first section, millions of Allied soldiers besieged Berlin, which was located in the east of Germany and the capital of Nazi Germany during the Second World War.

It was once the center of the world’s attention.

Hitler was militaristic and issued the order to conquer the world here.

However, under the common resistance of the people all over the world, the Nazi German army was frequently blocked on the East and West lines, and the rivers were declining day by day, which became more and more inadequate.

In 1945, millions of Soviet troops and the German army launched a final decisive battle here.

The second world war has entered its final year and reached its final juncture.

At the beginning of 1945, the Soviet army advanced to the front line of Oder River and nice River in Germany, and began to prepare for attacking Berlin.

It’s only 60 kilometers from here to Berlin.

The Red Army of the Soviet Union on the eastern front is in full swing and waiting for the day.

At this time, the British and American allies on the western front had also invaded Germany.

However, just as the 21st army group led by Montgomery and the 12th army group led by Bradley moved eastward with lightning speed, on March 28, the supreme commander of the Allied forces, General Eisenhower, did not consult with the Joint Chiefs of staff and the deputy commander of the Allied forces in advance, He sent a telegram to Stalin directly to major general Dean, head of the US military mission in Moscow.

In the telegram, Eisenhower pointed out that the targets of the British and American allies were Erfurt, Leipzig, Dresden and other areas, not including Berlin.

The telegram was delivered to Stalin on March 28.

Eisenhower’s self assertion immediately caused great shock among the allies.

Among the British and American allies, British Prime Minister Churchill and allied deputy commander Montgomery firmly advocated attacking Berlin.

Originally, Eisenhower also agreed that the main target of attack in the next step should be Berlin.

Until March 27, Montgomery also told Churchill in the battle report that he led his army to attack the Elbe River and Berlin.

However, only one day later, Eisenhower changed his mind.

Therefore, Churchill and Montgomery were greatly surprised when they learned the contents of the telegram.

Churchill felt that Eisenhower’s arbitrary decision was not only a military goal, but also a political goal, which undoubtedly exceeded his authority.

In addition, Churchill did not agree with the Allied Commander’s decision.

He believed that winning Berlin before the Soviet army would be of great benefit to the West in bargaining with the Soviet Union.

However, no matter how Churchill and Montgomery objected, Eisenhower had made up his mind that Berlin was no longer an important goal.

Eisenhower had his own reasons why he did not make Berlin the main target of attack, and he thought these reasons were irrefutable.

He believed that if he attacked Berlin, he would pay the price of 100000 casualties, which was not worth the loss at the end of the war.

Moreover, he also received reports that the heavy German troops were not in Berlin, but in southern Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia.

In this way, Eisenhower gave Berlin to the most reluctant Russians in Germany.

On March 29, 1945, on a road to Moscow.

Several jeeps sped eastward.

In the jeep were Marshal Zhukov, commander of the first front army of the white Soviet Union of the Soviet Red Army and his entourage.

He returned to Moscow at the call of Soviet Supreme Commander Stalin.

According to the deployment of the supreme command, the first front army of the white Soviet Union, the second front army of the white Soviet Union and the first front army of Ukraine were given the task of conquering Berlin.

Two days later, the Soviet supreme command held a battle conference in Moscow.

The central topic of the conference was to formulate the battle plan of the Berlin campaign.

After repeated and careful research, the Supreme Command further clarified that Zhukov’s first front army of the white Soviet Union would carry out major raids to Berlin, and konev’s first front army of Ukraine and rokosovsky’s second front army of the white Soviet Union would carry out auxiliary raids from the South and north of Berlin, Among them, the Ukrainian first front army is also responsible for assisting the white Soviet first front army to encircle and capture Berlin.

In order to ensure the safety of the Berlin campaign, the supreme command has greatly strengthened the strength of the three front armies.

The first front army of the white Soviet Union has the heaviest task, so it has the largest number of troops, including 11 group armies and 4 armies.

The task of the Ukrainian first front army is slightly lighter, with a total of 8 group armies and 5 armies.

The second front army of the white Soviet Union does not have the task of directly attacking Berlin, so its military strength is also the least, with only four group armies and five armies.

In this way, the total number of soldiers of the three front armies has reached 2.

5 million.

The Russians sharpened their swords, and the British and American allies pressed on step by step.

The life of the Germans became more and more difficult.

From January 19, 1945, the German Supreme Command was forced to move to Berlin because of the war, and Hitler himself settled in the bomb shelter deep underground of the chancellor’s office in the center of Berlin.

At this time, Hitler was overwhelmed by the snowy war reports from the East and West fronts.

His thoughts became more and more ethereal and could not clearly realize the real situation of Germany.

Hitler also completely lost his sense of trust in the people around him and thought they were all deceiving themselves.

For some generals who dared to speak out, Hitler replaced them inadvertently.

At the beginning of the war, the German armored army was unstoppable and attacked all, which made Hitler firmly believe that his army was invincible.

He believed that the current defeat was entirely caused by the unfavorable command of his generals, and Germany was not at the end of its tether.

Hitler was not afraid of the millions of Soviet Red Army soldiers and thousands of tanks under the city of Berlin.

He was confident that he could repel these Russians.

At this time, the German army could not compare with the early stage of the war, and the defense of Berlin was not as solid as gold, but it was not easy to seize it.

The German army responsible for the garrison mission in Berlin is mainly the “visva” group army group under the command of general Heinrich and the central group army group under the command of general sherner.

There are 48 infantry divisions, 9 motorized divisions, 6 tank divisions, 37 independent infantry regiments, nearly 100 independent infantry battalions and a large number of Artillery Forces.

In addition, there are more than 200000 garrison troops in Berlin, and the reserve team of the German army headquarters has eight divisions.

In this way, the German army guarding Berlin has a total of 1 million people, 1500 tanks and self-propelled artillery, more than 10000 artillery and 3300 aircraft.

In order to defend Berlin, the German command also took “special measures”.

City according to itsThe jurisdiction is divided into eight defense areas.

In addition, nine special defense areas have been set up to cover the central area of Berlin where the government office buildings, the imperial office, the secret police headquarters and the parliament building are located.

On the ground directly close to the city, the German army built a three-tier defense area: the outer sniper area, the outer city outline and the inner city outline.

A large number of fortifications, blockhouses and obstacles have been built in each defense area.

The windows of the buildings along the street have been reinforced into firing holes.

In order to carry out street fighting, the German general command also mobilized citizens to form 200 people’s commando battalions, and members of Hitler’s fascist youth regiment voluntarily formed an anti tank fighter team.

The Soviets pressed the border with their bows drawn, and the Germans deployed their troops and were ready for battle.

A great war was about to break out.

Section II the Soviet Army smashed the “lock of Berlin” with an iron fist.

Berlin, April 15, 1945.

As night fell, it became dark and the stars twinkled in the sky.

At other times, residents of the German capital would take to the streets, and the parks and squares would be crowded with people.

But now Berlin citizens have to be careful and hide in subway stations and air raid shelters early.

Berlin is waiting for bombing by Allied air forces.

But everyone was surprised that the siren didn’t sound that night and remained silent.

People gradually relaxed their tension and many began to return to their homes.

There have been few such quiet nights in Berlin recently.

At 4 a.m., Berlin suddenly shook like an earthquake.

Then there was a loud noise from a distance.

A few minutes later, panicked people rushed out of their homes again.

They thought Berlin had been attacked again.

At 4:20, a telegram was sent back to the Berlin defense command from a division headquarters on the Eastern Front: we were subjected to cruel artillery fire and cut off contact with the regiment headquarters.

We found an inexplicable strong light in front of us, like hundreds of thousands of candles, maybe new weapons, maybe chemical weapons.

This is the Soviet Red Army from the Oder River The nice River launched a general attack on Berlin.

In an instant, more than 20000 guns of various calibres roared in unison, thousands of shells poured down to the German positions like a storm, and the explosion was earth shaking.

It was the sound of artillery that alerted the citizens of Berlin.

Under the heavy bombardment of the Red Army, the German fortifications were destroyed, the tank shelters were thrown high into the air, and the shelters were razed to the ground.

So what about the strong light in the telegram? In fact, it was not a new weapon or chemical weapon, but 140 anti-aircraft searchlights used by the first front army of the white Soviet Union during the attack.

This is Marshal Zhukov’s “plan to suspect soldiers”.

In previous operations, the Soviet Red Army generally launched attacks during the day, which the German army has long been accustomed to.

This time, when planning the battle of Berlin, Zhukov had a whim and planned to launch an attack at night, which could greatly surprise the German army and take it by surprise.

But there is also a problem in this way, that is, it is difficult for tanks and infantry to find targets during night attack.

Later, it was proposed to use high-power searchlights to illuminate tanks and infantry, which was approved by Zhukov.

As Zhukov expected, after the red army launched the attack at 4 a.m., it was completely beyond the expectation of the German army.

Most German officers and soldiers were still dying in a dream.

The strong light illuminated the targets of the Soviet tanks and infantry.

With the support of strong aviation and artillery fire, tens of thousands of Red Army Infantry and thousands of tanks rushed to the German positions.

As the day began to dawn, the Germans seemed to wake up from their sleep and began to fight desperately.

The advance of the front-line attack troops of the first front army of the white Soviet Union was blocked.

Especially in the zelo Highlands, the German defense was extremely tenacious, and the Red Army was blocked back several times.

Located in the east of Berlin, zelo highland is the only place to attack Berlin.

Here, the mountains are high and steep, and the terrain is dangerous.

It is like a thick wall blocking the way forward of the first front army of the white Soviet Union.

Behind it is a plateau, so once the zelo highland is captured, the Red Army can rush directly under Berlin City.

Seeing this, the German army regarded the zelo highland as the last gateway to defend Berlin.

It not only mobilized heavy troops to guard, but also built a large number of solid blockhouses.

Hitler’s propaganda organization boasted of it as “the lock of Berlin” and “an insurmountable fortress”.

The German effort was not wasted.

Although the red army attacked tanks and infantry in turns at all costs, the defense of zelo highland was still complete until noon, and the Red Army could not move forward.

As time goes by, the situation is becoming more and more urgent.

In the south, konev’s Ukrainian first front army has successfully crossed the nice River and attacked the German army in depth.

As a last resort, Zhukov ordered the first tank group army and the second tank group army of the guards to fight immediately and attack the zelo highland.

The first tank group army and the second tank group army of the guards are the most capable of attacking in the first army of the white Soviet Union.

With regard to the use of the two group armies, the Supreme Command instructed Zhukov to use them to detour Berlin on the north line.

However, Zhukov did not follow the requirements of the supreme command.

When formulating the battle plan, he left only one tank group army to detour to Berlin from the north and another tank group army to detour to Berlin from the south.

According to the original plan, the two tank group armies will wait for the first echelon infantry group army to break through the German front-line defense and open the breakthrough before entering the battle.

However, the current situation is that the first echelon group army has not opened a breakthrough within the scheduled time, and the attack has been frustrated.

If it is delayed further, it will seriously affect the battle process.

Therefore, it is reasonable for Zhukov to put the two tank group armies into battle in advance.

After the two tank group armies were put into battle, the attack power of the first front army of the white Soviet Union was greatly enhanced.

At dawn on the 18th, the first front army of the white Soviet Union finally captured the zelo highland, but nearly two days later than scheduled.

After taking the zelo highland, the defense behind the German army has not posed a great obstacle to the attack of the Red Army, because the terrain there is flat and open, and the German army has no danger to defend, which is very convenient for the attack of large tank forces.

Zhukov finally breathed a sigh of relief when he pulled out the hard nail in front of him.

The attack of the first front army of the white Soviet Union encountered twists and turns, and the first side of Ukraine launched the attack in its southHitler was still in the dark about all this.

On April 22, from the morning until 15 p.m., he kept calling to inquire about Steiner’s counterattack.

On the contrary, it was reported that the Red Army’s offensive was becoming more and more fierce.

Since April 20, konev’s Ukrainian first front army and Zhukov’s white Soviet first front army have launched attacks on Berlin.

That morning, rokosovsky’s white Soviet second front army began to forcibly cross the Oder River after 60 minutes of artillery attack.

Before that, the second front army of the white Soviet Union had been cleaning up the remaining German troops in Gdynia, so the attack time was several days later than the other two front armies.

Due to the fierce assault of the first front army of the white Soviet Union and the first front army of Ukraine a few days ago, the defense system of the German army has been disrupted.

Therefore, the attack of the second front army of the white Soviet Union is much smoother than the other two front armies.

On April 25, the vanguard troops of the second group army of the close guard tank of the first front army of the white Soviet Union and the fourth group army of the infantry met with the vanguard troops of the fourth group army of the close guard tank of the first front army of Ukraine in Kaiqin area west of Berlin, which means that the Soviet Red Army has completed the siege of Berlin and the German army in Berlin has become a turtle in a jar.

On the same day, the fifth group army of the Ukrainian first front army and the first group army of the US Army met near tolgo on the Bank of the Elbe River.

In this way, the whole Germany was divided into North and south parts from the center, and the war of people all over the world against German Fascism came to an end.

On April 26, the main assault groups of Zhukov’s white Soviet first front army and konev’s Ukrainian first front army turned to the central area of Berlin.

The two front armies used more than 460000 troops to storm Berlin, more than 14000 guns of various calibres, and more than 1500 tanks and self-propelled guns.

The four tank armies of the two front armies were all engaged in the battle of attacking Berlin.

Compared with the strength of the Soviet Red Army, the German army defending Berlin City is much weaker.

Its main force is the remnants of six divisions of the German ninth group army, which was badly hit by the Red Army on the east line.

In addition, there are one SS guard brigade, 10 artillery battalions, one heavy artillery brigade, three tank annihilation brigades, six anti tank artillery battalions, one anti-aircraft artillery division, dozens of national assault team battalions and some police forces, with a total of less than 200000 people.

Although the German forces defending the center of Berlin are not many, the natural defense facilities of Berlin City make Berlin’s resistance not to be underestimated.

At this time, every house in Berlin became a strong fortress.

The doors and windows of the buildings facing the street were blocked, leaving only perforations of various weapons.

The crossroads and alleys of Berlin were under the control of oblique fire.

In these buildings, the German army was equipped with not only machine guns, submachine guns and long handled anti tank rockets, but also 20-50 mm cannons.

A small number of tanks were dispersed to important blocks and hidden in bunkers.

On April 26, just after dawn, hundreds of planes and tens of thousands of artillery of the Soviet Red Army began to bombard Berlin like a storm.

Then Zhukov’s white Soviet first front army and konev’s Ukrainian first front army launched a general offensive against Berlin from all directions.

In an instant, the city of Berlin was filled with gunsmoke, and the roar of aircraft and tanks, the sound of guns and the sound of Red Army soldiers charging and killing were intertwined and resounded over the city of Berlin.

Sure enough, the German resistance in Berlin was particularly strong, no less than that in zelo heights.

The progress of the first front army of the white Soviet Union and the first front army of Ukraine is very slow, especially the task faced by the tank force is more arduous.

At this time, the squares and streets in Berlin were empty, and the German troops were hiding in buildings, roofs and basements.

The tank soldiers could not see the German troops and could not enter the buildings.

They became the living targets of German anti tank hands.

The remaining German soldiers desperately attacked the Red Army’s tanks with flasks and long handled anti tank rockets.

Due to the narrow streets, the tanks could not carry out the impact, so they had to advance in long columns, but they soon ran into trouble.

The first tank was hit by a long handled rocket and caught fire.

The back tank was blocked and could not move.

Obviously, if we use this method to attack again, the consequences will be unimaginable.

When Zhukov learned of this situation, he immediately ordered the large tank force to be divided into several small units, and formed a strong attack group and strong attack detachment together with infantry, artillery and engineers to conquer the German fortresses one by one.

This move was very effective.

The loss of Red Army tanks was greatly reduced and the attack speed was greatly accelerated.

This method was quickly popularized among all siege troops.

The Red Army’s strong attack group competed with the German army house by house and street by street.

The more they went to the city center, the more tenacious the German resistance was, and the battle reached a white hot level.

On April 28, Hitler sat in a chair in the underground bomb shelter of Hitler’s prime minister’s office with an iron face and a dull look.

The leading troops of the Soviet Red Army are only a few blocks away from here.

They are gradually advancing to the prime minister’s office from the East, North and West through the adjacent Berlin Zoo.

Hitler had faintly heard the roar of tanks.

Until then, Hitler finally realized that the “miracle” he expected would not appear again, that his great Germanic Empire would no longer exist, and he began to despair, but he still pretended to be calm and said to the people around him: I am determined to stay in Berlin, but I will not participate in the battle in person, because there is likely to be a danger that I may only be injured, So he was captured by Russia.

I don’t want to give the enemy any chance to tear me to pieces.

I have ordered my body to be cremated.

In the early morning of April 29, Hitler and his mistress Eva Braun held a simple and miserable wedding in a small conference room in the underground bomb shelter.

Before the wedding was over, Hitler called a female secretary to the next room and began to dictate his will.

In his will, he designated field marshal dunnitz as the president of Germany and the supreme commander of the armed forces, Goebbels as the Prime Minister of the government, and Hitler also designated the candidates for the composition of the new government.

On April 30, Hitler’s life came to an end.

The sound of gunfire outside the prime minister’s office was like a burst, and he could not delay any longer.

After lunch, Hitler and Eva Braun returned to their bedroom.

Hitler drank bullets and killed himself.

Eva Braun was poisoned, Hitler, who was full of evil, ended his evil life.

Although the Fuehrer died, the German army did not surrender immediately, and they were still resisting tenaciously.

In the early morning of May 2, a division of the first front army of the white Soviet Union received a Russian telegram from the 56th tank army of the German army, asking for a ceasefire and meeting the Soviet negotiators at Potsdam station.

After dawn that day, general Weidinger, the garrison commander of Berlin, surrendered to the white Soviet front army and sent a message ordering the remaining German troops to stop resistance immediately.

In the afternoon, the gunfire in Berlin gradually subsided, and the Germans finally stopped resisting.

After 16 bloody battles day and night, the Soviet Red Army finally won a decisive victory in this unprecedented anti fascist war.

Millions of German troops defending Berlin were wiped out in the face of the powerful offensive of the Soviet Red Army.

The Soviet Red Army captured 480000 German officers and soldiers, and seized more than 1500 tanks and self-propelled artillery, more than 4500 aircraft and more than 10000 artillery.

At midnight on May 8, 1945, the gunfire that had been ringing over Europe for six years stopped.

Since September 1, 1939, the European continent has seen peace for the first time.

The victory salute and colorful fireworks reddened the city of Berlin and illuminated the whole land of Europe.

In order to conquer Berlin, the Soviet Red Army also paid a great price, losing 304000 people, 2156 tanks, 1220 guns and 527 aircraft.

But the blood of the Red Army soldiers did not flow in vain.

They won the victory with their flesh and blood.

The Soviet army captured the capital of fascist Germany and gave the German army a annihilating blow, which also won peace for the world.

As expected by British Prime Minister Churchill and Marshal Montgomery, the capture of Berlin is of great significance not only militarily but also politically.

When the news of Berlin’s capture came out, people all over the world were excited, while the German fighting morale quickly collapsed.

Five days after Berlin was captured, Germany announced its unconditional surrender.