on August 16, Petrovsky issued a night raid and breakthrough mission in the forest. He stressed to the lower Commander: “all commanders, no matter what rank and position, should take the lead in the attack at night…” Petrovsky also indicated that he would join the breakthrough battle of the 154th division.
at 3:00 on August 17, the 63rd infantry army broke through with light clothes after firing all the shells. Because the attack was unexpected, most of the army easily broke through the enemy’s first blockade and moved quickly to the river bank. Petrovsky, who acted with the first echelon, took the team to the river bank and decided to return to gludez. He would personally lead the guard across the river.
however, the brave commander and Guard troops were unfortunately besieged. Fedor kazakov, the artillery chief who later broke out of the siege, recalled the commander’s last moment: “The commander led everyone to push towards the river bank. From time to time, he carried the soldiers who fell to the ground for fear of the enemy’s shooting and shouted: ‘comrades, if we bow our heads to every bullet, our necks will be sore. Come on! Charge with me!’… Finally, the commander was hit in the head by the assault gunman hiding in the bushes. It’s a pity that we couldn’t get the commander’s body out.”
“comrades, if we bow our heads to every bullet, our necks will sour. Come on! Charge with me!” This call will remind many Russians of a heroic image – Leonid gregorievich Petrovsky, commander of the 63rd infantry army of the Red Army. The legendary general in the Patriotic War died after only two months in the war, but his command ability and achievements are still remembered by future generations.
get to know “green men”
on May 30, 1902, a baby boy was born at the home of a miner in donetz mining area, Ukraine, under the rule of the Russian Tsar. The little boy was Petrovsky. Facing the days when he can’t eat enough every day, Petrovsky not only wants to learn how to make up for his family, but also wants to know a group of “heroes who do great things” to overthrow this man eating society.
at the age of 14, Petrovsky met a group of “strange green heroes” – Bolsheviks who promised to provide “bread, peace and land” to the people. In 1917, Petrovsky, 15, took part in the battle of occupying the Czar’s police station in Lugansk as a red guard in his hometown. This is his first time to take part in the battle.
with the establishment of the Soviet regime, Petrovsky defected to the Red Army, successively participated in the fight to suppress the rebellion in Ukraine, Volga River Basin, Crimean Peninsula and other places, and gradually grew into a quite personalized grass-roots commander.
refused to implicate innocent
after the end of the Russian civil war in 1922, the Red Army entered the stage of normalization construction. Petrovsky was escorted to the Military College of the Red Army of workers and peasants for further study. After graduation, he successively served as the head of the regiment, chief of staff of the infantry division, commander of the cavalry division and commander of the infantry division, Later, he became the commander of the Turkestan military region (i.e. the Central Asian military region).
in March 1938, Petrovsky was promoted to deputy commander of the Moscow military region. Just when his career was smooth, he was implicated in the “great elimination of counter revolutionaries”. As the people’s Committee for internal affairs of the Soviet Union (NKVD) extorted confessions through torture, former colleagues “confessed” that Petrovsky was “an anti party element hidden in the Red Army”. As a result, Petrovsky was arrested and put on trial by NKVD. Since then, NKVD has “falsely shot” him several times, trying to force him to give more “apples” (that is, the so-called “latent elements with red skin and white heart”), but he refused to involve the innocent, and was finally exiled to the Siberian labor camp for logging.
in 1939, Nazi Germany provoked the Second World War in Europe. The leaders of the Soviet Union knew very well that they must extricate themselves from the haze of the “great elimination of counter revolutionaries” as soon as possible. Therefore, without any review conclusion, a large number of commanders, including Petrovsky, were released back to the army.
cross the river to launch a counter attack
in December 1940, Petrovsky, who was only a handful of bones, was sent to Minsk as the commander of the 63rd infantry army to undertake the duty task of the “defense line” on the western border.
on June 22, 1941, the German army quickly broke through the “Stalin line” and pushed forward in three strategic directions. In early July, the armored forces of the German central group army successfully crossed the Dnieper River, which directly threatened the important military town Smolensk. Through careful analysis of the war situation, Petrovsky keenly caught the “weakness” of the German army – although the enemy’s tanks attacked quickly, the infantry did not keep up.
in order to slow down the German attack speed, Petrovsky took the initiative to request the 63rd infantry army to cross the Dnieper River and counter attack the German infantry on the West Bank. On July 14, the 63rd infantry army crossed the river at night, successively liberated Rogachev and jalobin, wedged into the enemy’s front for 30 kilometers, and continued to attack to the west, which was a very good counterattack under the situation of the full retreat of the Soviet army at that time. Therefore, the Soviet general command appreciated this action very much. When Stalin learned that Petrovsky was only a colonel, he ordered him to be promoted to lieutenant general.
the counterattack of the 63rd infantry army made it very difficult for the German army. Bauk, commander of the central group army of the German army, said to Hitler that he must reinforce, otherwise he could not carry out the next attack. Hitler transferred three infantry divisions from other strategic directions to bauk, and the situation of the 63rd infantry army became very dangerous.
personally led the guards to break through the encirclement
in the early morning of August 11, the German army, which had regrouped, launched a counterattack against the 63rd infantry army with the support of tanks and aircraft. On the night of August 13, a Soviet liaison officer came to the 63rd infantry army station by plane. He brought timoshingo’s order and asked Petrovsky to return to Smolensk by this plane and take up the post of the 21st group army