Russian observer zhernov pointed out: “At that time, there were some subtle differences in the attitude of the Soviet government towards prisoners of war in various countries, and the reasons for this can not be explained. For example, the Soviet Union allowed a small number of Japanese prisoners of war to marry Soviet women, and Japanese prisoners of war were also the only foreign prisoners of war allowed to stay in the Soviet Union. However, the Soviet Union did not allow prisoners of war in Germany, Italy, Hungary and other countries to marry Soviet women After marriage, they were not allowed to settle in the Soviet Union. All prisoners of war from these countries were later repatriated to their motherland. ” Zhernov’s above view has been proved by the declassified archives and documents in Russia. The author of
is an associate researcher of the compilation Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. It was originally published in the 4th issue of “together in the same boat” in 2010. The original title: war will also produce foreign feelings – the “by-product” of the Soviet Army’s war against Japan.
at 0:10 on August 9, 1945, the outer Baikal front army of the Soviet Red Army, the first front army of the Far East More than 1.5 million troops of the second front army of the Far East crossed the Sino Soviet and Sino Mongolian borders and launched sudden attacks on the Japanese Kwantung Army entrenched in Northeast China from the East, West and North. As of August 30, the raid ended, and all the troops of the Kwantung Army in Northeast China and Northern Korea were disarmed. At first, nearly 600000 Japanese prisoners of war were temporarily detained in the temporary Japanese prisoner of war camp in Northeast China, and then successively escorted to the territory of the Soviet Union, and a few Japanese prisoners of war were escorted to Outer Mongolia.
Japanese prisoner riots and the deaths of foreign lovers between the Soviet Union and Japan
the Japanese prisoners of war initially detained in the temporary prisoner of war camps in Northeast China were very unstable. From time to time, prisoners of war committed suicide, rioted and fled due to despair and fear. Riots even occurred in some temporary prisoner of war camps. These riots were often triggered by the wanton rape of Japanese female overseas Chinese by some officers and soldiers of the Soviet Red Army. For example, on August 11, 1945, after the Soviet Far East army landed in Fujin, some Japanese troops captured there and Japanese overseas Chinese who did not have time to retreat were detained in a temporary prisoner of war shelter (the shelter is located in a middle school). On the first night of detention, there was a rape of Japanese female overseas Chinese by the Soviet Army: at more than 9 p.m., Soviet soldiers took some Japanese girls and young women away several times. The cries of female overseas Chinese from the direction of the classroom deeply stimulated the Japanese prisoners of war. Such incidents occurred again and again in the following days. In addition, the prisoners of war who were successively detained later came the news that they saw with their own eyes that the train full of Japanese prisoners of war was heading for the Soviet Union, so the prisoners of war were even more desperate about their fate – a breakthrough riot took place. On the evening of August 14, when Soviet soldiers wanted to take away Japanese women overseas Chinese again, they were attacked by Japanese prisoners who had sneaked into the women overseas Chinese in advance. The door of the auditorium was opened and hundreds of Japanese prisoners rushed out. Soon, the door locks of other classrooms holding Japanese overseas Chinese were also broken, but the Soviet Army found that the riot ended in failure.
however, even in the cruel years of war, there are yearning for beautiful love and sincere love. After the battle of annihilating the Japanese Kwantung Army, there was also a foreign love story between Soviet officers and soldiers and Japanese women stranded in Northeast China. Hideo Makino, now about 80, was one of the Japanese prisoners of war, He recalled a martyrdom in Northeast China in December 1945: “until 20 years of Showa (i.e. 1945) At the end of the year, the Soviet army was still stationed in Manchuria. At night, a bright moon hung high in the cold sky. From time to time, wild dogs barked in the distance. Only the Soviet barracks in Jinhua District were brightly lit. One night in early December, on the day when the Soviet withdrawal order was issued, two shots came from the direction of the Soviet barracks. Japanese waitresses ran to see that the dead were a young Soviet soldier and a Japanese woman who volunteered to work in the Soviet barracks. This woman is a beauty in her early thirties. Her husband originally lived in Beiman. Later, she was called into the army and died in Okinawa. So the woman wandered to Jinzhou. No one wanted to take her in, so she became a maid in the Soviet barracks. At that time, those who withdrew from Beiman with her advised her many times and asked her to think carefully, saying that “there is still a chance to return to her hometown in Japan”, but she couldn’t listen to anything and just went to the Soviet barracks. The young, 19-year-old Soviet soldier shot her first and then shot himself in the head. He died with a pistol in his hand. In my opinion, it originated from an uncontrollable emotional explosion of a young man: she was the first Japanese woman he met. She immediately fell in love and couldn’t bear to be separated from her. ”
Soviet women risked living with foreign prisoners of war
the heavy and hard labor life did not make these strong prisoners of war completely eliminate their yearning for the opposite sex. According to the article “the Russian Tomb of the Japanese Samurai” published in the Moscow Communist Youth League newspaper on May 11, 2005: at first, when Japanese prisoners of war set foot on the territory of the Soviet Union, they carried rubber dolls in their luggage to meet their instinctive needs. But when these things got off the train, they were looted by local residents who had been waiting at the station for a long time – the Soviet people were also very poor after the war. The successive wars of
made the Soviet Union lose tens of thousands of male citizens, and the gender ratio was seriously unbalanced. The male female ratio of collective farms increased from 1:1.1 in 1940 to 1:2.7 in 1945, and a large number of Soviet women became widows. The day-to-day life of hard labor also made the Japanese prisoners more and more eager for the opposite sex. Therefore, an uncontrollable love broke out between the reform through labor prisoners and the Soviet women in custody.
according to tadiyana, a researcher of the Archives Bureau of tampov Prefecture, Russia? Ms. crotova said that there was once a 64th prisoner of war reform through labor camp in kaleli village, which initially only held Japanese Kwantung Army officers and prisoners of war. Since 1946, other Japanese prisoners of war and German, Italian and French prisoners of war have also been transported here. Although Japanese prisoners of war are in prison and have no freedom. They work in mines and mines all day, they do not forget to ask the little boys in the village for help to improve the “international friendship” with rural girls in the Soviet Union.
“kdsSoviet women are willing to live with foreign prisoners of war for complex reasons: either because of pure love, or because of physical needs, or because of spiritual loneliness, or because of material temptation. 2008, associate doctor of Russian history А.Л. Kuzminneh pointed out after textual research: “female managers in labor camps sometimes live with foreign prisoners of war for ‘material purposes’.”
however, the cohabitation of Soviet women with foreign prisoners of war was doomed to take great risks. Once discovered, it will immediately be characterized as “naive class consciousness” — a female doctor in a prisoner of war camp in Vologda, the Soviet Union was found to have such a situation. Her appraisal wrote that she did such a scandal because she “came from a relatively rich family with a large number of livestock and hired labor”. In addition, female staff members will be expelled from the party. For example, a record of a party organization meeting in 2715 hospital pointed out: “on November 10, 1945, nurse a on duty stayed in ward 8 all night. She sat on the single bed of prisoner Walter and talked with Walter about their love topic. According to some data, it is not the first time she has been found doing so.” Finally, the party organization made the following treatment: the nurse was dismissed and her qualification as a probationary member was cancelled; Walter, the prisoner of war, was rushed to the prisoner of war correctional center to mine peat.
on August 11, 1945, the Ministry of internal affairs of the Soviet Union issued Order No. 134, demanding that all “women with unstable ideology and morality” be expelled from the prison camp. In 1947 alone, six female staff members of the 437th prisoner of war camp and its subordinate 3739 hospital were dismissed.
female managers and staff members of the Soviet Union who had an affair with foreign prisoners of war not only risked being expelled from the party and public office, but also risked damage to their health. According to the declassified archives of the Russian Vologda branch of the General Administration of prisoner and detainee affairs of the Ministry of internal affairs of the Soviet Union, some female managers had secret abortions in the health centers of some reform through labor camps because they knew that their behavior was not allowed by organizational discipline and supported by public opinion. This is often because of the lack of basic medical security measures and serious damage to health.
despite all kinds of risks, the incidents of Soviet women maintaining close relations with foreign prisoners of war were repeated.