the most prominent symbol of SS soldiers is the collar with “SS” on the right collar of their uniform. These two letters are designed into two lightning bolts. In the countries occupied by Germany, these two lightning bolts have become well-known symbols of terror for all ages. The role of

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SS in “World War II” is mainly reflected in three fields: the core organization of security; Management of concentration camps; Front line operations. No matter in which field, the will, discipline and cold-blooded of this political armed force are extraordinary. Most of the major crimes committed by Nazi Germany in World War II were related to the SS. SS soldiers were thus deeply hated, including the generation of Germans who grew up after the war.

during my doctoral study, there was a college student from South Germany at Berlin Polytechnic University named Althouse, which means “old house”. His grandfather worked in the SS. Because of this, he didn’t want to see his grandfather since he was sensible. When I asked him why, the young “old house” said: “one of the SS is a murderer, and each of them has an average of three civilian lives. I am ashamed that I am German with them.” I asked him where the number came from, He broke his fingers and counted for me: “I don’t know how many soldiers the SS recruited before and after the war, but I know it reached its highest number at the end of 1944, 900000. Plus the number of people it lost, I estimate that its total number in the whole war should be around 2 million. During World War II, 30 million people died in Europe, including 6 million Jews. We calculate it according to the most conservative method, 6 million The account of civilian deaths should not be wronged by the SS? Isn’t that a SS soldier carrying three lives! ”

for this reason, I specially consulted some documents about the SS published in Germany and found some criminal records of the SS outside the concentration camp. Here are two excerpts as follows (please note that these words were completely written by the Germans):

on April 5, 1944, In Greece, the 7th SS infantry destroyed a village called klisura in retaliation for guerrilla attacks, killing 215 residents, 72 of whom were minors under the age of 15. The same force also destroyed a village called distromen and killed more than 300 people, including women and children.

on June 10, 1944, the 4th armored infantry regiment of the SS imperial division destroyed the French village oradoursur glane in retaliation for the attack of the French guerrillas, killing 642 people at one time, of which 190 were primary and secondary school students. The cause of the incident was that a resistance sniper shot and killed a SS officer. The operation was called an “ordinary military operation” in the archives of the SS.

exposing the war crimes of the Nazi army is not the focus of my writing, because there are neither secrets nor disputes in this field. The key to Germany’s re acceptance by the international community after the war is to face history and repent. I want to investigate and show Chinese readers more about the individual experience and feelings of former SS soldiers, and it is not easy to do this. German soldiers who participated in the “World War II” were divided into two categories after the war. One category was included in the category of regular soldiers. It seems that everything can be explained by the sentence “do their duty for the country and have no choice”; The other is included in the category of “responsibility bearers”, and the SS belongs to the latter. The principle of “voluntary participation” makes it impossible for SS members to explain their position of participating in the war by “being driven”. The conclusion of the “criminal organization” made by the Nuremberg Military Court on the SS also clearly positioned the identity of these soldiers in the “World War II”: members of the criminal organization. Under this pressure, former SS soldiers are usually reluctant to be interviewed, especially foreigners. Eckart, a veteran in East Germany, said: for a remarkable special group in history, it is easy for later people to form an overall conceptual and symbolic understanding, which is reflected in the “demonization” of the SS. In order to penetrate the stereotype of “demonization”, after a long time of searching, I found some historical materials of the war memories of the former SS soldiers, from which I can understand the feelings of some individuals of this “special army” on this period of history:

lefler:

I grew up in a working family, My father is a master in the porcelain shop. I began to study carpentry at the age of 14 and have been apprenticed for three years. During the depression in Germany before taking office, I was also involved in the army of unemployment in the late 1920s. In order to make a living, I once worked as a part-time worker in the military training ground and a doll factory. I joined the SS in 1933 because I opposed the actions of the left, even though I joined the Communist Youth League when I was young. When I went through the formalities for joining the SS, I confessed that I was a communist. The SS said to me: it doesn’t matter. What matters is what you are now. To join this team, you must show your genealogy, be more than meters tall and be Aryan. SS members are allowed to marry, but must submit an application for review. None of this has any problem for me, because my wife and I are of Aryan descent. When I got married, I entered the church in SS uniform. There were more than 50 SS members waiting for me to come out. They couldn’t go in. My brother joined the Stormtrooper, and soon the SS was ordered to ban the Stormtrooper, and our brother became an enemy. We must obey, and we cannot object to the chief. We cannot allow or exist fear of battle. Whoever is afraid on the battlefield will lose his reputation and be sent to the punishment company for punishment. The best feeling I got in the SS is the collective spirit. There is no professional difference among doctors, workers and teachers. We are a whole and everyone helps each other. Many people say that no one in the SS is a prisoner, which is not very accurate. However, no one in the SS really wants to be captured, so we always fight to the end. Our opponents all know that we have never fought against the SS without gnawing at a hard bone.

” Dolin:

the SS was originally an elite armed force to protect the head of state. It often appeared as a guard of honor at major events in the capital Berlin. When I signed up for the SS, a total of 10000 people signed up at the same time. But after strict selection and physical examination, only 3000 people were admitted, and I was one of them.

At the end of June 1934, we received the above notice: according to the model of King Frederick of Prussia to form a long guard, Berlin also wanted to find a group of men over meters tall to form Adolf Hitler’s guard. I was admitted. After hard training, we became a big guard as neat as a knife. My motivation to join this guard is very simple, just like that I want to go to Berlin. There is no other chance. In addition, I especially like the beautiful military uniform of the SS.

in Adolf Hitler’s guard, we learned to sing a lot of songs. One day, I suddenly learned to sing “Maria and Joseph”. It was not suitable for making March. I didn’t like it at all, especially on the way to the shooting range. If I sang this song, it looked very different. Later, the superior saw this and cancelled it.

I am fearless, which may play an important role in my ability to survive this war. Cowards are always taken away by death in war. To deal with the guerrillas, the SS adopted the following method: if an assassination or destruction occurred in a place behind the front line, the officers took a map, centered on the location of the incident, drew a circle with a large circle, and all the residents in the circle were treated as guerrillas. I can’t accept this kind of practice. I think it can only lead to more fierce resistance. After our people are captured, people will be merciless to us.