has different attitudes towards their special family background and the privileges they enjoy or may enjoy. Svetlana wrote about her eldest brother Yakov: “he hates anyone who mentions who he is… He has always sincerely refused the privileges that can be obtained due to his family relationship, so he has never had any privileges.”
in 1937, Stalin held his daughter Svetlana
. Although Svetlana was called the “Kremlin Princess”, she spent most of her life wrestling with the Kremlin masters, which also determined the strangeness and ruggedness of her life course.
“Pearl of the palm” treason and emotional ups and downs
Svetlana was born on February 28, 1926. She is Stalin’s only daughter. Stalin and his wife ariluyeva regard her as the Pearl of the palm. At this stage of education, the teacher can read and write German music according to other people’s wisdom, and can write music scores according to other people’s parents.
after ariluyeva committed suicide on November 8, 1932, Stalin gave more fatherly love to the little daughter who lost her mother at the age of 6 and a half. At home, he often plays the game of “command” with her: the daughter of the “hostess” gives a written order to the father of the “first secretary”, while the “first secretary” humbly expresses “obey”, “obey” and “complete the task immediately”; If he was away on business, he would write to her in full print and mail her her favorite fruit. In the whole 10 years after his mother’s death, the relationship between the father and daughter seemed harmonious and close.
in the winter of 1941, Svetlana learned the truth of her mother’s death from foreign magazines – not because of illness, as her family always told her, but suicide. It shocked her and changed her view of her father. In her memoir, she wrote: “something in me was destroyed, as well as my absolute obedience to my father’s opinions, will and every word…
because of this and the advent of puberty, Svetlana began to become a little rebellious. In the winter of 1942, at the age of 16, she fell in love with a film director in her 40s, Aya capuler. In order to break them up, Stalin’s guard rumemtsev warned kavrel and advised him to leave Moscow and travel far away. Although Kappler scolded rumensev on the spot, he still didn’t bear the pressure and decided to go to Tashkent to make a film. However, just as he packed his bags and was ready to go, he was suddenly arrested on the charge of “British spy” and exiled for five years. Svetlana was severely reprimanded by her father: “now the war is fought like this, but you do…” “don’t look at yourself, but who needs you! There are so many women around him, you are a fool!” The angry father even slapped her twice in the face. Since then, the relationship between father and daughter has changed, and conflicts have occurred one after another.
after graduating from middle school, Svetlana plans to apply for the Language Department of Moscow University, because she loves literature, and the teacher also suggested that she study Chinese. Unexpectedly, he was opposed by his father: “do you want to be a literary scientist? You like the romantic and famous scholar school! They are all ignorant people. Do you want to be such a person?… no, you must have a good education, even if you take the history department.” Although her daughter was very reluctant, she entered the History Department of Moscow University in the autumn of 1943 in order not to get angry with her father.
the following spring, Svetlana, who was a freshman and just turned 18, married Morozov (Jewish) who was a classmate of her middle school and was studying at the Moscow Institute of international relations at that time. Although Stalin was not satisfied with the marriage, he did not insist on opposing it. He just said, “these Zionists forced him to give it to you.” “See your ghost and do whatever you want.” But he made it clear that she would never be allowed to bring her husband home. As a result, Stalin never saw the son-in-law once.
in the second year of marriage, Svetlana gave birth to a boy named Joseph. She left the child in the care of a servant while she continued to study. In the spring of 1947, the young couple, who had just been married for three years, divorced due to emotional breakdown.
after the divorce, Svetlana felt lonely again, and her home, which could not contact with the outside world and was like an isolated castle, made her feel depressed and upset. In order to relieve her boredom, she often visited zhidanov’s home, the former Second Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and thus had more contact with zhidanov’s son Yuri zhidanov. They registered for marriage in the spring of 1949.
their marriage actually has no emotional basis. Although they don’t hate each other, they don’t love each other. Svetlana admitted that she married Yuri because “I think this can make it possible for me to enter another home, give me even a little freedom and open the door to people.” The reason why the zhidanovs are willing to marry Svetlana cannot rule out that her father is Stalin. Of course, Yuri, who is upright and full of beauty, is not a person who likes to climb the dragon and the Phoenix, but his mother is very Philistine, and Yuri only obeys his mother at home.
Stalin was very satisfied with the marriage. He has always hoped that the two families can get married, not only because the two families are close to each other. Zhidanov’s becoming his in laws will help consolidate his power and position, but also because he appreciates Yuri very much. But he hoped Yuri would be his son-in-law. As he grew older, he felt lonely about his life alone. After learning the news that the two would be married, he immediately ordered someone to build an additional floor in his konzewo villa in order to make them live happily. Unexpectedly, the daughter insisted on living in zhidanuo with her son Joseph”Ariluyeva”.
in the 10 years after his father’s death, due to the fact that the authorities have always been enthusiastic about the “Stalin problem”, and their evaluation of him has been high and low, sometimes praised and sometimes belittled, Svetlana felt more and more the great mental pressure as Stalin’s daughter, resulting in hesitation and depression. In the spring of 1962, she was baptized in the Orthodox Church in Moscow and said frankly: “I feel this is my inner need, and dogma is meaningless to me.” In 1963, she confided to her friends in 20 letters to friends:
as before, I live in the shadow of my father’s fame… Some people care, some people hate, and all people are curious about me, deserved and undeserved troubles and excitement, And the love and loyalty expressed to me by many deserving people – all of which are squeezing me from all directions…
I continue to live a strange, inactive and dual life. Like ten years ago, my life is still one thing on the surface and another on the inside. On the surface, as before, my life is stable and secure, under the shade of the “upper” trees and uncles and aunts. However, my inner life, like before, is completely out of tune with them in interests, habits, spirit, career, language and words, but I feel more strongly today than before.
fled the United States and were called “hysterical patients”
by the authorities. It was in the above-mentioned mood that Svetlana fell in love with Indian Communist brah Singh who came to Moscow for treatment in the winter of 1963. Singh is 17 years older than Svetlana, nearly 60 years old, looks much older than her actual age, and is so ill that “it seems that a gust of wind can blow him down”. The combination of the two was unexpected, but what was more unexpected was that it led to the conflict between Svetlana and the Soviet authorities again and again.
Svetlana began to live with singer on April 7, 1965. On May 3, they came to a marriage registration office in Moscow and asked about the materials and procedures required for registration. But the next day Svetlana was called to kosikin’s office. The head of government dissuaded her: you, a young and healthy woman, can’t you find a strong young man here? What do you want this sick old Hindu for? No, we are all firmly opposed. We advise you not to register your marriage, and we don’t allow it. “Because what if he takes you to India according to the law?”
in October 1966, Singh, whose condition deteriorated sharply, realized that his future was numbered and expressed her wish to die in India to Svetlana. Svetlana wrote to Brezhnev, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, requesting that she be allowed to return Singh to her hometown. In the letter, she said that she would not stay in India for a long time. In place of the general secretary, Suslov, Secretary of the Central Committee, once again rejected Svetlana’s request.
Singh died of illness in Moscow on the 31st of that month. On November 3, Svetlana wrote to Brezhnev and kosikin respectively, asking for permission to send her husband’s ashes to his family in India. The letter promised: “the trip will only take 7-10 days, no more.” “I’m not going anywhere. I don’t see anyone except my closest relatives. I assure you that nothing can be blamed from a political standpoint,” except for my husband’s nephew, Indian Foreign Minister dinehi, at his home in Delhi and his husband’s home village of karakangka on the Bank of the Ganges