War always brings disaster to people.
During the first World War, Toyama Prefecture, near the sea in the middle of Honshu Island, Japan, was desolate.
There was no chirping of livestock and poultry, no laughter and laughter of people, and the whole county was dead.
The old people and children who stay at home look vegetable and listless.
The women who have worked hard in the field all day in the scorching sun are already exhausted, but they still have to carry baskets to dig wild vegetables to satisfy their hunger.
In order to support their families, men went to the Hokkaido fishing ground early to catch fish, but they could catch fewer and fewer fish.
Sometimes they couldn’t catch a fish for a whole day.
In this way, they couldn’t make any money except their food expenses at the end of a month.
Because of the outbreak of the war, the price of rice has been soaring.
The rice originally sold for only 12 cents had risen to 38 cents in August 1918.
Such expensive rice is beyond the reach of ordinary people.
Unable to afford rice, people can only dig wild vegetables to satisfy their hunger.
However, when one day the wild vegetables are finished and the fish are finished, what should these miserable people do for a living? Why does Japan, a country that produces rice everywhere, suddenly lack rice? It turned out that at this time, Japan was in a period of transformation to an industrial society.
Those backward agriculture still in the mode of small-scale peasant production can not keep up with the development of industry.
With the development of industrialization, the expansion of cities and the increase of non-agricultural population, there is a serious shortage of rice supply.
It is the so-called “rare things are expensive”.
As soon as the supply is small, the price of rice will naturally be raised.
In the face of this social phenomenon, the Japanese government not only did not try to adjust and strengthen agricultural production, but also constantly recruited rice for its armed intervention and aggression.
With the increasing number of rice recruited by the army, those cunning rice merchants and landlords took the opportunity to hoard strange things and bid up the price of rice, making the already cheap rice more expensive.
The soaring price of rice aroused people’s protest, and the long-standing resentment finally broke out.
On August 3, 1918, the fishermen in xishuiqiao village launched the first wave of resistance.
That evening, the ancient bell in the village was sounded, and the dull and astringent bell sounded like fishermen telling and venting their sadness and anger without rice.
At the moment of hearing the bell, more than 300 fishermen shouted the slogan of “rice price reduction”, and rushed out of the house and rushed to the rice shop.
Faced with the tide of fishermen, the owner of the rice shop closed the door tightly and secretly sent someone to call the police.
The angry fishermen saw that the owner of the rice shop closed the door as soon as he saw them.
They were even more angry, so they rushed forward and began to smash the door.
The thick wooden door began to shake gradually.
Seeing that the door was about to be knocked open, the police rushed over at this time.
The armed policemen whistled desperately to drive away the crowd.
This annoyed the fishermen even more.
The anger and grievances accumulated for a long time broke out like a mountain torrent in an instant.
They seemed to have forgotten the purpose of coming here and turned to fight with the police.
The starving fishermen were forced out of great strength by anger, and several policemen were knocked down to the ground.
However, police reinforcements came in a steady stream, whistling whips shuttled through the crowd, and flying gun butts hovered over the fishermen’s heads.
Despite the injuries of many people, they still fought hard.
“Boom!”, A policeman shot into the sky and the fishermen stopped.
The riot finally subsided.
The next day, the news of rice rush from xishuiqiao village spread to dongshuiqiao village on the other bank.
Inspired by dongshuiqiao women, a group of more than 800 people came to a local rice shop.
At that time, the fishermen sent representatives of the shop not to sell more than 1000 rice bags to other places.
They asked the boss not to sell rice at a high price.
However, the failure of seizing rice in xishuiqiao village made the rice shop owner glare and say, “this rice is mine.
I can sell it to whoever I like.
Why should you tell me the terms?” As soon as the rice shop owner finished speaking, his wife standing aside, a fat woman, shouted viciously at the top of her throat, “just you, still want to buy rice? Go to hell! If rice is too expensive, don’t live!” Now the pot burst open.
The women who had suppressed their anger could no longer control this.
I don’t know who shouted in the crowd: “don’t talk nonsense with them, toast, don’t drink, rob!” The “bomb in the oil pot” exploded, and women flocked to the store.
The boss, the landlady and the store clerk were pushed aside in an instant.
In a twinkling of an eye, more than 1000 bags of rice were robbed.
When the guys arrived with the police, the women had long disappeared, leaving only the boss and his wife sitting on the ground crying.
This can be out of control.
The wave of rice rush in Toyama County soon spread to the whole country.
The actions of fishermen in Toyama County, like a fire, instantly ignited the people’s resistance.
Riots continued throughout the country.
On August 11, 1918, riots broke out among Osaka citizens and workers, and more than 250 rice shops were robbed and destroyed.
On the 12th, tens of thousands of citizens of Kobe launched a riot in this city with the largest concentration of rice merchants.
Several large rice shops were robbed and destroyed.
One of the big profiteers, Suzuki, not only burned down the rice shop, but also burned the house to ashes by angry citizens.
Subsequently, the citizens of Nagoya shouted the slogan of “down with the cabinet in the temple” (the cabinet of prime minister Masayoshi in the temple).
Finally, it was the turn of the capital Tokyo.
Although the police station strengthened its vigilance, tens of thousands of citizens still demonstrated and tried to destroy the rice shop.
So far, the “rice riot” has reached a climax.
Soon after, the riots in big cities were suppressed one after another, but in the vast rural settlements, “rice riots” continued.
The “rice riot” spread to three-quarters of Japan, and the number of participants reached more than 10 million, including many Navy sailors.
The “rice riots” dealt a heavy blow to the Japanese government and showed them the power of the people.
[cool review] said that food color and sex are different.
As the saying goes, people are iron and rice is steel.
If you don’t eat a meal, you’ll be hungry.
The power of hunger is enormous.
In human history, the rebellion of civilians, large and small, is often caused by hunger.
Hunger will turn a good man into a bad man, a weak man into a strong man, and a gentle man into a furious man.
This shows that people are falling into.