in her last years as the first lady of Egypt, Suzanne only observed the whole of Egypt from the resplendent corner of the palace. What she saw was a “clean” Cairo and a “happy” Egyptian people; In fact, the streets of Cairo outside the palace are full of garbage.


on January 5, Egypt held another court session on the case involving former President Hosni Mubarak. The prosecution asked the judge to sentence Mubarak to death on the grounds that he ordered the suppression and killed about 850 demonstrators. Although Mubarak now faces the possibility of life imprisonment or even death penalty, Suzanne Mubarak, the former first lady of Egypt, has almost disappeared from the public.

since she was questioned on suspicion of illegally obtaining huge wealth in May last year, Suzanne has suffered from “panic disorder” – a sudden extreme fear and anxiety, which makes the patients have symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, sweating and shaking in just a few minutes. She was briefly detained by the court. She was released after the confiscation of $3.4 million in property and a villa in Cairo.

“we never thought this would happen,” said fahongda Hassan, Suzanne’s close friend.

a year ago, angry Egyptians lit buildings in Cairo, and the capital was filled with smoke. At that time, Suzanne and Hassan, a professor at the American University in Cairo, talked on the phone about their views on the revolution.

“the first lady looked very calm,” Hassan recalled. She did not believe that the crisis was imminent and did not know how serious the problem was. Of course, she did not expect that the “Mubarak building”, which had stood in Egypt for decades, was about to collapse.

before the “Arab Spring”, the former first lady gave supporters the impression that she was arrogant, easily deceived and superior. Friends around her said the 70 year old first lady was shocked by the outbreak of the revolution. Because in her last years as the first lady of Egypt, Suzanne only observed the whole of Egypt from the resplendent corner of the palace. What she saw was a “clean” Cairo and a “happy” Egyptian people: beautiful walls, flowers and green grass. Bribers were full of sincere smiles when they offered bribes. In fact, the streets of Cairo outside the palace are full of garbage.

“from support to strong opposition, it is unimaginable why people’s attitude (towards Mubarak regime) has changed so fast.” Hassan said. Hassan once managed Egypt’s “National Women’s Committee” for Suzanne, one of the main charities founded by her.

Western media often love and hate Suzanne when reporting. Her femininity and non-profit philanthropy seem to offset her real role in the dictator’s family career. In a person interview published in 1998, the New York Times described Suzanne as a “calm and kind person”.

in fact, Suzanne is by no means a good wife and mother hiding behind the “evil giant”. As her old husband became increasingly tired of politics, Suzanne’s political energy burst out in an instant.

“she is not a vassal of this corrupt regime, she is the regime itself.” One feminist said.

during most of the time of ruling Egypt, Mubarak was not an impressive leader, but more like those empty Pharaohs in history. In his last five years as president, Mubarak has been living in seclusion in the resort of Sharm el Sheikh. He is in a trance and drowsy all day. He ignores political affairs and governs the country by his wife Suzanne and two sons.

it was the first lady who brought the country to the brink of collapse.

“as Mubarak gets older, Suzanne’s influence and control become stronger and stronger, but it’s not good for the country.” “The United States has held several rounds of dialogue with Mubarak to encourage him to establish a democratic government. It is clear that the strongest opposition to the US proposal is not Mubarak himself, but Suzanne.”

the “classical first lady”

who obeys the “national will” Susanna is a hybrid, formerly Susanna tabet. She was born in a small town on the Nile in Egypt’s Minya province. Her father is an Egyptian doctor and her mother is a nurse from Wales.

at the age of 17, Suzanne met Mubarak, a 30-year-old officer, while hitchhiking. Fate is doomed. They soon married and gave birth to two sons, aramubarak and Gamal Mubarak.

Susanna has a beautiful shape and thick black hair. She is naturally a clothes shelf – these later became the reasons why people called her “classical first lady”. She once said publicly that she did not like the title because it was “too Western”. But in any case, Mubarak’s regime is a projection of the West.

looking at Susanna’s photos over the past few decades, people can’t help but think of former US first lady Nancy Reagan or Laura Bush. Their images have too much in common: their hair is blown meticulously, like floating on their heads; Always wear a well tailored suit that looks square; When posing, the body is straight and never surpasses its own identity; And their rigid steps that people can’t see their gender.

later, Mubarak became the vice president of Egypt, their two children went to college, and Suzanne, who was ambitious and curious, returned to school. Suzanne, who uses her maiden name, began majoring in political science at the American University in Cairo and received a master’s degree in sociology. Her thesis is entitled “Egyptian cities”An analysis of the social movement of — a case study of the transformation of the primary school in Cairo Barak district.

although Susanna likes school very much, obedience to the “national will” is still the most important for her. Professor Ibrahim, a sociologist who once taught her, has now become a famous member of the democratic movement. Ibrahim, 73, recalled knowing for the first time that the vice president’s wife had become his student. At that time, Ibrahim was taking a population class. He blamed the country’s population surge on the widespread early marriage among Egyptians. “I criticized the leadership of the country at that time because they suggested that Egyptians marry late, but they did not set an example. At that time, President Sadat himself married and gave birth to a daughter at the age of 16.” Ibrahim said.

in class, a middle-aged female student raised her hand.

“this is the president’s personal affair. We shouldn’t discuss this topic here.” The woman said. Professor Ibrahim and she also argued about it for a while.

the student named Susanna still insisted: “I don’t think you should involve the president in this discussion, professor.”

Ibrahim responded: “he is not his Excellency the president, but Mr. Sadat.”

then Suzanne asked to drop out.

to Ibrahim’s surprise, Suzanne returned to school the next year, took all the courses he taught, and introduced him to her husband. Mubarak later often sought the advice of Professor Ibrahim.

it was also at that time that navar sadawi, Egypt’s most famous feminist, met Suzanne. At that time, Professor Ibrahim was inviting sadavi to give a lecture. “She didn’t like the content of my speech. I said that women should resist patriarchal society. She stood up and retorted that women should obey their husbands and family values. What she said about family values is exactly what President Bush later said.”

she dreams of winning the peace prize

after Mubarak came to power as president of Egypt in 1981, Suzanne insisted on her own point of view.

friends said that in her first 10 years as first lady, Suzanne was modest and focused on education and girls. She has led numerous non-governmental organizations, including the Egyptian children and society association, the National Museum of children’s history, the Egyptian Red Crescent Society and so on. Critics of




also have to praise Suzanne for her key role in the “book for all” project. The project has published thousands of cheap and popular books for the poor. It is worth mentioning that her photos are printed on every book.

in the 1990s, Suzanne changed her priority areas and began to work closely with the Minister of culture to set up a large number of libraries and museums. At the same time, she began to pay attention to women, but feminists said her work was just a cover for serving herself. “She is not a human rights defender at all, nor does she advocate equality between men and women. What she does is just for her personal glory,” Ahmed abdullahadi of

“new women’s foundation” told reporters

the Mubarak regime prohibits any non-governmental organization that advocates gender equality.

after the Mubarak family came to power for the 30th year, Suzanne’s efforts to pursue personal reputation have also expanded from the domestic stage to the international arena.

“you know, what she often says is: Egypt can’t give me what I pursue.” One woman joked.

she paid more attention. First, she established the “Suzanne Mubarak women’s international peace movement” in 2003, and then launched a “end human trafficking, right now!” Sports. However, most Egyptians pointed out that human trafficking was not an urgent task for Egypt to address.

Susanna’s efforts in promoting national humanitarian have brought countless personal honors to her. In fact, someone once asked Suzanne’s close friend Farouk Hosni, the former Minister of culture of Egypt: what is the most important for Suzanne? Hosni pondered for a long time before answering, “win an international award.”

many Egyptians whisper that she dreams of winning the Nobel Peace Prize.

she spared no effort to put her son in power.

“Suzanne and Mubarak have always’ respected each other ‘.” De soggy often heard her mother say so. Desoji’s mother has been Suzanne’s friend since school, so desoji knows Mubarak family very well.

however, Hosni Mubarak’s third rate IQ and almost nonexistent leadership skills often confuse de Soji: “how did these two get married?”

in the 21st century, Mubarak became old and weak, and his son Gamal and a small group of business friends gradually took control of Egypt.

people change, and change is the most ruthless. In 2000, when Syrian President Assad died, Ibrahim hinted on a talk show that Assad’s son Bashir was likely to be his successor. An audience suddenly said that the same thing could happen in Egypt. Ibrahim agreed. The next day, an Arab magazine quoted Ibrahim in its latest cover story. “The issue of

“didn’t go on sale in Egypt until Friday,” Ibrahim recalled. “But before noon, all the magazines were confiscated. I was also arrested in the middle of the night.” “kd