In the 1930s, Abu Burke, the first caliph of Islam (referring to the successor of the messenger of God, which is the title of the supreme ruler of Islam’s religion and secular), came to power.
In order to stabilize his position, he not only quelled the civil strife, but also continued to wage war and gradually unified the Arabian Peninsula.
However, his ambition was far more than that.
Soon, he pointed the spearhead at the surrounding Empire, and the Eastern Roman Empire became his next target.
There is one of the richest areas in the Eastern Roman Empire.
Not only Abu Burke is interested in it, but other surrounding countries are also eyeing this fat meat.
However, the Eastern Roman Empire could not give it up so easily.
This land that so many people think of is called Syria.
In order to get it, various countries launched wars one after another.
Finally, Abu Burke’s Medina regime was left in a stalemate with the Eastern Roman Empire.
At the beginning of the war, you come and go, and each side has its own victory or defeat.
But it was not a solution for a long time, so Abu Burke decided to take the initiative to attack.
In March 634, Abu Burke sent Khalid, a famous Arab general known as the “sword of Allah”, to lead troops to reinforce the Syrian battlefield.
At that time, Khalid was commanding the war on the front line of Iraq.
After receiving the order of Abu Burke, Khalid immediately set off for Syria.
While leading troops to Syria, he thought about how to win the initiative in the war.
After some careful consideration, Khalid decided to cross the West Asian desert, so as to avoid the strictly guarded border fortress of Eastern Rome, and then cut short to the enemy’s rear, taking the Eastern Roman army by surprise.
But crossing the desert is also very dangerous.
The environment in the desert is unpredictable.
If you are careless, you will die.
To this end, Khalid selected 800 strong cavalry among the soldiers, rode camels, turned to northern Iraq and entered the inaccessible West Asian desert.
Walking in the desert, a guide is very important, and water is also essential.
Therefore, before entering the desert, Khalid found an experienced guide and made a large number of large leather bags for water storage overnight.
After filling them with water, put one on each camel.
However, even if the water source is fully prepared, it will be drunk in a few days.
In order to solve this problem, Khalid ordered the guide to look for water along the way and be sure to find the drinking water needed by people and animals.
More than ten days later, Khalid led 800 elite soldiers to finally walk out of the desert, just like divine soldiers falling from heaven, and appeared under the city of Damascus, Syria.
When the Arab army stationed here saw Khalid’s troops coming, they immediately joined him and were under Khalid’s unified command.
Subsequently, Khalid led the Arab army to launch a continuous offensive, and soon occupied many small towns around Damascus.
Finally, he surrounded the Eastern Roman army in Damascus.
Six months later, the Arab army still surrounded Damascus.
The food supply of the Eastern Roman army in the city was increasingly tight, and the long-term confrontation also made the people in Damascus floating and began to appear chaos.
However, the Arab army still showed no sign of withdrawal.
In desperation, the commander of the Eastern Roman army discussed with the Archbishop of Damascus and decided to negotiate with Khalid to end the war peacefully.
One morning, Archbishop Damascus climbed up the wall, He shouted to the Khalid army under the city: “Dear general Khalid, your army has besieged Damascus for six months.
In fact, the victory and defeat is very clear.
Now our army is willing to stop resistance and open the gate to let your army enter the city.
However, you must ensure the safety of hundreds of thousands of East Roman people in the city.
How about it?” In fact, during the six months of siege of Damascus, the Arab army suffered a lot.
Khalid was happy to see that the other party intended to hand over the city, So he answered loudly: “Now that you are willing to hand over the city, I promise you that we Arabs act according to the order of Allah.
I Khalid promise you today: after our army enters the city, we will not hurt anyone in the city, nor destroy any building in the city.
What was Damascus before, and what will remain after our army enters the city.
But you You must pay US taxes every year as required.
Only in this way can you maintain your happiness forever! ” The two sides soon reached an agreement and signed a formal contract the next day.
So the Archbishop of Damascus ordered to open the city gate and let the Arab army into the city.
However, the alliance under the city of Damascus did not come from the original intention of the Eastern Roman Empire, but their delaying strategy.
In fact, the kings of the Eastern Roman Empire could not swallow this tone.
In 636, the Eastern Roman Empire gathered 50000 troops to launch a counter offensive against the Arab army, hoping to win Damascus at one stroke.
At that time, there were only more than 20000 Arab troops stationed in Damascus, far less than the army of Eastern Rome.
Facing the situation of being outnumbered, Khalid decided to outwit him.
Therefore, he ordered the army to withdraw from Damascus, gave up some small towns with strategic value, and withdrew the main force to the Bank of yamuk River in the Jordan River Basin.
The two armies once again formed a confrontation.
The summer in Damascus is very difficult.
It is not only unbearable, but also the sand and dust on the ground are blown up by the hot wind and hit people in the face.
People can’t open their eyes at all.
Such harsh natural conditions are unbearable for the Eastern Roman army used to the warm and humid climate of the Mediterranean.
Their morale has long been lax and their momentum has been lost.
The native Arabs have long adapted to this bad weather.
Therefore, before the war began, the Arab army had taken the lead.
Seeing that the enemy couldn’t stand this hot climate, Khalid decided to take the opportunity to attack.
In August, the Arab army stormed the positions of the Eastern Roman Empire, and the unprepared Eastern Roman army fought hard.
However, the demoralized Eastern Roman soldiers who could not stand the bad weather simply could not resist the fierce attack of the Arab army and soon lost the battle.
The Eastern Roman army fled in all directions, more than half of them were killed and injured, and even the emperor’s brother died in the scuffle.
At this point, the war of yamuk enabled the Arabs to integrate the richest Syria under the rule of Eastern Rome into the territory of the Empire.
After that, Khalid pursued the victory and finally conquered the whole Asia Minor soon after.
Damascus has always hadKnown as “the city in heaven”, it has a history of 4000 years and is a beautiful civilized ancient city.
Damascus experienced ups and downs from the ancient Roman Empire to the Byzantine Empire, from the Seljuk Empire to the Arab Empire, from harazimo to the Ilkhanate, and finally to the Timur Empire, but its most glorious period was in 636, during the reign of Omar I, the second caliph of Islam.
By 661, the territory of the Arab Empire extended from Spain to the border of India, and the Umayyad Dynasty, the first hereditary Dynasty of the Arab Empire, was established.
Damascus became the capital of the powerful Arab Empire, and its reputation reached the peak.
[cool review] if you are surprised and unprepared, you can win every battle! The clever and bold Khalid led 800 elite soldiers to fall from the sky and caught the enemy unprepared.
Later, it is a good idea to turn the war situation around.
This story shows us that sometimes success or failure only depends on your own courage.
If you live a plain life, you should sometimes have the courage to surprise yourself, such as having a big meal with ten days’ living expenses, asking for a month’s leave and going to a tourist resort.
Perhaps, such a surprise is accompanied by a great harvest of life.