Chinese tea was initially consumed only in Asia.
In 1647, the Dutch smuggled Chinese tea to the coastal cities of North America, and tea flourished in North America.
In 1690, the first Chinese tea consignment point appeared in Boston, a British North American colony.
The people of the North American colonies began to take drinking tea as a living habit.
Outstanding figures in New York, Philadelphia, Boston and other places attended the “tea party” one after another.
At that time, someone wrote in his diary: “here (in North America), people drink tea like the French drink, and they can’t leave it all day.
” In fact, as early as October 1651, the British were shocked by the smuggling of tea and other goods into North America.
In order to protect the interests of the British government, the British government passed the navigation regulations, which mainly include the following articles: 1 Only ships owned and manufactured by Britain or its colonies can carry goods from British colonies.2. The government designated certain colonial products to be trafficked only to the British mainland or other British colonies, including tobacco, sugar, cotton, indigo, fur, etc.3. Products made in other countries must pass through the British mainland and cannot be sold directly to the colonies.4. The colonies were restricted from producing products that competed with the British mainland.
However, with the development of the British colonies in the 13 states of North America, the local people increasingly hope to reduce their dependence on the British mainland and seek to develop their own economy independently.
Of course, this is a dream, because the British government still hopes that the 13 state colonies will continue to play the role of “cheap raw material suppliers and commodity dumping markets”.
Therefore, when the North American colonies increasingly did not want to play such a role, the British government began to adopt high-pressure policies to curb the development of the colonial economy.
The British government issued decrees forbidding the colonial people to open up to the west, forbidding the issuance of their own currency, levying heavy taxes, dissolving Parliament and so on.
In March 1765, the British government passed the stamp tax law, which stipulated that all contracts, mortgage deeds, alcohol licenses, legal documents, entertainment licenses, yearbooks and other about 50 publishing items should pay stamp duty, and even newspaper issuers and publishers should pay stamp duty for publishing publications.
The promulgation of this bill greatly angered the representatives of several colonies.
Therefore, seven months later, the British government had to cancel the stamp act.
In June 1767, the British government promulgated the Townsend tax law, which stipulated that all goods such as paper, glass, lead, pigment and tea exported from the UK to 13 state colonies should be subject to import tax.
Once smuggling was found, they would be severely punished.
In February 1768, the colonial people launched a large-scale boycott of British goods.
During this period, there were many armed riots.
The British are still relatively sober at this time.
They know that once the 13 state colonies are really going to make trouble, the consequences will be unimaginable.
So the Townsend tax law was abolished in March 1770, but the British retained one of the most important taxes, that is, the tea tax.
In fact, the tea consumed by the people of the North American colonies at that time was smuggled by local businessmen, and the price was extremely high.
The price of tea shipped by the British East India Company to the colonies is only half that smuggled by these businessmen.
Why did the people of the North American colonies not like to buy tea from the East India Company under such a wide price comparison? In fact, the people of the North American colonies liked to buy tea from the East India Company because of its low price.
However, businessmen in the North American colonies hated the British.
For example, Hancock, a businessman in Boston at that time, especially disliked the East India Company.
He was an activist from the beginning, mainly leading the local people to boycott Chinese tea from the British East India Company, while smuggling tea to avoid tariffs, resulting in a sharp decline in tea sales of the British East India Company.
In 1773, the British Parliament promulgated the tea act, allowing the British East India Company to sell goods directly to the North American market to enhance its competitiveness.
In addition, the price can be lower than the price of smuggled tea, so that the British East India Company can monopolize the tea trade in 13 state colonies and help British local businessmen make profits.
In November 1773, seven large merchant ships of the East India company went to 13 state colonies, four went to Boston, and the other three went to New York, Charleston and Philadelphia respectively.
On December 16, four merchant ships loaded with tea arrived in Boston.
The always active Boston revolutionaries were divided into three groups, 50 people in each group, dressed as Indians, dived into three of the ships, destroyed the goods on board, and poured 342 boxes of tea into the port, with a total value of about 18000 pounds.
The reason why they want to dress up as Indians is that Indians are native Americans in North America.
They want the British to know the fact that the whole North America has been opposed to the UK.
This is the Boston Tea Party.
After the incident, the British government was so angry that it immediately ordered the blockade of Boston’s ports and sent warships carrying troops to the 13 state colonies.
But at this time, the British still don’t want to go to war.
So in 1774, the British government passed a series of mandatory bills, ostensibly to ask Boston citizens to compensate for losses, but actually to strengthen control.
Although these bills are aimed at Massachusetts, they are regarded as “intolerable bills” by the people of the 13 colonies.
They also believe that Britain wants to use this as an excuse to completely deprive the 13 colonies of their freedom.
Moreover, there is no representative of the 13 colonies in the British Parliament, and the British government’s taxation is “unrepresentative taxation”, Finally, it became the fuse of the outbreak of the American War of independence in April 1775.
[cool review] a mass incident triggered by several tons of tea is actually about the independence of 13 colonies in North America.
This story tells us that we must see the essence through the phenomenon in order to understand the truth.
For example, if people challenge you on a trivial matter, the real reason may have to be found on a very important matter.
Bad things don’t happen suddenly.
There are signs before they happen.
The key is whether you can find these signs and plan ahead to avoid losses.
Visionary people can see the signs of bad things and dissolve them into invisibility.
Therefore, in daily life and work, we should not take small things lightly, because a flame may lead to a fire and a brake pad may lead to a fireTraffic accident.