In the history of the United States, there is no other black man who has had such a great impact on the public and won the respect of the whole country after his death, except Martin Luther King Jr.
, the leader of the black civil rights movement.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(1929-1968) was a martyr who dedicated his life to the American black civil rights movement.
He advocated nonviolent protest against racism in American society.
However, in the 12 years of his active activities, his house was blown up, he was injured by stones and sticks, he was arrested and imprisoned.
Finally, he did not escape the bloody hands of racists, He was assassinated in Memphis on April 4, 1968.
King was born in Atlanta, Georgia.
His father was a Baptist priest.
In order to respect Germany’s great religious reformer Martin Luther, he named his son Martin Luther, but added a “small” word, because his father’s name was also Martin Luther King.
After graduating from Morehouse College in Atlanta, Kim received his doctorate from Boston University in 1955.
He joined his father in the Ministry and served as a priest in a Baptist Church in the city.
The young priest, despite his rich knowledge and excellent eloquence, was not known to the public in Montgomery and he had little reputation.
A spark ignited the resentment of the black people in Montgomery.
On December 1, 1955, a 42 year old black woman got on the bus and found a seat.
At this time, a white man came up.
The driver asked her to stand up and give up her seat to the white man.
This is an old habit in the south of the United States.
It seems to be customary.
Moreover, Mongolian law stipulates that passengers must obey the driver’s command, but Mrs.
Parks refused to give up her seat.
She said “no”, As a reporter said afterwards, “the stone breaks the sky and the world changes color”.
The passengers on the bus, whether black or white, are as numb as a chicken.
At the next stop of the bus, Mrs.
parks was arrested for “misconduct” and fined $10.
Blacks in the city (accounting for 75% of all passengers in the car company) lodged a solemn protest to the company and announced a “strike”.
Montgomery mayor Gail stood on the side of the company against the black citizens.
The leader standing on the opposite side of the mayor was pastor Kim.
This Harvard doctor, who only talks about Jesus Christ,, Aristotle and, stood up and declared that this struggle was a struggle between justice and injustice.
The city attorney filed a complaint against king, and the judge found him guilty and fined him $1000.
In this way, the black fighting spirit was strengthened, and the “strike” persisted.
Pastor Jin also organized more than 200 private cars with excellent talents to solve the problem of inconvenience for blacks to go out.
The mayor announced that Kim’s action was illegal and arrested.
The “strike” activity was in full swing, and the case was transferred to the state court for trial.
At this time, The Federal Supreme Court declared that racial discrimination was prohibited in public transport.
The golden shepherd was immediately free, the car company and the mayor had to bow to the blacks, and the boycott lasted 381 days.
After the victory of the struggle, pastor Jin also took a bus and found a seat in the front row.
He said, “it’s really pleasant to take this bus.
” The unknown 27 year old black priest Martin Luther King Jr.
has become a famous figure in the country.
In 1957, pastor Jin was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and became an outstanding leader in the struggle for black civil rights.
He not only led the movement against racial discrimination laws in the south, but also exposed, attacked and fought against the de facto racial discrimination in the north.
In 1960, the annuity priest was put into prison again because he actively participated in and led a new anti racial discrimination measure in many parts of the north and south of the United States this year – black people “sit in” in apartheid restaurants, “read” in libraries, and “watch” in cinemas Take a bath on a white beach.
Kim personally led 51 people to a fast-food restaurant in Atlanta.
In 1963, he was arrested and imprisoned for leading the anti racial discrimination movement in Birmingham, Alabama.
Birmingham is called “the most racially segregated city in the United States” by Reverend King.
The city’s police chief “bull” Connor has brutally persecuted blacks with terrorist means for 23 years.
Pastor Jin was determined to face the “bull” and demonstrate to the “bull” in the form of “sitting in” and parade.
The violent police chief used police dogs and high-pressure faucets to deal with the demonstrating blacks.
On May 4, 1963, newspapers around the world published a picture of a giant dog jumping on a black woman with its teeth and claws, tearing human conscience and conscience apart.
But the black protests did not end, and turned in a more intense direction, forcing the federal government and the president to intervene.
Pastor king was set free under Kennedy’s direct intervention.
The struggle of the black people was like the waves of the sea, wave after wave.
On August 28, 1963, pastor Jin and other leaders of the civil rights movement launched and led 200000 people to march towards peace.
Pastor Jin delivered the famous speech “I have a dream” in front of the Memorial Hall:.
I dream that one day, this country will wake up, The motto that truly realizes it: “we believe that these truths are self-evident: all men are created equal.
” I have a dream that one day, in the red mountain pass of Georgia, the children of former slaves and the children of former slave owners will sit together like brothers.
I have a dream that one day, even Mississippi, where justice disappears, oppression prevails and suffocates, will become an oasis of freedom and justice.
“I have a dream that one day my four children will live in a country where they will no longer be judged by their skin color, but by their morality.
” pastor Jin ended his speech full of good feelings and yearning with an ancient black hymn: “finally free! Finally free! Thank God, we are finally free!” This is the poem engraved on his tombstone five years later.
As pastor Jin advocated the struggle for black civil rights through peaceful protests and demonstrations, which won more and more widespread support in the United States and some major legal achievements, he won the peace prize in 1964.
In 1965, pastor Kim, who never stopped, led the “free March” from Selma to Montgomery to strive for the black right to fair election.
In 1966, he led a protest against Apartheid in de facto schools and poor living conditions in slums in Chicago.
In 1967, he actively participated in the mass movement against the US war against Vietnam.
In a public speech on April 4, 1967, he called on American young people to refuse military service and demanded.