said

Cai Mingxi: the Korean audience has a deep understanding of the Chinese classical masterpiece “a dream of Red Mansions”, because there are many translations in North Korea, especially the Korean TV station has broadcast the Chinese 1987 TV series “a dream of Red Mansions” several times, and the audience has a very specific understanding of the plot and characters in the novel. North Korean audiences also shed tears when watching.

Korean version of a dream of Red Mansions stills

how the Korean version of a dream of Red Mansions was born

“Comrade Kim Jong Il has taught this re creation dozens of times, and there are too many specific guidance, which I’m afraid it will take a day to talk about. He asked to rearrange the opera according to the needs of the audience in the 21st century.”

“how to recreate? Just when the artists were arguing, comrade Kim Jong Il learned everyone’s distress and said, ‘cooperate with orchestral music’ (a combination of national and Western instruments), which made everyone enlightened. We must create operas according to his instructions.” Cai Mingxi, director of the Korean version of a dream of Red Mansions, said in an interview with t hope Oriental weekly.

in early May 2010, when Kim Jong Il, general secretary of the Korean workers’ party, visited China, the Korean blood sea Opera Troupe led a delegation to Beijing to perform the opera “a dream of Red Mansions”.

on the morning of May 10, Cai Mingxi, director of the Korean version of a dream of Red Mansions, accepted an exclusive interview with this magazine in the cafe of Huadu Hotel in Beijing. Cai Mingxi was dressed in a gray suit and a golden sun imaging badge on his left chest. He looked serious and answered every question carefully.

“others may not understand why I always mention him in interviews (Kim Jong Il) , he has great artistic attainments. We directors and music and dance experts all want to learn from him. In the process of rehearsal, we are often guided by him. His teaching is our panacea and gives us a direction in our work. If we are candles, he is the sun. ” Referring to Kim Jong Il’s guidance of the opera a dream of Red Mansions, Cai Mingxi said.

“focus on how to satisfy the people of both countries”

the birth background of the Korean version of a dream of Red Mansions is unusual.

in 1961, when Kim Il Sung visited China, he watched the Yue Opera “a dream of Red Mansions”. In the same year, the crew of “a dream of Red Mansions” of Shanghai Yue Opera Troupe was invited to visit and perform in North Korea. After that, under the proposal and guidance of Kim Il Sung, North Korea created and arranged the opera a dream of Red Mansions.

in the 1960s, the performance of the opera “a dream of Red Mansions” caused a great sensation in North Korea. Kim Il Sung accompanied Chinese leaders to watch the play many times.

2009 marks the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the DPRK and is also the “year of China DPRK friendship”. Kim Jong Il proposed that the blood sea opera company rearrange the play. This year, during Premier Wen Jiabao’s visit to the DPRK, Kim Jong Il accompanied Premier Wen Jiabao to watch the play.

the Chinese Ministry of culture has given strong support to the Korean version of the opera a dream of Red Mansions. At the end of 2008, the Ministry of culture sent an expert group to the DPRK to participate in guiding the rehearsal of the play. Since then, the Ministry of culture has also organized the donation of costumes and props.

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came to Beijing to perform this time. Li Changchun, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, and many other leaders also attended the performance.

Cai Mingxi told our reporter: “Comrade Kim Jong Il instructed that the rearrangement (Korean version of the opera” a dream of Red Mansions “) should consider not only the feelings of the Korean people, but also the cultural style of the Chinese people.”

“I heard that other countries rehearsed Chinese works to perform in China, which was unacceptable to the Chinese audience. We pay special attention to avoid this and focus on how to satisfy the people of both countries.”

Korean version of a dream of Red Mansions stills

t hope Oriental weekly: there are three collective dances in the play, lotus dance, butterfly dance and silk dance. Will adding these destroy the style of the whole play?

Cai Mingxi: these three dances express the Chinese style based on the characteristics of Korean national dance. Some viewers like classical, some like modern, some like Korean style, and some like Chinese style, but these are not important. When we create, we only consider one point, that is, the friendship between the Korean and Chinese people, and all serve the friendship between the Korean and Chinese people.

t hope Oriental weekly: in the second act of the second scene, Baodai was in love at the moon night. They had a warm hug on the stage, which seemed to be inconsistent with the reality of ancient Chinese life.

Cai Mingxi: (laughing) that’s a good question. Jia Baoyu is cheerful. He peeks at the forbidden Book The Romance of the west chamber and has an ambiguous relationship with the servant girls. For example, when he sees Lin Daiyu’s servant girl Zijuan’s clothes are thin, he pinches them. Zijuan says it will make people gossip. All these reflect Jia Baoyu’s resistance to the feudal social system. He has no sense of hierarchy. There was no such warm hug during the performance in the 1960s, but I have been to China several times for the performance and found that Chinese young people also hug and kiss in public. This design in the opera is also designed to adapt to the Chinese audience.

t hope Oriental weekly: Chinese young people are now relatively open. How is the situation in North Korea?

Cai Mingxi: with the development of the times, young people in North Korea are also changing, but they will not make out in public like China. The Korean girl (with her boyfriend) ran across the street and didn’t dare to look up. She was shy. How beautiful. Young men and women are too open before marriage. It’s boring. It’s right to distance themselves.

under the guidance of the leader

Cai Mingxi said: “Comrade Kim Il Sung instructed (opera” a dream of Red Mansions “) to reach the highest level in terms of ideology and art. After reading it, he commented that” this is a qualified work re created with an innovative vision. ”

“kdThe Korean opera “a dream of Red Mansions” has six scenes and twelve acts. From Bao Dai’s first meeting to Dai Yu’s death, Bao Yu became a monk and completely narrated Bao Dai’s love story. In terms of clothing and actions, it is quite similar to the Chinese Yue Opera “a dream of red Mansions”, but there are also differences.

” I have been a companion to poetry and books all my life. ” In the Chinese version of Yue Opera “a dream of Red Mansions”, Daiyu has such lyrics, but the Korean version of Opera Highlights Daiyu’s female workers. At the beginning of the first act of the second scene, Lin Daiyu sang while embroidering her purse in the Xiaoxiang Museum: “one needle embroiders flowers, one needle embroiders red peonies, and two needles embroider butterflies flying. She makes needles and threads wholeheartedly.”

t hope Oriental weekly: Daiyu is good at reading and writing poetry. How does Daiyu in the opera highlight needlework?

Cai Mingxi: This is a scene loved by North Koreans. Chinese people are used to men farming and women weaving, and so are North Koreans. Women wash clothes and cook at home and men go out to farm and cultivate land, which increases the loveliness of Daiyu’s image. It is not only beautiful, but also smart and skillful. Under the guidance of Comrade Kim Jong Il, we should use the Korean style method to create. Korean opera and Chinese Yue Opera are like two children, each with its own characteristics and beauty.

t hope Oriental weekly: how do you understand the characters of a dream of Red Mansions and Lin Daiyu?

Cai Mingxi: a dream of Red Mansions became a famous work because it reflected all aspects of society at that time in great detail; Secondly, more than 300 characters with different personalities are written in the works. My understanding of Lin Daiyu is as follows: she loves reading, crying, suspicious, introverted and sentimental. In terms of personality, I prefer Xue Baochai. She is gentle, considerate and good to the elderly and servant girls. But this work says that the feudal society is doomed to perish, and Xue Baochai tries to abide by the feudal social system. Baoyu doesn’t like her. Baoyu and Daiyu are in love. I’ve heard that there are arguments in China. I think Baoyu has the meaning of seeing one and loving another. I’m also a little elusive.

t hope Oriental weekly: what guidance does Comrade Kim Jong Il have during the rehearsal?

Cai Mingxi: Comrade Kim Jong Il has taught this re creation dozens of times. There are too many specific guidance. I’m afraid it will take a day to talk about it. He asked to rearrange the opera according to the needs of the audience in the 21st century and cooperate with the orchestral music. For example, he said, “we should use our Korean national instrument Haiqin to play the charm of Chinese huqin”. Therefore, in the opera Overture, four sections are played with the harp.

t hope Oriental weekly: what guidance did Comrade Kim Il Sung give to the play?

Cai Mingxi: Chairman Kim Il Sung saw it four times and gave many specific instructions. For example, in the 1960s, Korean singers (when singing the play) sang with “Turbid voice” (a Korean national singing method). The chairman said that “this is the previous method. We should use the beautiful and beautiful method of modern people to express the feelings of the Korean people”. Later, we changed to the “main voice method”, which is the current singing method.

the highest standard performance in North Korea.

Korean blood sea song troupe is a central art group specializing in the creation and performance of operas in North Korea. Founded in 1971, it is mainly composed of the creative and performance team of the revolutionary opera sea of blood. It has performed in more than 40 countries in the world.

before the show, The hostess dressed in Korean costumes introduced in a solemn tone: “the opera dream of Red Mansions was created 50 years ago under the personal proposal and careful guidance of Comrade Kim Il Sung, the fatherly leader of the Korean people. The great leader comrade Kim Jong Il made important instructions in his busy schedule of leading the revolution and asked to recreate the opera dream of Red Mansions in the ‘year of Korean Chinese friendship’ And gave valuable guidance on this for dozens of times. ” The participation of the two leaders of

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shows that the play is extraordinary. The opera “a dream of Red Mansions” can be called the highest standard performance in North Korea. Cho Myung sung, the famous playwright of “spekds” and “spekds, won the second prize of” spekds “. The rehearsal began in 2007 to select actors in all art colleges and universities across the country, which is the first time in North Korea. The rehearsal began in 2008 and lasted more than a year. It was launched in 2009. The scale of the play is unprecedented in the history of Korean performance.

t hope Oriental weekly: is there any change in this rehearsal compared with the performance version in the 1960s?

Cai Mingxi: the script and lyrics follow the original creation. There are three main changes: the stage has become spacious. At that time, the stage was 12 meters long and now it is more than 20 meters long; At that time, there were only simple national musical instruments, which are now accompanied by orchestral music; Lotus dance and silk dance have also been added. Because in the 1970s, under the leadership of Comrade Kim Jong Il, we rehearsed the five revolutionary operas, which greatly changed the aesthetics of the Korean audience.

t hope Oriental weekly: which five revolutionary operas? What impact has it had on the audience’s aesthetics?

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Cai Mingxi: the five revolutionary operas are “sea of blood”, “flower girl”, “good daughter of the party”, “dense forest, please tell me” and “song of Mount Kumgang”. They all express the revolutionary theme, integrate the characteristics of national opera and Western opera, cooperate with orchestral music, three-dimensional stage art, and adopt side singing and dance, All the details of the play serve the theme of the work from beginning to end. Before the revolutionary opera, it was only accompanied by national musical instruments. The stage was very small and the props were very simple. The stage setting of the revolutionary opera was very particular and had a great visual impact. Therefore, the stage set now looks very gorgeous. We call it “three-dimensional art”.

“North Korean audiences have a deep understanding of a dream of Red Mansions”

the Chinese tour of the Korean opera “a dream of Red Mansions” is hosted by the Chinese Ministry of culture. After the performance in Beijing, they will also go to Hohhot, ChangshaWuhan, Fuzhou, Shenzhen and Chongqing toured for more than a month.

“when I was in North Korea, I was a little worried about the extent to which the Chinese audience would accept the performance in China. From the performance in recent days, it seems that the audience at all levels in China liked it very much. The response of the Chinese audience was very important to us, and the applause of the Chinese audience gave us great encouragement.” Cai Mingxi said.

in the theater, the reporter noticed that there were many elderly audiences. Although the whole audience performed in Korean, it was easy for Chinese audiences to understand the plot even without subtitles because of their familiarity with the plot. In the two scenes of Daiyu’s death and Baoyu’s crying, the audience bowed their heads and wiped tears.

t hope Oriental weekly: are North Korean audiences familiar with a dream of Red Mansions?

Cai Mingxi: the Korean audience has a deep understanding of the Chinese classical masterpiece “a dream of Red Mansions”, because there are many translations in Korea, especially the Korean TV station has broadcast the Chinese 1987 TV series “a dream of Red Mansions” several times, and the audience has a very specific understanding of the plot and characters in the novel. North Korean audiences also shed tears when watching.

t hope Oriental weekly: as a director, how do you understand the theme of this opera?

Cai Mingxi: the theme of the opera a dream of Red Mansions is that as long as the feudal society continues to exist, there will be no freedom of love for young men and women. Jia’s mother is the spokesman of the feudal system. The stone lion in the opera is the symbol of the feudal order of Rongguo mansion. In the second scene of Scene 4, Jia’s mother discusses Jia Baoyu’s marriage with the stone lion as the background. In the last scene, Jia Baoyu ran away from home. A lightning bolt broke the stone lion’s waist, symbolizing the collapse of the feudal family. In the opera, Jia Mu’s face is similar to that of the stone lion. In the play, her behavior and words are used to reflect the face of the feudal order. When Baoyu left home, he sang a line, “he’s gone and left the dirty mud and smelly ditch.”

: in Chinese culture, the stone lion is usually placed at the gate, but in opera, it appears in the Grand View Garden.

Cai Mingxi: this (stone lion) was not set up during the performance in the 1960s. I (plus it) also took great pains. This is an artistic fiction. I think Chinese audiences are very familiar with a dream of Red Mansions and must be able to understand it. I also learned that there is a saying in China that if there is a tyrant during the change of Dynasty, the stone lion in folk sculpture will raise its head very high, dignified and ferocious. If there is a virtuous emperor, the stone lion will lower its head and appear very docile. So the stone lion in the opera looks up.