on September 21, 2008, Herman SIM, 61, a senior official of the Estonian Ministry of defense in charge of confidential information exchange with NATO, was arrested on suspicion of selling information to Russia. Reported that SIM may leak a large number of intelligence related to Estonia’s exchanges with NATO and the European Union to Russia. Norwegian media said that “Sim’s betrayal has shaken the foundation of NATO”. If we carefully examine the intelligence leaked by SIM, it can be said that this is not an exaggeration.

on September 21, 2008, Herman SIM, 61, a senior official of the Estonian Ministry of defense in charge of confidential information exchange with NATO, was arrested on suspicion of selling information to Russia. Reported that SIM may leak a large number of intelligence related to Estonia’s exchanges with NATO and the European Union to Russia. As soon as the news came out, all countries were in an uproar. The United States and the European Union organized an investigation mission into Estonia to assess the possible damage caused by the espionage case.

on April 29, 2009, a formal meeting of the Russian NATO Council at the ambassadorial level was held at NATO headquarters in Brussels, marking the formal resumption of high-level political contacts between the two sides that had been frozen for eight months. But just hours after the talks, NATO announced that two Russian diplomats would be expelled on suspicion of the “SIM spy case” broke out last year. For the two major military forces that have just approached, their fragile mutual trust encountered this wave of impact in an instant. Russia responded by delaying the foreign minister level talks indefinitely, which is not very strong.

the biggest spy case scared the West into a cold sweat.

after the case broke out last year, the western media exclaimed that the loss caused to the whole west by Herman SIM, the protagonist of the case, was comparable to that caused by Ames, the biggest spy of the cold war. Ames, a former CIA agent who was instigated by the Soviet KGB, has been lurking for nine years. He has not only provided Russia with a lot of intelligence, but even led to the death of more than 20 American agents lurking in Russia. At present, the 61 year old former Estonian security official SIM, relying on his special identity and the convenience of signing information exchange agreements with other Member States after joining NATO, reads the documents marked “NATO Special confidentiality” at will. It is no wonder that after the big “mole” was dug out, NATO, the European Union and the United States began to investigate at the same time.

those who have read Putin’s biography must have been impressed by the sadness of the KGB’s withdrawal from Eastern European countries and some participating republics, but the intelligence agency with a history of more than 90 years has not forgotten to plan for the future even at the lowest tide of history. The huge intelligence network left in the evacuation area has played an important role in the later competition between Russia and the West, And SIM is one of the important links. As early as the late 1970s, SIM, a student, began to contact the KGB. In 1985, when he began to serve as an official of the Estonian Ministry of internal affairs, the KGB naturally paid more attention to him. When he became the chief of police, the KGB regarded him as a “sweet cake”. When he was transferred out of the Ministry of the interior, he got a position in the Ministry of national defense, and “made great progress” in just five years. By 2000, he had begun to work in the National Security Department of the Ministry of national defense, and his specific work was to keep all the secret documents of the Ministry.

security officials once suspected SIM of “dirty hands and feet”, but the carelessness of the upper leadership made SIM continue to take charge of the intelligence exchanges between the country and NATO, and his personal mailbox sometimes served as an intelligence transit station for all parties. He also has free access to important information exchanged with Ireland by other NATO countries according to relevant agreements. He can even freely enter and leave NATO headquarters in Brussels and read important information by virtue of his diplomatic passport. This makes the Russian Foreign Intelligence Agency peep through this “window” into the whole NATO organizational structure, important passwords and decoding methods, and even the list of some agents.

“shake the foundation of NATO”

the Norwegian media said that “Sim’s betrayal shook the foundation of NATO”. If you carefully examine the intelligence leaked by SIM, you can say that this is not an exaggeration. According to the materials released by the Estonian National Security Agency, SIM is likely to disclose the “elektrodat” decoding system of NATO countries to the Russian side. After mastering this decoding method, the Russian intelligence department can decipher the telephone and letter exchanges between NATO countries and the headquarters in Brussels. In addition, information about the “five-day war” between Russia and Georgia, the US anti missile system, the actions of NATO troops in Afghanistan, NATO’s plan for Kosovo and the deployment of NATO allied fleets in the waters around the Balkans were leaked to the Russian General Administration of foreign intelligence established after the breakup of the KGB through SIM. Estonia, where

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were betrayed, was naturally the biggest victim of the “SIM case”. The level of Internet use in Estonia is first-class in Europe, and residents can even vote directly online to exercise their political rights. In May 2007, the first “cyber war” in history broke out between Russia and Ireland. The incident made Estonia feel the horror of cyber attacks, so the country made great efforts to build a solid cyber dam to prevent the outbreak of war again, but the secret leaked by Sim has made the dam look like “the emperor’s new clothes” in the eyes of Russians. The other victim was Norway. When Estonia joined NATO in 2004, Norway was responsible for the transformation of the country’s intelligence system and the training of agents. It can be said that Estonia’s intelligence system can be “seamlessly connected” with Norway. Therefore, as the Norwegian media said, SIM alone “stripped away” Norway’s national security system.

the most terrible thing is not the leakage of intelligence. As some Estonian experts said, what is more worrying is that many NATO countries have the idea of distrust of their allies after this incident, “God knows whether there is another SIM sitting in the position of security officials of another country”. This distrust is far more powerful than one or two moles.

“rat” captured

West