there are many evil records in the history of the Soviet Communist Party, especially the large-scale suppression in the period. The “registered dignitaries” cultivated by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the forces for national independence have fundamentally shaken and disintegrated the rule of the Soviet empire, which should be what Marx called the law of historical retribution!

Zheng Yifan, researcher of the Central Bureau of compilation and translation,

◆ bad and evil things in history cannot but be retributed by history. As the Chinese saying goes, things must be reversed, and good and evil will be rewarded in the end, which reflects the law of retribution in history.

recognize the law of retribution, which can make people fear history. In 1962, Liu Shaoqi faced the famine in China and said, “so many people starved to death, you and me should be written in history. People eat each other, and you should write a book!” This is the words of a responsible and serious politician. He has remembered the responsibility of history and the law of retribution of history.

a socialist Soviet Union pioneered by, a Soviet Union that claims to establish socialism and even is said to have begun the construction of communism, a country for which millions of people have dedicated themselves, why did it finally collapse and disintegrate and fail to achieve its own goal?

who can jump over the stage of historical development

Marx has a famous materialist argument: “no matter which social form, it will never perish until all the productive forces it can accommodate are brought into play.”

in 1917, Plekhanov opposed Lenin’s socialist revolution, which was based on Marx’s argument of historical materialism and believed that Russia lacked the necessary material conditions for socialism. At that time, Lenin adopted the method of avoiding talking, and did not directly respond to the accusations of Plekhanov and others. I’m afraid it was difficult to respond. Instead, he took the practice of doing it again and again, and directly seized power. After seizing power, the Bolshevik party implemented military communism and made a direct transition in three years, taking a huge detour, which Lenin made a deep reflection on.

at the beginning of 1923, Lenin read sukhanov’s revolutionary notes in his illness and recognized that Russia’s development level was not enough and lacked the necessary material premise of socialism. However, for Lenin, since the political power was already in hand, he naturally could not go back. The argument he found to defend the existence of the Soviet regime was that the order of historical development could be changed. In Russia, he could seize the political power first, and then use the power of the political power to develop production and create the necessary material premise for socialism.

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this is Lenin’s innovation and can be regarded as a way to solve practical problems. However, there is a premise that the ruling Communist Party and its leaders do not forget that socialism needs to have the necessary material premise and put the material premise of developing production and creating socialism first. Lenin realized this after the erroneous practice of military communism. Unfortunately, most of the leaders of the Bolshevik party did not really understand that they did not understand or were unwilling to use the power of the regime to develop the economy in a down-to-earth manner, but did everything possible to take shortcuts in an attempt to “build” socialism by changing the relations of production.

the 20th century can be said to be the century of socialism. Unfortunately, the socialist countries in the world are basically relatively backward countries, and only a few countries, such as the Czech Republic, were once developed countries. When backward countries pursue socialism and are eager for success, they have to use violence to change production relations. After the Soviet Union eliminated the “rich peasants” and private businessmen with the help of violence and drove the farmers into collective farms, in terms of production relations, the exploiting class no longer existed in China. Therefore, Stalin could not wait to announce that the Soviet Union “built” socialism in 1936. At this time, the Soviet Union was only three years away from the famine that starved millions of hungry people from 1932 to 1933, and people had only food!

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Stalin’s massive repression and Pol Pot’s bloody killings were all crazy atrocities carried out in the name of socialism. However, relying on violence can not enter socialism. On the contrary, it will only pull the whole society back to the dark middle ages. Engels said that violence is the midwife of the new society, but children are not the midwife who can give birth. Violence itself cannot produce socialism! Of course, the economy of the Soviet Union has developed, but for a long time, the focus has been on heavy industry and military industry. The development of these two departments alone can not enter socialism, let alone communism. People are superstitious about violence. After successfully seizing power with the help of violence, they try to jump into socialism and communism with the help of violence. Therefore, there are numerous statements about socialism in the Soviet Union, such as “one country socialism”, “building socialism”, “developed socialism”, “the starting point of developed socialism”, “entering communism in 20 years”, and so on. In the final analysis, they all want to realize the leap of the development stage by changing the production relations.

the whole history of the 20th century has not been able to prove that the potential of all productive forces of capitalism has been played out. Capitalism is dying, which is just the wishful thinking of some people. After the October Revolution, the Bolshevik party ignited fires everywhere and even paid people to directly organize workers’ riots in some countries in an attempt to overthrow the rule of western capitalism, but they failed. The socialist revolution carried out by backward countries in this era background can obtain political power due to various conditions, but it should be recognized that this political power is premature and must be taken care of carefully. Taking the method of jumping, or even “great leap forward” (this is the term of the Soviet Union in the 1930s, not China’s invention) to surpass the stage can only be haste but failure! In the 1920s, Bukharin once proposed “the primary stage of socialism”, “backward socialism” and “socialism in the form of Asia”. Its purpose is to curb the impatient attempt to surpass the stage and adhere to Lenin’s new economic policy.

the law of historical retribution deserves attention.

there is one in Marx’s article “Indian Uprising” written in 1857The passage is worth noting: “there is something similar to retribution in human history. The law of historical retribution is that the tool of retribution is not the oppressed, but the oppressor himself.”

Marx is talking about the uprising in India. Previously, the British colonists recruited a mercenary named “sipayi” among Indian natives to conquer India and maintain its rule. However, it was this force that played an important role in the Indian national uprising that shook the colonists in 1857. So Marx went on to write: “it was the nobility, not the farmers, who first attacked the French monarchy. It was not Wright, who was tortured, insulted and looted by the British, who launched the Indian Uprising, but sipay, who was fed, clothed, nurtured and loved by the British.”

the “law of historical retribution” or “something similar to retribution” mentioned by Marx deserves our attention. We also saw its power in the collapse of the Soviet Communist Party.

historical retribution law includes two aspects: what retribution and who performs retribution.

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the bad and evil things in history cannot but be retributed by history. As the Chinese saying goes, when things reach the extreme, they will turn against each other, and good and evil will be rewarded in the end, which reflects the law of retribution in history. Recognizing the law of retribution can make people fear history. In 1962, Liu Shaoqi faced Mao Zedong on China’s famine and said, “so many people starved to death, you and me should be written in history. If people eat each other, you should write a book!” This is the words of a responsible and serious politician. He has remembered the responsibility of history and the law of retribution of history.

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newspapers should come soon. Some need time to wait for contradictions to break out when they accumulate. Before the October Revolution, Lenin wrote in “on the national pride of great Russians”: “We are full of national pride, because the great Russian nation has also created a revolutionary class and proved that it can provide mankind with a great example of fighting for freedom and socialism, not just atrocities, a large number of gallows and torture rooms, widespread famine, and full servility to priests, czars, landlords and capitalists.” According to the law of historical retribution, the Czar system full of atrocities will be overthrown sooner or later. It was overthrown in the February Revolution in Russia. It is regrettable that people continue to pay homage to the leaders of the Soviet Union after the “famine”, “spkds” and “spkds” in October. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union has many evil records in history, especially the large-scale repression carried out during Stalin, which involves people from all walks of life, occupations and nationalities in the country. Those meritorious men who fought with Lenin (Lenin’s guards) were killed; Generals who can enlist and be good at war are killed; Scholars, writers and artists with independent ideas, and those who hold different views or are suspected of having different ideas are suppressed; Peasants who opposed collectivization and workers who slightly violated discipline were arrested, exiled and reformed through labour. According to Yakovlev, chairman of the Rehabilitation Commission of the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation, 20 million people have been subjected to unwarranted repression, not including relatives and friends who have been implicated. A regime, political party and its leaders who kill meritorious officials and their compatriots must be punished by history. This is not superstition, but the necessity of social development and progress. Otherwise, mankind will always be in the dark middle ages and the era of inquisition. This is the retribution of history.

even in class society, one of the functions of the state is to maintain social stability, prevent social division, prevent “classes with conflicting economic interests from eliminating themselves and society in senseless struggle”, “ease conflicts and keep conflicts within the scope of” order “. This is what Engels said in the origin of family, private ownership and state. However, Stalin’s country artificially set off “class struggle” and created social confrontation and division. Isn’t this self destruction of the Great Wall? There are two ways out for such a country: one is to make a radical change and carry out reform; One is determined to act and the regime collapsed. Debts always have to be paid. The process of world history is a process of continuous progress. It is always a process in which light defeats darkness, justice defeats evil, democracy defeats dictatorship, and freedom defeats autocracy. If not, mankind will not always live under the slave society or the dark rule of the middle ages!

world history is the world court! Buharin made it clear in his “own” court: “world history is a world court for trial.” All people in despair had placed their hopes on the world court. It is no accident that the historian Roya Medvedev named his monograph on the origin and consequences of Stalinism “let history judge”.

the Soviet Communist Party created two forces for its downfall. On the other hand, the retribution law of

is the tool for implementing retribution. According to Marx, the tool for implementing retribution is often the tool made by the perpetrator himself. The Soviet Communist Party created two forces for its collapse. The first force of

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is “registered dignitaries”. Lenin once proposed to remove Stalin from the post of general secretary. Lenin’s reason was that Stalin was “too rude”. He believed that this shortcoming could be tolerated in the interaction between ordinary Communists, “but it would become intolerable in the post of general secretary”. He especially warned that “this may seem a trivial matter”, But “this is a small matter that may be decisive”. However, the leading group behind Lenin, either out of self-interest or short-sighted, insisted on preserving Stalin and endowing him with greater and more power. In this way, by the end of 1920s, Stalin, who was in power, could not wait to interrupt the new economic policy, so that socialism lost the opportunity to move towards a market economy, and Stalin’s “rough” shortcomings were exposed in the great suppression in the 1930s.

Stalin implemented a hierarchical official system appointed by superiors, and the Party Central Committee set up a list of positions. The appointment, transfer and dismissal of the personnel in these positions are under the control of the Central Committee. The entire Soviet Communist Party and government