As early as the 16th century, some Western European countries developed themselves by plundering the wealth of other countries, thus starting their golden age.

At that time, Spain was exclusive in the Western Hemisphere.

It was a powerful military colonial empire with colonial forces all over Europe, the United States, Africa and Asia.

It also monopolized the maritime trade in many regions.

In order to facilitate overseas plunder, Spain has also established a strong maritime fleet, which has more than 100 warships, more than 3000 artillery and tens of thousands of navy soldiers.

In order to expand, Britain had a contradiction with Spain, but at that time, Britain’s maritime strength was not strong, while Spain had a huge “invincible fleet”.

In May 1588, in order to combat British maritime trade, King Philip II of Spain ordered the Duke of Medina to lead the Spanish “invincible fleet” to set out from Lisbon for an expedition to Britain.

The Duke of Medina led 134 ships with more than 8000 crew members, including more than 2000 paddle slaves alone.

In addition, the ship was also loaded with 21000 infantry.

With such a powerful infantry regiment, it is obvious that Philip II wanted to take advantage of the advantages of Spanish infantry and adopt traditional methods of warfare.

He first collided with the enemy ship, and then forcibly boarded the ship to fight.

If all goes well, we will soon be able to seize British ships, cross the English Channel and go straight to London.

In order to meet the challenge, the British side has also made full preparations.

The Navy led by commander Lord Howard and deputy commander Drake has more than 100 warships and more than 9000 combatants, of which there are no infantry, but all sailors and crew.

Although the performance of British warships is not as good as that of Spanish warships, a man named Hawkins has improved the British warships.

The improved British warships have small and exquisite hull, light and fast, strong mobility, increased the number of guns and farther range.

The greatest advantage of this kind of warship is that it can not only avoid the bombardment of heavy shells with a short range from Spain, but also fire at Spanish warships from a long distance.

In this way, it can win with the advantage of artillery.

The “invincible fleet” arrived in Calais, France, in August.

It wanted to contact the Spanish army stationed in Flanders, but it couldn’t be contacted anyway.

The rendezvous plan failed and the fleet could not stay at sea for a long time.

However, the fleet had to move on.

The next night, a strong east wind blew from the sea, dark clouds covered the moon, and the stars were too afraid to come out.

The originally calm sea became abnormal.

At this time, the Spanish crew had fallen asleep.

At this time, the British Navy closely watched the actions of the Spanish fleet.

Lord Howard saw that the situation at sea was like this.

Suddenly, he ordered six old ships to be filled with inflammables, sprinkled with gasoline, lit them, let go of the cable and sail to Spain’s “invincible fleet” in the wind.

Six fire dragons went down with the wind and soon reached the sea area where the Spanish fleet was located.

All of a sudden, the sea was ablaze with flames, which made the whole night sky like day.

The Spanish crew were awakened from their sleep and the ship was in chaos.

The crew quickly broke the cable and set sail, but due to the chaos of the scene, after the cable was broken, many ships collided with each other, resulting in sinking, and some ships were swallowed by fire because they were too late to set sail.

Overnight, Spain’s invincible fleet suffered heavy losses.

Early the next morning, the British and Western armies launched a fierce battle on the Northeast sea of the Calais sea.

Although the Spanish warships towering on the water are spectacular in appearance, they are too cumbersome and ineffective in operation.

The number and tonnage that originally occupied the dominant position only facilitated the concentrated artillery bombardment of British warships at this time.

The small and mobile British warships acted briskly.

Although they fired guns at the enemy from a long distance, the power of the artillery fire should not be underestimated.

The fierce and fierce artillery fire hit many ships in the “invincible fleet” either fragmented or set off a raging fire.

Although the “invincible fleet” also fired guns at British ships, it could not hit British warships because of its short range.

British warships dodge flexibly and move freely in the distance, avoiding entering the range of Spanish artillery as far as possible.

This long-range artillery battle made the infantry and giant artillery of the Spanish fleet useless.

The fierce artillery battle lasted a whole day until both sides ran out of ammunition.

On the calm sea after the war, the “invincible fleet” was scattered, fragmented and miserable.

The flagship of two sub fleets was shelled by the British army, and the commander of one sub fleet was captured by the British army.

The remaining Spanish ships fled North in the wind, and they were ready to bypass Scotland and Ireland and return home.

The Spanish fleet, which was already damaged, ran out of ammunition and food after a few days at sea.

However, it rained every night.

The rapidly changing sea was as calm as a mirror.

In the twinkling of an eye, there was a surge of wind.

The scarred “invincible fleet” could not bear such a big storm, and the remaining ships disappeared on the sea one by one, The soldiers and crew on board were either swallowed up by the wind and waves or washed up on the west coast of Ireland and killed by the British troops stationed there.

The Spanish fleet, which had lost almost all of its 43 invincible sailors at sea in 158 8 months, was defeated miserably.

In the first battle of the Calais sea, the British fleet suffered little loss, and only a few hundred sailors were killed, indicating that flexible ships and artillery replaced the previous heavy, slow and close combat ship tactics.

Since then, naval warfare has entered a new era.

In essence, the battle of Calais was a decisive battle between the later colonial countries (Britain) and the old colonial countries (Spain).

The British army won a complete victory and seized maritime hegemony from Spain.

Since then, it has achieved maritime hegemony, while Spain has declined.

The rise and fall of Yingxi has revealed a profound truth to the world: whoever owns the sea power is the strong.

Whoever loses control of the sea will be controlled by others.

Since the 14th century, Spain has become a maritime power and is becoming stronger and stronger.

In particular, its “invincible fleet” is invincible and invincible.

But the “invincible fleet” also fell one day.

When it fell, Spain quickly rose from the top of the world power.