The Soviet counterattack in Moscow smashed the German attempt to seize Moscow.
At the same time, the Soviet counterattack in jihwen Rostov also achieved certain results.
The German jihwen group was driven across the volhoff River, and the connection between grad and inland railway transportation and Ladoga lake was restored, and its defense ability was greatly improved.
The southern front army liberated Rostov and smashed the German plan to break through to the Caucasus.
In Kerim, the Soviet army launched the Kerch Feodosia landing campaign, liberated the Kerch Peninsula and Feodosia, and forced the German army to temporarily suspend the attack on Sevastopol.
From the overall situation, the German central group army group is in a relatively isolated state, which is easy for the Soviet army to develop attacks and expand the results.
Aware of this danger, the German command issued the “order on organizing defense” on December 28, 1941, requiring all troops to make every effort to fight for every inch of land.
The main task in winter is to hold the occupied areas in order to gain time to gather new reserves and create conditions for the resumption of the attack in the spring of 1942.
To this end, the northern army group must fortify the line of Volkhov River and the railway line from Volkhov station to the northwest, and continue to siege Leningrad.
The task of the central group army group is to hold the triangle composed of lerev, Bryansk and Smolensk and the two cross railway lines of lerev viyazima Bryansk and Smolensk gezatsk.
The mission of the southern group army group is to stick to the occupied area and capture Sevastopol.
Deeply influenced by the victory of the Soviet army in the counter offensive in Moscow, he believed that the German army was in a state of panic after its defeat in Moscow, and the German army that was not prepared for winter operations would not be able to resist the continuous assault of the Soviet army.
As long as we break through the German defense line and do not give the German army a chance to breathe, we can break the German army’s attack in the spring of next year and defeat the German army in Leningrad, the region west of Moscow, Ukraine and Kerim.
Therefore, the general offensive plan determined by the headquarters of the Soviet supreme command is to carry out major raids in the West and encircle and annihilate the basic forces of the German central group army group.
Smash the German northern army group in the northwest.
Defeat the German southern army group in the southwest and liberate Donbas and Kerim.
The general offensive is scheduled to begin immediately after the counter offensive without intermission.
On January 7, 1942, the West received an attack instruction from the headquarters of all front armies.
According to the instruction of the supreme command, all front armies drew up specific plans: the first assault group army, the 20th and 16th group armies on the right wing of the western front army continued to attack the general direction of sergiovka, and with the coordination of the Kalinin front army, destroyed the German sergiovka lerev group.
The fifth and 33rd group armies of the central government attacked the general direction of mozaysk and gezatsk.
The 43rd, 49th and 50th group armies attacked yukhnov, smashed the German yukhnov kondrovo group, and then attacked viyazima.
Belov’s strengthened cavalry army advanced to the vyazima area and joined the 11th cavalry army of the Kalinin front army to jointly attack the German vyazima group.
The tenth group army attacked Kirov and covered the left wing of the Western Front Army.
Kalinin’s front army attacked the general direction of sergiovka and viyazima, and circuited lerev with some troops.
Its 22nd group army should attack bere.
The northwest front army attacked in two different directions, and the third assault group army attacked in the general direction of daluki.
The fourth assault group army attacked toropec willige.
The task of the right wing group army of the southwest front army and the Bryansk front army is to clamp down on the front German army and prevent it from transferring its troops to the middle line and Donbas.
The general offensive began with the sergiovka viyazima offensive campaign carried out by the Kalinin front army on January 8.
On January 8, the 39th group army of Kalinin front army broke through the German defense to the west of lejev and continued to advance to serjovka in the south.
The next day, the third and fourth assault group armies of the left wing of the northwest front army launched an attack from ostashkov, which was tenaciously resisted by the German army.
There was little progress in the initial battle.
By January 12, the Soviet army had broken through the German defense tactics.
On January 16, the city of andreapol was captured.
On January 21, toropec was captured, and its advance detachment cut off the great luki lejev railway.
The third assault group army encircled the German army in Holm city until January 22, and circuited the jamiyansk group of the 16th group army of the German army from the south.
By the end of January, the assault group army had approached grand luki, Vitebsk and jamidov, and the German central group army was in danger of being deeply surrounded.
In order to facilitate command, Stalin transferred the assault group army to the Kalinin front army.
The 39th group army of Kalinin front army broke through in the northwest of lejev and occupied a large area leading to viyazima, which seriously threatened the German communication line in serjovka.
The German army quickly airlifted the troops of two divisions to form a new line of defense.
The Soviet army continued to exert pressure on the German army.
On January 12, the 29th group army and the 11th cavalry army successively went into battle, and the 22nd group army shifted from the sherizarovo region to attack.
The German army vowed to resist to the death.
By January 22, the 39th group army of the Soviet army had advanced 80 to 90 kilometers to the rear of the German lerev group.
The 22nd army surrounded the olenino group from the northwest.
By January 26, the 22nd and 29th group armies had completed the encirclement of about seven German divisions in olenino.
The 11th cavalry army protruded from the north to vyazima, cutting off the vyazima Smolensk road.
The right wing of Kalinin front army protruded to the proximity of Vitebsk, Smolensk, yarcevo and other cities, and surrounded the German central group army from the northwest.
The left-wing groups of the Western Front Army, which carried out raids from the southeast, are progressing smoothly.
Before January 10, the tenth group army encircled the German army in sushinic, liberated mosalisk, and arrived at the proximity of Kirov, lyudynovo, zhizdera and other cities.
The 50th group army and the first army of the guard cavalry broke through the German defense line south of yukhnov and detoured from the South and southwest to the yukhnov group composed of about 9 divisions of the fourth group army of the German army.
The 43rd and 49th group armies detoured from the north and northeast to the German yukhnov group and arrived in sheroki, damanovo and puluskovo on January 19frontline.
The 33rd group army attacked viyazima to the north of the 43rd and 49th group armies, and a wedge was inserted between the fourth armored group army and the fourth group army of the German army in the Meden area.
The commander of the fourth armored group army of the German army Hepner ordered to retreat in order to avoid being surrounded.
On January 19, the 33rd group army captured veleya and continued to advance to the West and southwest.
Hepuna was dismissed for withdrawing without authorization, and his position was replaced by ruov, the former commander of the Fifth Army.
Pull back, RUF, but you can’t keep the line.
Due to the tenacious resistance of the German army, the 50th group army of the Soviet army failed to break through the German defense near yukhnov, and the 10th group army failed to repel the German anti assault from zhizdera.
It was only on January 29 that it won suxinic after being strengthened by the 16th group army.
At the beginning of February, the Soviet attack here basically stopped.
However, the Soviet attack restrained the German yukhnov group, creating conditions for the 33rd group army to the north of yukhnov and the first army of the guard cavalry to the south of yukhnov to break into the German rear and attack viyazima.
The key of the campaign has been transferred to the vyazima area.
If the Soviet Assault is successful, the Kalinin front army and the Western Front Army will complete the siege of the German central group army group in vyazima, and the German army will be in a very dangerous situation.
The German army was aware of this danger.
Because there were no more reserves, it took a long time to dispatch reserves from Germany or the western line, and the transportation conditions were poor, the reserves must arrive very late.
By then, I’m afraid the line of defense will no longer exist.
The only way now is to shorten the front line and transfer front-line troops as reserves.
Kluge, commander of the central group army group, negotiated with Hitler for many times and agreed to withdraw the troops to the prepared winter position.
However, the gap must be sealed before withdrawal.
In order to tighten their pockets, the Soviet command ordered the Soviet army to continue to attack viyazima.
On January 27, the first army of the close guard cavalry of the Western Front Army crossed the Warsaw highway 35 kilometers southwest of yukhnov.
After three days of fierce fighting, it joined the airborne troops and guerrillas used to cut off the German logistics supply line south of vizima.
The 33rd group army also made progress in its assault north of yukhnov, reaching the areas of shanski zavod and tokalev on January 31.
The German army did not establish a defense line here and decided to capture viyazima before the German army transferred the reserve team.
At the same time, in order to uniformly command the operations in the region, the Soviet supreme command rebuilt the western general command on February 1.
Zhukov served as the general command and instructed all the air force units in the Moscow defense area to fight.
In accordance with the instructions of the supreme command, the long-range bombing airmen carried out raids on the German communication lines from viyazima to Orsha, lejev via viyazima to Bryansk, pavlinovo to yelinia, as well as the German airports in viyazima, Smolensk, Vitebsk and Orsha.
However, at this critical moment, the Soviet supreme command prematurely withdrew the first assault group army and the 16th group army from the west of Moscow to reinforce the north and South wings, causing the 20th group army, which was trying to attack from east to west, to gradually lose its sharpness, reducing the positive pressure of the third, fourth armored group army and the ninth group army of the German army.
At the same time, 12 German divisions and two brigades transferred from Western Europe carried out several counter raids on the 33rd group army of the Soviet army and the first army of the guard cavalry.
On February 3, the fourth armored group army of the German army resumed contact with the fourth group army, cutting off the contact between the first part of the 33rd group army of the Soviet army, the first army of the guards and cavalry, the first part of the Fourth Army of the airborne army and some guerrillas.
In early April, the German army gathered a large number of troops to carry out a large-scale sweep of the besieged Soviet army.
The first army and the 33rd group army of the guards and cavalry requested a breakthrough.
Zhukov agreed to their request and ordered them to break through in the general direction of Kirov.
By July 18, 1942, the first army of the guard cavalry and the airborne troops joined the main force after a long detour.
The 33rd group army failed to break through the encirclement, and the troops were scattered.
Most of the 29th group army died except 5000 people who successfully broke through the encirclement to the South and joined the 39th group army and the 11th close guard cavalry army.
One part of the 39th group army and the 11th army of the guard cavalry were cut off by the ninth group army of the German army, and one part of the ninth group army and the third armored group army of the German army highlighted the encirclement.
The fourth assault group army of the Soviet army was forced to stop its attack on Vitebsk and jamidov due to supply difficulties and lack of reserves.
The German army’s strength has been continuously strengthened, and the Soviet 22nd, 30th, 39th, 43rd and 50th army’s attacks on olenino and yukhnov groups have not achieved significant results.
On April 20, Stalin was forced to stop the attack and ordered the Kalinin front army and the Western Front Army to turn to defense on the spot.
As the situation gradually improved, Stalin believed that it was necessary to lift the German siege of Leningrad.
To this end, he asked the Volkhov front army to defeat the German army defending the Volkhov river north of Novgorod, then develop an attack in the northwest, cooperate with the Leningrad front army, and encircle and annihilate the German army besieged Leningrad.
The right-wing forces of the northwest front army should carry out raids in the direction of old Rusa, solizi and DeNO, cut off the traffic line of the German Novgorod group, and cooperate with the left-wing group army of the Volkhov front army to annihilate the group, so as to accelerate the liberation of Leningrad.
On January 7, 1942, the 11th group army of the northwest front army advanced from north to the south of old Rusa.
The third assault group army launched a centripetal assault from south to north with the reinforcement of the first assault army.
The 34th group army attacked jamiyansk to contain the German army from the front, in order to isolate the German army between irmen lake and ostashkov.
On February 8, the Soviet army, which carried out centripetal assault from the north and the south, made smooth progress.
On February 25, the troops of the 1st guard infantry army attacking ramushevo from the North joined the 42nd infantry brigade of the 34th group army attacking from the South and surrounded about 90000 people from six divisions of the 16th group army of the German army in an area about 60 kilometers long and 30 kilometers wide near jamiyansk.
The attack launched by the second guard infantry army from the old Rusa area proceeded smoothly without fierce German resistance, and advanced to Holm at the end of FebruaryClose to the city, the German old Rusa group and jamiyansk group were completely cut off.
In this case, Hitler ordered the German jamiyansk group to stand by for help and prepare to cooperate inside and outside to eliminate the Soviet offensive forces, while concentrating a large number of transport aircraft for air supply.
On March 19, in order to reinforce the besieged troops, the German general command organized another sadlitz military level cluster composed of five divisions to attack the joint of the Soviet 11th group army and the first assault group army from old Lusa to ramushevo.
Later, the German besieged group also carried out centripetal assault in the direction of ramushevo north of zaluchiya.
By April 21, the German army opened a narrow passage 4000 meters wide on the Soviet encirclement and met on April 23.
Since then, the German army has continuously strengthened jamiyansk’s forces, adhered to the whole summer and used it as a springboard for launching new attacks.
In order to cut off the supply area of the 18th group army of the German army, the Volkhov front army went north to reinforce Leningrad and launched an attack directly north of Novgorod on January 7, 1942.
In order to join the second assault group army, the Soviet 54th group army launched a centripetal assault southward from kirich in the second week of March, and the German first army was in danger of being cut off.
In order to eliminate this danger, the German 38th army and the first army carried out anti assault from north to south to the breakthrough point of the Soviet army.
They met on March 19 and cut off the second assault group army of the Soviet army.
Although the commander of the Volkhov front army, general meletskov, led the Department to successfully open a channel, the channel was too narrow and was soon closed by the German army, More than 30000 Soviet troops, including lieutenant general ferrasov, deputy commander of the front army, were captured.
The southwest attack was carried out by the southwest front army and the southern front army.
The main purpose was to defeat the German southern group army and liberate Donbas and Kerim.
On January 18, the Soviet army in the southwest launched an attack.
In the first few days, the assault group broke through the German front defense from baraleia to slavyansk.
On January 22, the 57th group army had advanced 25 kilometers, and the fifth cavalry army quickly entered the breakthrough and occupied the important transportation hub balvenkovo on January 23.
After the battle began, the German army quickly transferred reserve teams from Kharkov and Donbas.
The German army stubbornly guarded the two regions of baraclea and slavyansk, and the Soviet army failed to expand the breakthrough to the two wings.
Although the Soviet army entered the German defense line in chuguyev and kramatolsk, it failed to move forward.
The 12th group army attacking the Red Army city was also blocked.
In view of the complexity of the situation, marshal timusingo, the commander-in-chief of the southwest, decided to put the front army reserve into battle to speed up the attack, which was approved by the Soviet supreme command.
At the same time, the supreme command requested to cut off the main traffic lines of the main German groups in slavyansk area, and then divide the troops into two ways, one way to seize the landing site on the West Bank of Dnieper River, and one way to the south to occupy the area west of Mariupol or melitopol.
To this end, the Supreme Command transferred more than 300 tanks, 4 infantry brigades and 2 aviation regiments to timoshingo’s command.
On January 26, the ninth group army of the Soviet army entered the battle at the junction of the 57th and 37th group armies.
On 27 January, the sixth group army and the sixth cavalry army cut off the railway line between Kharkov and zaporoge and liberated lozovaya.
Since then, the Soviet offensive has not made progress, and the Soviet army has turned to defense in many sections.
The situation of the Caucasus front army is not going well.
The German army turned into a counterattack near feodocia and captured the city again.
The units of the front army were forced to retreat to the AK monaisk position.
In the course of the general offensive, the Soviet army forced the German army to retreat 100 km to 350 km in some directions, defeated nearly 50 German divisions, lost more than 400000 German troops, and forced the German army to redeploy 39 divisions, 6 brigades and a large number of supplementary personnel from other war zones to enhance the military strength of the Soviet German battlefield.
However, the Soviet Army’s general offensive did not complete the expected task.
The main western assault failed to encircle and annihilate the basic forces of the German central group army group.
Although the attack in the northwest caused considerable losses to the effective strength and technical equipment of the German army, it failed to smash the German northern group army and lift the German siege of Leningrad.
The attempt to defeat the German southern army group in the Southwest has not been realized.