Before German and Italian fascists established the “new order” in Europe, Japanese fascists had begun to establish their colonial empire in the Asia Pacific region and called it the “Greater East Asia co prosperity circle” in August 1940, trying to beautify their foreign aggression and colonial plunder with the slogan of “coexistence and co prosperity”.
In fact, the “Greater East Asia co prosperity circle” is a farce in which Japanese fascists occupy and enslave Asia Pacific countries and regions by military, political and economic means, and implement brutal colonial rule and crazy economic plunder.
It came into being with the expansion of Japan’s war of aggression and was swept into the garbage of history with the failure of Japan’s war of aggression.
The idea of “Greater East Asia co prosperity circle” of Japanese militarism is gradually formed with the development of the war situation and the intensification of contradictions at home and abroad.
It is the concentrated embodiment of Japan’s thought of foreign aggression.
As early as the end of the 19th century, Nobuyasu Sato and others started from the so-called “imperial Taoism” and advocated Japan’s development to Southeast Asia and the establishment of a sphere of influence centered on Japan.
In 1916, shinhei goto offered suggestions to Masayoshi Terai’s cabinet: Japan must establish an “East Asian economic alliance” that can compete with the “China EU economic alliance”, “the economic alliance of the Allies” and the U.S. economy as a “peaceful victor of the world economy and finance”.
In 1917, Xiyuan guisan proposed the “Oriental self-sufficiency circle”, advocated the abolition of the “economic border” between Japan and China and the establishment of a “Japan China Economic Zone”, and took this as the center to include the vast areas from Siberia in the north to India and Australia in the south, with the banner of “kingly benevolence”.
This thought can be said to be the embryonic form of the later “Greater East Asia co prosperity circle”, which is the ideological basis for Japanese militarism to launch the war of aggression, and gradually enriched and improved with the expansion of foreign aggression.
In the summer of 1935, Guan Er Ishihara, chief of the combat section of the general staff, concocted the outline of the national policy and national defense plan of the imperial state from a military perspective, claiming that the decisive battle between the imperial state and the Anglo Saxons is the last and greatest war of mankind for the unification of world civilization.
The urgent task at present is to realize the coordination between Japan, Manchuria and China, the core of the East Asian alliance, Our national defense policy is to make the headquarters of China under our control by rapid and ingenious means, and implement economic self-sufficiency within the basic scope of Japan, Manchuria and China.
This idea of East Asian Alliance laid a theoretical foundation for the later statement of “new order in East Asia” and the conception of “Greater East Asia co prosperity circle”.
In August 1936, Hirota cabinet passed the national policy benchmark, which clearly put forward that Japan’s national policy is to “ensure the Empire’s status in the East Asian continent and develop towards the Southern Ocean”, and decided to adopt the strategic policy of moving north and south to achieve its hegemony in Greater East Asia.
On the night of July 7, 1937, Japan launched the Lugouqiao Incident and embarked on the evil road of comprehensively conquering China.
On August 15, the Japanese government issued a declaration of war, declaring that Japan took decisive measures to punish China.
The hope of the Empire lies in the support of Japan and China, and achieved the actual effect of the integration of Japan, Manchuria and China.
On October 1, the Japanese Prime Minister, foreign minister, land minister and marine minister dished out the outline for handling the China incident, confirming that Japan’s goal in North China is to “realize the coexistence and common prosperity of Japan, Manchuria and China”.
On January 11, 1938, Japan’s pre imperial conference adopted the “fundamental policy for handling the China Incident”, beautifying the purpose of launching a comprehensive war of aggression against China as “cooperation with Manchuria and China, forming a hub of peace in East Asia, and taking it as the core to contribute to world peace”.
On November 3, the Jinwei cabinet issued a statement on the “new order in East Asia”, sending a signal of inducing surrender to the Chinese national government.
The statement declared that Japan’s “ultimate goal” is “Japan, Manchuria and China cooperate to build a new order in East Asia” and “building a new order in East Asia is the unswerving policy of the Empire”.
On November 30, the pre imperial meeting of Japan decided to “adjust the policy of Japan China New Zealand relations”.
The focus of the policy is to “form a good neighborly and cooperative relationship between Japan, Manchuria and China as a hub for stabilizing East Asia and establish a situation of common defense against the north”.
On December 22, the Jinwei cabinet issued a statement for the third time, saying that “Japan, Manchuria and China should combine with the common goal of building a new order in East Asia”, and put forward three principles for building a “new order in East Asia”: 1 Good neighbors and friendship.
China gave up resistance against Japan, recognized the “Manchukuo” and established diplomatic relations with it.2. Common defense.
China and Japan concluded the anti Communist agreement.
During the period of validity of the agreement, Japan requested to garrison troops in designated areas, and Inner Mongolia as a special anti Communist area.3. Economic cooperation.
With the economic support of China and Japan, China should recognize the freedom of Japanese citizens to live and operate in China, and especially give Japan the convenience of developing resources in North China and Inner Mongolia.
The statement is the general military and political policy put forward by the Japanese government to seek to establish hegemony in East Asia with the comprehensive expansion of the war between China and Japan.
So far, the political blueprint of the colonial empire known as the “new order in East Asia” has basically taken shape.
In 1940, Japan fell into new difficulties in the war of aggression against China, material supply and relations with the United States and Britain, and was eager to find a way out.
First of all, Japan has entered its fourth year of launching an all-round war of aggression against China, but its final solution is still far away.
As many as 850000 Japanese troops have been dragged into a long-term war of attrition on on the Chinese battlefield.
At the same time, Japan’s political “strategic offensive” also failed to work.
In addition to patching up a pseudo “national government” with limited strength, it is far from achieving its goal of splitting the regime and making it yield.
When Japan’s war of aggression against China reached an impasse, Germany “achieved brilliant results” in Europe.
The Japanese ruling group believes that this is the best time to break the deadlock of the war and hopes to solve the Chinese problem in one fell swoop by expanding the war, so as to unite Germany and Italy to redistribute the world.
Secondly, Japan is a country with poor resources.
It cannot be self-sufficient in important military supplies and raw materials.
The wartime oil self-sufficiency rate is only 5% to 10%.
As the war of aggression against China fell into a protracted war, the military expenditure of the Japanese army increased unprecedentedly, and the domestic contradictions intensified, especially the increasing shortage of military supplies.
Even trying to plunder the wealth of Northeast China and other occupied areas could not meet its huge war consumption.
Japanese militarists believe that once they control the rich strategic resources such as rubber, tin and oil in Southeast Asia, the combat effectiveness of the Japanese army can be enriched and expanded epoch-making, and create conditions for realizing its ambition to dominate Greater East Asia.
Thirdly, China is the main target of imperialist competition among Japan, the United States and Britain, and their contradictions follow Japan’s invasionWith the expansion and sharpness of the China war, the United States and Britain cannot sit back and watch Japan monopolize China.
On January 26, 1940, the United States abolished the Japan US trade and navigation treaty and restricted the export of military materials to Japan.
This is a heavy blow to Japan, which is heavily dependent on the United States, forcing it to establish a self-sufficient economic circle.
On the other hand, Japan is very angry with the United States and Britain for their assistance to China and believes that China’s offensive against Japan has been strengthened due to the assistance of Britain and the United States.
Therefore, Japan sought to occupy Southeast Asia, cut off the route of aid to China and isolate China from the war of resistance against Japan.
In addition, Southeast Asia is also of great strategic significance to Britain and the United States.
80% of the rubber and tin required by American industry comes from Southeast Asia.
If Japan controls Southeast Asia, it will be a heavy blow to the military and economy of Britain and the United States.
As a result, the “Southward theory” quickly rose in Japan.
On July 18, 1940, the second Jinwei cabinet was established, and the outline of basic national policy put forward on July 26 that Japan’s basic national policy is to “establish a new order in Greater East Asia centered on the imperial state of Japan and centered on the solid combination of Japan, Manchuria and China”.
On the following day, the joint resolutions of the headquarters and the government adopted the resolution to adapt to the current situation of the world situation and so forth, and stipulate that “to turn French Indochina into a military base and obtain resources from there, to obtain important resources from the East India, and to occupy the original South Pacific Islands and French islands.
” The desire of Japanese fascists to invade has expanded rapidly.
The political blueprint of their colonial empire is no longer limited to the cooperation between Japan, Manchuria and China, but extends the tentacle of aggression to Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific on the basis of strengthening the cooperation between Japan, Manchuria and China, in an attempt to break the old colonial rule of Britain, the United States and other western countries in the region, It was replaced by the Neo colonial rule of Japanese militarism, which was nicknamed “new order”.
On August 1, Japanese Foreign Minister yoyo Matsuoka met with reporters and declared that Japan’s foreign policy was to “establish a greater East Asian co prosperity circle with Japan and Manchuria as its link”, which further clarified the intention of Japanese militarism to invade the outside world.