after the October Revolution, many Kazaks, Buryat Mongols and Tatars fled to Mongolia from Soviet Russia. They held a grudge against these people and thought that they “evaded the revolution”, which was also another “counter revolutionary crime”. He ordered Qiaoba mountain to purge them. 21000 Kazakhs in Mongolia were wiped out and 2000 were killed; 140 Tatars, only 4 left; Almost none of the Han and Mongolian people from Inner Mongolia, China, survived, including members of the Inner Mongolia People’s revolutionary party.

on September 10, 1937, the first battle of the Great Purge was officially launched. That night, 65 senior cadres of the Mongolian People’s revolutionary party were arrested, including members of the Central Committee, members of the great Hural (equivalent to parliament), members of the Council of ministers and all senior generals of the army… The Ministry of internal affairs of

under the guidance of Soviet experts, The 65 people were tortured by “sitting in a fire chair, pulling out their nails and pulling off their hair”. They stripped their clothes, were strictly prohibited from sleeping and eating until they signed the forged “confession”. According to the Soviet Union’s experience in previous purges, these people finally “admitted” their participation in the counter revolutionary group without exception and provided more lists of “accomplices”. The first victory of the

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purge captured the “genden demid counter revolutionary espionage group”. According to their “Confessions”, more people were found out. The scale of the Mongolian army was small, and 187 generals above the military brigade were arrested; Of the 51 members of the Central Committee, 36 were shot. In order to avoid being killed, more than 1000 soldiers took the initiative to “admit” their “counter revolutionary crimes”. At first, only a few people were pardoned, and most of them were still shot.

Mende was an intellectual among the 65 people arrested in the first batch. In order to protect his life, he bit all his acquaintances into “accomplices”. He received better care for “committing crimes and meritorious deeds”, but he was still sent to Moscow to be executed after the Great Purge in 1941.

President of the Industrial Federation puzev, a cadre with a “red heart” and the first batch of arrested people, shouted to the execution team: “I admit I have committed a crime, but I am willing to confess to a person with a greater crime”. The death sentence was postponed, and puzev confessed countless “accomplices”. Similar cases are countless in the great purge. Under torture and death threats, few people do not “plead guilty” or “bite”.

demid, who is second only to sukhbaatar in the Mongolian army, died strangely on the way to the Soviet Union. Not only his father and brother were executed, but also his pregnant wife Natha was killed. At the same time, the “spekds” and “spkds” are more brutal means to clean up the religious world. The logic of the Ministry of internal affairs in grasping the “Lama counter revolutionary group” is that if you are a student, your teacher must be an accomplice. If you are a teacher, your students are also accomplices. The relationship between teachers and students in religious circles is intertwined, and all monks can be turned into counter revolutionaries.

the general adviser of the Soviet Union, who came to guide the great cleansing, reported to Stalin in August 1938: “by July 20, 615 monasteries had been turned into ruins, only 26 were still in operation, and only 17338 lamas remained from 85000 lamas. These people have not been arrested. We will solve all the middle and high-level lamas in the next stage of the campaign.” During the Great Purge of

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, two special institutions were above all Party discipline, state law and party, government and military institutions. One was the extraordinary Committee as the supreme military court; One is the special committee, the Supreme Court. By April 1939, the files of the two committees showed that a total of 29198 people had been sentenced for counter revolutionary crimes, of which only 25785 political cases were investigated by the extraordinary Committee. The files that had made judgments showed that 20099 people had been executed and 5739 people had been put into prison.

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for the cleaning of religious circles, according to the standard quota, each anti insurgency personnel handles 10 cases a day, and those who exceed the quota will be rewarded. In the process of destroying a temple, an anti revolutionary named banzalagqi handled an average of 60 cases a day and became an “advanced worker”; Another anti rebel named Bayar magnai won the Polaris Medal (Mongolia’s reward for outstanding military achievements) for handling hundreds of cases a week.

luwasan samdan, a member of the Ministry of internal affairs, recalled in 1962 that the prison was overcrowded due to the arrest of too many monks, and there were one or two collective executions every week, pulling out one truck at a time.

after the October Revolution, many Kazaks, Buryat Mongols and Tatars fled from Soviet Russia to Mongolia. Stalin held a grudge against these people and thought that they “evaded the revolution”, which was also another “counter revolutionary crime”. He ordered Qiaoba mountain to purge them. 21000 Kazakhs in Mongolia were wiped out and 2000 were killed; 140 Tatars, only 4 left; Almost none of the Han and Mongolian people from Inner Mongolia, China, survived, including members of the Inner Mongolia People’s revolutionary party. When

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executed “counter revolutionary” cadres and masses, the Ministry of internal affairs forced members of the party, government and army to watch. Qioba mountain looked numb, and the honest and honest Prime Minister Amar often wore tears on his face. All this was seen by “Soviet experts”. Voroshilov instructed rubusanzab, deputy of choba mountain and Secretary of the Central Committee in the great cleansing, that Amar should be removed.

Amar is the last one or two prestigious people left in the top level of Mongolia, so Stalin made him prime minister after genden, and Soviet experts can hide behind the cover of “Amar government” to do evil. Therefore, before destroying Amar, Moscow instructed to launch a publicity offensive to stink him.

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in March 1939, Amar was arrested on charges of “asylum of the counter revolutionary group” and escorted to the Soviet Union for “trial”. During his detention, the Soviet people’s Committee for internal affairs exhausted all kinds of “inhuman torture” for him. On July 10, 1941, the day of the founding of the people’s revolutionary party was specially chosen to announce Amar’s death penalty. He was arrested with Amar and sent to the Soviet Union for execution, as well as the state yuan of Mongolia at that timeFirst, Doug Sangmu, founder of the party and chairman of the great Hural presidium. Interestingly, in the last period of Amar’s life, he met rubusanzab who washed him out in prison, but this time, rubusanzab didn’t come to interrogate him, but became a cellmate with him. How many people were executed in the

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purge is difficult to obtain accurate figures. Stalin also believed that this evil would not be seen and would not leave detailed “historical evidence”. At that time, it was not allowed to report and study. At present, the number often quoted by historians is about 36000 to 50000, but researchers believe that 36000 is far underestimated.