Cyrus, king of ancient Persia, founder of the Achaemenid Dynasty in Persia.
Cyrus was born in achaemenides and belonged to the kingdom of Medea.
In 558 BC, Cyrus was called king and unified the tribe.
Troops attacked Medea in 553 BC, destroyed the kingdom of Medea in 550 BC, and established the Persian ahimnid Dynasty.
Then Cyrus began his foreign conquest.
In 546 BC, Cyrus invaded Asia Minor, destroyed Lydia, captured his king, and made the coastal Greek city states submit to Persia.
In 538 BC, Cyrus led an army to destroy the new kingdom of Babylon, occupy the city of Babylon and release the “prisoners of Babylon”.
In 529 BC, Cyrus led his army to Central Asia and occupied Daxia (Bactria), SUT (Sogdiana) and huarazima.
Cyrus was badly wounded and died in the battle against the nomadic masagatha, but the powerful Persian Empire has been established.
[influence] Cyrus was an outstanding strategist and politician in the ancient world and the founder of the Persian Empire, one of the most influential empires in ancient history.
In a short period of more than ten years, he successively destroyed three powerful countries in West Asia: Medea, Lydia and the new Babylonian kingdom from the king of a small country, and established an unprecedented Empire extending to India in the East and the Mediterranean in the west, which had a great impact on the world civilization at that time.
As the founder of the Persian Empire, Cyrus completed his immortal feat by military conquest.
In these large-scale conquests, Cyrus showed his military genius and established his position as a great conqueror.
Cyrus destroyed three great powers successively: Medea, Lydia and the new Babylonian kingdom.
Only then did Cyrus establish the foundation of the Persian Empire and complete the historical task of conquering himself.
In 553 BC, Cyrus attacked Medea.
To be exact, Cyrus rebelled, because he had been subordinate to the kingdom of Medea until then.
The midians and Persians are very similar in blood and language.
Cyrus’s rebellion is actually to change the dynasty.
After three years of bloody war, Cyrus conquered Medea and captured its king astiagus.
After conquering Medea, Cyrus launched another war of Conquest to West Asia, successively bringing Assyria, Armenia and the east of Asia Minor into the territory of Persia.
But Cyrus was not satisfied.
He continued to advance westward.
In 547 BC, Cyrus led an army to attack the richest and most powerful kingdom of Lydia in Asia Minor.
The two sides fought a decisive battle on the plain east of sadis, the capital of the kingdom of Lydia, and Cyrus won.
In May 546 BC, Cyrus captured Sardis and captured king ilois of Lydia.
Cyrus won a brilliant victory in the western expedition.
He not only occupied Asia Minor, but also made many Greek city-state ministers along the peninsula belong to Persia, and began the period of hegemony with Greece in the Mediterranean.
After wiping out the west, Cyrus led the Persian army eastward, conquered the whole eastern Iran, and set up a province in Afghanistan.
Then Cyrus crossed the Wuhu River and reached yaoshashui.
He took this river as the boundary of the Empire and built seven cities on the South Bank of yaoshashui to form a strong defense line.
The largest of the seven cities is called “Cyrus city” (near nabad in the northwest of today’s Republic of Tajikistan).
In 540 BC, Cyrus extended the Empire to the Indus River.
Thus, only the kingdom of Babylon remained in Cyrus’ vision.
The kingdom of Babylon controlled the most fertile land in the Middle East.
Its wealth was enviable.
Babylon was the largest city in the world at that time.
There were miraculous sky gardens and magnificent sky towers.
Moreover, the Babylonians were allies of the kingdom of Medea, and now they have formed an anti Persian alliance with Egypt.
Cyrus could not tolerate the existence of a rich anti Persian Babylonian kingdom.
Now he had conquered the vast areas of the East and West, and the Persians had become the “ruler of Asia”.
The complacent Cyrus decided to conquer Babylon.
At this time, Babylon has a declining river.
Although it has a vast territory, it only has a virtual appearance.
Its internal contradictions make it unable to compete with the booming Persia, not to mention that Persia has such a talented and bold figure as Cyrus.
In 538 BC, Cyrus led an army to attack the two river basins.
In October, Persia and Babylon fought a war in the ancient city of OPIs in Assyria west of the Tigris River.
The Babylonian army suffered defeat, and the whole Babylon had no intention to resist.
On October 13, the Persian army of Cyrus entered the city of Babylon, and they met no resistance.
Soon, bonid, the last king of the kingdom of Babylon, was also captured.
The kingdom of Babylon perished, and a new page was opened in the history of the two river basins.
In a short period of more than ten years, Cyrus established a huge empire through military conquest.
In the continuous conquest, Cyrus showed his military genius.
At the same time, he was also an excellent and kind politician.
Cyrus did not blindly rely on military conquest to create his empire.
He did not like extremely cruel conquest, especially unlike the Assyrian Empire, which was capable of burning, killing and plundering.
Cyrus often showed great generosity.
He respected the religion and customs of the conquered areas and never imposed the religion of Persia on the conquered areas.
After Cyrus conquered Babylon, in the new year, he followed Babylonian customs and held the hand of the statue of Marduk, showing that he was the orthodox king of Babylon.
He sent the statues of the gods captured by the king of Babylon to the city of Babylon, which was welcomed by monks everywhere.
After conquering Babylon, Cyrus released the “prisoners of Babylon”, returned more than 40000 Jews imprisoned to their hometown, and allowed Jews to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.
Cyrus’ decision is of great significance and far-reaching influence.
Without Cyrus’ release, the Jews as an independent nation may disappear.
Cyrus’ leniency policy may have its political purpose, but it will not detract from his greatness.
He gained so much reputation that Syrians and Phoenicians expressed loyalty to him.
Although the Greeks regarded Cyrus’ Persia as their greatest enemy, they were full of respect for Cyrus.
After conquering Babylon, Cyrus returned to Persia.
He spent several years digesting the problems caused by the conquest, consolidating his rule and organizing his huge empire.
Then Cyrus entered.