While the US Soviet space battle is in full swing, the situation in Grenada is becoming increasingly tense.
So they turned to Grenada, a tiny place.
Grenada is one of the smallest countries in the world.
On the common world map, it is too small to even mark its country name.
This small country consists of Grenada, the main island, kariaku, little Martinique and other small islands.
Grenada, the main island, is surrounded by mountains and rivers, with a network of rivers and a number of crater lakes, which set off each other.
Its beauty is like a yellow pomegranate, so it is called pomegranate island country.
It is said that the island was discovered by Explorer Columbus in 1498, and the name of the island was given by the great explorer.
For hundreds of years, it may have been that the pomegranate was so tempting that it was contested by the French and the British.
It was not until February 1974 that it became an independent member of the “Commonwealth” and was managed by Paul Godwin skunn, a 72 year old governor sent by the queen of England.
The vicissitudes of life have evolved and the wind and cloud are surging.
Some major powers of the United States and the Soviet Union compete in this small place not only because of its beautiful scenery and pleasant climate, but because its strategic position is too important.
In the eyes of many politicians and militarists, its weight is by no means lower than that of the world’s strategic centers of Malacca, Gibraltar and Falkland.
Grenada is located in the east of the Caribbean Sea and the southernmost tip of the Windward Islands.
It is close to the Caribbean Sea in the West and the Atlantic Ocean in the East.
It faces Venezuela and other South American countries across the sea in the South and the United States in the north.
It is the gateway to the Atlantic Ocean from the Caribbean Sea.
Just think, who will let go of such a geomantic treasure land with important strategic value! Let’s put aside things for a longer time.
Since the early 1970s, the political situation of this bullet island country has been in turmoil due to the intervention of major countries such as the United States and Britain.
In 1972, Morris bishop led the “new gem movement”, which fiercely attacked the high-pressure rule of Eric Gehry’s government and advocated the establishment of a state power of “people’s participation in politics”.
During the 1976 general election, the movement and two other opposition parties formed the people’s Union and put forward the political platform of maintaining price stability, increasing production and creating more jobs.
On March 13, 1979, bishop, the leader of the “new gem movement”, launched a coup on the occasion of Eric Gehry’s visit to New York, overthrew the Gehry government, and established a new government on March 25 to obtain state power.
After bishop came to power, Grenada established extraordinary relations with the socialist camp led by the Soviet Union, especially Cuba.
Bishop received a batch of urgently needed supplies from Castro, such as food and machinery.
So he declared excitedly: “for my dear Cuban brothers, Grenada’s door is always open.
” The Soviet Union Cuba Grenada alliance is not only manifested in the economic aspect, but also often takes concerted action in military and international affairs.
In January 1980, Grenada and Cuba voted against a UN resolution condemning Soviet aggression against Afghanistan.
On October 27, Grenada’s defense minister and the Soviet Union signed another agreement with military arms assistance as the main content in Havana, the capital of Cuba.
Later, Grenada signed trade agreements with the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, East Germany and Czechoslovakia.
The United States, known as the “World Police”, always takes its own interests and value principles as the standard to measure other countries.
The Cuban people’s army has set up a large-scale airport in the southwestern tip of Grenada with the assistance of the Cuban people’s army, and is deeply disturbed to see that it has set up a “modern airport” in the southwestern tip of Grenada.
In particular, the airport has an expanded runway of 4000 meters, which can land large aircraft.
Once it is converted to military, all types of combat aircraft of the Soviet Union and Cuba can enter the airport.
At that time, it will expand the influence of the Soviet Union and Cuba in the region.
The United States has always believed that the Caribbean Sea is its “inland sea”.
It cannot tolerate the Soviet Union’s intervention in this area, let alone the Soviet Union’s construction of dual-use airports under its own eyes.
The United States is closely watching what is happening on this island country.
In order to stabilize its “backyard”, curb the influence of the Soviet Union and Cuba and get rid of its passive situation, the United States has been looking for opportunities to get rid of the “hidden dangers” here.
US President Reagan said in a radio speech: “Grenada has become a colony of the Soviet Union and Cuba and is ready to be used as an important military fortress for transporting terror and undermining democracy.
” It has repeatedly claimed that the United States is ready to take “all necessary actions to teach Grenada a a lesson”.
How can Grenada, a small bullet country, resist the intimidation of the United States? At the same time, under the pressure of bishop and the European community, Canada had to continue to maintain close economic relations with Cuba and the United States.
In early 1983, bishop personally met with Reagan to try to ease and improve relations in order to settle his disadvantage among several major powers, especially the United States and the Soviet Union.
Of course, it is too difficult to survive in the cracks of big countries and find a balance.
The slightest mistake will fall into the vortex of international political struggle.
Therefore, Bishop had to deal with affairs among countries with trepidation.
Nevertheless, he could not escape the internal and external attack.
Hardliners in the government openly opposed Bishop’s policy of seeking to improve relations with the United States, and the Soviet Union and Cuba were increasingly wary of bishop.
Sure enough, the disaster finally came: in October 1983, a coup aimed at overthrowing the current Prime Minister bishop took place in Grenada.
Bishop’s political enemy is his deputy prime minister Kold.
Kold is the radical leader of the “new gem movement” and is regarded as the representative of the hardliners.
He organized a group of young people to fight bishop.
They accused bishop of compromising with the outside world and being dictatorial at home.
On October 8, after visiting Moscow, Eastern Europe and Cuba and returning to Grenada, bishop tried to regain the leadership of the “new gem movement”.
However, on October 12, the Central Committee controlled by Kold passed a resolution to put bishop under house arrest.
Officers led by Austin, the commander of the government army, led the military coup in Grenada and led the army to quickly capture the prime minister’s office.
Austin announced the establishment of the Revolutionary Committee headed by him.
After Austin’s announcement was broadcast on the radio, the whole country immediately fell into panic and the situation was volatile.
Of course, bishop is not a bare commander.
People who support BishopUrgent action was taken to hold protests and demonstrations, demanding the reinstatement of bishop as prime minister and severely punishing the organizers of the coup.
In the early morning of October 19, thousands of people gathered in the city of St.
A large crowd climbed the hill leading to the prime minister’s residence and shouted, “we need Morris bishop!” “Without bishop, there would be no revolution.
” The crowd pushed an armored car through the back door into the official residence and found bishop and his wife Jacqueline Clift tied to the bed.
The excited crowd drove bishop and Clift away in a small car.
The car drove to the port facing Fort Rupert.
After dispersing a small garrison in the fort, the crowd escorted bishop into the combat room on the first floor.
Bishop stood among his followers and delivered an impassioned speech.
Then, dragging his weak body, he led the procession to the streets.
Bishop naively believed that his existence was a force and that his supporters would be able to regain power with him.
He did not expect that Austin would not give up easily.
When bishop and his supporters have a slight advantage, Austin, the leader of the anti-government, has only two options: one is to surrender to bishop and his supporters.
The second is to “catch the thief first, catch the king” and get rid of bishop.
Austin firmly chose the latter.
As the parade marched down the street, Austin’s soldiers fired at the crowd, killing and wounding dozens of people.
Finally, they executed bishop and some of his strongest supporters with automatic weapons at the fortress.
The radical faction headed by Kold immediately announced that they had won a decisive victory in the struggle to quell “counter revolutionaries”, “people’s traitors” and “opportunists against socialism”.
On October 20, the military began to take over power and established the “Revolutionary Military Commission” headed by Austin.
The next day, the organization of Eastern Caribbean States met and asked the United States to take action.
On the 22nd, Vice President Bush convened a meeting of the National Security Council.
Under the cover of discussing the situation in Lebanon, he decided to take military action against Grenada under the pretext of “protecting American nationals” at the “urgent request” of Caribbean countries.
In fact, the United States has already closely followed the developments in Grenada.
Shortly after bishop came to power, defense secretary Weinberg, a well-known hawk in the United States, regarded Grenada’s actions as a great challenge to American interests and insisted on dealing with them by military means.
He repeatedly provided President Reagan with information about Grenada, including the construction and expansion of that large airport.
On March 23, 1983, in a national television speech, President Reagan presented the information of Grenada’s large airport to the American public and talked about the Grenada issue without concealment.
“Grenada doesn’t even have an air force.
What is the airport with a 10000 foot runway for? This is obviously the result of the penetration of the Soviet Union in this area.
The Caribbean is the most important channel for U.S. International Trade and military transportation.
Americans can’t sit back and watch the Soviet Union control this area,” he said On Friday, October 21, President Reagan was extremely worried about the situation after the armed coup in Grenada.
So his wife and his entourage flew to Augusta National Golf Course in Georgia for the weekend, hoping to take a day or two off and relax.
Secretary of state Shure C í and White House chief of staff Gan Li also went with him.
Reagan thought, have a good sleep on Friday night! Leave it alone.
However, the first night was not over.
At 5 a.m. on Saturday, a phone call woke him and his wife up.
The call was from national security assistant McFarlane. “Mr. President, George Shure C í and I need to see you right away,” he said A few minutes later, Reagan met Shure C í and McFarlane in the reception hall of his villa. “Mr. President, we have to disturb you,” said McFarlane, holding a telephone record in his hand, “I just received a call from Washington.
After the coup in Grenada, former Prime Minister Morris bishop asked for U.S. assistance, but the day before yesterday, Bishop had been shot dead by rebels.
Several countries adjacent to Grenada began to feel uneasy and jointly urged the United States to intervene.
The formal request was made last night.
” “Do you implore us to send troops?” Asked Reagan.
“It depends on how we understand it,” Shure C í said Should we send troops? In what name? Reagan was lost in thought.
Secretary of state Shure C í believes that three points must be considered in the disposal plan for Grenada: first, there are more than 800 American students at St.
George’s Medical University in Grenada.
After the coup, if they have an accident or are taken hostage, the government cannot explain to the people of the whole country.
Second, the United States cannot sit back and watch the Soviets and Cubans build Grenada into an anti American fortress.
Third, the changes in the situation in Grenada have endangered the security of the Caribbean region, thus threatening the interests and prestige of the United States in this region.
Reagan expressed his attitude after listening to Shure C í’s pros and cons analysis.
He said: “I know the consequences.
I know the consequences.
As president of the United States, I am personally willing to bear any consequences.
” After repeated research, Reagan stood next to the map, pointed to Grenada with his right hand and said, “do it, gentlemen!” Having made up his mind, he immediately formulated a battle plan and ordered the army to enter a state of combat readiness.
The plan also includes that the Marines will land in the northeast of the trade port near Pearl airport, and the commandos will parachute to the new airport with 10000 foot runway in Southeast Grenada.
After meeting, the two forces will quickly advance north and west to camp and rescue American students, and then work with special forces to rescue the governor and occupy the radio station, Release other political prisoners held at Fort Rupert and mount lichmonde.
While formulating plans for organization and coordination, the U.S. military stepped up its troop build-up.
On October 20, the US military ordered the formation of the aircraft carrier “independence” and the amphibious assault ship “Guam” originally planned to sail to the Mediterranean to divert to the waters near Grenada and wait for the opportunity in the name of receiving American overseas Chinese.
On the 23rd, the two ship formations arrived at the scheduled sea area and established a sea and air blockade within 50 nautical miles around Grenada island to cut off Grenada’s contact with the outside world.
On the 24th, American transport planes and helicopters transported some Army Rangers and military equipment to GrenadaSpread all over the world.
“Seal” is a secret commando carrying out a mission close to suicide.
Its members are a group of brave, independent, adventurous and frightening warriors.
The attack of the “seal” brigade will carry out two special missions: capturing radio Grenada and rescuing the besieged British governor in Grenada.
The “seal” brigade on this mission is composed of two commando units.
The first assault unit had 11 people.
By noon, they had quietly lurked in a jungle on the outskirts of St.
However, due to the wrong direction in the jungle, it took some time.
When they hurried to the radio building, they found that it had been closely guarded by the garrison and patrolled by armored vehicles.
The commando team of about 10 people seems to have great ability and can’t capture the radio building.
At this time, the garrison in front of the building was in chaos, and teams evacuated.
In fact, at this time, the US military carried out another airborne landing around St.
George, which forced the defenders to retreat.
Commandos took advantage of the chaos and rushed into the building to take control of radio Grenada.
The second assault unit is going well.
They accurately found the governor’s house north of St.
George and were able to sneak in.
When the British governor Paul skunn, who had been under house arrest for many days, saw the soldiers who spoke the same language, he was so excited that he came forward to hug them.
At this time, there was a loud gunfire outside the governor’s house, and several Cuban armored vehicles had blocked the governor’s house.
It is very dangerous to withdraw from here, especially with the governor.
The only way is to resist tenaciously and wait for reinforcements.
The two sides launched a “shooting confrontation”, which lasted more than 10 hours, with heavy casualties among commandos.
Coincidentally, they waited for reinforcements at the most difficult time.
After successfully occupying the Pearl airport, the US Army immediately dispatched 250 Marines to take the amphibious assault ship “Guam” and circle from the north of Georgia Island to the sea area near the great Mar Bay more than one kilometer north of St.
George on the west coast.
Later, one landed vertically by helicopter and the other landed by 13 landing boats.
With the support of combat aircraft, five M-60 tanks were dispatched to occupy Damar and capture the governor’s house.
Cooperating with the second unit of the “seal” brigade, they rescued the British governor skunn and escorted him to the warship “Guam” by helicopter.
After a one-day battle on the 25th, the US military seized two airports in Grenada that were decisive to the overall situation of the war – Pearl airport and Salins airport, thus forming a pincer attack on the capital of Grenada from the north and south.
In view of the strong resistance of the Cubans to the attack on the South Road, in order to achieve the purpose of quick battle and quick decision, the United States quickly airlifted some reinforcements and a large number of combat materials from the country through the occupied airport.
By the day after the war, the total number of us ground troops on Georgia had reached more than 6000, forming an advantage three times that of Georgia.
Relying on its superior forces and weapons, the US military continued to attack north and South and destroy Georgian strongholds one by one.
The newly built Salins airport built by Cubans in Grenada has not yet been completed, but it still provides great convenience for Americans in this battle.
On the morning of the 26th, after occupying the airport, the US military used it to replenish a large number of materials and reinforcements.
With sufficient logistical support, the US military has won a series of victories.
On the 26th, captured Frederick fort, the location of the Georgian command.
On the 27th, Richmond Hill prison, an important military area, was captured.
On the 28th, the North-South invading forces of the U.S. Army met in St.
George’s city and completed all the occupation of the capital of Grenada.
The multinational police force was also transferred to the capital by helicopter from Salins airport to undertake garrison tasks.
After only three days of fighting, the ground fighting on the island was basically over.
Grenada army broke up and lost combat effectiveness.
Many people in the Cuban army were killed, injured or captured.
Grenada’s scattered armed men retreated to the northern and central mountains.
After the end of the ground war on Georgia Island, in addition to the main military points and transportation hubs on the main island, the U.S. invading forces began an extensive military search operation combining ground and air in the unit of company platoon, in order to completely annihilate the remnants of Georgia and the ancient army and search for the main leaders of the former coup.
Because the island is small, it is not very difficult to search.
On the first day, the US Marines searched and arrested former Deputy Prime Minister Kold and a cabinet minister in the suburb of St.
The next day, Austin, the former chairman of the “Revolutionary Military Commission” and more than 10 other members were successively searched and arrested.
After the arrest, the US military escorted them to the USS “Guam” by helicopter.
After three days of fighting and three days of search and arrest, the US military has completely controlled the situation in Grenada.
Therefore, the military search operation was stopped, the deployment was adjusted, the troops were reduced, and the island was transferred to the state of temporary military occupation.
Soon, the formation of the US aircraft carrier “independence” and the formation of the amphibious assault ship “Guam” left the coast of Grenada for Lebanon, and nine ships of the aircraft carrier formation “America” located on the east coast of the United States went to take over the surveillance of Georgia in the name of exercise.
Before the situation in Grenada was stable and the “democratic” election was held, governor Gerhard skunn, appointed by the queen of England and supported by the United States, came forward to form an interim government to prepare for the re establishment of a pro western and American regime.
The US invasion of Grenada was a success for the United States.
The United States, the world’s No.
1 military power, has made a big fight against Grenada, a small country with bullets.
Even if it wins, it is hard to admire.
The invasion of Grenada by the United States is not only disapproved by ordinary Americans, but also opposed by peace loving countries and people all over the world.
Latin American countries and other third world countries have condemned the US actions.
The permanent Council of the organization of American States held an emergency meeting in Washington to call for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Grenada.
India, Algeria, Syria and many other countries have also issued statements condemning the United States.
Britain, France and some other European countries also asked the United States to stop its aggression.
The more proud you are, the more rampant you will be.
The successful invasion of Grenada by the United States has further expanded its ambition to dominate the Middle East.
So, three years later, the United States led the war to the Gulf of Sidra in the Mediterranean, causing heavy losses to Libya, another small country in the Middle East.